Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

BG0000212

1.3 Site name

Sakar

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-06

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg
Date site proposed as SCI:2007-10
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 661/16.10.2007 (promulgated SG 85/2007).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.304722
Latitude:41.950833

2.2 Area [ha]

132117.7610

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3260  info      13.2118  0.00         
5210  info      112.432  0.00   
6110  info      20.6104  0.00   
6210  info      11663.4  0.00   
6220  info      2252.61  0.00   
62A0  info      792.707  0.00   
8230  info      165.147  0.00   
8310  info      16.00 
9170  info      1985.73  0.00   
9180  info      1.18905  0.00         
91AA  info      9928.65  0.00   
91M0  info      10864  0.00   
91Z0  info      84.5554  0.00   
92A0  info      91.1612  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1130Aspius aspius                 
F1137Barbus plebejus                 
A1188Bombina bombina        localities   
A1193Bombina variegata    localities   
M1352Canis lupus       
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
I4045Coenagrion ornatum    27  27  localities   
I4032Dioszeghyana schmidtii    576784  754557   
R5194Elaphe sauromates    localities   
R1220Emys orbicularis    39  39  localities   
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra    21  43     
I1060Lycaena dispar           
R1222Mauremys caspica    14  14  localities   
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    51  100   
I1089Morimus funereus           
M2617Myomimus roachi           
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    178  356   
M1307Myotis blythii    51  100   
M1316Myotis capaccinii    51  100   
M1321Myotis emarginatus    11  50   
M1324Myotis myotis    101  250   
I1037Ophiogomphus cecilia    localities   
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    101  250   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    51  100   
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi    101  250   
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus                 
I1087Rosalia alpina           
M1335Spermophilus citellus           
R1219Testudo graeca    36  36  localities   
R1217Testudo hermanni    73  73  localities   
A1171Triturus karelinii    localities   
I1032Unio crassus    25184  25184   
M2635Vormela peregusna           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Acherontia atropos                   
Acontia titania                   
Aedia leucomelas                   
Aegilops speltoides                   
Aegle semicana                   
Agrochola deleta                   
Agrotis syricola                   
Alkanna primuliflora                   
Alkanna tinctoria                   
Amephana dalmatica                   
Amphipyra stix                   
Amphipyra tetra                   
Anthemis stribrnyi                   
Apatura metis                   
Armeria rumelica                   
Asteroscopus syriaca decipulae                   
Brenthis hecate                   
Bufo viridis                   
Bupleurum odontites                   
Calophasia barthae                   
Canis aureus                     
Carcharodus orientalis                   
Catocala disjuncta                   
Celtis glabrata                   
Centaurea gracilenta Velen.                   
Clupeonella cultriventris                   
Colias erate                   
Coluber caspius                   
Coluber najadum                   
Cosmia confinis                   
Crepis stojanovii                   
Cricetulus migratorius                   
Crocidura leucodon                   
Crocidura suaveolens                   
Crucianella graeca                   
Cryphia ochsi                   
Cryphia seladona burgeffi                   
Cyprinus carpio - wild form                   
Delphinium balcanicum                   
Divaena haywardi                   
Dryobotodes monochroma                   
Dryomys nitedula                   
Echinophora sibthorpiana                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Empusa fasciata                   
Eptesicus serotinus                   
Erinaceus concolor                   
Eryngium creticum                   
Eupithecia quercetica buxata                   
Euxoa balcanica                   
Euxoa cos cos                   
Felis silvestris                   
Gegenes nostrodamus                   
Glaucopsyche alexis                   
Glis glis                   
Goniolimon collinum                   
Gortyna moesiaca                   
Hadena laudeti                   
Hadena syriaca podolica                   
Haemerosia vassilininei                   
Hecatera cappa                   
Hipparchia aristaeus                   
Hipparchia senthes                   
Hipparchia syriaca                   
Hipparchia syriaca                   
Hippomarathrum cristatum                   
Hydraecia petasitis vindelicia                   
Hyla arborea                   
Hyponephele lupina                   
Iris oratoria                   
Knipowitschia caucasica                   
Knipowitschia longicaudata                   
Lacerta trilineata                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Lampides boeticus                   
Lasiocampa grandis                   
Lemonia balcanica                   
Leptidea duponcheli                   
Lithobius tiasnatensis                   
Meganola kolbi                   
Melanargia larissa                   
Meles meles                   
Melitaea trivia                   
Micromys minutus                   
Minuartia bosniaca                   
Moehringia grisebachii                   
Monocyphoniscus bulgaricus                   
Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela putorius                   
Nannospalax leucodon                   
Natrix tessellata                   
Neognopharmia stevenaria                   
Neogobius gymnotrachelus                   
Neohipparchia fatua                   
Neomys anomalus                   
Nigella orientalis                   
Noctua tirrenica                   
Nychiodes amygdalaria                   
Nychiodes waltheri                   
Nyctalus noctula                   
Nyssia graecarius                   
Ocnogyna parasita lianea                   
Odice arcuinna                   
Oenanthe tenuifolia                   
Orthosia schmidti pinkeri                   
Parocneria terebinthi                   
Pelobates syriacus                   
Perisomena caecigena                   
Phyllophila obliterata                   
Pieris krueperi                   
Pieris mannii                   
Pipistrellus nathusii                   
Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Podarcis muralis                   
Podarcis taurica                   
Polymixis trisignata                   
Praestilbia armeniaca                   
Proserpinus proserpina                   
Protorhoe corollaria                   
Pseudophilotes vicrama                   
Pungitius platygaster                   
Pyrgus armoricanus                   
Pyrgus cinarae                   
Pyrrhia purpurina                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Rhyzedra lutosa                   
Saxifraga mollis                   
Scabiosa atropurpurea                   
Sedum kostovii                   
Silene frivaldskyana                   
Sorex minutus                   
Spudaea pontica                   
Stachys serbica                   
Suncus etruscus                   
Tarucus balcanicus                   
Trifolium globosum                   
Verbascum adrianopolitanum                   
Verbascum lagurus                   
Verbascum purpureum                   
Veronica krumovii                   
Vipera ammodytes                   
Xanthia cypreago christiani                   
Xestia cohaesa                   
Xylena lunifera                   
Zerynthia cerisyi ferdinandi                   
Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0814.00
N0918.00
N1215.00
N1529.00
N1610.00
N173.00
N194.00
N215.00
N232.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Hilly area, significantly deforestated. Pretty dry climate. Main part of the biodiversity is concentrated in the gorges, which cut the mountains.

4.2 Quality and importance

Globally Important Bird Area (GIBA), part of an intensive migratory route. The site is one of the richest in raptors and Mediterranean species in the country. Big diversity of wild cereal species /Poaceae/. The current research has been implemented in the period 1988-2004. Information on Falco naumanni dates back to the beginning of the 90s. At the current moment the species don't nest here. The species enlisted as 'Other species-D' are included in Annex III of the Bulgarian Biodiversity Act as protected species. Forests, rocks and caves suitable for bats and forests mammals.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
MA03i
LA10.01i
HBi
HBo
MB02.02i
MC01.01.01i
HC01.01.01o
MD01.02i
MD01.02o
LD01.04o
HD02.01o
HD02.01i
HE01o
ME01.03o
LE01.03i
LE03o
HF03.01o
HF03.01i
LF03.02.02i
LF03.02.03i
HHo
HJ01i
MK01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HBo

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by V. Popov, I. Pandourski - Institute of Zoology, 1 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd, Sofia; I. Ivanov, D. Georgiev, M. Angelov, D. Bechev - Green Balkans, Stara Zagora; St. Beshkov - NMNH; Sv. Bancheva, M. Delcheva, S. Stoyanov - Institute of Botany. Initially listed publications: "Angelov A., 1963. Fauna of Bulgaria - invertebrates. Narodna Prosveta, 406 pp. " Angelova V., Ts. Peshev, 1962/63. Small mammals from the South-Eastern parts of Bulgaria. Ann. Of Sofia Univ. (in Bulgarian) " Arnold E., J. Burton, D. Ovenden, 1992. A field guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe. Collins Publ., London, 272 pp " Beshkov V., 1993. Bats. National strategy for biodiversity conservation, 631 - 644. (in Bulgarian) " Cramp, St. 1983. Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume 4. Oxford University Press, 48-62 pp. " Cramp, St., K E L Simmons et al. 1977 Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Volume I : Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press. " Darakchiev,A. 1988. Status,numbers and dinamique of the ornitofauna in the Stranndja-Sakar regione, Final report ¹ 11659 F 2 , Plovdiv Uneversity, 41 pp. " Dobrovolov, I., S. Dobrovolova, 1987. Electrophoretical characteristic of some representatives of Cobitis and Noemacheilus proteins in Bulgarian rivers. Ichtiological issues. P. 27. Issue 6. 913-918 pp. (in Russian) " Ivanova, P.P., I.S.Dobrovolov. 1999. Morphological and biochemical comparison of Sabanejewia aurata balcanica (Karaman, 1922) and Sabanejewia romanica (Bacescu, 1943), (Pisces, Cobitidae). Proceading of Institute of Fisheries - Varna, V.25, 71-82 pp. " Ivanova, P.P., I.S.Dobrovolov. 1999. Morphological and electrophoretical comparison of some representatives of genus Cobitus Linne (Pisces). Comptes rendus de l'Academie bulgare des Sciences, v.52, ¹ 11-12, 79-82 pp. " Ivanova, P.P., I.S.Dobrovolov. 2002. Morphological and biochemical-genetic comparison of Cobitis albicoloris Chichkoff, 1932 populations (Pisces, Cobitidae) from Bulgaria. Acta zool. Bulg. 54 (3), 35-45 pp. " Ivanova, P.P., I.S.Dobrovolov. 2003. Presence of Cobitis elongata (Pisces, Cobitidae) in Bulgarian freshwater. Journal of Ichthyology 43(1): 91-95 pp. (In Russian). " Karapetkova M., M. Zhivkov, 1995. Fish in Bulgaria. Sofia. "Gea Libris", 247 pp. " Karapetkova, M., Zhivkov, M., Aleksandrova-Kolemanova K. 1993. Status and assessment of fish resources in Bulgaria. In: National Biodiversity Conservation Strategy. Volume I. Editor in charge: Marieta Sakalyan . 515-546 p. " Kostadinova, I. (compiler), 1997. Important Bird Areas in Bulgaria. BSPB, Sofia. Macdonald D., P. Barret, 1993. Mammals of Britain & Europe. Collins field guide, Harper Collins Publ., London, 312 pp. " Marin S., I Ivanov, D. Georgiev, Z. Boev, 2004. On the food of the Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) in Sakar Mountain and Dervent Heights, Bulgaria. Raptors Worldwide, WWGBP/MME, Budapest, May - 2003, p. 589-592. " Markov G., 1960. Contribution to research on hamsters (Cricetidae) in Bulgaria. Bull. Ins. Zool. Mus., 9: 239-304. (in Bulgarian) " Markov G., 1964. Insectivores and Rodents in Tracia. Fauna of Tracia, Voll. 1, BAS, 19-53. (in Bulgarian) " Markov G., 1974. Insectivores and Rodents of Middle and Eastern Stara Planina Mountains. Bull. Ins. Zool. Mus., 41: 11-22. (in Bulgarian) " Mihov S., 2002. Field guide of amphibians in Bulgaria, Bourgas Wetlands, 45 pp. " Nankinov, D., S. Simeonov, T. Michev, B. Ivanov. 1997. Fauna of Bulgaria. Vol. 26: Aves, Part ²². Sofia, Academic Publishing House "Prof. M. Drinov". " Ornithological database of Green Balkans Federation of Nature Conservation NGOs. " Patev, P. 1950. Birds in Bulgaria. BAS, Sofia, 364 pp. " Peshev Ts, T. Dinev, B. Angelova, 1960. Myomimus personatus Ogn - a new rodent species for the European fauna. Bull. Ins. Zool. Mus., 9: 305-314. (in Bulgarian) " Popov V., 1993. Small mammals. National strategy for biodiversity conservation, 615 - 630. (in Bulgarian) " Popov V., K. Njagolov, 1991. A new record of Suncus etruscus (Savi, 1822) (Mammalia, Soricidae) for Bulgaria. Acta Zool. Bulg., 41: 69-71. " Roche J., 2000. Die Vogelstimmen Europas auf 4 CDs - Rufe und Gesange. "Kosmos". " Simeonov S., T. Michev. 1991. Birds of the Balkan Peninsula. Peter Beron, Sofia, 245 pp. " Simeonov, S., T. Michev, 1991. The birds of the Balkan Peninsula. "Peter Beron", Sofia, 249 pp. " Simeonov, S., T. Michev, D. Nankinov. 1990. Fauna in Bulgaria. Vol. 20 Aves. Part ². S., BAS, 350 pp. " Spiridonov G., N. Spassov, 1989. Otter (Lutra lutra L., 1758) in Bulgaria, status and conservation. Hist. Natur. Bul., 1:57-64. " Spiridonov G., N. Spassov, 1993. Large mammals. National strategy for biodiversity conservation, 645 - 663. (in Bulgarian) " Spiridonov G., NNPS, Ministry of Environment; Meshinev T., Velchev V., Apostolova I., Inst. Of Botany, BASci.; Iankov P., BSPB/BirdLife-Bulgaria; Inst. Of Zoology, BASci., 1996. CORINE Biotopes Database " Swensson L., 1992. Identification guide to European Passerines. Stockholm. " Swensson L., P. Grant, 2000. Bird guide. Harper Collins Publishers, London, 392 pp. " Tsvetkov V., at al. 1969. Wild birds. Barn Owl. S., Zemizdat, p. 60-61. (in Bulgarian) Rapport 15/948 - 1990 between CPE and Institute of Zoology, Sofia Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link).
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000212&siteType=HabitatDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0099.75
BG030.19
BG060.05

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG03Haidushka dupka+0.04
BG03Karakoliovata dupka+0.01
BG03Nahodishte na div bozur+0.02
BG06Bakurliya+0.05
BG03Brasnarski stol+0.01
IN06Sakar planina+35.00
BG03Dolmeni+0.03
BG03Dervishka mogila+0.03
BG03Sveta Troitza+0.05

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Haidushka dupka+0.04
Karakoliovata dupka+0.01
Nahodishte na div bozur+0.02
Bakurliya+0.05
Brasnarski stol+0.01
Sakar planina+35.00
Dolmeni+0.03
Dervishka mogila+0.03
Sveta Troitza+0.05

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water: Stara Zagora, Haskovo
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

The site has no Management Plan.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY