Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

AT1212A00

1.3 Site name

Nordöstliche Randalpen: Hohe Wand - Schneeberg - Rax

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-09

1.5 Update date

2017-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz
Address:  Niederösterreich  1    St. Pölten    3109  Landhausplatz 
Email:post.ru5@noel.gv.at
Date site proposed as SCI:1998-09
Date site confirmed as SCI:2003-12
Date site designated as SAC:2010-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Verordnung über die Europaschutzgebiete (LGBl. 5500/6)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:15.983300
Latitude:47.883300

2.2 Area [ha]

64084.5700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
AT12Niederösterreich

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      0.1  0.00 
3140  info      0.01  0.00 
3150  info      0.02  0.00 
3240  info      0.8  0.00 
3260  info      2.1  0.00 
4070  info      1392.8  0.00 
6110  info      10.6  0.00 
6170  info      879.6  0.00 
6190  info      0.00 
6210  info      1345.5  0.00 
6230  info      157.3  0.00 
6240  info      11.84  0.00 
6410  info      39.4  0.00 
6430  info      5.9  0.00 
6510  info      305.4  0.00 
6520  info      45.4  0.00 
7220  info      0.3  0.00 
7230  info      19.8  0.00 
8120  info      338.8  0.00 
8160  info      15  0.00 
8210  info      998.4  0.00 
8310  info      3.2  415.00 
9110  info      39.8  0.00 
9130  info      6159  0.00 
9140  info      5.9  0.00 
9150  info      517.4  0.00 
9170  info      209  0.00 
9180  info      175.6  0.00 
91D0  info      1.6  0.00 
91E0  info      295.3  0.00 
91G0  info      26.6  0.00 
91H0  info      66.1  0.00 
9410  info      1858.7  0.00 
9420  info      79.5  0.00 
9530  info      4161.6  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus           
A1193Bombina variegata           
I1085Buprestis splendens           
P1386Buxbaumia viridis    10  logs   
I4046Cordulegaster heros           
F1163Cottus gobio    5000  50000   
P1902Cypripedium calceolus           
I1074Eriogaster catax           
I1065Euphydryas aurinia                 
I6169Euphydryas maturna                 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria           
I1915Helicopsis striata austriaca           
P4104Himantoglossum adriaticum    11  15  localities     
I4048Isophya costata      150   
I1042Leucorrhinia pectoralis                 
P1758Ligularia sibirica           
I1083Lucanus cervus                 
M1355Lutra lutra           
I1060Lycaena dispar           
P1379Mannia triandra      area   
M1323Myotis bechsteinii           
M1307Myotis blythii             
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus           
M1321Myotis emarginatus           
M1324Myotis myotis           
M1324Myotis myotis           
I1084Osmoderma eremita           
I6179Phengaris nausithous                   
I6177Phengaris teleius                   
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    3000  6000  fstems     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
I1087Rosalia alpina           
M1335Spermophilus citellus           
A1167Triturus carnifex           
M1354Ursus arctos           
I1014Vertigo angustior           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A085Accipiter gentilis    20  30             
A086Accipiter nisus    30  100             
Achillea clusiana                   
Acontium anthora                   
Adonis vernalis                   
Agrodiaetus damon                   
Anemone baldensis                   
2432Anguis fragilis                   
A257Anthus pratensis               
A259Anthus spinoletta                   
Anthyllis montana                   
Aporia crataegi                   
Asperula neilreichii                   
Asplenium lepidum                   
5085Barbus barbus                     
Botrychium matricariaefolium                   
Botrychium virginianum                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
Callianthemum anemonoides                   
Calliptamus italicus                   
Campanula beckiana                   
Campanula praesignis                   
Campanula pulla                   
Cardaminopsis petraea                   
Carduus crassifolius                   
A264Cinclus cinclus                   
Colias chrysotheme                   
Colias myrmidone                   
1283Coronella austriaca                     
A347Corvus monedula                   
1339Cricetus cricetus                   
2591Crocidura leucodon                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dianthus alpinus                   
Doronicum calcareum                   
Draba stellata                   
1281Elaphe longissima                     
A378Emberiza cia    20  40             
Enoplopus velikensis                   
Ephippiger ephippiger                   
Epigogium aphyllum                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
Eucorthippus declivus                   
Euphorbia saxatilis                   
A511Falco cherrug                 
Festuca stricta                   
Galium austriacum                   
Galium meliodorum                   
Herminium monorchis                   
Hipparchia fagi                   
Hipparchia semele                   
1203Hyla arborea                     
1261Lacerta agilis                     
1263Lacerta viridis                     
Leontodon montaniformis                   
Leucanthemem atratum                   
1400Leucobryum glaucum                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Lissotriton vulgaris                   
Maculinea rebeli                   
Malaxis monophyllos                   
Melampyrum subalpinum                   
5718Micromys minutus                   
Minuartia langii                   
2469Natrix natrix                   
2595Neomys anomalus                   
2597Neomys fodiens                   
Oecanthus pellucens                   
Orchis pallens                   
Orcula dolium gracilior                   
1057Parnassius apollo                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Pedicularis portenschlagii                   
Peltaria alliacea                   
A112Perdix perdix    20  30             
Pholidoptera fallax                   
Phyrganophilus ruficollis                   
A235Picus viridis                   
Pieris manni                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                     
Podisma pedestris                   
Polygala major                   
Polysarcus denticauda                   
Primula clusiana                   
A267Prunella collaris    20  50             
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    50  100             
1209Rana dalmatina                     
5816Rattus rattus                   
1177Salamandra atra                     
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Salmo trutta f. fario                   
Saussurea discolor                   
Senecio aurantiacus                   
Senecio umbrosus                   
Sesleria uliginosa                   
1343Sicista betulina                   
Sisymbrium austriacum                   
Soldanella austriaca                   
2598Sorex alpinus                   
1409Sphagnum spp.                     
Spiraea media                   
Spiranthes spiralis                   
Taxus baccata                   
Thlaspi alpestre                   
Thlaspi goesingense                   
1109Thymallus thymallus                   
A333Tichodroma muraria    10  20             
Trichia oreinos oreinos                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
Viola alpina                   
2473Vipera berus                   
5910Zootoca vivipara                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N103.00
N113.00
N145.00
N152.00
N168.00
N1738.00
N1938.00
N211.00
N222.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

A highly diverse area which includes lowland (small moist areas), a belt of xerothermic vegetation, various type of decidous, mixed and coniferous forests extending from the colline zone to the subalpine level, rivers, large, rocky formations and alpine vegetation.This site also includes the habitat classes "Inland water bodies", "Bogs, Marshes, Water fringed vegetation, Fens", "Dry grassland, Steppes", "Artificial forest monoculture" and "Other land" with a cover of <1% for each class.

4.2 Quality and importance

The special biogeographical configuration of pannonical lowland, temperate forest zone and alpine climate is the reason for the occurrence of a great variety of species and is unique in this regard. Large forested areas dominate the landscape especially with beech Fagus (with Abies alba, Acer pseudoplatanus etc.) and subalpine spruce Picea abies forests with typical and rich assemblages of forest birds (especially tetraonids and woodpeckers); Quercus pubescens stands are of interest and indicate submediterranean influences (e.g. with Cotinus coggygria), as well as the (largely autochthonous) black pine Pinus nigra stations, beeing very typical for the region. In the wide-ranging forests in the last century Lynx lynx seems to have occured commonly, and not far recent observations were made. Habitats in the area seem still favorable due especially to the inacessibility of some parts. Especially the plateau of the Rax mountain holds one of the largest continuous areas with Pinus mugo 'krummholz'.Landscape is characterized even by large limestone rock formations; very imponent cliffs, gorges, and scree abundantly provide habitats for cliff-living birds and a specialized vegetation whereas the numerous caves are important for wintering bats, for example. The alpine region holds, despite the geographical edge position, a nearly complete assemblage of typical alpine animals (and plants). Another aspect of (semi)natural habitats are represented by the water courses with some structurally well-preserved examples of river stretches with islets and gravel deposits.Cultivated land is very diverse and includes extensive hay meadows and pastures, ranging from rathrer dry to moist types, which are of high botanical (orchids) importance. In addition there are areas with (partly primary) dry grasslands. Other agricultural habitats (cereal fields, vineyards) are characterized by comparatively low intensity and high structural diversity. Moreover, there are fruit orchards, pastures and bushy habitats. Combinations of such habitats are well populated by a high number of thermophilous reptiles and arthropods, some of them with very limited distribution (e.g. Pieris manni).Species mentioned in section 3.3 by code "D" include such one's which:i) hold large, compact populations in the area (e.g. Vipera berus, Picus viridis, Pholidoptera fallax);ii) are at the edge of their distributional range (e.g. Sicista betulina,Anthus pratensis and A. spinoletta, Tichodroma muraria).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02i
HA03i
HA04.03i
LA07i
LA08i
LA10i
LB01.02i
LB02.01i
MB02.02i
MB02.04i
MC01.04i
MD01i
LD02i
LE01.01i
LE01.02i
ME01.03i
LE02i
LE03i
LE04.01i
LE05i
MF02.03i
MF03.01i
HG01.01i
HG01.02i
LG01.03i
HG01.04i
HG01.05i
MG02i
MG05.01i
LH01i
LH04i
LH06.01i
MJ02.01.03i
MJ02.03i
MJ02.05.02i
LJ02.07i
LK01.01i
LK02i
LK03i
LK04i
LLi
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MB02.02i
MB02.04i
LE01.01i
LE01.02i
LE04.01i
LE05i
HG01.02i
LK01.01i
LK02i
LK03i
LK04i
LLi

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

BERG, H.-M. & ZUNA-KRATKY, T. (1997): Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Heuschrecken und Fangschrecken (Insecta: Saltatoria, Mantodea), 1 Fassung 1995. Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz, Wien, 112pp.GEPP, J. (Hrsg., 1994): Rote Listen gefährdeter Tiere Österreichs. Grüne Reihe des BMfUJF. Styria, Graz. 355 pp.MIKSCHI, M. & WAIS, A. (1995): Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Fische und Neunaugen (Pisces,), 1 Fassung 1995, Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz, Wien. PAAR, M., SCHRAMAYR, G., TIEFENBACH, M. & WINKLER, I. (1993): Naturschutzgebiete Österreichs. Band 1: Burgenland, Niederösterreich, Wien. - Umweltbundesamt Monographien Bd. 38 A, Wien.REICHL, E.R. (1992): Verbreitungsatlas der Tierwelt Österreichs. Band 1. Lepidoptera - Diurna. Forschungsinstitut für Umweltinformatik Linz, Linz.SPITZENBERGER, F. (in prep.): Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Säugetiere (Mammalia), 1 Fassung 1995. Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz, Wien. (unpublished).TIEDEMANN,F. & CABELA, A. (1995): Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Lurche und Kriechtiere (Amphibia, Reptilia), 1 Fassung 1995. Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz, Wien.ARGE BASISERHEBUNG (2012): Endbericht zum Projekt "Basiserhebung von Lebensraumtypen und Arten von gemeinschaftlicher Bedeutung". Bearbeitung Revital Integrative Naturraumplanung GmbH, freiland Umweltconsulting ZT GmbH, eb&p Umweltbüro GmbH, Z_GIS Zentrum für Geoinformatik. Im Auftrag der neun Bundesländer Österreichs. Lienz, Wien, Klagenfurt, Salzburg (unpublished).KFFÖ (2015): Fledermäuse in Niederösterreich (2012-2014): Erfassung, Evaluierung, Monitoring, Schutz und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.NATURSCHUTZBUND NÖ (2013): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Amphibien- und Reptilienarten. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.RAAB, R. ET AL. (2013): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Libellen in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.RATSCHAN, C. ET AL. (2012): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Fische in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.ZECHMEISTER, H. G. (2012): Erfassung der Moosflora in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.ZECHMEISTER, H. G. (2016): Fachgutachten hinsichtlich FFH-Moose in Niederösterreich (unpublished).

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
AT025.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
AT02Sierningtal+1.00
AT02Hohe Wand+4.00
AT02Falkenstein+0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Sierningtal+1.00
Hohe Wand+4.00
Falkenstein+0.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz
Address:
Email:post.ru5@noel.gv.at

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Nr. 12 Europaschutzgebiete „Nordöstliche Randalpen: Hohe Wand - Schneeberg - Rax" (FFH-Gebiet) und „Nordöstliche Randalpen" (Vogelschutzgebiet)
Link: http://www.noel.gv.at/Umwelt/Naturschutz/Natura-2000/Natura_2000_Managementplan_Hauptregion_Industrieviertel.wai.html

No, but in preparation
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY