Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

AT1220000

1.3 Site name

Feuchte Ebene - Leithaauen

1.4 First Compilation date

1998-01

1.5 Update date

2017-09

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz
Address:  Niederösterreich  1    St. Pölten    3109  Landhausplatz 
Email:post.ru5@noel.gv.at
Date site proposed as SCI:1998-01
Date site confirmed as SCI:2004-12
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Verordnung über die Europaschutzgebiete (LGBl. 5500/6)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:16.461100
Latitude:48.008300

2.2 Area [ha]

5086.3200

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
AT12Niederösterreich

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3130  info      0.5  0.00 
3140  info      0.5  0.00 
3150  info      8.4  0.00 
3270  info      1.7  0.00 
6210  info      23.8  0.00 
6410  info      168.2  0.00 
6430  info      1.6  0.00 
6510  info      163.8  0.00 
7210  info      2.35  0.00 
7230  info      10.4  0.00 
91E0  info      1056.4  0.00 
91F0  info      721.8  0.00 
91G0  info      65.6  0.00 
91I0  info      12.44  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4068Adenophora lilifolia    2500  3000  fstems     
P1614Apium repens           
F1130Aspius aspius           
M1308Barbastella barbastellus                 
A1188Bombina bombina           
M1337Castor fiber           
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
P4081Cirsium brachycephalum    localities     
F1149Cobitis taenia    300  3000   
I1071Coenonympha oedippus           
F1163Cottus gobio    3000  30000   
I1086Cucujus cinnaberinus           
R1220Emys orbicularis                 
I1074Eriogaster catax           
I6169Euphydryas maturna                 
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria           
P4096Gladiolus palustris    3000  5000  fstems     
F1157Gymnocephalus schraetzer                 
I4048Isophya costata      20   
I1042Leucorrhinia pectoralis           
I4037Lignyoptera fumidaria    20  40   
I1079Limoniscus violaceus           
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra           
I1060Lycaena dispar           
F1145Misgurnus fossilis                 
M2633Mustela eversmanii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1324Myotis myotis                 
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia           
I1084Osmoderma eremita           
F2522Pelecus cultratus                 
I6179Phengaris nausithous           
I6177Phengaris teleius           
P2093Pulsatilla grandis    localities     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                   
F5339Rhodeus amarus                 
F5329Romanogobio vladykovi    300  3000   
I1087Rosalia alpina           
F5345Rutilus pigus virgo                 
F5197Sabanejewia balcanica    50  500   
P4087Serratula lycopifolia           
M1335Spermophilus citellus           
P1437Thesium ebracteatum           
A1167Triturus carnifex           
A1993Triturus dobrogicus           
F2011Umbra krameri    100  500   
F1160Zingel streber                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Agrypnia obsoleta                   
Akimerus schaefferi                   
Allium angulosum                   
Allium schoenoprasum alpinum                   
Allium suaveolens                   
Ampedus nigerrimus                   
Anaciaeschna isosceles                   
2432Anguis fragilis                   
Apatura ilia                   
Aporia crataegi                   
Arabis nemorensis                   
5085Barbus barbus    2000  20000         
Blackstonia perfoliata                   
Bromus racemosus                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                 
Campanula cervicaria                   
Carex buxbaumii                   
Carex hordeistichos                   
Celerio vespertilio                   
Centaurium littorale                   
Chanaespecia palustris                   
Chorthippus albomarginatus                   
Chorthippus montanus                   
Cirsium brschycephalum                   
Cirsium canum                   
Cirsium pannonicum                   
Cladium mariscus                   
Cochlearia macrorhiza               
Coleophora colutella                   
Colias myrmidone                   
Conocephalus discolor                   
Conocephalus dorsalis                   
1283Coronella austriaca                 
Corthippus montanus                   
Crepidophorus mutilatus                   
1339Cricetus cricetus                   
Dactylorhiza incarnata incarnata                   
Dactylorhiza incarnata ochroleuca                   
Decticus verrucivorus                   
Dianthus superbus superbus                   
1281Elaphe longissima                 
Elater ferrugineus                   
Elims obscura                   
Epipactis palustris                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
Equisetum ramosissimum                   
Euphorbia lucida                   
Euphorbia palustris                   
Euphorbia villosa                   
Euphrasia kerneri                   
Festuca trichophylla                   
Gampsocleis glabra                   
Gentiana pneumonanthe                   
Gentianella austriaca                   
Gratiola officinalis                   
Heleochloa alopeuroides                   
Heodes alciphron                   
Hipponephele lycaon                   
1203Hyla arborea                 
Iphiclides podalirius                   
Iris sibirica                   
Iris spuria                   
Isotomus speciosus                   
Juncus sphaerocarpus                   
Juncus subnodulosus                   
1261Lacerta agilis                 
5037Lacerta vivipara pannonica                 
Laserpitium prutenicum                   
Lathyrus palustris                   
Lestes dryas                   
Lestes virens                   
Limnephilus germanus                   
Limnephilus tauricus                   
Linum flavum                   
Linum hirsutum                   
Lissotriton vulgaris                   
Lycaeides argyrognomon                   
Lycaeides idas                   
Lythrum hyssopifolia                   
Lythrum virgatum                   
Maculinea alcon                   
Malaxosoma castrensis                   
Mantis religiosa                   
Mecostethus grossus                   
Megapenthes lugens                   
Melitaea diamina                   
5718Micromys minutus                   
Minois dryas                   
5739Mus spicilegus                   
1358Mustela putorius                   
Nasturtium x sterile                   
2469Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                 
A160Numenius arquata               
Oberea euphorbiae                   
Oecanthus pellucens                   
Ophrys apifera                   
Ophrys sphecodes                   
Orchis coriophora                   
Orchis palustris                   
Parapleurus alliaceus                   
1197Pelobates fuscus                 
A112Perdix perdix    50  100             
Pinguicula alpina                   
Pinguicula vulgaris                   
Plantago altissima                   
Plantago maritima                   
Platycleis montana                   
Podosa maisa                   
Poecilonota variolosa                   
Polysarcus denticauda                   
Pontia daplidice                   
Potamogeton coloratus                   
Primula farinosa                   
Pseudolysimachion longifolium                   
Pteronemobius heydenii                   
1214Rana arvalis                 
1209Rana dalmatina                 
1210Rana esculenta                 
1212Rana ridibunda                 
1213Rana temporaria                 
Rhinanthus serotinus                   
Ruspolia nitidula                   
Samolus valerandi                   
Saperda punctata                   
Schoenus ferruginosus                   
Schoenus nigricans                   
Scirpoides holoschoenus                   
Scorzonera humilis                   
Scutellaria hastifolia                   
Serratula tinctoria                   
Sonchus palustris                   
Swertia perennis                   
Sympetrum meridionale                   
Taraxacum palustre                   
Tettigonia caudata                   
Teucrium scordium                   
Thalictrum flavum                   
Thalictrum simplex                   
1109Thymallus thymallus    500  5000             
Trichoferus pallidus                   
Triglochin maritimum                   
Triglochin palustre                   
Tulipa sylvestris                   
Vadonia unipunctata                   
A142Vanellus vanellus    150  200             
Veratrum album album                   
Viola elatior                   
Viola pumila                   
1053Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N066.00
N071.00
N091.00
N104.00
N141.00
N1562.00
N1619.00
N171.00
N191.00
N202.00
N211.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Strongly dependent of EU agropolitics, arable land includes an estimated 20-40% of set aside in this area. Most of this land were very interesting wet meadows before the accession of Austria to the EU. Because of 'competition' effects (higher EU subsidies for arable) they have been converted to arable and subsequentely 'used' as set aside area. Because of high water tables even other land, in some years up to an estimated 70% of arable land, cannot be used at least partially.

4.2 Quality and importance

The proposed site 'Feuchte Ebene' comprises the last patches of a former huge wetland area which characterised the southern Vienna Basin. It is embedded in the catchment of the rivers Leitha, Piesting, Fischa and Schwechat, which cross a huge deposit of calcareous gravels, stemming from the Eastern Alps. The ecology of the area is influenced by a complicated hydrology, which is determinated by a large ground water body, by regular flooding events in spring and by the occurrence of numerous springs. The area holds an exceptional richness in biodiversity. There are two reasons for it: the many different habitat types which include, e.g., alkaline fens, dry grasslands, springs, alluvial forests, extensive hay meadows, and reed beds; the special biogeographical position, which enriches the fauna and flora with pannonical, temperate and (de)alpine elements as well. Locally, there can be an extreme level of biodiversity, because different habitats, as moist and dry meadows, for example, are intermingled at a very small scale. There are considerable areas of flooded Carex meadows, a now rare habitat important for many animals, (e.g. Micromys minutus) but in particular for birds as Crex crex, Porzana porzana and Anas querquedula, e.g. There are comparatively large areas with Cladium mariscus fens, Molinia coerulea meadows and calcareous bogs with many orchid species. Set aside land on converted, former meadow grounds is covering a large portion of agricultural land, and is now developing through natural succession towards meadows again, creating important habitats for Crex crex and e.g., Locustella and Acrocephalus warblers. Many extremely endangered species, in particular associated with moist meadows, springs and alkaline fens, have their last (or one of the last) refuges at this site. This applies especially to plant species (e.g. Cochlearia macrorhiza, an endemic species; Thesium ebracteatum, only here in Austria; Apium repens, two of the very few populations in Austria are found here; Potamogeton coloratus, perhaps the last population in Austria, Thalictrum simplex/galioides, the greatest population in Austria and so on) and insects (e.g. Maculinea sp.,); there are left only two sites in Austria with Coenonympha oedippus. The site harbours 12 species of amphibians including Triturus (cristatus) dombrogicus. Of particular interest are the occurrence of a highly endangered reptile, which is typical for the 'pannonic' region: Lacerta vivipara pannonica, a lowland form of this reptile species, is limited to extensive meadows, fens and pastures in the vicinity of water. A second species, Vipera ursinii rakosiensis, occurred roughly in the same area and in the same habitats, and is now considered to be extinct since more than 15 years (but one unconfirmed record a few years ago). Umbra krameri, a fish species believed to be extinct in Austria, was rediscovered in oligotrophic waters a few years ago (only one other site is known). Another specialist of oligotrophic lowland wetlands, the spider Podosa maisa, was discovered in 1997 (the 6th record worldwide!!). Alluvial forests hold (often dense) populations of forest birds like Dendrocopus medius, Dryocopos martius, Picus canus and Columba oenas. Even some old parkland areas belong to this forest types and provide very old trees and high proportion of ded wood. Therefore, some of them (e.g. 'Laxenburger Park') are very famous because of very rare xylobiontic beetles, e.g. Osmoderma eremita, Limoniscus violaceus and many others. The river Leitha shows interesting remainings of the former wild river with birds as Charadrius dubius and Actitis hypoleucos. River Fischa holds well preserved meanders embedded in alluvial forest galleries with a vital population of Castor fiber.Of special interest are the dry grassland, in one case (the nature 'Pischelsdorfer Wiesen') intermingled with wetland areas, holding an astonishingly rich plant community, breeding Numenius arquata and a small colony of Spermophilus citellus.Other species:Species mentioned in section 3.3 by code "D" include such one's which:i) hold large, compact populations in the area (e.g. Hyla arborea, Microtus minutus, Vanellus vanellus, Perdix perdix, Corthippus montanus, Allium suaveolens, Euphorbia villosa, Lythrum hyssopifolium, Teucrium scordium, Thalictrum flavum, Gentiana pneumonanthe);ii) are at the edge of their distributional range (e.g. Lacerta vivipara pannonica, Numenius arquata, Gampsocleis glabra, Isophya costata, Ruspolia nitidula, Cirsium canum);iii) occur only here (or in only a few other sites) within Austria e.g. Umbra krameri, Lacerta vivipara pannonica, Numenius arquata, Limnephilus tauricus (first Austrian record), Gratiola officinalis. The record of the spider Podosa maisa, a special spider of oligotrophic wetlands, is the 6th worldwide;iv) are particularly endangered: e.g. Numenius arquata, (Natrix tesselata), Gladiolus palustrisV) occupy an interesting biogeographical position (e.g. de-alpine species or glacial relicts) (e.g. Veratrum album album, Pinguicula alpina, Gentianella austriaca, Allium schoenoprasum alpinum, Platycleis montana, Agrypnia obsoleta).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA02i
MA03i
HA04.03i
LA07i
MA08i
MA10i
HA11i
LB01i
LB01.02i
MB02.01i
MB02.02i
MB02.04i
LC01.01.01i
LD01i
LD01.01i
MD01.02i
MD01.04i
MD02i
LD04.02i
LE01.01i
LE01.02i
ME01.03i
ME02i
LE03i
LE04.01i
LF02.03i
MF03.01i
LF04.01i
LG01i
MG02.01i
MG02.06i
LG04.01i
MH01i
MH04i
MH06.01i
MJ02i
MJ02.01.03i
MJ02.03i
MJ02.05.02i
MJ02.15i
LK03.04i
LK04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03i
LA07i
MB02.02i
LD01.01i
LD04.02i
LE01.02i
LE04.01i
LG04.01i
MH04i
LK04i
HL08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

AMT DER NIEDERÖSTERREICHISCHEN LANDESREGIERUNG (1995): Motivenbericht Naturschutzgebiet "Pischelsdorfer Wiesen". Wien. 5 pp.BERG, H.-M. (1997): Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Vögel (Aves). - Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz., Wien. 184 S.BERG, H.-M. & T. ZUNA-KRATKY (1997): Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Heuschrecken und Fangschrecken (Insecta: Saltatoria, Mantodea). - Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.,Wien. 112 S.CABELA, A, H. GRILLITSCH & F. TIEDEMANN (1995) Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Lurche und Kriechtiere (Amphibia et Reptilia), 1. Fassung. Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz. Wien.DVORAK, M. & E. KARNER (1995): Important Bird Areas in Österreich. - Umweltbundesamt, Monographien Bd. 71, Wien. 454 pp.DVORAK, M., RANNER, A. & H.-M. BERG (1993): Atlas der Brutvögel Österreichs. Umweltbundesamt und Österreichische Ges. f. Vogelkunde, Wien. 527 pp.FRÜHAUF, J. (1997): The Corncrake Crex crex in Austria: long-term trends, current situation, and perspectives. Vogelwelt 118: 195-207.GEPP, J. (hrsg., 1994): Rote Listen gefährdeter Tiere Österreichs. Grüne Reihe des BMfUJF. Styria, Graz. 355 pp.MALICEK, K. (1995): Check-Liste der Vögel in der Feuchten Ebene bzw. Im Wiener Becken/NÖ. Stand April 1995.MIKSCHI, M. & A. WAIS (1995) Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Fische und Neunaugen (Pisces et Cyclostomata), 1. Fassung. Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz. Wien.PAAR, M., SCHRAMAYR, G., TIEFENBACH, M. & I. WINKLER (1993): Naturschutzgebiete Österreichs. Band 1: Burgenland, Niederösterreich, Wien. - Umweltbundesamt Monographien Bd. 38 A, Wien.RAAB, R. & E. CHWALA (1997): Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Libellen (Insecta: Odonata), 1. Fassung 1995. Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz. Wien. 91 pp.REICHL, E.R. (1992): Verbreitungsatlas der Tierwelt Österreichs. Band 1. Lepidoptera - Diurna. Forschungsinstitut für Umweltinformatik Linz, Linz. pp.REICHL, E.R. (1992): Verbreitungsatlas der Tierwelt Österreichs. Band 1. Lepidoptera - Sphinges et Bombyces. Forschungsinstitut für Umweltinformatik Linz, Linz.SAUBERER, N. (1993): Zur Bestandessituation der Feuchtwiesen im Pannonischen Raum. UBA Reports 85. 97 pp + annex with photographs.SCHÖN, R. (199) Pflegekonzept Leitha (Bereich zwischen Haderswörth und Ebenfurth: Ornithologische Bestandserhebung und Bewertung. 23 pp + appendix.SCHÖN, R. Ergebnisse der Zoologischen Kartierungen. Pp. 101 - 134 in: T. KNOLL, R. SCHÖN & H. LEHNER (1994) Biotopkartierung Bruck an der Leitha.SPITZENBERGER, F. (ed.) (1988): Artenschutz in Österreich. Grüne Reihe des Bundesministeriums für Umwelt, Jugend und Familie, Bd. 8. Wien. 335 pp.SPITZENBERGER (in Vorb.) Rote Listen ausgewählter Tiergruppen Niederösterreichs - Säugetiere (Mammalia), 1. Fassung 1995. Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz. Wien. (unpublished).ARGE BASISERHEBUNG (2012): Endbericht zum Projekt "Basiserhebung von Lebensraumtypen und Arten von gemeinschaftlicher Bedeutung". Bearbeitung Revital Integrative Naturraumplanung GmbH, freiland Umweltconsulting ZT GmbH, eb&p Umweltbüro GmbH, Z_GIS Zentrum für Geoinformatik. Im Auftrag der neun Bundesländer Österreichs. Lienz, Wien, Klagenfurt, Salzburg (unpublished).KFFÖ (2015): Fledermäuse in Niederösterreich (2012-2014): Erfassung, Evaluierung, Monitoring, Schutz und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.NATURSCHUTZBUND NÖ (2013): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Amphibien- und Reptilienarten. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.RAAB, R. ET AL. (2013): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Libellen in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.RATSCHAN, C. ET AL. (2012): Basisdatenerhebung FFH-relevanter Fische in Niederösterreich. Im Auftrag des Amt der NÖ Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Amt der Niederösterreichischen Landesregierung, Abteilung Naturschutz
Address:
Email:post.ru5@noel.gv.at

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Nr. 20 Europaschutzgebiete „Feuchte Ebene - Leithaauen" (Vogelschutz- und FFH-Gebiet)
Link: http://www.noel.gv.at/Umwelt/Naturschutz/Natura-2000/Natura_2000_Managementplan_Hauptregion_Industrieviertel.wai.html

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Landscape planning (G. Leitner; Brunnlust, Schön & Sauberer: Herrngras)

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY