Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002038

1.3 Site name

Provadiysko-Royaksko plato

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-12
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 802/04.12.2007 (promulgated SG 107/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 134/10.02.2012 (promulgated SG 26/2012), amended by Order No. RD – 73/28.01.2013 (promulgated SG 10/2013).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:27.265000
Latitude:43.158611

2.2 Area [ha]

84031.5041

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG33Severoiztochen
BG33Severoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes       
BA086Accipiter nisus    270  292     
BA086Accipiter nisus    10  10     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA229Alcedo atthis    15  15     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    15           
BA051Anas strepera                 
BA051Anas strepera                 
BA255Anthus campestris    122  150     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA090Aquila clanga       
BA404Aquila heliaca       
BA509Aquila nipalensis         
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA089Aquila pomarina    2013  2013     
BA028Ardea cinerea    14     
BA215Bubo bubo    13  13     
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus       
BA087Buteo buteo    16  30     
BA087Buteo buteo    1111  1218     
BA403Buteo rufinus    22  33     
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla         
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    150  250     
BA136Charadrius dubius       
BA031Ciconia ciconia    12241  35220     
BA031Ciconia ciconia    28  28     
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA030Ciconia nigra    199  491     
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA080Circaetus gallicus    13  63     
BA081Circus aeruginosus    119  134     
BA082Circus cyaneus    14  14     
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus    16  21     
BA231Coracias garrulus    30  40     
BA122Crex crex    10  99     
BA238Dendrocopos medius    70  90     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    140  415     
BA236Dryocopus martius       
BA026Egretta garzetta    52  52     
BA379Emberiza hortulana    2433  2433     
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA511Falco cherrug         
BA098Falco columbarius         
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo    15  15     
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA096Falco tinnunculus    18  25     
BA096Falco tinnunculus    30  45     
BA097Falco vespertinus    69  108     
BA127Grus grus      16     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus    19  30     
BA338Lanius collurio    3455  3455     
BA339Lanius minor    50  60     
BA459Larus cachinnans                 
BA246Lullula arborea    110  800     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    30  50     
BA230Merops apiaster    420  420     
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans    100  300     
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA074Milvus milvus       
BA077Neophron percnopterus       
BA077Neophron percnopterus    10  10     
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax    10  10     
BA533Oenanthe pleschanka       
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus    4241  4241     
BA072Pernis apivorus    1263  2000     
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    28  28     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo         
BA234Picus canus    28     
BA032Plegadis falcinellus    67  67     
BA249Riparia riparia    20  20     
BA307Sylvia nisoria    100  390       
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis           
BA142Vanellus vanellus       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    3930  3930               
A218Athene noctua    22  22               
A366Carduelis cannabina    50  50               
A363Carduelis chloris    600  600               
A347Corvus monedula    200  200               
A113Coturnix coturnix    170  170               
A240Dendrocopos minor    75  75               
A377Emberiza cirlus    55  55               
A382Emberiza melanocephala    350  350               
A269Erithacus rubecula    4000  4000               
A359Fringilla coelebs    6250  6250               
A244Galerida cristata    335  335               
A251Hirundo rustica    2252  2252               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    4130  4130               
A383Miliaria calandra    4500  4500               
A278Oenanthe hispanica                 
A214Otus scops    55  55               
A329Parus caeruleus    650  650               
A443Parus lugubris    140  140               
A235Picus viridis    170  170               
A276Saxicola torquata    15  15               
A210Streptopelia turtur    500  500               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    900  900               
A283Turdus merula    1300  1300               
A285Turdus philomelos    2950  2950               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N061.00
N070.00
N085.00
N098.00
N1239.00
N158.00
N1630.00
N170.00
N191.00
N213.00
N220.00
N235.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The Provadiysko and Royaksko plateaus are located in eastern Bulgaria, between the towns of Shumen and Provadiya. On the north and the south they border respectively on the rivers of Provadiyska and Golyama Kamchia. The area includes also the rock massifs of Nevsha – Venchan and Komunari. To the west it reaches the villages of Madara and Blagovo and to the east – the road between the villages of Grozdjovo and Barzitsa. The region is sparsely populated and the settlements are concentrated mainly along the valleys of the rivers, limiting the area, and to a lesser extent – in the watershed of the Glavnitsa River. Half of the territory is occupied by mixed broadleaved forests with a prevalence of Quercus cerris, mixed with Quercus frainetto, Quercus polycarpa, Carpinus betulus, Carpinus orientalis and Fraxinus ornus (Bondev 1991). About one third of these forests are seminal high stand, with the appearance of the former natural mixed broadleaved forests that used to cover huge territories in this region. The remaining part of the forests is coppice with considerably changed structure. Farmlands occupy about 47% of the region’s territory and about 13% is pasture, at places overgrown with shrubs. Rock massifs forming complexes are dispersed in several places in the region.

4.2 Quality and importance

The region of the Provadiysko–Royaksko plateau supports 160 bird species, 36 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 68 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 4 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 19 in SPEC 2 and 45 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats (forests, pastures, farmlands and rocky massifs) for 52 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 49 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. Provadiysko – Royaksko plateau is one of the most important areas in the country for breeding of Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus, Eagle Owl Bubo bubo, Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius, Roller Coracias garrulus, Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus, and Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana and Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria. The Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus, Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus, Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos and Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus also breed in the area, in considerable numbers. The good nutritious base and the suitable roosting sites attract relatively large quantities of White and Black Storks Ciconia ciconia C. nigra and different birds of prey during spring and autumn migration. The Provadiyska river valley is a bottleneck migration site for storks and birds of prey, where more than 35,000 storks and 3,000 raptors pass and often overnight during autumn or spring migration.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LC01.01i
MC01.01.01i
HC01.01.01o
LD01.01i
MD01.02i
HD01.04i
LD02.01i
LD02.09i
MD04.01o
ME01i
LE01.02i
HE02i
HE02.01o
LE02.02i
HE03i
ME03.01i
ME03.02i
ME03.03i
HE03.04i
HF03.01i
HF03.01o
HF04i
LG01.04i
LG01.05i
LG01.08i
LG02.04i
LG02.08i
MH04i
HH04o
HH05i
LH06.01i
HJ02.03o
HJ02.03i
MJ02.11i
MJ02.11o
MK02.04i
MK03.04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HD01.04i
HF04i
LG02.08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by D. Georgiev, D. Dimitrov, V. Vasilev, I. Ivanov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org ; Dr. P. Shurulinkov, Dr. T. Zlatanov - Institute of Zoology, Bulgarian Academy of Scienses, 1 "Tzar Osvoboditel" blvd., 1000 Sofia. Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Bondev, I. 1991. The Vegetation of Bulgaria. Map 1 : 600 000 with explanatory text. Sofia: St. Kliment Ohridski University Press. (In Bulgarian.); Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; Kostadinova, I. (sust.) 1997. Ornitologichno vazhni mesta v Bulgaria. BDZP, Prirodozashtitna poredica. Kniga 1, BDZP, Sofia, 176 s.; Michev, T., C. Petrov, L. Profirov, P. Iankov, S. Gavrailov. 1989. Razprostranenie I prirodozashtiten status na skalnia orel Aquila chrisaetos chrisaetos (L.), 1758 v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, 15, 79-87.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.) Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; Petrov, C., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na chernia shturkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, T. 17, 25-32.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.; Shurulinkov, P., B. Nikolov, R. Tsonev. 2001. On the distribution of the Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) in Bulgaria. – In.: Tryjanowski P., Osiejuk T., Kupczyk M. (Eds). Bunting studies in Europe. Bogucki Wyd. Nauk., Poznan, 81-87. ***. 2000. District Development Plan 2000-2006. Summary. Varna District. 25 pp. (In Bulgarian); ***. 2004. Municipality Council – Provadiya. Regulation No7 on Preservation of the Environment in Provadiya Municipality. (In Bulgarian); ***. 2005. District of Varna. Development Strategy 2005 – 2015, 136 pp. (In Bulgarian); ***. 2005. District of Shumen. Development Strategy of the District. Shumen, 222pp. (In Bulgarian); BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Heath, M.F. and Evans, M.I., eds. 2000. Important Bird Areas in Europe: Priority sites for conservation, vol. 2 Southern Europe. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 8).; Iankov, P., Tz. Petrov, T.Michev, L.Profirov. 1996. Status of the Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga) and the Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) in the Mediterranean. – In: Muntaner, J. and J. Mayol (Eds.). Biology abd conservation of Mediterranean Raptors, 1994. Monogr. 4. SEO, Madrid, 77-81.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Kouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.; Kouzmanov, G., G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002038&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0099.65
BG060.35

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG06GOLYAMATA KANARA+0.04
IN06IBA=100.00
BG06VODENITSITE+0.10
BG06ROYASHKA SKALA+0.01
BG06SLAVEYKOVA GORA+0.10
BG06SNEZHINSKA KORIA+0.10

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other GOLYAMATA KANARA+0.04
IBA=100.00
VODENITSITE+0.10
ROYASHKA SKALA+0.01
SLAVEYKOVA GORA+0.10
SNEZHINSKA KORIA+0.10

5.3 Site designation (optional)

In the Provadiysko–Royaksko plateau there are 4 protected areas but they cover only 0.3% of its territory. The “Slaveikova gora” Protected Area was designated in 1986 to protect the breeding sites of threatened birds of prey. The “Vodenitsata” Protected Area was designated in 1987 also to protect the threatened bird species. “Snejnata Koria” Protected Area was designated in 1966 to protect the old oak forest. The “Golyamata kanara” Protected Area was designated in 1979 to protect the landscape features. In 1997 the area is appointed as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water -Shumen, Varna;Black Sea River Basin Directorate;Forestry Department - Varna; State Game-breeding Center - "Sherba"; Forestry Departments- Novi Pazar, Provadia, Smyadovo, Tsonevo, Shumen;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY