Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002014

1.3 Site name

Madzharovo

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 787/29.10.2008 (promulgated SG 105/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:25.895833
Latitude:41.635000

2.2 Area [ha]

3550.1289

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG42Yuzhen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus         
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA079Aegypius monachus         
BA079Aegypius monachus      10     
BA079Aegypius monachus       
BA229Alcedo atthis       
BA052Anas crecca         
BA050Anas penelope      36     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      23     
BA043Anser anser         
BA255Anthus campestris       
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA404Aquila heliaca         
BA404Aquila heliaca       
BA089Aquila pomarina           
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA067Bucephala clangula         
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus       
BA087Buteo buteo         
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA403Buteo rufinus         
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    15     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    10     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA136Charadrius dubius       
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA030Ciconia nigra    15     
BA080Circaetus gallicus           
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA082Circus cyaneus         
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA231Coracias garrulus       
BA037Cygnus columbianus bewickii         
BA038Cygnus cygnus         
BA036Cygnus olor         
BA238Dendrocopos medius    20  20     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    21  25     
BA236Dryocopus martius       
BA027Egretta alba         
BA379Emberiza hortulana    100  100     
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA095Falco naumanni         
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA125Fulica atra           
BA153Gallinago gallinago           
BA078Gyps fulvus    22  22     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla         
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla         
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla         
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus         
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus       
BA439Hippolais olivetorum    15  15     
BA338Lanius collurio    770  770     
BA339Lanius minor       
BA459Larus cachinnans           
BA459Larus cachinnans           
BA179Larus ridibundus           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA246Lullula arborea    130  130     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra       
BA230Merops apiaster       
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA074Milvus milvus       
BA077Neophron percnopterus       
BA094Pandion haliaetus           
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo      63     
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmeus       
BA234Picus canus       
BA005Podiceps cristatus         
BA307Sylvia nisoria    30  75     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis         
BA165Tringa ochropus       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    78  78               
A218Athene noctua    15  15               
A366Carduelis cannabina    10  10               
A363Carduelis chloris    225  225               
A347Corvus monedula    30  30               
A113Coturnix coturnix    50  50               
A377Emberiza cirlus    450  450               
A382Emberiza melanocephala    450  450               
A269Erithacus rubecula    350  350               
A359Fringilla coelebs    1025  1025               
A244Galerida cristata    27  27               
A251Hirundo rustica    30  30               
A233Jynx torquilla                 
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    400  400               
A383Miliaria calandra    350  350               
A280Monticola saxatilis                 
A281Monticola solitarius                 
A278Oenanthe hispanica    10  10               
A214Otus scops    35  35               
A329Parus caeruleus    75  75               
A443Parus lugubris    60  60               
A235Picus viridis    35  35               
A276Saxicola torquata    10  10               
A445Sitta neumayer                 
A210Streptopelia turtur    125  125               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    30  30               
A304Sylvia cantillans    100  100               
A305Sylvia melanocephala    30  30               
A283Turdus merula    100  100               
A285Turdus philomelos    100  100               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N066.00
N087.00
N0912.00
N100.00
N124.00
N1513.00
N1648.00
N198.00
N221.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

A part of the deep, narrow valley of the Arda river, surrounded by mountain slopes and rock massifs up to 150 m high. The area is located in the Eastern Rhodopes, between the village of Borislavtsi and the town of Madzharovo. A big part of its territory is occupied by rock complexes, single cliffs and stony screes. The diverse relief and soil cover determine the development of a mosaic of tree, shrub and grass vegetation. At places the screes are covered by mixed broadleaved forests of Quercus cerris, Quercus frainetto and Quercus pubescens, with Mediterranean elements, like Juniperus oxycedrus, Colutea arborescens, etc. There are isolated areas, covered by shrubs of Paliurus spina-christi mixed with Jasminum fruticans and combined with xerothermal grass formations of Mediterranean elements (Bondev 1991). The agricultural lands are located mainly in the high parts of the valley and valley extension itself. The riverbed is sandy-stony and its banks are overgrown with willows Salix spp. and shrubs.

4.2 Quality and importance

The territory of Madzharovo supports 174 bird species, 40 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there, 78 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 6 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 20 in SPEC 2 and 52 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area is of global importance, as it is a representative biome for the Mediterranean zone. Six biome-restricted species, typical for the Mediterranean zone, out of 9 established in Bulgaria occur there: Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica, Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum, Sub-alpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans, Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala, Rock Nuthatch Sitta neumayer and Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala. Five globally threatened species occur in the area as summer visitors, migrants or during the winter, and Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni still breeds there. One of the two colonies of Griffon Vultures Gyps fulvus in Bulgaria breeds in the area on the cliff banks of Arda River. Madzharovo is one of the most important areas in the country on a European Union scale for the breeding of Black Stork Ciconia nigra, Griffon Vulture and Black Kite Milvus migrans. The area holds one of the most significant on a European scale populations in the country of the Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis, Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana, Olive-tree Warbler and the Black Stork Ciconia nigra. Madzharovo is proposed to be included in the National Ecological Network for conservation of the habitats of a complex of 65 breeding species and 37 summering, migrating and wintering species. The area is rich of rare and threatened plant and animal species listed in the Bulgarian Red Data Book and protected by the national law.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA01o
MA03i
LA03o
MA04.03i
MA04.03o
MA07o
MA07i
LA08o
LA08i
MA09i
MA09o
MA10o
MA10i
MBo
MBi
MB01i
MB01o
MB01.02i
MB01.02o
MB02.01o
MB02.01i
MB02.02o
MB02.02i
LB02.04i
MB02.04o
MB03o
LC01.01i
LC01.01o
LD01.01i
LD01.02i
MD02.01o
MD02.01i
LE03i
LE03o
LE03.01o
LE03.01i
LE03.03o
LE03.03i
LF03.02.01o
LF03.02.01i
LF03.02.02o
LF03.02.02i
MF03.02.03i
MF03.02.03o
LG01.04o
LG01.04i
LG01.05o
LG01.05i
LG05i
LG05o
LJ01o
LJ01i
LJ02.01.01i
LJ02.01.01o
HL09i
HL09o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA04o
LA08i
LA08o
MA09i
MA09o
MB03o
LD01.01i
LD01.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. Petar Iankov, Hristo Hristov, Boris Barov, Marin Kurtev - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: Barov, B. 1995. Status na beloshipata vetrushka Falco naumanni v Iztochnite Rodopi. Otchet po proekt Opazvane na biologichnoto raznoobrazie na Iztochnite Rodopi – ² faza. BSHPOBR, Sofiya.; Barov, B. 1996. Sastoyanie na populatsiyata na beloshipata vetrushka Falco naumanni v Iztochnite Rodopi, 1995-1996. Doklad po proekt Opazvane na biologichnoto raznoobrazie na Iztochnite Rodopi. BSHPOBR, Sofiya.; BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Bondev, I. 1991. Rastitelnostta na Balgariya. S. Universitetsko izdatelstvo “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”, 183 s.; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Hristov, Hr. 1997.Sastoyanie, monitoring I podpomagane na leshoyadnite ptitsi v Iztochnite Rodopi. – Dokladi po proekt Iztochni Rodopi, BSHPOB – BDZP, T. 3, Sofiya.; Hristov, Hr., E. Stoynov, St. Stoev. 1996. Novo nahodishte na cheren leshoyad v Iztochnite Rodopi. – Neofron. Inf. Byul. Na BDZP, 1, 19.; Iankov, P. N. 1991. Ptitsite na Iztochnite Rodopi. ². Srokove na prebivavane I dinamika na ornitofaunata. - Ekologiya, 24, 26-43.; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptitsi v Balgariya. Natsionalni planove za deystvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kn. 4, Sofiya: 204-219.; Iankov, P., L. Profirov. 1991. Savremenno sastoyanie na populatsiyata na beloglaviya leshoyad (Gyps fulvus Hablizl) v Balgariya. – Ekologiya, 24, 44-52.; Kostadinova, I. (sast.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Balgariya. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofiya, 176 s.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov, P. Iankov, S. Gavrailov. 1989. Razprostranenie I prirodozashtiten status na skalniya orel Aquila chrysaetos chrysaetos (L.), 1758 v Balgariya. – Izv. Muz. Yu. Balgariya, 15, 79-87.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov. 2000. Ptitsite na Rodopite. – Balgarski sayuz za zashtita na Rodopite, Sofiya, 122 s.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Petrov, Tz. 1997a. Tsarskiyat orel (Aquila heliaca) v Iztochnite Rodopi. - Dokladi po proekt Iztochni Rodopi, BDZP-BSHPOB, T. 3, Sofiya.; Petrov, Tz. 1997b. Beliyat shtarkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Balgariya. Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; Petrov, Tz., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na cherniya shtarkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Balgariya. – Izv. Muz. Yu. Balgariya, T. 17, 25-32.; Simeonov, S. 1986. Materiali varhu razprostranenieto I gnezdovata biologiya na chervenogushoto koprivarche (Sylvia cantillans (Pallas) v Balgariya. – Ekologiya. 19, 57-61.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Savremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Balgariya. – Ekologiya, 15, 60-65.; Barov, B., G. Gerassimov, Ch. Christov. 1996. Current status of the populations of globally threatened raptors in the Eastern Rhodope Mountains, Bulgaria. - Poster presentation, Second International Conference of the Raptor Research Foundation, Urbino, Italy, 8 p.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp.;; Birdlife International (2004) Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).; Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report.; Iankov, P., Kh. Khristov and S. Avramov. 1994. Changes in Status of the Black Vulture Aegypius monachus in Bulgaria for the period 1980-1990. In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor, eds. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 139-142.; Iankov, P., Tz. Petrov, T. Michev, L. Profirov. 1994. Past and present Status of the Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni in Bulgaria. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 133-137.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia; Kouzmanov, G., Kouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.; G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515. ; Marin, S., A. Rogev, I. Christov, M. Sarov. 1998. New observations and nesting of the Black Vulture (Aegypius monachus. L., 1766) in Bulgaria. – In: Tewes, E., J. Sanchez, B. Heredia & M. Bijleveld van Lexmond (Eds), The Black Vulture in South Eastern Europe, BVCF/FZS, Palma de Mallorca, 47-50.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; Simeonov, S. 1970. Uber die Verbreitung mediterraner Vogelarten in Bulgarien. – Die Vogelwelt., 91, 2, 59-67; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Stoychev,S.,E.Stoynov,B.barov.1997. Mapping of nesting ornithofauna. In: Conservation of the Biological Diversity of the Eastern Rhodopes. Sofia, Bulgarian-Swiss Biodiversity conservation Program.V. 3: 21-38 (In Bulgarian); Stoychev, S., H. Hristov. 2002. Review of the Birds in the Eastern Rhodopes. – Project report, In: Assessment of existing information on biodiversity in the Eastern Rhodopes, Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, United Nations Development Program, 35 p. Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16;
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002014&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0093.00
BG067.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06GYRGENA+2.00
BG06PATRONKA+5.00
IN06IBA=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other GYRGENA+2.00
PATRONKA+5.00
IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

So far, about 7% of the territory of Madzharovo is under legal protection as protected areas. The “Patronka” Protected Area was designated to protect the breeding colony of Griffon Vultures. In 1997 the area was designated as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Haskovo;Forestry Departments - Krumovgrad; Harmanli
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY