Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

Back to top

1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0000332

1.3 Site name

Karlukovski karst

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 788/29.10.2008 (promulgated SG 105/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.018611
Latitude:43.211944

2.2 Area [ha]

14210.7855

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG31Severozapaden
BG31Severozapaden
BG31Severozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Back to top

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes       
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA229Alcedo atthis    12     
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    15  25     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    18           
BA255Anthus campestris    10  15     
BA024Ardeola ralloides           
BA215Bubo bubo    10  16     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus       
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA403Buteo rufinus    10     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    20  40     
BA136Charadrius dubius    15     
BA031Ciconia ciconia    10  10     
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA231Coracias garrulus       
BA122Crex crex    25     
BA122Crex crex           
BA238Dendrocopos medius    10  15     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    40  50     
BA236Dryocopus martius       
BA027Egretta alba           
BA026Egretta garzetta           
BA379Emberiza hortulana    150  200     
BA511Falco cherrug           
BA511Falco cherrug         
BA103Falco peregrinus         
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA096Falco tinnunculus    10  35     
BA442Ficedula semitorquata           
BA125Fulica atra               
BA123Gallinula chloropus               
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus           
BA338Lanius collurio    200  250     
BA339Lanius minor    15  30     
BA246Lullula arborea    60  150     
BA230Merops apiaster    45  45     
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA077Neophron percnopterus         
BA077Neophron percnopterus           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax           
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo           
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    20     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus    10  10     
BA234Picus canus    12     
BA307Sylvia nisoria    100  120       
BA397Tadorna ferruginea               
BA165Tringa ochropus       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    650  650               
A218Athene noctua    12  12               
A366Carduelis cannabina    150  150               
A363Carduelis chloris    75  75               
A347Corvus monedula    115  115               
A113Coturnix coturnix    190  190               
A377Emberiza cirlus    60  60               
A382Emberiza melanocephala    17  17               
A269Erithacus rubecula    145  145               
A359Fringilla coelebs    230  230               
A244Galerida cristata    90  90               
A251Hirundo rustica    350  350               
A233Jynx torquilla    33  33               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    380  380               
A383Miliaria calandra    900  900               
A280Monticola saxatilis                 
A278Oenanthe hispanica                 
A214Otus scops    40  40               
A329Parus caeruleus    100  100               
A443Parus lugubris    22  22               
A235Picus viridis    20  20               
A276Saxicola torquata    25  25               
A210Streptopelia turtur    103  103               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    75  75               
A283Turdus merula    650  650               
A285Turdus philomelos    280  280               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N070.00
N0813.00
N0924.00
N106.00
N1216.00
N1510.00
N1622.00
N172.00
N190.00
N201.00
N212.00
N221.00
N233.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Karlukovski Karst is located in north-western Bulgaria, in the pre-Balkan between the town of Cherven Bryag on the north and the Kosmatitsa river valley and the Iskar gorge on the south. On the west and east it covers the grounds of the villages of Drashan, Kameno Pole and Dolna Breshovitsa up to the town of Lukovit. The site is located in a hilly karst region, cut by canyon-like river gorges. The baserock is of Triast and Jurassic limestones, at many places exposed in rocky crests, walls, stony plateaus, pot-holes and caves. A big share of the territory is occupied by open grasslands with xerothermal associations with prevalence of Dichantium ischaemum, Poa bulbosa, Chrysopogon gryllus, etc., small patches of mesophyle meadows with Festuca pratensis, Poa sylvicola, Alopecurus pratensis, Lolium perenne, Agrostis stolonifera, etc., as well as shrubs dominated by Carpinus orientalis. Of the forest habitats the broadleaved oak forests are best represented. The mixed forests of Quercus cerris and Quercus frainetto predominate. In some places these forests are mixed with Carpinus orientalis (Bondev 1991).

4.2 Quality and importance

Karlukovski Karst is an important breeding habitat for many petrophile bird species. The area supports 128 bird species, 25 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 57 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 2 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 18 in SPEC 2 and 37 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 41 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 37 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Karlukovski Karst is one of the most important sites in Bulgaria on European Union scale for the breeding Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes, Eagle Owl Bubo bubo, Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, European Kingfisher Alcedo atthis and the Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria. It is of European importance for the Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus that breeds there in very dense population. The area holds good breeding populations on a national level of the Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris, the Black Stork Ciconia nigra and the White Stork Ciconia ciconia. Two globally threatened species regularly occur in the area – the Corncrake Crex crex as breeding species and the Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus during the migration.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
MA03i
MA07i
HA09i
LB01i
MD01.01i
MD01.02i
LD01.04i
MD02.01i
LD02.02i
ME01.02i
ME02i
HE03i
HE03.01i
LE03.02i
LE04.01i
MF03.01i
MG01.02i
HG01.04i
MG02.04i
MH04i
MH06.01i
HJ02.03i
HJ02.04i
MJ02.05.02i
LK01.01i
HL08i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
MA03i
MA04i
MA05.01i
MA05.02i
HA09i
LB01i
MD02.01i
LD02.02i
ME01.03i
LE04.01i
MG01.02i
MG02.04i
MJ02.05.02i
LK01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Georgi Stoyanov – BPPS, 1000 Sofia, 40 “V. Levski” blvd., tel:(+3592)9634037; Dimitar Gradinarov – BSPB, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, Phone (+3592)9715855; CEIE - 1303 Sofia, 17A ”S.Vratchanski” Str., Bulgaria, (+3592)9808497 Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiat kormoran v Bulgaria. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animalia, 35, 6, 67-81.; Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; Petrov, C., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na chernia shturkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, T. 17, 25-32.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.; Stoianov, G. 1996. Gnezdova ornotofauna na skalnite biotopi na Iskurskia prolom. Diplomna rabota, Biologicheski fakultet pri SU “Sv. Kl. Ohridski”, Sofia.; Shurulinkov, P., R. Conev, B. Nikolov, G. Stoianov, L. Asenov. 2005. Pticite na Sredna Dunavska ravnina. Sofia, 120 s.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Shurulinkov, P., B. Nikolov, R. Tsonev. 2001. On the distribution of the Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) in Bulgaria. – In.: Tryjanowski P., Osiejuk T., Kupczyk M. (Eds). Bunting studies in Europe. Bogucki Wyd. Nauk., Poznan, 81-87. Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000332&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0098.94
BG031.05
BG060.01

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG03KUPENITE+0.03
BG03SKOKA WATERFALL - BELILKATA RIVER+0.00
BG03CHERVENITSA+0.00
BG03TEMNATA DUPKA CAVE+0.00
BG03PROHODNA CAVE+0.00
BG03KUKLITE ROCK FOMATION - ULEYA+0.08
BG03STRUPANITSA ROCK FORMATIONS+0.09
BG03SAMUILITSA 1 AND 2+0.00
IN06IBA=100.00
BG03GALABARNIKA+0.00
BG03KAMARATA+0.00
BG03SVIRCHOVITSA CAVE+0.00
BG03SKALNITE KUKLI - PLADNISHTETO+0.45
BG03HAYDUSHKA DUPKA CAVE+0.00
BG03TEKTONSKI GREBEN KALETO+0.40
BG03CHUKLITE+0.00
BG06SHTARKA+0.01
BG03BANKOVITSA CAVE+0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other KUPENITE+0.03
SKOKA WATERFALL - BELILKATA RIVER+0.00
CHERVENITSA+0.00
TEMNATA DUPKA CAVE+0.00
PROHODNA CAVE+0.00
KUKLITE ROCK FOMATION - ULEYA+0.08
STRUPANITSA ROCK FORMATIONS+0.09
SAMUILITSA 1 AND 2+0.00
IBA=100.00
GALABARNIKA+0.00
KAMARATA+0.00
SVIRCHOVITSA CAVE+0.00
SKALNITE KUKLI - PLADNISHTETO+0.45
HAYDUSHKA DUPKA CAVE+0.00
TEKTONSKI GREBEN KALETO+0.40
CHUKLITE+0.00
SHTARKA+0.01
BANKOVITSA CAVE+0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The total area with legal protection by national nature conservation law is less than 1% of the site’s territory. 17 protected areas are designated. 16 are nature monuments and one is under “Protected area” category. Most of them are designated to protect the caves and rock formations. About 63% of the site overlaps with Karlukovski Karst CORINE Site, which was designated in 1998 because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. In 2005 it was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Vratsa, Pleven;Danubean River Basin Directorate;Forestry Departments - Lukovit, Mezdra, Pleven;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

Back to top No data

SITE DISPLAY