Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002079

1.3 Site name

Osogovo

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 780/29.10.2008 (promulgated SG 103/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.606389
Latitude:42.173056

2.2 Area [ha]

24125.0874

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG41Yugozapaden

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA085Accipiter gentilis       
BA086Accipiter nisus       
BA223Aegolius funereus       
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    23  223     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA104Bonasa bonasia       
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus    79     
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA122Crex crex    15  15     
BA238Dendrocopos medius       
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    10  77     
BA236Dryocopus martius    18     
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA511Falco cherrug         
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA096Falco tinnunculus       
BA338Lanius collurio    70  200     
BA246Lullula arborea    20  200     
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA241Picoides tridactylus       
BA234Picus canus       
BA307Sylvia nisoria       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    500  500               
A218Athene noctua                 
A366Carduelis cannabina    70  70               
A363Carduelis chloris    105  105               
A347Corvus monedula    55  55               
A113Coturnix coturnix    75  75               
A377Emberiza cirlus                 
A269Erithacus rubecula    550  550               
A359Fringilla coelebs    1000  1000               
A244Galerida cristata    50  50               
A251Hirundo rustica    55  55               
A233Jynx torquilla                 
A271Luscinia megarhynchos    100  100               
A383Miliaria calandra    55  55               
A280Monticola saxatilis                 
A214Otus scops    70  70               
A329Parus caeruleus    200  200               
A443Parus lugubris    80  80               
A235Picus viridis    24  24               
A235Picus viridis    24  24               
A345Pyrrhocorax graculus    26  26               
A317Regulus regulus    70  70               
A276Saxicola torquata                 
A210Streptopelia turtur    125  125               
A311Sylvia atricapilla    230  230               
A283Turdus merula    925  925               
A285Turdus philomelos    123  123               
A282Turdus torquatus    75  75               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N070.00
N087.00
N0924.00
N102.00
N121.00
N150.00
N1647.00
N170.00
N1918.00
N210.00
N220.00
N231.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located in south-western Bulgaria, to the south of Kjustendil. It covers the bigger part of the Osogovo Mountain. Its north-western and northern limits pass along the mountain slopes above the main road E871 (from Gjueshevo border check-point to Kjustendil) and beyond the town of Kjustendil. The Osogovo massif consists of two high flat mountain tops, directed from the north-west to the south-east and from the south-west to the north-east. The highest peak of the massif, Ruen (2251 m), rises at their crossing point. The deep valleys take the waters of the Bistritsa, the Novoselska and the Leshnitsa rivers, which form the right-hand tributary system of the Struma. At places on the tops and in the valleys there are isolated patches of exposed rocks, small rocky complexes and eroded terrain. Because of the harsher climatic conditions in the Osogovo and the greater abundance of water, the brown forest soils, related to the development of beech forest vegetation, prevail there. Dark-brown forest soils with coniferous forest vegetation cover the higher parts, while the mountain tops are occupied by mountain-meadow soils with well-developed grass associations. The biggest part of the area is covered by beech forests of Fagus sylvatica and mixed forest of beech and Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris. Smaller sections of oak Quercus dalechampii occurin the lower parts. There are patches of preserved old beech forests with high ecological value. The coniferous forests are mainly Scots pine Pinus sylvestris or mixed – Scots Pine and Beech. There are also small patches of Fir Abies alba and Spruce Pinus peuce. Siberian Juniper Juniperus communis nana, often in associations with secondary shrub and grass formations, occurs in the high-mountain belt.

4.2 Quality and importance

Osogovo supports 111 breeding bird species, 11 of which are listed in the Red Data Book for Bulgaria (1985). Of the birds occurring there 35 species are of European conservation concern (SPEC) (BirdLife International, 2004), 10 of them being listed in category SPEC 2 and 25 in SPEC 3 as species threatened in Europe. The area provides suitable habitats for 18 species, included in Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Act, which need special conservation measures, of which 17 are listed also in Annex I of the Birds Directive. The site is of European conservation concern for the Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca, whose breeding population in the region is considerable. The area holds representative populations of Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus and Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus. The Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos, the Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus and the Eagle Owl Bubo bubo also breeds there.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
LA03i
MA04.03i
MA10i
HBi
MB02.02i
LB02.03i
HC01.04i
HC01.07i
LD01.02i
LE03i
LF02.03i
LF03.01i
LF03.02.02i
LF03.02.03i
HF06i
LG01i
LG02i
LJ02i
MJ02.05i
LJ02.05.02i
MK01.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
LA04i
LA05.01i
HB01i
LD01.02i
LE01.03i
LF02.03i
LG01i
LJ02.05.02i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Dr. P. Iankov, Dr. V. Delov, S. Barova, I. Angelov, M. Aleksandrova, T. Robertson - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org ; R. Nedialkov, E. Ilieva, K. Zareva, D. Zlatanova. Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); MOSV. 2005. Arhiv na zastitenite teritorii v Balgaria. Baza danni (nepubl.); Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; Simeonov, S., T. Michev. 1985. Suvremenno razprostranenie I chislenost na buhala (Bubo bubo(L.) v Bulgaria. – Ekologia, 15, 60-65.; Simeonov, S., Ia. Marinov. 1994. Pticite na Osogovska planina. – God. SU. “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”, Biologicheski fakultet. Kn. 1 – Zoologia, 85, 237-251.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Kouzmanov, G., G. Stoyanov, R. Todorov. 1996. Sur la Biologie et la Protection de l’Aigle royal Aquila chrysaetos en Bulgarie. - In: Meyburg, B.-U. & R.D. Chancellor eds. 1994. Raptor Conservation Today, WWGBP/ The Pica Press, 505-515.; Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria MOEW. 1998. CORINE Biotopes Database of the sites of European Importance for the biodiversity. Bulgaria, MOSV (nepubl.); Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002079&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG0099.00
BG011.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06IBA=100.00
BG01TSARNATA REKA+1.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00
TSARNATA REKA+1.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

Only one protected area is designated on the territory of Osogovo – “Tsarnata reka” Reserve. It covers less than 2% of the site area and protects typical forest ecosystem. A procedure for designation of a protected area along Bistritsa river, in northwest part of Osogovo is under execution. In 1998 the CORINE Site with the same name is appointed because of its European value for rare and threatened habitats, plant and animal species, including birds. It overlaps with the SPA. In 2005 it was designated also as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Pernik; Forestry Department - Nevestino; State Game-breeding Center - "Osogovo"; West-Aegean Rive Basin Directorate;
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY