Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

BG0000242

1.3 Site name

Zaliv Chengene skele

1.4 First Compilation date

2006-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Date site proposed as SCI:2007-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA and adopted as pSCI by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the SPA – Order No. RD – 513/22.08.2008 (promulgated SG 78/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:27.511944
Latitude:42.429167

2.2 Area [ha]

190.0154

2.3 Marine area [%]

52.2000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Black Sea (47.80 %) Marine Black Sea (52.20 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1160  info      102.213  0.00   
1240  info      0.02318  0.00   
8230  info      0.88927  0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus               
BA168Actitis hypoleucos         
BA054Anas acuta       
BA052Anas crecca      32     
BA052Anas crecca      21     
BA050Anas penelope      30     
BA050Anas penelope         
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      117     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      202     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos       
BA051Anas strepera      12     
BA041Anser albifrons         
BA028Ardea cinerea       
BA028Ardea cinerea    35     
BA028Ardea cinerea         
BA029Ardea purpurea         
BA029Ardea purpurea       
BA024Ardeola ralloides    15  40     
BA059Aythya ferina      21     
BA061Aythya fuligula      210     
A1188Bombina bombina        localities   
BA021Botaurus stellaris       
BA396Branta ruficollis         
BA067Bucephala clangula         
BA087Buteo buteo               
BA144Calidris alba           
BA149Calidris alpina      70     
BA149Calidris alpina         
BA143Calidris canutus       
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA147Calidris ferruginea           
BA145Calidris minuta         
I1088Cerambyx cerdo                 
BA138Charadrius alexandrinus         
BA136Charadrius dubius         
BA136Charadrius dubius         
BA136Charadrius dubius         
BA137Charadrius hiaticula         
BA137Charadrius hiaticula         
BA196Chlidonias hybridus           
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus           
BA197Chlidonias niger           
BA031Ciconia ciconia           
BA031Ciconia ciconia         
BA030Ciconia nigra           
BA081Circus aeruginosus         
BA081Circus aeruginosus         
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
I1071Coenonympha oedippus           
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii         
BA038Cygnus cygnus         
BA036Cygnus olor      30     
BA036Cygnus olor    100     
BA027Egretta alba         
BA027Egretta alba         
BA026Egretta garzetta         
BA026Egretta garzetta      15     
R5194Elaphe sauromates    localities   
R1220Emys orbicularis    localities   
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria           
BA125Fulica atra    250  1420     
BA125Fulica atra    140  2409     
BA153Gallinago gallinago         
BA153Gallinago gallinago         
BA123Gallinula chloropus           
BA127Grus grus           
BA130Haematopus ostralegus         
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA459Larus cachinnans    49  213     
BA459Larus cachinnans    126     
BA182Larus canus    15     
BA183Larus fuscus         
BA180Larus genei         
BA176Larus melanocephalus       
BA176Larus melanocephalus       
BA177Larus minutus    10  10     
BA177Larus minutus    10  10     
BA179Larus ridibundus    12  163     
BA179Larus ridibundus    70     
BA150Limicola falcinellus           
BA150Limicola falcinellus           
BA156Limosa limosa         
I1083Lucanus cervus                 
M1355Lutra lutra       
I1060Lycaena dispar           
BA152Lymnocryptes minimus           
BA068Mergus albellus       
BA069Mergus serrator         
BA069Mergus serrator      15     
M2617Myomimus roachi                 
M1307Myotis blythii    10         
M1316Myotis capaccinii    10         
BA058Netta rufina    11     
BA160Numenius arquata         
BA160Numenius arquata         
BA158Numenius phaeopus           
BA159Numenius tenuirostris       
BA020Pelecanus crispus    10  10     
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus    100  100     
BA072Pernis apivorus    100  100     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    30     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    18     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    176     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus      10     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    13  120     
BA151Philomachus pugnax         
BA151Philomachus pugnax         
BA034Platalea leucorodia    15     
BA032Plegadis falcinellus    30  35     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola      34     
BA141Pluvialis squatarola         
BA005Podiceps cristatus    13     
BA005Podiceps cristatus      17     
BA006Podiceps grisegena         
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    23     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    19     
BA120Porzana parva       
BA119Porzana porzana       
BA121Porzana pusilla       
BA118Rallus aquaticus    10  10     
BA118Rallus aquaticus    10  10     
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta         
M1306Rhinolophus blasii    10   
I1087Rosalia alpina                 
M1335Spermophilus citellus                 
BA195Sterna albifrons       
BA193Sterna hirundo    10  10     
BA191Sterna sandvicensis      40     
BA191Sterna sandvicensis         
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis         
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis         
BA048Tadorna tadorna         
R1219Testudo graeca    localities   
R1217Testudo hermanni        localities   
BA161Tringa erythropus       
BA166Tringa glareola    15     
BA164Tringa nebularia         
BA165Tringa ochropus         
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis         
BA162Tringa totanus      25     
BA162Tringa totanus      13     
A1171Triturus karelinii        localities   
BA142Vanellus vanellus    10  10     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Aidablennius sphynx                   
Atherina boyeri                   
Brenthis hecate                   
Bufo viridis                   
Coluber caspius                     
Coryphoblennius galerita                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Gasterosteus aculeatus                   
Hippocampus guttulatus                   
Hyla arborea                   
Lacerta trilineata                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Liza ramada                   
Lycaena ottomana                   
Melitaea trivia                   
Mesogobius batrachocephalus                   
Muschampia tessellum                   
Natrix tessellata                   
Neogobius melanostomus                   
Neogobius ratan                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Pegusa lascaris                   
Pelobates syriacus                   
Podarcis muralis                     
Podarcis taurica                     
Pseudophilotes vicrama                   
Pungitius platygaster                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Salaria pavo                   
Symphodus ocellatus                   
Syphonostoma typhle                   
Thymelicus acteon                   
Vipera ammodytes                   
Zerynthia polyxena                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0153.00
N0737.00
N153.00
N161.00
N194.00
N232.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

A small sea bay at the estuary of the Marinka River, located to the south of the village of Kraymorie, close to the Burgas – Sozopol road. The estuary part of the river is occupied by huge and dense reedbeds, dominated by Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia and Shoenoplectus lacustris. The bottom of the bay is covered with mud sediments that form extensive shallows about 5–10 cm deep (the only coastal mud plain in Bulgaria). The shore is a sand strip, at places interspersed with stony sections. The slopes of the river valley and the bay are overgrown with forests and shrubs of Carpinus orientalis with some Mediterranean elements, like Colutea arboråscens, etc. (Bondev 1991).

4.2 Quality and importance

The Bay of Chengene Skele supports 180 bird species, 52 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 80 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 6 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 21 in SPEC 2 and 53 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 65 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 58 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Chengene Skele is of international importance for the breeding Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus and Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus. The exceptionally rare and globally threatened Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris has been recorded at this spot several times. There are only 415 records of this species in the wild since the beginning of the 20th century to 1993. (Tucker, Heath 1994). The site is of great importance for migrating birds, especially for plovers Charadriiformes.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA03o
LA04i
MA04o
MA05.01o
MA08o
MA09o
MBo
MB01o
MB01.02o
MB02.02o
MC01.01o
MC01.01.01o
LD01.01i
LD01.01o
LD01.02o
HD01.02i
HD01.05i
MD02.01i
HD02.02o
LD03.02o
HD05i
LE01o
HE01.01o
ME03i
ME03o
MF02.01.02o
LF02.03i
MF02.03.01i
MF02.03.01o
HF03.01o
LF03.01i
LF03.02.01o
LF03.02.03o
LF03.02.03i
LF04i
MG05i
LG05.04i
LG05.04o
MH04i
MH04o
MH06.01o
HH06.01i
LI01o
LJ02.01.01o
LJ02.05.01o
LJ02.11i
HK01.02i
HK02.02i
HK02.03i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA03o
MA04o
MA05.01o
MA08o
MA09o
MBo
MB01o
MB01.02o
MB02.02o
MC01.01o
MC01.01.01o
HD01.05i
MD02.01i
MF02.01.02o
MF02.03.01o
MG05i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Simeon Marin - Green Balkans Federation, Plovdiv 4000; Dr. P. Iankov, I. Dimchev - BSPB, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org. Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link). Initially listed documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Bondev, I. 1991. The Vegetation of Bulgaria. Map 1 : 600 000 with explanatory text. Sofia: St. Kliment Ohridski University Press. (In Bulgarian.); Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I. (sust.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Bulgaria. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poredica. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofia, 176 s.; Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiat kormoran v Bulgaria. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animalia, 35, 6, 67-81.; Petkov, N. 1997a. Kachulata potapnica (Aythya fuligula). – Za pticite, 2 (esen/zima), 13.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).; Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; Mihov, S. (2000). Unsuspected wealth of fish in PA "Chengene skele". Burgas lakes, information bulletin, volume 5. BSBCP, Burgas, BG. 13 p.; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Tucker. G.M., M.F. Heath. 1994. Birds in Europe. Their Conservation Status. BirdLife Conservation Series no.3. Cambridge, BirdLife International, 600 p. Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000242&siteType=BirdsDirective
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000242&siteType=HabitatDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0016.00
BG0684.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06Chengene skele+84.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Chengene skele+84.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

About 83% of the territory of the Chengene Skele bay was designated as protected area in 1995 to protect the threatened bird species. The area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International in 1997.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water: Burgas
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY