Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

BG0000573

1.3 Site name

Kompleks Kaliakra

1.4 First Compilation date

2006-04

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg
Date site proposed as SCI:2007-12
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-12
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data
Explanation(s):Adopted by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007). Modified in the marine part by Council of Ministers Decision No. 660/01.11.2013 (promulgated SG 97/2013). Extended terrestrial part by Council of Ministers Decision No. 223/24.04.2014 (promulgated SG 37/2014).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:28.354000
Latitude:43.388800

2.2 Area [ha]

48340.1127

2.3 Marine area [%]

90.5000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG33Severoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Black Sea (9.50 %) Marine Black Sea (90.50 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      3205.89  0.00 
1140  info      0.19857  0.00         
1150  info      51.8507  0.00 
1160  info      67.2073  0.00   
1170  info      12067.1  0.00 
1210  info      1.07672  0.00   
1240  info      3.00072  0.00   
1310  info      0.44128  0.00   
2110  info      26.8741  0.00         
3150  info      8.51675  0.00   
40A0  info      33.0962  0.00   
6110  info      7.8107  0.00   
62C0  info      2300.15  0.00 
8310  info      70.00 
8330  info      3.53026  25.00 
91H0  info      38.3916  0.00   
91I0  info      7.06052  0.00         
91M0  info      7.06052  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F4125Alosa immaculata           
F4127Alosa tanaica           
A1188Bombina bombina        localities   
I4028Catopta thrips           
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
P4091Crambe tataria           
R5194Elaphe sauromates        localities   
R1220Emys orbicularis    localities   
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria     
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    80  110   
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra       
I1060Lycaena dispar           
M2609Mesocricetus newtoni           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii    251  500   
I1089Morimus funereus                 
M2633Mustela eversmannii           
M1323Myotis bechsteinii    41  67   
M1307Myotis blythii           
M1316Myotis capaccinii    11  50   
M1321Myotis emarginatus    11  50   
M1324Myotis myotis    11  50   
M1351Phocoena phocoena           
P2125Potentilla emilii-popii    100  500   
I4022Probaticus subrugosus           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale    11  50   
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum    101  250   
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros    51  100   
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi                 
I1087Rosalia alpina           
M1335Spermophilus citellus           
R1219Testudo graeca    localities   
R1217Testudo hermanni        localities   
A1171Triturus karelinii    localities   
M1349Tursiops truncatus           
I1014Vertigo angustior         
I1016Vertigo moulinsiana         
M2635Vormela peregusna           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                 
Acherontia atropos                   
5040Acipenser gueldenstaedtii                 
2488Acipenser stellatus                 
Adonis volgensis                   
Aedia leucomelas                   
Agrotis syricola                   
Aidablennius sphynx                   
Alyssum borzaeanum                   
Alyssum caliacrae    150  200               
Anguilla anguilla                   
Antonechloros smaragdaria volgata                   
Arnoglossus kessleri                   
Artemisia lerchiana                   
Artemisia pedemontana                   
Artemisia pontica                   
Astragalus glaucus                   
Atherina boyeri                   
Bellevalia ciliata    700  900               
Belone belone                   
1201Bufo viridis                 
Bulgarica varnensis                   
Calosoma inquisitor                   
Calosoma sycophanta                   
1353Canis aureus                 
Carcharodus orientalis                   
Cecilioides aciculoides                   
Centaurea caliacrae                   
Chamelea gallina                   
Cladium mariscus                   
Coluber caspius                 
Convolvulus lineatus                   
Coryphoblennius galerita                   
Cosmia confinis                   
Cryphia amasina                   
Cystoseira barbata                 
Cystoseira crinita                 
Dasyatis pastinaca                   
1350Delphinus delphis               
Dicentrarchus labrax                   
Dichagyris candelisequa                   
Dichagyris melanura albida                   
1281Elaphe longissima                 
Ephedra distachya                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                 
Erinaceus concolor                   
Eriphia verrucosa                   
Erodium hoefftianum                   
Eryngium maritimum    25  30               
Eutelia adoratrix                   
Exophila rectangularis                   
5649Gaidropsarus mediterraneus                   
Gasterosteus aculeatus                   
Gobius cobitis                   
Gobius niger                   
Gobius paganellus                   
Goniolimon besseranum                   
Goniolomon tataricum                   
Grammodes bifasciata                   
Gypsophyla trichotoma                   
Hadena persimilis                   
Hadena syriaca podolica                   
Hauffenia lucidulus                   
Hecatera cappa                   
Helicella spiruloides                   
Heliothis maritima bulgarica                   
Helix lucorum                   
1026Helix pomatia                 
5671Hippocampus guttulatus                   
Hippocampus ramulosus                   
2489Huso huso                 
1203Hyla arborea                 
5365Hypsugo savii                 
Lacanobia splendens                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                 
1263Lacerta viridis                 
Lactuca tatarica    70  100               
Lasiocampa grandis                   
Lemna gibba                   
Lentidium mediterraneum                   
Limonium latifolium                   
Limonium meyeri                   
Limonium vulgare                   
Liocarcinus vernalis                   
Liza ramado                   
Luperina rubella sericea                   
Matthiola odoratissima                   
Meditea trivia                   
5716Mesogobius batrachocephalus                   
Mullus barbatus ponticus                   
2634Mustela nivalis                   
Mytilus galloprovincialis                   
1292Natrix tessellata                 
Neogobius melanostomus                   
Neogobius ratan                   
Nepeta parviflora                   
Nepeta ucranica                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                 
Opopanax chironium ssp. bulgaricum                   
Orcula bulgarica                   
Orgyia antiquioides caliacrae                   
Orictes nasicornis                   
Pachygrapsus marmoratus                   
Paeonia tenuifolia                   
Pandesma robusta                   
Paradrina pertinax argentea                   
Parocneria terebinthi                   
Pegusa lascaris                   
1200Pelobates syriacus                 
Petrosimonia brachinata                   
Pholas dactylus                 
Phyllophora crispa                   
Pilumnus hirtellus                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                 
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                 
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                 
1329Plecotus austriacus                 
1256Podarcis muralis                 
1248Podarcis taurica                 
5802Pomatomus saltatrix                   
Procerus scabrosus                   
Psetta maxima maeotica                   
Raja clavata                   
1209Rana dalmatina                 
Salaria pavo                   
Salmo trutta labrax                   
Sarda sarda                   
Sciaena umbra                   
Scomber scombrus                   
Silene caliacrae                   
Squalus acanthias                   
Stipa lessingiana                   
Sympecta fusca                   
5867Symphodus ocellatus                   
5869Symphodus tinca                   
Symphytum tauricum                   
Syngnathus tenuirostris                   
Syngnathus variegatus                   
Syngnathus typhle                   
Taraxacum bessarabicum                   
Trachinus draco                   
Trigla lucerna                   
Umbrina cirrosa                   
Upogebia pusilla                   
Uranoscopus scaber                   
Utricularia vulgaris                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                 
Xantho poressa                   
Zebrina varnensis                   
5908Zeus faber                   
Zostera noltii                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0190.00
N031.00
N081.00
N094.00
N152.00
N162.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes part of coastal Dobrudzha and the adjacent marine area of the Black Sea. The length of the coastline is around 34 km. From the region of the harbor of the village of Tujlenovo to Cape Kaliakra the coastline is predominantly cliffs with an average height of 40 m (maximum height of 65 m at Cape Kaliakra) and Northeast -East exposure. The coast and the adjacent underwater coastal slope are steep, made of resistant to wave abrasion cavernous limestone. The sandy bottom is predominantly of the fine sand fraction extending up to 1000-1500 m from the shoreline. Towards the deepwater are following sandy silt and silty materials. Between Cape Kaliakra and Batovska Valley the landslide type of shore is prevailing with an average height of the cliff of 17 m, with South exposure. The rocky bottom, extending on average up to 350 m from the shoreline, is composed of slumped limestone, calcareous sandstones and marls. These types of rocks are the typical habitat of the piddocks Pholas dactylus and Barnea candida. To 600 m from the shore, the bottom is covered with coarse shellfish material with its depth exceeding 1 m. After the sand materials extends the sandy silt and the silt materials with depth > 3.0 m. The site includes includes an overly salty sliding lake called Tuzla, which is divided into two parts by an artificial dike and is separated from the sea by a low stone wall, through which goes a canal and there is a canal-lock It is used for mud-treatments and extraction of healing slime. The area of the lake is 9 ha. The sand strip is used for beach during the summer season. The region of the sea coast is used as a base for fishing as well as for professional fishing (in small scope). Another overly salty sliding lake is Nanevska tuzla which consists of two parts and is surrounded with deciduous forests and continental steps and rocks above the sliding terraces. The region is with best representativity in the country of lime steppe habitats as well as coastal cliffs habitats and coastal cave habitats. Industrial polluters are missing in large scale and that has positive influence on the status of the ecosystems including the marine ones. Important characteristic is the availability of great number of archaeological culture monuments (Thracian, Hellenic, Roman, Medieval), practically on the whole territory but with great concentration in the region of cape Kaliakra, the Charakman hill and in the region of Yailata. Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation in the design process. In fact, its coverage is about 30%. Balchiska touzla and Nanevska touzla are assigned to one of the rarest types ecosystems in the world - Natural hyperhaline lakes; Due to their shallow character they are especially vulnerable particularly because of their existence in a land-sliding region. The site is under strong tourist human impact because of the intensive summer tourism and construction. There is also sand excavation. The vulnerability of the site is connected mainly to several particular habitats. This is especially true for the coastline zone where the human influence is concentrated - fishing, water sports, sun bathing, parking of vehicles etc. On the whole spread of the wetland there is an asphalt road (except for the summer season it is usually not very busy). In the West part of the site there is a pump station. The question on the primary or secondary character of the steppic vegetation in the region is subject to discussion. Meanwhile the data from the last decades including personal observations, especially in the reserve and the low terrace of Yailata where grazing has been forbidden for decades already, undoubtedly show that when there is no gazing and there is tree-bushy vegetation in the neighbourhood there is progressive mosaic shrubbing of the territory in the sections with soil coverage. With the above is connected the most important aspect of vulnerability of the steppe habitats in the region. In the last two decades the number of livestock in the region is decreasing and respectively the intensity of gazing decreased as well. The not big numbers of livestock usually graze around the villages. In that way parts of the pastures are overloaded and these that are further away from the villages gradually overgrow with bushes. That way in the two zones the conditions are worsen for many rare species typical for the region. Another aspect of this way of organization of the gazing in the region is the development of vegetation with vast presence of thorny species from Asteraceae - Carduus ssp., Onopordon ssp., Centaurea calcitrapa, Centaurea solstitialis, Carthamus ssp., etc. near the villages, along the roads and at places where there was or is excessive pressure on the pastures. Picking of beautiful flowers, sometimes including their roots as well, influences the populations of the peonies and other species. The illegal commercial picking of Limonium ssp. and Goniolimon ssp. is also a threat. The human activities are precondition for disturbing the animal life and the vulnerability of the populations of many species.

4.2 Quality and importance

The marine part of the site is important for the conservation of habitat types 1110, 1170 and 8330. The SCI includes 8.5% of the national coverage of 1110, with typical biotopes " Fine and medium sands with Lentidium mediterraneum", "Sands and silty sands with Chamelea gallina" and "Silty sands with Upogebia pusilla ". In places protected from the sea waves along the coast west of Cape Kaliakra (Kavarna, White Lagoon) occur underwater meadows with the dwarf eelgrass Zostera noltii, and the constructed jetties and piers create favorable conditions for the development of marine grasses. The rocky reefs 1170 are presented by variety of biotopes, including those with high conservation significance as the communities of perennial brown algae of the genus Cystoseira on infralittoral rocky bottom. In the lower infralittoral is present Phyllophora crispa, a red algae thriving under shade, requiring high transparency of water in the optimal depth horizon -10 m and therefore sensitive to the eutrophication species, of regional conservation significance. Soft limestones and marls are inhabited by populations of Pholas dactylus, species protected by the Bern Convention. Another present biotope, subtype of habitat 1170 is the banks of Mytilus galloprovincialis on sediment. The conservation status of the mussel banks was estimated as average because of inappropriate size structure of the population of the characteristic species Mytilus galloprovincialis and low coverage and the likely reasons for this are mainly the cross border eutrophication from the Danube and to a lesser degree the pressures from shipping, the active bottom fishing and the invasive species Rapana venosa. Eastern Dobrudzha is the most representative region in Bulgaria for habitat type 8330. In the limestone rocks from Cape Kaliakra to Cape Shabla are found the longest partially submerged sea caves, some of which were the habitat of the regionally extinct Mediterranean monk seal Monachus monachus. The marine area east of Cape Kaliakra - Tulenovo is shad fishes habitat including a migratory corridor to spawning grounds in the Danube River and a region for nurture and growth of juvenile fish and spawning stock after the breeding. As habitat for cetaceans the aquatory is of the highest class in terms of abundant trophic base, relatively preserved ecosystems and proximity to the marine area in front of the Danube Delta, which is important for the populations of cetaceans in the Western Black Sea. In trophic migrations towards it the cetaceans are staying also in the aquatic environment in front of the Kaliakra Cape. The significance of the marine area for the conservation of the populations of the target species of cetaceans is: for Phocoena phocoena the marine part of the site protects 5.5% of the national population, and for Tursiops truncatus - 3.9% (calculated on the basis of potential habitats of the species in the productive shelf zone). The terrestrial part of the site is a diverse area with various habitat types - broad-lived deciduous forests, steppes and dry calcareous grasslands, sea cliffs and rocky shores.unities. An important place in terms of the diversity of habitats, plants and birds. Important stop-over for a number of bird species. About 80 species belonging to 37 families have been identified for the aquatory of the Kaliakra reserve. There are: Not a big wetland on the coast line, north of Kaliakra Cape; Gulch with east-west orientation and steep stony slopes from north to south. Between them in the coastal part of the hollow a marsh is formed with wide reedy massive and free water area in the central zone. In the past in the west part of the wetland poplars have been planted, which by now have dried out. The slopes are formed by limestone, with lots of niches, which give shelter to lots of species. Important habitats for foraging and roosting of bats and steppe mammals. There are sections with collapses. On the foot of the slopes, especially on the south side there are dense impassable bushes, mainly from Christ's horn (Paliurus spina-christii Miller), with the participation of whitehorn (Crataegus monogina Jacq.), bushy jasmine (Jasminum fruticans L.), cornel-tree (Cornus mas L.), spindle-tree (Euonimus europaeus L.) and some tree species - common maple (Acer campestre L.), elm-tree (Ulmus minor Miller), rock cherry (Prunus mahaleb L.) etc. In the coastline there is small rocky valley with sand beach (the only one in the region), separating swamp (partly overgrown with reedbeds) from the sea. Very important for the existence of invertebrate fauna. The area has also cultural and historical value.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MC01.01.01i
LC02.02i
HC03.03i
MD03.01.02i
MD03.01.03i
MD03.02o
ME01.02i
LE01.03o
ME03.01i
HF02.01i
HF02.02.02b
LG01.04i
MG02.01i
MG04.01b
MH01.08Ni
MH03.01Pi
MH06.01i
MI01b
MJ02i
MJ02.01.01i
MJ02.02.01i
MK01.01o
LK01.03i
ML07i
HXOPo
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
MA04i
LD05b
MF01.02i
LJ02.03o
MJ02.12.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Type[%]
PublicNational/Federal0
State/Province0
Local/Municipal0
Any Public0
Joint or Co-Ownership0
Private0
Unknown0
sum100

4.5 Documentation

Data on marine part of the site provided and revised by V.Todorova, M.Panayotova - Institute of Oceanology, BAS/1-vi May Str. 40, 9000 Varna/vtodorova@io-bas.bg; Initial proposal and description of the site made by Boris Nikolkov, Alexander Dutsov, Stoyan Nikolov - Bulgarian Ornithological Centre/Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd. 1, Sofia; M. Vassilev, D. Dobrev, A. Stoyanov, Z. Hubenov, C. Delchev, V. Popov, I. Pandourski, S. Zidarova, Ch.Gusev - Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, BAS / 2 Gagarin Str., Sofia; M. Stoyneva, P. Ivanov, A. Tsekov, I. Dobrovolov, Rosen Tsonev - Faculty of Biology, Sofia University, rossentzonev@abv.bg; Antoaneta Petrova - Botanical Garden, BAS; M. Angelov - Green Balkans Federation / 1 Scopie Str., Plovdiv 4004, office@greenbalkans.org; Stoyan Beshkov - National Museum of Natural History / 1 Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd., Sofia, beshkov@nmnh.bas.bg . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). New data provided by project "Mapping and assessment of the conservation status of the natural habitats and species - Phase 1" (see link). New data on 62C0 by A. Petrova, I. Apostolova, K. Vasilev, H. Padashenko, A. Ganeva - IBER-BAS. Documents: CORINE HABITATS database. Drensky, P. 1951. Fishes of Bulgaria, Sofia, BAS, 252 pp. (in Bulgarian). V. Todorova et al., 2012. Report on implementation of grant Contract No. 7976 / 04.04.2011, between EMEPA and the Institute of Oceanology. Project: "Expansion of the Natura 2000 ecological network in the Bulgarian Black Sea marine area to overcome the moderate insufficiencies regarding marine habitats 1110 "Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time" and 1170"Reefs"and species 4125 Alosa immaculata, 1349 Tursiops truncatus and 1351 Phocoena phocoena and partial filling of scientific reserve for habitat 1180 " Submarine structures made by leaking gases" and species 1349 Tursiops truncatus in accordance with the conclusions from the Marine Black Sea Seminar, Brindisi, 15 June 2010". Fund of IO-BAS. Assessment of the current status of waters in the Black Sea Basin region for 2010. Basin Directorate for water management in the Black Sea region. Http://www.bsbd.org/UserFiles//File/godishen%20doklad%20za%20sastoianieto%20na%20vodite%202010_raboten%20variant.pdf Study for inclusion of new areas of habitat type 62C0 * Ponto-Sarmatic steppes in the Natura 2000 network in Balgariya. IBER-BAS. Authors: Prof. PhD. Antoaneta Petrova, Assoc. Prof. Iva Apostolova, PhD, PhD Kiril Vassilev, PhD candidate Hristo Pedashenko, Prof. PhD. Anna Ganeva
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0000573&siteType=HabitatDirective
http://www.bsbd.org/UserFiles//File/godishen%20doklad%20za%20sastoianieto%20na%20vodite%202010_raboten%20variant.pdf

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0098.16
BG011.48
BG060.36

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06Stepite+0.23
BG06Aromatna matiola+0.04
BG01Kaliakra+1.48
BG06Yaylata+0.09

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Stepite+0.23
Aromatna matiola+0.04
Kaliakra+1.48
Yaylata+0.09

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Part of the site is occupied by "Kaliakra" Reserve, which includes coastal waters. The aims of its declaration are conservation of coastal marine ecosystems, typical steppe vegetation and animal life, and nesting niches of rare and endangered bird species. In the Reserve are prohibited all activities except: its conservancy; visits with a scientific purpose; people walking on the designated paths, including when it's with an educational purpose; collection of seeds, wild plants and animals with a scientific purpose or for their restoration elsewhere in quantities, manner and time excluding disturbance of the ecosystems. “Yailata” is Protected Site declared with the aim to conserve protected plant and animal species and their habitats. The set prohibitions and regimes in it are: 1. Prohibited pruning, breaking branches, damaging the stems and any other actions that could lead to damaging or destroying the ancient trees.; 2. Prohibited opening of quarries; 3. Prohibited construction of buildings and roads; 4. Prohibited grazing of domestic animals; 5. Prohibited destruction or damage to vegetation; 6. Prohibited hunting; 7. Prohibited felling, except for sanitary and cultivation purposes.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Varna
Address:
Email:riosv-vn@mbox.contact.bg
Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water
Address:
Email:nnps@moew.government.bg
Organisation:Basin Directorate for Water Management in the Black Sea Region – Varna
Address:
Email:bdvarna@bsbd.org

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

It is desirable that the human activities (extraction of slime, buildings of dikes etc.) are discontinued. The management of the water levels could have positive or negative effect depending on the character of the management. Forestation with exotic species should be discontinued. This goes for all habitats and species listed in the SDF. It is recommended that the site is designated as a protected area. Bolata is part of Kaliakra Reserve that has strict regime and its management is part of the Management plan of the reserve, which is in its final phase of preparation (Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation). At this stage of preparation for the region of Bolata the plan envisages: for decades already, undoubtedly show that when there is no grazing and there is tree-bushy vegetation in the neighbourhood there is progressive mosaic shrubbing. Restriction of the human activities (prohibition of building and changing the landscape) close to the site, keeping the connection with the sea and preserving the qualities of the water so that the habitats with Chara are kept. Kaliakra reserve has management plan. Concerning the cliff habitats the future building of protective and harbouring mechanisms should not be allowed, except for the region of Kavarna harbor. Considering the West Pontic coastal communities with Limonium ssp., Artemisia ssp, Kochia prîstrata etc. the politics of the Structural project for the archaeological reserve "Yailata" should be continued and the paths along the coast should be only tramped down without allowing building of asphalt roads as these communities form very narrow line and such building would destroy them. Appropriate measures against physical impacts on habitats 1110 and 1170 include: ban on the extraction of sand, gravel, stones; prohibition of breaking rocks, moving of rock blocks and stones; prohibiting burial of habitats subject of protection under dredge disposals; ban on sealing of habitats subject of protection with permanent structures, including artificial underwater reefs and islands; prohibition of conducting actions associated with interference in hydrological processes leading to significant changes in temperature regime, salinity, currents and wave effects; ban on the use of bottom trawling and dredging equipment, including sucking dredgers; prohibition of prospecting, exploration and exploitation of natural resources in zone "A" of the Black Sea coast under Black Sea Coast Development Act; prohibition of the introduction of solid waste. Appropriate measures against chemical impacts on habitats 1110 and 1170 include: prohibiting the discharge of untreated wastewater, the quantity and quality of treated waters must meet the requirements for individual emission limits specified in the discharge permit issued in accordance with the requirements of the Water Act ; prohibition on discharge of treated wastewater to a depth less than 20 meters; application of deep discharge; prohibition on introduction of hazardous substances - synthetic, non-synthetic and radionuclides. Necessary measures against selective fishing and collection of species, including by-catch, to protect habitats 1110 and 1170 and species 4127 Alosa tanaica and 4125 Alosa immaculata: Ban on commercial and recreational fishing of fish and molluscan aquatic organisms with the following appliances, tools, accessories and devices - explosives, poisonous and intoxicating substances, electric current and other equipment stunning the fish, bottom trawling and dredging equipment, firearms, jigging; Prohibiting fishing for Alosa spp. species during their period of reproduction; Prohibiting fishing, carrying, transport, sell and buy of Alosa spp. smaller than 22 cm.; In case of determining status changes to the stocks of Alosa spp. threatening their natural reproduction and economic importance, the Minister of Agriculture and Food in coordination with the Minister of Environment and Water imposes a ban on their use for a period of time not less than one year; Ban on commercial fishing of sand mussels Donacilla cornea, Donax trunculus, Chamelea gallina and decapods Upogebia pusilla and Callianassa candida; Permissible quantities for recreational fishing are up to 1 kg for Donacilla cornea, Donax trunculus, up to 2 kg for Chamelea gallina, up to 0.5 kg for crustacean Upogebia pusilla; Ban on commercial and recreational catch of polychaete worms Arenicola marina and decapods Callianassa spp.; Ban on commercial fishing of Mytilus galloprovincialis from natural mussel banks on rocky bottom and sediment; Permissible quantities for recreational catch of Mytilus galloprovincialis are up to 2 kg.; Prohibiting of fishing, carrying and transport of Mytilus galloprovincialis from natural mussel banks on rocky bottom and sediment smaller than 7 cm; Prohibition of commercial catch of warty crab Eriphia verrucosa. Permissible quantities for recreational fishing are up to 1 kg; Prohibiting of fishing, carrying and transport of warty crabs Eriphia verrucosa smaller than 5 cm; Prohibiting fishing for warty crab Eriphia verrucosa during the period 1 April to 31 May; Prohibition of picking, collecting, cutting, uprooting or otherwise destroying the specimens of sea grass species Zostera marina, Z. noltii, Zannichellia palustris, Potamogeton pectinatus in their natural range; Prohibition of picking, collecting, cutting, uprooting or otherwise destroying the specimens in their natural range of the species of macroalgae Cystoseira spp, Phyllophora crispa. Necessary measures for the protection of cetaceans 1349 Tursiops truncatus, 1351 Phocoena phocoena and 1350 Delphinus delphis: Prohibited all forms of deliberate capture or killing of specimens by any appliances, tools and methods; persecution and disturbance, particularly during the period of breeding, rearing, wintering and migration; taking found dead specimens; possession, rearing, transportation, carrying, export, trading and offering for sale or exchange of specimens taken from the wild; taxidermy, possession, display in public, handling, transportation, export, trading and offering for sale or exchange of taxidermy specimens. Equipment of fixed fishing gear with repellent devices. Necessary measures against invasive alien species: Subsidized catch of Rapana venosa and egg cocoons by scuba method and traps; Deliberate introduction into the marine environment of alien species is prohibited; Prohibited reballasting of ships in the aquatory of the SCI. For prevention appropriate assessment under art. 6 of the Habitats Directive is needed for the following projects and investment proposals: the construction of harbors and port installations; shore reinforcement and shore protection constructions (dikes, jetties, breakwaters); prospecting, exploration and exploitation of natural resources; prospecting, exploration and exploitation of oil, natural gas and unconventional hydrocarbons; construction of oil and gas pipelines; facilities for the production of electricity by wind power; farming of fish and shellfish aquatic organisms; underwater or floating constructions for tourist purposes. In order to control the status and effectiveness of conservation management measures monitoring of the conservation status of habitats and species populations is needed.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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