Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd.
Date site proposed as SCI:2007-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3260  info      9.1082  0.00   
6110  info      0.83795  0.00         
6430  info      91.082  0.00   
7220  info      0.21859  0.00         
8210  info      9.1082  0.00         
8310  info      2.00 
9150  info      5.46491  0.00         
9180  info      0.72865  0.00         
91E0  info      2.16775  0.00   
91F0  info      18.2164  0.00   
91G0  info      33.9736  0.00         
91H0  info      18.2164  0.00   
91I0  info      166.771  0.00   
91M0  info      589.182  0.00   
91W0  info      6.92223  0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus           
A1193Bombina variegata        localities   
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
I4032Dioszeghyana schmidtii    1656  2151   
R1220Emys orbicularis        localities   
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra       
M2609Mesocricetus newtoni                 
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii                 
I1089Morimus funereus           
M1307Myotis blythii                 
M1316Myotis capaccinii                 
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1324Myotis myotis    11  50   
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    11  50   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    11  50   
I1087Rosalia alpina           
R1217Testudo hermanni    localities   
I4064Theodoxus transversalis         
A1166Triturus cristatus        localities   
I1032Unio crassus    19380  19380   
M2635Vormela peregusna           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Alyssoides graeca                   
Bufo viridis                   
Centaurea arenaria                   
Chamaecytisus supinus ssp. velenovsky                   
Coluber caspius                     
Coronella austriaca                   
Cotinus coggygria                   
Digitalis laevigata                   
Echium vulgaris                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Euphorbia amygdaloides                   
Galanthus nivalis                   
Hyla arborea                   
Hypericum perforatum                   
Lacerta viridis                   
Natrix tessellata                   
Paeonia peregrina                   
Pelobates fuscus                   
Podarcis muralis                     
Podarcis taurica                     
Potentilla pilosa                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Ruscus aculeatus                   
Ruscus hypoglossum                   
Sedum maximum                   
Stachys germaninica                   
Teucrium chamaedrys                   
Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site's total area is 910.8 ha (1.5 % of the water catchment of Topolovetz River (59 500 ha)). River system with relatively permanent character of the running waters. There is no industrial pollution of the water flow; there are no dikes, no water shoots or other kind of equipments. The arable lands are mostly abandoned or underdeveloped due to the small number of population in the nearby settlements. Habitat 91E0 B - Typical for the site habitat, massively distributed in the water catchment of Rabrovska River presented in different variations. Major tree composition - Salix alba /30%/, Salix fragilis /10%/, Salix triandra /30 %/, Populus alba /10%/, Populus nigra /10%/ at places with single participation of Jglans regia, Prunus cerasifera, Populus incana, Ulmus minor. Major shrubs and grass composition - Urtica dioica /10%/, Aristolochia clematitis /10%/, Parietaria erecta /nad 50%/,Saponaria officinalis, Galium sp., Agrimonia eupatoria, Rubus sp., Scrophularia sp. In the water area of this habitat along the river there are Typha angustifolia, Caltha sp. and other riverside vegetation. Habitat 91I0 - Habitat with restricted distribution along the river. Main tree species - Querqus ceris /60%/, Q. fraineto/ 30%/, Q. petraea/single species/, Acer campestre / single species /. In the grassland species dominate - Geum urbanum, Latryrus niger, Lychnis coronaria, Trifolium campestre, Polygonatum latifolium, Tanacetum corymbosum. Habitat distributed in the higher and plain parts of the water catchment with more dried up soil conditions. Habitat 91E0 A - Coordinates E and N Typical in the past habitat, distributed along the riverbeds of the not dried up rivers in the area of Vidin. At present the fragmentally distributed and in most cases cut down and afforested with American poplars. Main tree composition - Alnus glutimosa /90%/. Treven i hrastov systav - Angelica sylvestris /70%/, Urtica dioica /20%/, Galeopsis speciosa, Sambucus nigra, Sambucus ebulus, Cornus sanguinea, Vitis sylvestris, Eupatorium cannabium, Equisetum sp. Such spots taken by almost entire alder tree galleries are very rare on the territory of the site and the neighbouring sites, in most cases they are replaced with poplar plantations. Habitat 91F0 A - Coordinates E and N Typical and mass distributed habitat along the rivers in the Vidin area, it has clearly expressed fragmented character of its territorial representativeness in most cases mixed and difficult to distinguish from 91M0. It is modified and vulnerable to anthropogenic influence. Main species - Populus alba /10%/, Populus nigra /10%/, Querqus ceris/fraineto/robur /10%/, Salix alba/20%/, Salix triandra/10%/, Salix fragilis /10%/, Fraxinus oxicarpa /20%/, Ulmus minor /10%/. The grass composition mainly consists of Urtica dioica, Aristolochia clematitis, Parietaria erecta, Saponaria officinalis, Galium sp., Vitis sylvestris, Eupatorium cannabium, Equisetum sp., Galeopsis speciosa etc. In most cases this habitat is hybridized and it is combined with the drier continental version 91F0 B. Habitat 7220 / 54.1222 - Locally distributed habitat in the region of the Rakovnishki chapel. It is ruderalised with lime stone base. Species composition - Equisetum telmateia/90%/, Lythrum salicaria /5%/, Eupatorium cannabium, Urtica dioica. Habitat 91H0 - Coordinates E i N It is a habitat with restricted distribution within the water catchment of Rabrovska River. It is slightly influenced by human activities. Thin with canopy cover around 50 %. Main tree species - Qercus pubescens /60%/, Carpinus orientalis /30%/, Q. dalechampii /edinichno/, Q. ceris /edinichno/ , Q. fraineto /edinichno/, Fraxinus ornus, Fraxinus oxicarpa, Morus alba. Main shrubs and grassland species - Echium vulgaris, Centaurea arientalis, Hypericum perforatum, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Linaria sp., Vicia sp., Chamaecytisus supinus ssp. velenovskyi, Paeonia peregrina / up to 50% of the grasslands, at places even more/, Stachys germaninica, Ruscus aculeatus, Ruscus hypoglossum, Sedum maximum, Alyssoides graeca, Teucrium chamaedris, Parietaria sp. Potentilla pilosa etc. The main shrubs level is presented of Cotinus cogigria - 70%. Other important habitats include Ponto - pannonic communities along the over-moisturized river sides 22.351, Riverside lines of willow 44.1, Mixed groups of ash - alder tree along the rivers 44.3211, Mixed alder tree-willow-oak and flowering ash forests along swampy soils. 44.9

4.2 Quality and importance

Region - West tributaries of the Danube River in the region of Timok River - Danube River. Sub-region the water catchment of Rabrovska River including right tributary Topolovetz River, with its tributaries - Bojnishka River, Bucherski dol, Rekata,Nikov dol, Jonkov dol, Mostishte, Dobrianov dol, Polianski dol. Flora region Danube plain, part of West Predbalkan. Physical - geographical sub-region West Danube plain. Water catchment with area of 595 sq. km. The biggest of all rivers in the Vidin area with average altitude of 190 m. a.s.l. The site presents a combination of riverside and forest plain habitats - 91E0, 91F0, 91H0, 91I0, 91M0 distributed along the flow of Rabrovska River - left and biggest tributary of Topolovetz River. This is the first river of the rivers in the Vidin area from west to east, where even though it is fragmented habitat ……….. appears. The low human presence has helped for the relatively good sanitary condition of the forests. Here is also found the poorly presented for the rivers in the Vidin area limestone rocky habitat…….. The site also has historical importance - at the Rakovitza place the rocky monastery Rakovishki is situated, surrounded by cerris oak and pubescent oak forests. Due to the clearly expressed karst character of the region at places there are springs coming out, together with dense sedges and horse-tail fields on small area. The main part of the habitats are situated in the valley part of the river while the habitats 91M0 and 91I0 are found at the dry loess fields above the riverside. At isolated and strongly restricted in area spots are also found alder tree galleries as a combination between 91E0 A and 91E0 B. Even small these spots are with extremely well preserved vertical structure and expressed naturalness of the vegetation. Due to the dense slope and over-moisturized soils, the invasion of foreign species in this habitat type is restricted. At separate wet lowlands mainly along the right riverside are found elements of habitats types 9150 and 91G0 - they are distributed mainly in the region of the road to the village Shishentzi. The riverside high grasses are exuberant, especially in the northern part of the site. Main parts of the pubescent oak forests are distributed in the west part of the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Ivailo Dimitrov Nikolov, s. Kaleyca, obl. Lovech, 147 "Hristo Botev" Str., tel. 00359885670851, Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link).


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The site is purposed for the conservation of a complex of oak habitats, priority habitat type 91H0 in combination with some of the best preserved along the rivers in the Vidin area riverside habitats - 91F0 and 91E0 A. Of interest for the site are also the limestone habitats even though they are very restricted in area but they have historical value for it.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water: Montana

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Forestry management project, Forestry Enterprise Vidin



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