Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002027

1.3 Site name

Yazovir Malko Sharkovo

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 840/17.11.2008 (promulgated SG 108/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.873333
Latitude:42.109167

2.2 Area [ha]

1327.7610

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus             
BA056Anas clypeata         
BA052Anas crecca      24     
BA050Anas penelope      53     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    27  1210     
BA051Anas strepera      12     
BA041Anser albifrons    80  9539     
BA043Anser anser         
BA404Aquila heliaca       
BA028Ardea cinerea    15     
BA059Aythya ferina         
BA396Branta ruficollis      30     
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo    22     
BA403Buteo rufinus         
BA082Circus cyaneus         
BA038Cygnus cygnus      10     
BA036Cygnus olor    490     
BA027Egretta alba      12     
BA098Falco columbarius         
BA125Fulica atra    37  1458     
BA002Gavia arctica         
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla         
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla       
BA459Larus cachinnans    18     
BA182Larus canus         
BA179Larus ridibundus      19     
BA070Mergus merganser         
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    10  99     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    41  576     
BA005Podiceps cristatus    10  114     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis    16     
BA048Tadorna tadorna      30     
BA165Tringa ochropus         
BA142Vanellus vanellus         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0625.00
N082.00
N099.00
N1245.00
N1517.00
N210.00
N232.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Water reservoir, surrounded by low hills with arable lands, which usually does not freeze in winter. It is located in the Strandzha Mountain near the state border with Turkey, in the grounds of the village of Malko Sharkovo. The dam has an open water area with low banks and shallows sparsely overgrown with hygrophyte vegetation. A small part of its banks is covered by meadows. The surrounding hills are occupied by grass associations and agricultural lands, sown mainly with winter wheat. At places there are small woodlands.

4.2 Quality and importance

Malko Sharkovo reservoir is regular roosting site for wintering waterfowl. It supports 45 bird species, 16 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 14 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 4 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 4 in SPEC 2 and 6 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 14 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 12 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Malko Sharkovo Reservoir is a site of international importance as a wintering ground of the White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons, with up to 16 810 geese concentrating there in winter (Profirov, Yankov, Kostadinova in NOIB at BSPB; Milchev 1994). It is an important wintering ground at national scale for the Mute Swan Cygnus olor, the Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus and the Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis. The Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeds in the reservoir.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA01i
MA02o
MA02i
MA03i
LA05.02i
LA05.02o
LA07o
LA07i
MA09o
MA10o
MA10i
LE03i
LE03o
LE03.01o
LE03.01i
LF02.03i
HF03.01i
MF03.01o
MG05i
LH05i
LH05o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA01i
MA03i
LA05.02o
MA09o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. Petar Iankov, Anton Kovachev - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Bondev, I. 1991. Rastitelnostta na Balgariya. S. Universitetsko izdatelstvo “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”, 183 s.; Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptitsi v Balgariya. Natsionalni planove za deystvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa, Kn. 4, Sofiya: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I. (sast.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Balgariya. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poreditsa. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofiya, 176 s.; Nikolov, Hr., S. Marin, A. Darakchiev. 1999. Malkiyat kormoran v Balgariya. Razprostranenie, chislenost I zaplahi. – Nauch. Tr. Plov. Univ., Animaliya, 35, 6, 67-81. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).; BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).; Iankov, P., N. Petkov, A. Kovachev, D. Plachiisky. (in print). Pygmy Cormorant in Bulgaria 2001/2002. Final Report. Kostadinova, I., S. Dereliev, 2001. Srednozimno prebroyavane na vodolyubivite ptitsi v Balgariya za perioda 1997-2001. Prirodozashtitna poreditsa na BDZP ¹3. BDZP. Sofiya.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16;
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002027&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06IBA=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The area does not have legal protection under the national conservation legislation. In 1998 the area was appointed as CORINE Site because of its European value for wintering waterbirds. In 1989 the area was appointed as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Stara Zagora; BEast-Aegean River Basin Directorate;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY