Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

BG0000399

1.3 Site name

Bulgarka

1.4 First Compilation date

2006-03

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2011-05
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 335/26.05.2011 (promulgated SG 41/2011)
Date site proposed as SCI:2007-03
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data
Explanation(s):Adopted as pSCI by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 335/26.05.2011 (promulgated SG 41/2011). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the SPA – Order No. RD – 848/08.11.2013 (promulgated SG 104/2013).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.397400
Latitude:42.763800

2.2 Area [ha]

24009.0341

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG32Severen tsentralen
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Alpine (82.20 %) Continental (17.80 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4060  info      95.987  0.00         
6110  info      4.87134  0.00         
6210  info      119.984  0.00         
6430  info      287.961  0.00   
6510  info      74.11  0.00 
6520  info      86.3883  0.00   
7220  info      0.05  0.00 
7230  info      0.87  0.00 
8210  info      71.9903  0.00         
8220  info      347.953  0.00   
8230  info      0.17925  0.00         
8310  info      15.00 
9110  info      17.2057  0.00   
9130  info      3477.37  0.00   
9150  info      5391.11  0.00   
9170  info      789.493  0.00   
9180  info      719.903  0.00   
91BA  info      8.39886  0.00   
91E0  info      2.63  0.00 
91G0  info      400.506  0.00   
91M0  info      0.38394  0.00         
91W0  info      3949.87  0.00   
91Z0  info      1.02706  0.00         
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes                 
BA223Aegolius funereus       
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA404Aquila heliaca                 
BA089Aquila pomarina           
BA089Aquila pomarina       
I1093Austropotamobius torrentium    28658  28658   
M1308Barbastella barbastellus    113  215   
A1193Bombina variegata    26  26  localities   
BA104Bonasa bonasia    25  25     
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus       
M1352Canis lupus    10     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    42  42     
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA031Ciconia ciconia           
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA030Ciconia nigra           
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA084Circus pygargus                 
F1149Cobitis taenia                 
BA122Crex crex           
BA038Cygnus cygnus                 
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos       
BA238Dendrocopos medius    20  20           
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus       
BA236Dryocopus martius    15  15     
P4067Echium russicum    10   
BA027Egretta alba                 
BA027Egretta alba                 
BA026Egretta garzetta                 
BA379Emberiza hortulana    21  21     
R1220Emys orbicularis    localities   
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria    33911  67785   
BA511Falco cherrug           
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA096Falco tinnunculus           
BA320Ficedula parva    69  69     
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    26  26     
BA217Glaucidium passerinum             
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    30  50     
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor       
I1083Lucanus cervus           
BA246Lullula arborea    51  51     
M1355Lutra lutra    11     
BA230Merops apiaster           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii                 
I1089Morimus funereus           
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    118  235   
M1307Myotis blythii    51  100   
M1316Myotis capaccinii                 
M1321Myotis emarginatus    11  50   
M1324Myotis myotis    51  100   
BA094Pandion haliaetus                 
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo                 
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo                 
BA234Picus canus    14  14     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    101  250   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    51  100   
F1134Rhodeus sericeus amarus           
I1087Rosalia alpina           
BA155Scolopax rusticola       
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
BA155Scolopax rusticola           
M1335Spermophilus citellus           
BA220Strix uralensis       
R1219Testudo graeca        localities   
R1217Testudo hermanni    localities   
BA166Tringa glareola                 
BA166Tringa glareola                 
A1171Triturus karelinii    localities   
M1354Ursus arctos       
M2635Vormela peregusna           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Acer heldreichii    10               
Achillea ageratifolia    251  500               
Achillea clypeolata    101  250               
Achillea grandifolia    1001  10000               
Alchemilla viridiflora    11  50               
Allium melanantherum    101  250               
Angelica pancicii    11  50               
Anguis fragilis                   
Anthus spinoletta                   
Apus apus                   
Aquilegia vulgaris    11  50               
Asio otus                   
Asperula capitata                 
Atropa bella-donna    251  500               
Betonica bulgarica    501  1000               
Brentis hecate                   
Bufo viridis                   
Campanula jordanovii    10               
Campanula lanata                 
Campanula velebitica    51  100               
Capreolus capreolus                   
Carum graecum    501  1000               
Cervus elaphus                   
Cinclus cinclus                   
Coenonympha rhodopensis                   
Coluber caspius                   
Columba livia                   
Columba oenas                   
Coronella austriaca                   
Corvus corax                 
Crocus veluchensis    10000                 
Daphne blagayana    101  250               
Daphne cneorum    251  500               
Daphne oleoides                 
Delichon urbica                   
Dendrocopos minor                   
Dianthus moesiacus    11  50               
Duvalius balcanicus                   
Duvalius bulgaricus                   
Elaphe longissima                   
Emberiza citrinella                   
Erebia medusa                   
Erebia melas                   
Felis silvestris                   
Festuca balcanica    251  500               
Festuca xanthina    101  250               
Formica rufa                   
Galanthus elwesii    501  1000               
Garrulus glandarius                   
Glis glis                   
Haberlea rhodopensis    501  1000               
Hieracium pannosum    241  500               
Hyla arborea                   
Ilex aquifolium    11  50               
Inula aschersoniana    11  50               
Iris reichenbachii    101  250               
Jovibarba heuffelii    11  50               
Kernera saxatilis    51  100               
Lacerta viridis                   
Laemostenus plasoni                   
Laserpitium siler    11  50               
Limodorum abortivum    10               
Maculinea arion                   
Martes foina                   
Martes martes                   
Meles meles                   
Melitaea aurelia                   
Micromeria frivaldszkyana    501  1000               
Minuartia bulgarica    11  50               
Motacilla alba                   
Motacilla cinerea                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela putorius                   
Natrix tessellata                   
Oenanthe oenanthe                   
Ophrys cornuta    10               
Orchis militaris                 
Parnassius apolo                   
Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Parus ater                   
Parus major                   
Passer domesticus                   
Passer montanus                   
Pinus peuce    11  50               
Podarcis muralis                   
Pseudoryssus henschii                   
Pterostichus merkli                   
Pterostichus vecors                   
Pulmonaria mollis    101  250               
Pyrrhula pyrrhula                   
Rana dalmatina                   
Rhynchocorys elephas    11  50               
Satureja pilosa    51  100               
Saxifraga marginata    251  500               
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Scopolax rusticola                   
Sedum stefco    10               
Sempervivum erythraeum    251  500               
Sesleria latifolia    10000                 
Silene nutans    10               
Sitta europaea                   
Spiranthes spiralis                 
Streptopelia decaocto                   
Streptopelia turtur                   
Strix aluco                   
Sturnus vulgaris                   
Taxus baccata    101  250               
Thymelicus acteon                   
Trinia glauca    101  250               
Troglodytes troglodytes                   
Upupa epops                   
Veronica jaquinii ssp. neiceffii    501  1000               
Viola aetolica    51  100               
Viola balcanica    10               
Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N061.00
N0813.00
N114.00
N1662.00
N1710.00
N191.00
N212.00
N222.00
N235.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Bulgarka Nature Park covers 21 772 ha in the Central Balkan Mountains. Its area comprises the ridge parts and northern slopes of the Shipchenska and Trevnenska Mountains as well as parts of the adjacent Predbalkan Mountains, the springs of the Yantra River and main tributaries in their upper parts. The site also includes the Hristo Smirneski Reservoir and comprises the lands of 9 settlements. The relief of the area is crossed and represents a series of small valleys, cut by gulches and ravines, narrow hills and ridges with steep slopes. The relief forms are complicated by modern erosion processes causing the development of slopes, embankments, alluvia and terraces, formed by human activities. The low parts of the park until the settlements are mainly deserted orchards. Traditionally, the region has been an orchard, as gardens have been maintained on grass. Therefore it now partially preserves some local orchard sorts. In addition to the classical habitats, where Oaks (Fagus sylvatica L.) dominate, beach species such as Taxus baccata and Ilex aquifolium are also spread. The relict habitat formed by Laorocerasus officinalis also covers significant areas. The territory of Bulgarka NP combines four floristic regions and three physical geographical belts, what results in many transitional plant formations and typical habitats, rare for other areas.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is extremely suitable for a NATURA 2000 site due to the uniqueness of the area, the strong element of flora endemism and most probably invertebrate fauna endemism also, rich biodiversity and presence of unique and relict habitats. The area provides suitable habitat for various representatives of flora and fauna (Haberlea rhodopensis, Micromeria frivaldszkyana, Brown Bear, Wolf, Otter, Golden Eagle, etc.). in addition to that, the region preserves local orchard species and agriculture practices, cultural and historical heritage together with characteristic landscapes for this area of the Balkan Mountains and beach eco-systems, that are main tools for the water resources of the region and the country. In table "Ecological Information - Other Important species", the bird and mammal species justified by 'A-National' are not necessarily included in the National Red Data Book, because its last edition is too old (1985), not up-dated and has no legislative value. The species indicated by 'A-National' are the protected flora and fauna species, included in the Bulgarian Biodiversity Act, and therefore this motivation is given highest priority. Restoration of additional 4.2 ha of habitat type 91E0 done by project “Riparian Habitats in BG - Conservation and Restoration of 11 Natura 2000 Riparian and Wetland Habitats in 10 SCI's Bulgarian Forests”, LIFE08 NAT/BG/000281

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03i
MA05.02o
HB02.02i
LB02.03i
MB03i
MB03o
MD01.02i
LD01.04i
LD02.01i
LD02.02i
LD03.02i
MD05o
HE01.01i
HE01.01o
ME02.03i
HE03.01o
HE03.01i
LE03.03i
LF02.03i
MF03.01i
HF03.02.03i
HF03.02.03o
HF04o
MF04i
LG01i
LG01.03i
LG01.06i
LG01.08i
LG02.10o
LG02.10i
LG05.01i
LG05.04i
LHi
MHo
LI01i
LI03.01i
LI03.02i
LJ01i
MJ01o
MK01.01i
MK01.01o
LK02i
MK03.03i
MK04.03i
LK05.01i
LLi
LL04i
LL07i
LL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HBi
HB01i
MB01.02i
LB02.01i
HD01.01i
MD01.02i
LD01.04i
LD02.01i
LD02.02i
LD03.02i
MD05i
HE01.01i
LE03.03i
LF02.03i
MF03.01i
LG01i
MG01.02i
LG01.04i
LG01.05i
LG01.06i
LG01.08i
LG02.10i
LG02.10o
LK02i
LL04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Yulian Marinov, Bulgarka Nature Park Directorate,1 Minzuhar Str., Gabrovo, http://www.ppbulgarka.net Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Data on birds provided by Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and Green Balkans. New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link). Initially listed documents: Amphibians and reptiles in Bulgaria Bejkov, V.; Nanev, K Guide to the plants in Bulgaria Delipavlov, D. 2003 Guide to the mammals in Bulgaria Popov, V. A Photographic Guide To Butterflies Of Britain And Europe Paul Sterry Fish, Amphibians and reptiles in the Rhodope Monntains Jivkov, M.; Dobrev, D.
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000399&siteType=BirdsDirective
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000399&siteType=HabitatDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG000.00
BG033.75
BG05100.00
BG067.10

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06Studen kladenetz+5.25
BG06Stolishta+0.82
BG03Skalen venetz v Mahnatite skali+3.61
BG03Vikanata skala+0.14
BG05Balgarka=100.00
BG06Sokolski manastir+1.02

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Studen kladenetz+5.25
Stolishta+0.82
Skalen venetz v Mahnatite skali+3.61
Vikanata skala+0.14
Balgarka=100.00
Sokolski manastir+1.02

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water: Veliko Tarnovo, Stara Zagora; Bulgarka Nature Park Directorate
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY