Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002058

1.3 Site name

Sinite kamani - Grebenets

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 834/17.11.2008 (promulgated SG 108/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:26.400280
Latitude:42.720500

2.2 Area [ha]

15844.6403

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG34Yugoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes       
BA402Accipiter brevipes       
BA086Accipiter nisus    13  15     
BA079Aegypius monachus       
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    38     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    100  100     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      712     
BA041Anser albifrons                 
BA255Anthus campestris    10  15     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA090Aquila clanga       
BA404Aquila heliaca    13     
BA404Aquila heliaca       
BA404Aquila heliaca       
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA087Buteo buteo    15  18     
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus    10     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    70  100     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    10  58     
BA136Charadrius dubius       
BA136Charadrius dubius           
BA031Ciconia ciconia    1000  4200     
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus    175  175     
BA082Circus cyaneus    15  15     
BA083Circus macrourus       
BA084Circus pygargus    200  200     
BA231Coracias garrulus    10     
BA036Cygnus olor                 
BA238Dendrocopos medius    75  210     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    100  240     
BA236Dryocopus martius    10  23     
BA379Emberiza hortulana    175  175     
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA096Falco tinnunculus    16  16     
BA097Falco vespertinus    30  100     
BA320Ficedula parva    10  20     
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    40  70     
BA125Fulica atra    15  15           
BA123Gallinula chloropus                 
BA127Grus grus    50     
BA078Gyps fulvus    10  30   
BА078Gyps fulvus     
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus       
BA338Lanius collurio    130  400     
BA339Lanius minor    10     
BA459Larus cachinnans                 
BA459Larus cachinnans                 
BA182Larus canus                 
BA179Larus ridibundus                 
BA246Lullula arborea    100  250     
BA230Merops apiaster    60  60     
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA077Neophron percnopterus         
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA020Pelecanus crispus      10     
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus    10  10     
BA072Pernis apivorus    150  150     
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo         
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo                 
BA234Picus canus    10  20     
BA005Podiceps cristatus                 
BA005Podiceps cristatus               
BA307Sylvia nisoria    15  15     
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis                 
BA165Tringa ochropus                 
BA142Vanellus vanellus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    300  300               
A218Athene noctua    21  21               
A366Carduelis cannabina    150  150               
A363Carduelis chloris    300  300               
A113Coturnix coturnix    160  160               
A377Emberiza cirlus    75  75               
A382Emberiza melanocephala    12  12               
A269Erithacus rubecula    1000  1000               
A359Fringilla coelebs    1500  1500               
A244Galerida cristata    150  150               
A251Hirundo rustica    15  15               
A233Jynx torquilla    15  15               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    500  500               
A383Miliaria calandra    300  300               
A280Monticola saxatilis                 
A278Oenanthe hispanica    10  10               
A214Otus scops    15  15               
A329Parus caeruleus    300  300               
A443Parus lugubris    12  12               
A235Picus viridis    30  30               
A276Saxicola torquata                 
A210Streptopelia turtur    150  150               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    300  300               
A283Turdus merula    1000  1000               
A285Turdus philomelos    150  150               
A284Turdus pilaris    400  400               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N085.00
N098.00
N121.00
N151.00
N1674.00
N171.00
N191.00
N200.00
N211.00
N227.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The area is located in the Sliven Mountain, which is a part of the main Balkan Mountain chain. It covers a clearly outlined orographic unit with area 15926 ha, located amidst the southern slopes of the Eastern Balkan Mountain – Udvoy Mountain – Chatal Balkan, Stidovska Mountain and Grebenets Ridge. The western and south-western limit of the area is defined by Asenovets Reservoir and the Asenovska river. On the north it passes along a watershed ridge, which is practically the highest part of the area – over 1000 m. The northern slopes are steep, covered with beech forest. The area’s southern limit passes along the southern slopes of the mountain from the town of Sliven to the grounds of the villages of Sotirya, Topolchane, Kaloyanovo and Glushnik. The area includes the whole territory of Sinite Kamani Nature Park. A considerable part of it is covered by forests – 11,015.83 ha, 10,738.85 ha of which are broadleaved forest. The mixed oak forests of Quercus dalechampii, Quercus cerris, Q. frainetto and Q. pubescens prevail. Forests of Fagus moesiaca and Carpinus betulus, as well as Tilia tomentosa and Carpinus orientalis forests are also well represented. Shrub and grass associations on silicate base occupy 2% of the area and about 6% is covered by secondary steppe and dry calciphile grass associations. The grass formations have a secondary origin. They have been formed on the place of forests, destroyed in the past. Their floristic composition is poorer than that of the forest ones, but they are richer in rare species. The rock formations, which have given the name of the site, occupy about 7% of its total area. The rocks of Sinite Kamani are qualified as separate habitat type according Palearctic classification and the big number of birds of prey, which occur there are part of the biotope characteristic of the rock complex.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area of Sinite Kamani, Stidovska Mountain and Grebenets Ridge supports 170 bird species, 41 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 69 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 5 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened, 22 in SPEC 2 and 42 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 51 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 44 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The area includes some of the most valuable breeding and feeding habitats very rare and threatened diurnal birds of prey, like Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca, Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos, Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus, Long-legged Buzzard Falco naumanni, Saker Falco cherrug, etc. The pastures near Topolchane, which hold numerous Souslick colonies, are particularly important for the feeding of these species. Sinite Kamani-Grebenets is of global importance for the Imperial Eagle both for breeding and for concentration of young birds for feeding after the breeding season. The area is one of the most important ones in the country on a European Union scale for the Saker Falcon Falco cherrug, Middle Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos medius, the Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla and the Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata. The Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus is represented there with significant breeding population on a European scale. The area is one of the few places in the country where the Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva breeds. Sinite Kamani-Grebenets forms a kind of air passage in the relief of the Eastern Balkan Mountain and provides roosting and feeding conditions for the migrating birds of prey on their way south. The globally threatened Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus regularly occurs in the area during the migration. Another globally threatened species – the Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga overwinter there. The Steppe Eagle /Aquila nipalensis/ is also observed in Sinite-Kamani-Grebenets during the winter.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA01i
MA02o
LA02i
MA03i
LA03o
LA04.03i
LA07i
LA07o
LA08i
LA10i
LA10.01i
MB02.02i
MB02.04i
LB03i
MD01.01i
MD01.02i
LD02.01i
HD02.09i
MF03.01i
LF03.02.02i
MF03.02.03i
MG01.02i
HG01.04i
LG01.06i
LG02i
LG02.02i
MG02.04i
MG02.08i
MG02.10i
LG04.01i
LG05.04i
LH04i
LH05i
LH06.01i
LJ01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i
LA05.01i
LA05.02i
LG01.06i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Girgina Daskalova, Ivailo Angelov - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP, 2000. Finalen otchet na proekt “Kartirane gnezdovite nahodishta na carskia orel (Aquila heliaca) I merki za tiahnoto opazvane. 1998-2000, Plovdiv, BDZP, 89 s.; BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; Michev, T., C. Petrov, L. Profirov, P. Iankov, S. Gavrailov. 1989. Razprostranenie I prirodozashtiten status na skalnia orel Aquila chrisaetos chrisaetos (L.), 1758 v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, 15, 79-87.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; Petrov, C., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na chernia shturkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, T. 17, 25-32.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.; Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Iankov, P., Tz. Petrov, T.Michev, L.Profirov. 1996. Status of the Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga) and the Lesser Spotted Eagle (Aquila pomarina) in the Mediterranean. – In: Muntaner, J. and J. Mayol (Eds.). Biology abd conservation of Mediterranean Raptors, 1994. Monogr. 4. SEO, Madrid, 77-81.; Kouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.; Kouzmanov, G., G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002058&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0028.50
BG014.10
BG030.21
BG0571.50
BG060.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
BG03ZMEEVI DUPKI+0.01
BG06AGLIKINA POLYANA/0.00
BG05SINITE KAMANI+71.50
BG06HAYDUT DERE/0.00
IN06IBA=100.00
BG03KUSHBUNAR+0.00
BG03HALKATA+0.01
BG01KUTELKA+4.10
BG03TRITE PESHTERI (HAYDUSHKATA, BACHVATA, PYASACHNIK)+0.20

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other ZMEEVI DUPKI+0.01
AGLIKINA POLYANA/0.00
SINITE KAMANI+71.50
HAYDUT DERE/0.00
IBA=100.00
KUSHBUNAR+0.00
HALKATA+0.01
KUTELKA+4.10
TRITE PESHTERI (HAYDUSHKATA, BACHVATA, PYASACHNIK)+0.20

5.3 Site designation (optional)

About 70% of the territory of the Sinite Kamani-Grebenets is under legal protection through the designation of “Sinite Kamani” Nature Park in 1980 and its enlargement in 2002. The aim of the Nature Park is the protection of the typical for the region nature as well as rare and threatened plant and animal species. The Nature park includes one reserve – “Kutelka”, designated in 1983 to protect the rocky habitats and breeding grounds for rear and endangered raptor species. There are also six small protected areas designated mainly to protect the caves and landscapes. About 54% of the site covered by Sinite Kamani CORINE Site, which was designated in 1998 because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. In 2005 it was designated also as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorates of Environment and Water - Stara Zagora, Burgas; East-Aegean River Basin Directorate;Forestry Department - Sliven; "Sinite Kamani" Nature Park Directorate;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY