Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



Back to top

1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Costas HadjipanayiotouDirectorDepartment of Environment
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2015-09
National legal reference of SAC designation:Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 292/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 292Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 294/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 294


Back to top

2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)


Back to top

3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5220  info  X     4.65  0.00 
5330  info      1.65  0.00 
5420  info      477.31  0.00 
6220  info  X     0.12  0.00 
92D0  info      0.24  0.00 
9320  info      26.59  0.00 
9540  info      21.2  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA258Anthus cervinus           
BA257Anthus pratensis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA221Asio otus           
PBarlia robertiana      20  40           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
BA373Coccothraustes coccothraustes           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA442Ficedula semitorquata           
BA359Fringilla coelebs           
BA438Hippolais pallida           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA246Lullula arborea           
P1706Mandragora officinarum        grids10x10             
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA383Miliaria calandra                       
BA281Monticola solitarius           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA435Oenanthe isabellina           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
POphrys flavomarginata      20  40           
POphrys fusca subsp. fusca      20  60           
P2329Ophrys kotschyi    250  1400     
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA470Parus ater cypriotes                 
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA316Phylloscopus trochilus           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros           
M4002Rousettus aegyptiacus           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA276Saxicola torquata           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA351Sturnus vulgaris           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA284Turdus pilaris           
BA287Turdus viscivorus           
BA213Tyto alba                       
BA232Upupa epops           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
5537Acomys nesiotes             
A411Alectoris chukar                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
A218Athene noctua                   
Barlia robertiana                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
A366Carduelis cannabina                   
A364Carduelis carduelis                   
A363Carduelis chloris                   
Charaxes jasius                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1285Coluber nummifer                   
A206Columba livia                   
A208Columba palumbus                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
2466Malpolon monspessulanus                   
Ophrys aphrodite    20  40           
Orchis sancta                   
A330Parus major                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
Serapias vomeracea                   
Spiranthes spiralis                   
A209Streptopelia decaocto                   
A303Sylvia conspicillata                   
2010Vipera lebetina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


Back to top

4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

Periochi Miserou is located 28 km southwest of Lefkosia town and it is surrounded by Agrokipia village in the east, Mitsero village in the south, Kato Moni village in the west and Mitsero quarries in the north. The general shape of the site is irregular and the altitude ranges from 360 m at the centre to 619 m at the top of "Kreatos" in the east.Climate: The climate of the area is semi-arid with mean maximum temperature during summer months around 30 °C and mean minimum during winter months around 10 °C. The rain occurs mainly during late autumn, winter and early spring.Geology and soils: The area has a mixture of geological formations. The most important features are the chalks, marls, marly chalks, chalky marls, calcarenites, biostrome and bioherm reef limestones. Also there are gypsum alternating with chalky marls and marly chalks, isotropic gabbros, uralite gabbros, olivine gabbros and layered melagabbros, gravels, sands and sites. The soil of the area, depending on the geology, is Calcaric Regosols, Calcaric Lithosols, Rhodic Vertisols. Vegetation: In the north west part of the site, there are large areas dominated by phrygana (Habitat type 5420) composed mainly of Sarcopoterium spinosum, Thymus capitatus, and Asperula cypria. The abundance of Asphodelus aestivus and Urginea maritima amongst phrygana indicates that the area it is under the pressure of overgrazing.Ballotta integrifolia, which is an endemic shrub, is scattered all over the site.In the site there are a lot of small streams, which flow during rainy days. These streams are mainly colonised by phrygana and they are suitable habitats that provide good growing conditions and shelter, for geophytes (especially Orchids).East Mediterranean garrigue with Q. coccifera ssp. calliprinos (habitat type CY01) is found at the north east part of the site (Kreatos Mountain) where they have suffered from overgrazing for a long time. The pressure seems to be relieved now since the Quercus coccifera is attaining a higher form.At the southeast part there is Olea and Ceratonia scrub (habitat type 9320). The dominant species is Olea europaea, whereas Ceratonia siliqua is scarce. Q. coccifera ssp. calliprinos occurs in this formation as well.Ziziphus lotus (habitat type 5220) does not form large colonies anywhere, but it is scattered in most of the site either as an individual shrub or in small groups.Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals (Thero-Brachypodietea, habitat type 6220) dominated by Oryzopsis milliacea and Hyparrhenia hirta is found scattered in the area. An intermittently flowing river runs through the center of the site. Riparian vegetation including, Nerium oleander and Tamarix smyrnensis shrub (Thermo-Mediterraneanriparian galleries, Nerio-Tamaricetea, habitat type 92DO) develops at the riverbanks. Remnants of Pinus brutia forests (habitat type 9540) are found at the middle and south part of the site.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site of Mitsero is small and has suffered considerable ecological pressures; however, it retains an ecological value and certain features that make it eligible for inclusion to the NATURA 2000 network. The most important ecological features of Mitsero area are:1. Ophrys kotschyi, an accepted new addition to Annex II 92/43/EEC as a priority species, has here one of its largest colonies, which have been found up to now. It is a rare species, included in the "strictly protected species" of the Bern Convention. It is also included in the "List of Threatened Plants" compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, as well as in the "European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants". In both catalogues it is characterised as a "Vulnerable" species. 2. In the area there are more than 500 plant taxa, which is about 25% of the total flora of Cyprus. Twenty-one are endemic and 17 are orchids (See3.3 Other Important Species of Flora and Fauna). The endemic taxa are common in many parts of the island. Aethionema arabicum and A. carneum, two recent additions to the flora of Cyprus for which the island is their northern distribution limit, have been found in the site. 3. There are several Annex I 92/43/EEC habitats. The few remaining patches of Zizyphus lotus matorral are representative of the semi-arid zone of Cyprus.4. The site is used by a considerable number of bird species: 14 species listed on Annex I 79/409/EEC or new additions to the Annex, among them the endemic Sylvia melanothorax, Oenanthe cypriaca and Parus ater cypriotes, 43 other migratory birds and 12 other important birds.5. The fauna of the site includes the fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus), an accepted new addition to Annex II 92/43/EEC, and also another 17 important species of mammals, reptiles and amphibians. Also, 36 insects have been recorded in the site, 19 of which are endemics.Other Important Species with Motivation DColumba palumbus is a game species whose populations are apparently decreasing and its hunting is under periodic ban (during breeding season).Charaxes jasius, Mesoprionus besikanus, are rare taxa (isolated and local to restricted geographic areas or biotopes). Thersamonia thersamon, Freyeria trochylus are threatened taxa according to Heath (1981). Empusa fasciata is an important (Koomen & van Helsdinger, 1996) threatened taxon listed on the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants. Zizeeria karsandra is a threatened taxon according to Heath (1981) and in Cyprus it is at the margins of its area of distribution. Sphodromantis viridis, Pelopidas thrax, Anthaxia cylindrica, Acmaeodera quadrizonata, Chalcophora detrita, Blaps taeniolata, Cryptalus parreysi are taxa at the margins of their area of distribution. Libelloides macaronius is an important (Koomen & van Helsdinger, 1996) threatened taxon listed on the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants and on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals (1988). Pendoton bidens sulcifrons, Acmaeodera guillebeaui are subendemic taxa (endemic to Cyprus and neighbouring countries). Spheniscosomus cuneiformis, Stenosis sulcata, Helladia millefolii alziari are subendemic taxa (endemic to Cyprus and neighbouring countries).Notes: The snake Macrovipera lebetina lebetina is included in section 3.3 as Vipera lebetina.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Anonymous. 2001. Http:bornova.ege.edutr/-bgocmen/herptiles.cyprus [Herpetofauna: 3.3, 3.4]Bergmans W. 1994. Taxonomy & Biogeography of African Fruit Bats (Mammalia, Megachiroptera). The Genus Rousettus Gray, 1821. Beaufortia 44: 79-126. [3.2.e]Boehme W. & Wiedl H. 1994. Status and zoogeography of the herpetofauna of Cyprus with taxonomic and natural history notes on selected species (Genera: Rana, Coluber, Natrix, Vipera). Amphibia & Reptilia. Zool. Middle East 10: 31-52. [3.3, 3.4]Council of Europe. 1992. Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. Appendix I (revised 1992 Strasbourg).Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1997. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1997. Birds of Cyprus Checklist 1997. Table of monthly sightings & yearly occurrences 1991-1996. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1998. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Delforge P. 1990. Contribution to the knowledge of the south-west of Cyprus and remarks on some Mediterranean species. Les Naturalistes belges 71: 103-1044.Department of Agriculture. Insects Collection. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lefkosia. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Economic Commision for Europe. 1991. European red list of globally threatened animals and plants. United Nations, New York. p. 150.Geological Survey Department. 1995. Geologia tis Kyprou (The Geology of Cyprus). Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Lefkosia. [4.1]Georgiou G.P. 2000. Personal communication on the insects. Lemessos. [3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Golz P. & Reinhard H.R. 1989. Uber Einige Besonderheiten im Ostmediterranen Ophrys Scolopax – Komplex (About some features within the East-Mediterranean Complex of Ophrys scolopax). AHO 21: 1040-1967.Gramp S. 1994. Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vols I-VIII. Oxford University Press Inc., New York. Hadjikyriakou G. 1997. I chlorida tis Kyprou mesa apo katalogous kai pinakes (The Flora of Cyprus through catalogues and tables). Limassol, Cyprus. p. 232.Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 23. p. 157. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Iezekiel S. 2001. Unpublished data on the ornithology of Cyprus. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4, 4.2] IUCN -WCMC. 1988. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN. p. 154.IUCN-WCMC. 1997. Cyprus: Conservation status listing of Plants. Compiled from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre Plants Database. Status report as of 24 February, 1997.Kadis Ch.C. 1995. I anaparagogiki viologia ton afstiros prostatevomenon fyton tis kypriakis chloridas (On the reproductive biology of the strictly protected plants of Cyprus). PhD thesis. University of Athens. [4.2]Koomen P. & van Helsdinger P.J. 1996. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 77. p. 74. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Kourtellarides L. 1998. Breeding Birds of Cyprus with check-list of the birds of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group and Cyprus Ornithological Society. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 299. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4]Makris Ch. 2001. Unpublished data on insects. Lemessos. [3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Meikle R.D. 1977, 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vols 1 & 2. The Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Êew. p. 1969.Richarz K. & Limbrunner A. 1993. The World of Bats. The flying goblins of the night. TFH Publications Inc. p. 192. [3.2.e]Tucker G. & Heath M. 1994. Birds in Europe. Their Conservation Status. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 3. BirdLife International. p. 600. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3,4, 4.2]Nikolaou H. 2006. Personal Communication (observations on bats) [3.2.e]Χρυσοπολίτου Β. και Η. Ηλιάδης (συντονιστές έκδοσης). 2017. Τελική Έκθεση του Έργου «Επικαιροποίηση και Χαρτογράφηση των Τυποποιημένων Έντυπων Δεδομένων, και τη συμπλήρωση πρωτοκόλλων παρακολούθησης οικοτόπων των 17 Ειδικών Ζωνών Διατήρησης (ΕΖΔ) και δύο Προτεινόμενων Τόπων Κοινοτικής Σημασίας (πΤΚΣ) του Δικτύου Natura 2000». Ελληνικό Κέντρο Βιοτόπων Υγροτόπων και ATLANTIS Συμβουλευτική Κύπρου LTD. 27 σελ. + 5 Παραρτήματα


Back to top

5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
CY05A/A 5789*19.00
CY05A/A 6238+2.00
CY05A/A 6239/0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other A/A 5789*19.00
A/A 6238+2.00
A/A 6239/0.00


Back to top

6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Environment

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Periochi Mitserou - Agrokipias‘

No, but in preparation



Back to top
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)