Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002010

1.3 Site name

Yazovir Pyasachnik

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 574/08.09.2008 (promulgated SG 85/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.563889
Latitude:42.417222

2.2 Area [ha]

3178.3187

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA168Actitis hypoleucos         
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA054Anas acuta    800  800     
BA054Anas acuta         
BA056Anas clypeata      72     
BA056Anas clypeata         
BA052Anas crecca    87  1050     
BA052Anas crecca    50  670     
BA050Anas penelope    49  282     
BA050Anas penelope    20     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    20     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    1791  10848     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    9150  9150     
BA055Anas querquedula    725  725     
BA051Anas strepera    30     
BA051Anas strepera         
BA041Anser albifrons    67  5104     
BA043Anser anser         
BA042Anser erythropus         
BA042Anser erythropus         
BA039Anser fabalis         
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA089Aquila pomarina    10  10     
BA028Ardea cinerea    108     
BA028Ardea cinerea    60  120     
BA028Ardea cinerea    38     
BA029Ardea purpurea         
BA024Ardeola ralloides         
BA222Asio flammeus       
BA059Aythya ferina    146     
BA059Aythya ferina    57     
BA061Aythya fuligula         
BA061Aythya fuligula    162     
BA060Aythya nyroca    10  40     
BA060Aythya nyroca       
BA060Aythya nyroca         
BA021Botaurus stellaris           
BA396Branta ruficollis         
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA067Bucephala clangula      11     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus       
BA087Buteo buteo    11  11     
BA087Buteo buteo    22     
BA403Buteo rufinus         
BA403Buteo rufinus         
BA149Calidris alpina      11     
BA149Calidris alpina    20       
BA147Calidris ferruginea       
BA145Calidris minuta    33  80     
BA146Calidris temminckii         
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA136Charadrius dubius    40  40     
BA136Charadrius dubius    10     
BA196Chlidonias hybridus         
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus    10  10     
BA197Chlidonias niger    23  30     
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA031Ciconia ciconia    16  16     
BA030Ciconia nigra         
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus         
BA082Circus cyaneus      30     
BA082Circus cyaneus    30  30     
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii      11     
BA038Cygnus cygnus         
BA036Cygnus olor       
BA036Cygnus olor         
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus           
BA236Dryocopus martius       
BA027Egretta alba    41     
BA027Egretta alba    94     
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA379Emberiza hortulana       
BA511Falco cherrug         
BA098Falco columbarius         
BA098Falco columbarius           
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA103Falco peregrinus         
BA096Falco tinnunculus           
BA096Falco tinnunculus         
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA097Falco vespertinus       
BA097Falco vespertinus       
BA125Fulica atra       
BA125Fulica atra    248  4432     
BA125Fulica atra    121  300     
BA153Gallinago gallinago    42     
BA153Gallinago gallinago      44     
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
BA123Gallinula chloropus       
BA002Gavia arctica         
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla         
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA338Lanius collurio    10     
BA459Larus cachinnans    600     
BA459Larus cachinnans    145  792     
BA182Larus canus      50     
BA183Larus fuscus         
BA180Larus genei         
BA177Larus minutus         
BA179Larus ridibundus    2400  2400     
BA179Larus ridibundus    14  624     
BA156Limosa limosa    105  105     
BA246Lullula arborea       
BA152Lymnocryptes minimus       
BA068Mergus albellus         
BA068Mergus albellus      30     
BA070Mergus merganser      38     
BA230Merops apiaster       
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA058Netta rufina         
BA160Numenius arquata         
BA160Numenius arquata         
BA158Numenius phaeopus           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    42     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax       
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA094Pandion haliaetus         
BA020Pelecanus crispus         
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus         
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    3894     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo           
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus      126     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus      21     
BA170Phalaropus lobatus         
BA151Philomachus pugnax    26  72     
BA034Platalea leucorodia         
BA032Plegadis falcinellus         
BA141Pluvialis squatarola       
BA005Podiceps cristatus    13  13     
BA005Podiceps cristatus           
BA005Podiceps cristatus    80     
BA006Podiceps grisegena         
BA008Podiceps nigricollis    17     
BA008Podiceps nigricollis       
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    16  16     
BA193Sterna hirundo           
BA307Sylvia nisoria       
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis         
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    10  50     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis       
BA048Tadorna tadorna      30     
BA161Tringa erythropus    26  26     
BA166Tringa glareola    34  34     
BA164Tringa nebularia         
BA165Tringa ochropus      11     
BA165Tringa ochropus       
BA163Tringa stagnatilis         
BA162Tringa totanus    10  27     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    45  460     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    18     
BA142Vanellus vanellus      51     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0652.00
N080.00
N094.00
N106.00
N1210.00
N151.00
N1618.00
N178.00
N210.00
N220.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Pyasachnik reservoir is established on the river bearing the same name, at about 2 km north-west of the village of Ljuben, Plovdiv District. The reservoir collects the waters of two more rivers – the Kalavashtitsa and Gerenska – as well as the waters of the Strelchenska Luda Yana and Toponitsa reservoir, which are coming through an artificial canal. Arable land and small areas of forest around the banks of Pyasachnik reservoir are also part of the area. It also includes the micro-reservoirs Pyasacnik and Panicheri and the pheasant-breeding farm next to the village of Ljuben. The micro- reservoir Panicheri is a shallow artificial water basin with rich fish stocks. It is fed by waters from the Pyasachnik River by means of an artificial canal, as well as by rainfall and snow. Pyasachnik reservoir has entirely open water surface without water-fringe vegetation. At certain spots on the low hills around there are mixed broadleaved forests of Quercus cerris and Quercus pubescens, artificial plantations of Pinus nigra and open terrain of wet meadows and farmland.

4.2 Quality and importance

Pyasachnik reservoir and its surroundings host 146 bird species, 44 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria. Fifty species are included in Annex 1 of the Biodiversity Act as species, which habitats need special protection measures. Of the birds that occur there 72 are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 5 of them being included in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened species, 15 in SPEC 2, and 52 in SPEC 3 as species threatened at European level. Eighty-seven species need special protection of their habitats under the Bird Directive, 43 of which are included in Annex I of the Directive and the rest are migratory waterbirds. Pyasachnik reservoir is a wetland of international importance for the wintering waterbirds that concentrate there in numbers exceeding 22,000 birds, the most numerous being the White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons. Of the globally threatened species the Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus, the Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus, the Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis and the White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla occur there in winter, and the Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca on migration. For many bird species the reservoir serves as an important interim station during spring and autumn migration and a good roosting and feeding site. The area is one of the few places in the country where the Osprey Pandion haliaetus breeds. There is also mixed breeding colony of Little Egret Egretta garzetta and Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax at Panichery micro-reservoir.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA01i
LA02i
HA02o
MA03o
MA03i
MA04o
LA04.03o
LA04.03i
MA05.01i
MA05.01o
LA05.02i
MA05.02o
MA07i
MA07o
MA08i
MA08o
MA09i
HA09o
LA10i
HA10o
MBo
HBi
MB01i
MB01o
MB01.02o
HB01.02i
MB02.01o
MB02.02o
MB02.02i
MB02.03o
HB02.03i
LB02.04o
HB02.04i
LD01.01o
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
LD01.02o
LD02i
LD02o
LD02.01i
LD02.01o
HD05o
MD05i
LE01i
LE01o
LE01.03o
LE01.04i
LE03o
LE03i
LE03.01o
LE03.01i
LE03.03i
LE03.04i
LE04.01o
LE04.01i
LF01o
MF01i
MF02.01.02i
MF02.03i
LF02.03.01i
LF02.03.01o
HF03.01i
HF03.01o
HF03.02o
MF03.02i
HF03.02.03i
HF03.02.03o
LG01.01i
MG01.03o
LG01.03i
LG02.04i
LG02.08i
LG04.01i
LG05i
MHi
LH04i
LH04o
LH05i
MH05o
LJ01o
HJ01i
LJ02.02o
MJ02.02i
MJ02.10o
MJ02.10i
LK01.01o
LK01.02i
HK01.03i
LK02.03i
LK03.04i
LK04.05i
LL08i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA02i
MA04o
LA04.03i
MA05.01i
MA05.01o
LA05.02i
MA05.02o
MA08i
MA09i
HA09o
LA10i
MB01i
HB01.02i
MB02.01o
MB02.03o
HB02.03i
HB02.04i
LD01.01o
LD01.02o
LD01.02i
LD02i
LD02.01i
HD05o
LE01.03o
LE03.03i
LE03.04i
LE04.01i
LE04.01o
LF01o
LF02.03.01i
LF02.03.01o
LG01.01i
LG01.03i
MG01.03o
LG05i
LH04o
LH04i
LH05i
LJ02.02o
MJ02.10o
LK01.01o
LK01.02i
LK02.03i
LK04.05i
LL08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. Petar Iankov, Ventseslav Delov, Tihomir Stefanov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Bondev, I. 1991. Rastitelnostta na Balgariya. S. Universitetsko izdatelstvo “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”, 183 s.; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptitsi v Balgariya. Natsionalni planove za deystvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kn. 4, Sofiya: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I. (sast.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Balgariya. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofiya, 176 s.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiyat kormoran v Balgariya. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animaliya, 35, 6, 67-81.; Petkov, N. 1997a. Kachulata potapnitsa (Aythya fuligula). – Za ptitsite, 2 (esen/zima), 13.; Petkov, N. 1997b. Savremenno sastoyanie na belookata potapnitsa (Aythya nyroca) v Balgariya. Diplomna rabota, Biologicheski Fakultet pri SU “Sv. Kl. Ohridski”, Sofiya, 104 s.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.; Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Kostadinova, I., S.Dereliev. 2001. Results the Mid-Winter Counts of Waterbirds in Bulgaria for the period 1997- 2001. BSPB Conservation Series. Book 3, BSPB, Sofia, BG; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16;
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002010&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00
BG060.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06IBA=100.00
BG06DVANADESET DRAZHKOTSVETNI DABA V m. GERENA/0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00
DVANADESET DRAZHKOTSVETNI DABA V m. GERENA/0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Pyasachnik Reservoir does not have legal protection by the national conservation legislation. In 1997 the area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International. In 1998 it was also designated as CORINE Site because of its European value for congregatory and threatened bird species.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Plovdiv;East-Aegean River Basin Directorate;Forestry Departments - Plovdiv; Hisar;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY