Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd.

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 837/17.11.2008 (promulgated SG 11/2009), amended by Order No. RD – 79/28.01.2013 (promulgated SG 10/2013).


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG32Severen tsentralen
BG32Severen tsentralen
BG32Severen tsentralen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)


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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes      63     
BA402Accipiter brevipes       
BA085Accipiter gentilis      43     
BA085Accipiter gentilis    12  12     
BA086Accipiter nisus      255     
BA086Accipiter nisus    13  13     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos       
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA053Anas platyrhynchos    22           
BA053Anas platyrhynchos                 
BA255Anthus campestris      150     
BA255Anthus campestris    30  78     
BA090Aquila clanga         
BA404Aquila heliaca         
BA404Aquila heliaca         
BA089Aquila pomarina      7839     
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA028Ardea cinerea      59     
BA029Ardea purpurea           
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus         
BA087Buteo buteo      1505     
BA087Buteo buteo    19  32     
BA403Buteo rufinus      24     
BA403Buteo rufinus    10  10     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    100  300     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA031Ciconia ciconia    29  29     
BA031Ciconia ciconia      9165     
BA030Ciconia nigra      116     
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA080Circaetus gallicus      21     
BA081Circus aeruginosus      312     
BA082Circus cyaneus      62     
BA083Circus macrourus      12     
BA084Circus pygargus      71     
BA084Circus pygargus         
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA231Coracias garrulus    10  20     
BA122Crex crex    15  15     
BA122Crex crex           
BA238Dendrocopos medius    100  220     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    140  285     
BA236Dryocopus martius    20  40     
BA027Egretta alba         
BA379Emberiza hortulana    1690  1690     
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA098Falco columbarius         
BA103Falco peregrinus         
BA099Falco subbuteo      35     
BA099Falco subbuteo       
BA096Falco tinnunculus      39     
BA096Falco tinnunculus    16  32     
BA097Falco vespertinus      175     
BA442Ficedula semitorquata           
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    15  40     
BA123Gallinula chloropus    19  19     
BA123Gallinula chloropus           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus      36     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus       
BA022Ixobrychus minutus           
BA022Ixobrychus minutus       
BA338Lanius collurio    2450  2450     
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor    100  201     
BA339Lanius minor           
BA246Lullula arborea    500  960     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra      39     
BA230Merops apiaster      7252     
BA230Merops apiaster    700  700     
BA073Milvus migrans      40     
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA074Milvus milvus         
BA077Neophron percnopterus         
BA094Pandion haliaetus         
BA020Pelecanus crispus      318     
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus      90     
BA072Pernis apivorus      1604     
BA072Pernis apivorus    15     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo         
BA234Picus canus    20  30     
BA034Platalea leucorodia         
BA008Podiceps nigricollis       
BA008Podiceps nigricollis           
BA118Rallus aquaticus       
BA118Rallus aquaticus           
BA307Sylvia nisoria    10  25     
BA307Sylvia nisoria           
BA004Tachybaptus ruficollis       
BA397Tadorna ferruginea           
BA397Tadorna ferruginea    13  13     
BA166Tringa glareola         
BA165Tringa ochropus         
BA142Vanellus vanellus       
BA142Vanellus vanellus         
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    4400  4400               
A218Athene noctua    30  30               
A366Carduelis cannabina    70  70               
A363Carduelis chloris    1350  1350               
A347Corvus monedula    215  215               
A113Coturnix coturnix    1100  1100               
A377Emberiza cirlus    40  40               
A382Emberiza melanocephala    150  150               
A269Erithacus rubecula    9000  9000               
A359Fringilla coelebs    35000  35000               
A244Galerida cristata    450  450               
A251Hirundo rustica    2000  2000               
A233Jynx torquilla    75  75               
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    3000  3000               
A383Miliaria calandra    4500  4500               
A214Otus scops    60  60               
A329Parus caeruleus    340  340               
A443Parus lugubris    45  45               
A235Picus viridis    280  280               
A276Saxicola torquata                 
A210Streptopelia turtur    410  410               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    3600  3600               
A283Turdus merula    7000  7000               
A285Turdus philomelos    5434  5434               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The area corresponds to that of the geographic region of Ludogorie but covers also parts of western Dobrudzha. It is located in North-eastern Bulgaria. It includes the territories of 14 municipalities in the districts of Ruse, Silistra and Razgrad. The relief is plain-hilly with the typical forms of canyon-like dry riverbeds, loess surfaces and karst fields. Half of the area’s territory is occupied by broadleaved forests and the other half – by farmland with a small share of pastures. The forests are mixed – Tilia tomentosa combined with Carpinus betulus or Quercus cerris, at places with Quercus dalechampii, Acer campestre. Coppice forests prevail. There are also big plots of artificial plantations of acacia Robinia pseudoacacia. The grass associations are xerothermal, dominated by Dichantium ischaemum, Poa bulbosa, Poa concinna, Chrysopogon gryllus and ephemeral or meso-xerothermal species around the settlements.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area supports 115 bird species, mainly breeding ones, 22 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 51 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 2 of them being listed in category SPEC 1 as globally threatened (the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca and the Corncrake Crex crex), 18 in SPEC 2 and 32 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 31 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 29 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The Ludogorie is one of the most important site in the country on a European Union scale for the conservation of a complex of 9 species that breed there - Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina, Black Kite Milvus migrans, Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus, Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, Woodlark Lullula arborea, Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana, Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus, Roller Coracias garrulus and the Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor. Most of these species prefer borderline habitats between woodland and open areas or mosaic habitats. A lot of birds of prey also breed in Ludogorie in considerable numbers, using the forest and rocky dry river valleys for nesting and the grassland and arable land for feeding there.

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Viktor Vasilev - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, ; Jeko Spiridonov - Wilderness fund, (+359 2) 988 0914; 983 92 94, e-mail: . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences ( Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Iankov, P. 2002.(red.). Svetovno zastrasheni vidove ptici v Bulgaria. Nacionalni planove za dejstvie za opazvaneto im. Chast 1. BDZP-MOSV, Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kn. 4, Sofia: 204-219.; MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Petrov, C., P.Iankov, T. Michev, B. Milchev, L. Profirov. 1991. Razprostranenie, chislenost I merki za opazvane na chernia shturkel, Ciconia nigra (L.) v Bulgaria. – Izv. Muz. IU. Bulgaria, T. 17, 25-32.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Kouzmanov, G. 1996. L`Aigle pomarin Aquila pomarina en Bulgarie. – In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R. D. Chancellor eds. Eagle Studies. World Working Group on Birds of Prey (WWGBP), Berlin, London & Paris, 319-326.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria; MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Shurulinkov, P., B. Nikolov, R. Tsonev. 2001. On the distribution of the Black-headed Bunting (Emberiza melanocephala) in Bulgaria. – In.: Tryjanowski P., Osiejuk T., Kupczyk M. (Eds). Bunting studies in Europe. Bogucki Wyd. Nauk., Poznan, 81-87. Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The territory of Ludogorie is not protected by the national nature conservation legislation. There are only three protected areas designated for preservation of typical landscapes, which cover much less then 1% of the site’s territory. About 40% of the area is covered by Ludogorie CORINE Site, which was designated in 1998 because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. In 2005 it was designated also as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water -Ruse;Danubean River Basin Directorate;State Game-breeding Centers "Karakuz" ,"Seslav";Forestry Departments Isperih; Novi Pazar, Razgrad, Silistra;Hunting Departments "Voden"; "Iri Hisar"

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation



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