Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

BG0002085

1.3 Site name

Chairya

1.4 First Compilation date

2005-10

1.5 Update date

2015-07

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Ministry of Environment and Water, “National Nature Protection Service” Directorate
Address:  Sofia  22    Sofia    1000  Maria Luiza Blvd. 
Email:r.dimova@moew.government.bg

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2007-03
National legal reference of SPA designationSite classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007).
Explanation(s):Site classified as SPA by Council of Ministers Decision No. 122/02.03.2007 (promulgated SG 21/2007). Issued designation order by the Minister of Environment and Water with prohibitions and restrictions on activities contradicting the conservation objectives of the site – Order No. RD – 551/05.09.2008 (promulgated SG 83/2008).

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:27.959167
Latitude:43.641944

2.2 Area [ha]

1451.5749

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
BG33Severoiztochen

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes    33  34     
BA085Accipiter gentilis    13  27     
BA086Accipiter nisus    321  407     
BA079Aegypius monachus         
BA056Anas clypeata      21     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      3059     
BA053Anas platyrhynchos         
BA053Anas platyrhynchos      86     
BA055Anas querquedula         
BA055Anas querquedula      14     
BA041Anser albifrons    300  9375     
BA255Anthus campestris       
BA255Anthus campestris    12     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos         
BA090Aquila clanga       
BA404Aquila heliaca         
BA509Aquila nipalensis         
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA089Aquila pomarina    156  947     
BA028Ardea cinerea    17  25     
BA029Ardea purpurea    12     
BA024Ardeola ralloides       
BA396Branta ruficollis      210     
BA087Buteo buteo         
BA087Buteo buteo    3896  4369     
BA403Buteo rufinus    23  31     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla    12     
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla       
BA149Calidris alpina      29     
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA196Chlidonias hybridus         
BA196Chlidonias hybridus      25     
BA198Chlidonias leucopterus      55     
BA031Ciconia ciconia    93577  150369     
BA031Ciconia ciconia       
BA030Ciconia nigra    114  275     
BA080Circaetus gallicus    35  42     
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus    166  202     
BA082Circus cyaneus         
BA082Circus cyaneus    14  22     
BA083Circus macrourus       
BA084Circus pygargus    33  59     
BA231Coracias garrulus    10  10     
BA231Coracias garrulus       
BA036Cygnus olor         
BA027Egretta alba    36     
BA026Egretta garzetta       
BA379Emberiza hortulana       
BA379Emberiza hortulana         
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA511Falco cherrug       
BA098Falco columbarius       
BA103Falco peregrinus       
BA099Falco subbuteo    45  48     
BA096Falco tinnunculus    45  107     
BA097Falco vespertinus    308  389     
BA097Falco vespertinus         
BA320Ficedula parva       
BA127Grus grus      10     
BA078Gyps fulvus         
BA075Haliaeetus albicilla         
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus    24  30     
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus       
BA131Himantopus himantopus         
BA131Himantopus himantopus      16     
BA338Lanius collurio         
BA338Lanius collurio       
BA339Lanius minor      42     
BA339Lanius minor    10  42     
BA459Larus cachinnans    460  460     
BA182Larus canus    35     
BA179Larus ridibundus      11     
BA156Limosa limosa      24     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    450  450     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra      135     
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    25  25     
BA230Merops apiaster    2931  7570     
BA073Milvus migrans    22  75     
BA160Numenius arquata         
BA533Oenanthe pleschanka         
BA094Pandion haliaetus       
BA020Pelecanus crispus         
BA019Pelecanus onocrotalus    4114  4467     
BA072Pernis apivorus    428  621     
BA017Phalacrocorax carbo    34  92     
BA151Philomachus pugnax    639  3000     
BA034Platalea leucorodia    42  56     
BA140Pluvialis apricaria      2651     
BA118Rallus aquaticus         
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta         
BA190Sterna caspia         
BA397Tadorna ferruginea         
BA397Tadorna ferruginea         
BA397Tadorna ferruginea         
BA166Tringa glareola         
BA165Tringa ochropus         
BA165Tringa ochropus         
BA162Tringa totanus      143     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    21     
BA142Vanellus vanellus    182     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A247Alauda arvensis    10  10               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N080.00
N0926.00
N1264.00
N157.00
N161.00
N232.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Chairya is one of the few preserved pastures with semi-natural steppe vegetation in the Dobrudzha. It is located at about 12 km north-east of the town of Dobrich, south of the road to General Toshevo. It is small plain, locked between the villages of General Kolevo, Plenimir and Metodievo. In winter and spring temporarily flooded areas form in the site’s northern part and in rainy years they stay until the end of June.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site’s international importance is determined by the fact, that in winter the temporarily flooded plots and the adjacent areas hold considerable numbers of waterfowl that concentrate to feed there, like the White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons, wintering in the region in huge numbers. During the breeding season the Lapwing Vanellus vanellus breeds in the area and Red-footed Falcons Falco vespertinus regularly feed there. Both species are sharply declining in the recent years and are expected to be included in the list of globally threatened species.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
LA03i
MA05.01i
MA07i
MA08i
LD01.01o
LD01.01i
MD01.02i
LD01.04o
LD02.01o
LD02.01i
HF03.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA03i
HA04i
MA05.01i
LD01.01i
LD01.01o
MD01.02i
LD01.04o
LD02.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Initial proposal and description of the site made by Valentin Katrandzhiev, Irina Kostadinova - Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, Bulgaria, 1111 Sofia, P.O.Box 50, phone (+359 2) 9715855, fax (+359 2) 9715856, www.bspb.org . Data revised by a team of Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (http://www.bas.bg). Documents: BDZP/BirdLife Balgariya. 2005. “Nacionalna banka za ornitologichna informacia 1988-2005”, Balgarsko Druzhestvo za zastita na pticite; Botev, B. and Tz. Peshev, (eds). 1985. Red Data Book of Republic Bulgaria. 2: Animals. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Science. (In Bulgarian.); Petrov, .C 1997b. Beliat shturkel (Ciconia ciconia) v Bulgaria. Prirodozashtitna poredica, Kniga 2, BDZP, Plovdiv.; BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Barcelona and Cambridge, UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, 695pp. Birdlife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK: Birdlife International (Birdlife Conservation Series No. 12).373pp.; BSPB/BirdLife International. 2005. World Bird Database – Important Birds Areas.Bulgaria. Cambridge. (unpublished); Guidelines for evaluation of protected zones according, which include habitats for birds to art.7, par.3, under the art.6 par.1.3 and 1.4 of the Biodiversity Act. 2005. (In Bulgarian.); Ivanov, B., N. Karaivanov, S. Nonev. 1998. Breeding bird communities in the steppe habitats of Dobrudja, Bulgaria. – Acta zool. Bulg., 50, 2/3, 67-77.; Kostadinova, I., M. Mihailov, (comp.) 2002. Guide for NATURA 2000 in Bulgaria. BSPB nature conservation series No5. BSPB, Sofia, 80pp. (In Bulgarian.); Kostadinova, I. 2005. Application of C criteria for Identification of Important Bird Areas of European Union importance in Bulgaria. Preliminarily implementation and analysis of the gaps. – In: Petrova, A. (ed.), Current state of Bulgarian biodiversity – problems and perspectives. Pp. 533-548. Bulgarian Bioplatform, Sofia Michev, T., Tz. Petrov, L. Profirov. 1989. Status, breeding, distribution, numbers and conservation of the White Stork in Bulgaria Osieck, E. 2000 Filling in the requirements of the EU Birds Directive: Lessons from the ‘Dutch Case’“. In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 86-99; Waliczky, Z. 2000 “Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance: explanation of the EU Criteria applied in IBA 2000“ In: European IBA Workshop. 29 March - 2 April 2000, Brussels, Belgium. Proceedings. BirdLife International, 12-16
http://natura2000.moew.government.bg/Home/ProtectedSite?code=BG0002085&siteType=BirdsDirective

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
BG00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
IN06IBA=100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other IBA=100.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

The area is not protected by the national nature conservation law. In 2005 it was designated also as Important Bird Area by BirdLife International.

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Varna
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY