Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002007

1.3 Site name

Ostrov Ibisha

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 514/22.08.2008 (promulgated SG 78/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.518611
Latitude:43.824444

2.2 Area [ha]

399.3232

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG31Severozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA052Anas crecca      201     
BA050Anas penelope         
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      900     
BA028Ardea cinerea    37  115     
BA028Ardea cinerea           
BA029Ardea purpurea    10  10     
BA024Ardeola ralloides       
BA024Ardeola ralloides    10  10     
BA024Ardeola ralloides         
BA067Bucephala clangula         
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA038Cygnus cygnus         
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus       
BA026Egretta garzetta    10  10     
BA026Egretta garzetta    14  18     
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla         
BA068Mergus albellus         
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    10  10     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    18  36     
BA020Pelecanus crispus      92     
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    425  900     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo           
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    67     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus         
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus      60     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus           
BA234Picus canus       
BA034Platalea leucorodia    14     
BA034Platalea leucorodia       
BA193Sterna hirundo    10     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N040.00
N0654.00
N0810.00
N090.00
N1636.00
N230.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

An island in the Danube (km 717), covered by tree vegetation, with the adjacent section of the river and the river banks, located to the north of the village of Dolni Tsibar, east from the town of Lom. It is built by river deposits, mainly of loam and sand. The bigger part of the island is overgrown with the typical for the Danube islands riverine forests of Alnus glutinosa, Salix alba and Salix fragilis, Populus alba and Populus nigra, at places mixed with artificial poplar plantations and hygrophyte grass associations. The forests have a rich and practically impenetrable undergrowth of lianas and blackberry Rubus sp.. The island’s western bank is a vast sand strip without vegetation (Bondev 1991, Boev 1992; Georgiev 1993). There are shallow river waters around the island.

4.2 Quality and importance

The international importance of Ibisha Island is defined by the presence of the biggest mixed population of herons and cormorants in the country. It is a site of global importance for the nesting Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus and one of the five most important Bulgarian sites for the nesting Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax, Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides and Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia. The colonies of herons and cormorants are fully dependent on the riverine forests for nesting, as well as shallow parts of the river around the island for fishing.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03o
HA03i
LA04i
HBo
HBi
HB01i
MB01o
HB02.01i
HB02.02o
HB02.02i
HB02.03i
HB02.04i
HB03i
MB03o
HC01.01o
HF02.01.02o
HF02.03o
HF03.01i
HF03.01o
HF03.02.01i
HF03.02.03o
HF03.02.03i
HF04i
MG01.01o
LH05o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA03o
HBo
MB01o
HB02.02o
MB03o
MG01.01o
LH05o
HJ02.04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Anton Antonov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Boev, Z. 1992. Trevoga za Ibisha. – Priroda I znanie. 7-8, 28-29.; Bondev, I. 1991. Rastitelnostta na Balgariya. S. Universitetsko izdatelstvo “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”, 183 s.; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Georgiev, G. 1993. Narodnite parkove I rezervati v Balgariya. S. Prosveta, 190 s.; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptitsi v Balgariya. Natsionalni planove za deystvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kn. 4, Sofiya: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I. (sast.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Balgariya. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofiya, 176 s.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiyat kormoran v Balgariya. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animaliya, 35, 6, 67-81.; Petrov, Tz., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na cherniya shtarkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Balgariya. – Izv. Muz. Yu. Balgariya, T. 17, 25-32.; Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report. Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16;
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002007&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0091.00
BG049.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG04IBISHA+9.00
IN06IBA=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBISHA+9.00
IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

About 9% of the area has been under strict protection as a reserve since 1984. In 1997 the area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. In 1998 about 34% of the area was designated as CORINE Site because of its European value for habitats, rare and threatened plant and animal species, including birds. In 2003 almost all territory of Ibisha Island IBA was designated as Ramsar site because it is of international importance for colonially breeding birds. The proposed SPA borders a proposed Special Protection Area in Romania.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Montana; Danubean River Basin Directorate; Forestry Department - Lom.
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY