Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

CY4000005

1.3 Site name

EPISKOPI MOROU NEROU

1.4 First Compilation date

2000-01

1.5 Update date

2017-06

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Department of Environment
Address:               
Email:director@environment.moa.gov.cy
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2008-03
Date site designated as SAC:2015-09
National legal reference of SAC designation:Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 292/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 292Ε.Ε. Παρ. ΙΙΙ(Ι) Κ.Δ.Π. 294/2015, Αρ. 4890, 4.9.2015, Αριθμός 294

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:32.537500
Latitude:34.825000

2.2 Area [ha]

419.3000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

25.68

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
CY00Kypros / Kıbrıs

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3290  info      2.096  0.00 
5420  info      16.772  0.00 
6220  info  X     50.316  0.00 
92A0  info      12.579  0.00 
92C0  info      37.737  0.00 
92D0  info      8.386  0.00 
9320  info      0.00           
93A0  info      0.00           
9540  info      20.965  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA086Accipiter nisus           
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus           
BA297Acrocephalus scirpaceus           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA056Anas clypeata           
BA050Anas penelope           
BA055Anas querquedula           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA258Anthus cervinus           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA226Apus apus           
BA029Ardea purpurea           
BA024Ardeola ralloides           
BA403Buteo rufinus     
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA365Carduelis spinus           
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
BA211Clamator glandarius           
BA231Coracias garrulus           
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA212Cuculus canorus           
BA253Delichon urbica           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA382Emberiza melanocephala           
I6199Euplagia quadripunctaria                       
BA103Falco peregrinus           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA093Hieraaetus fasciatus       
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor           
BA341Lanius senator           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA271Luscinia megarhynchos           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA023Nycticorax nycticorax           
BA467Oenanthe cypriaca           
BA278Oenanthe hispanica           
BA435Oenanthe isabellina           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA355Passer hispaniolensis                       
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA313Phylloscopus bonelli           
BA314Phylloscopus sibilatrix           
M4002Rousettus aegyptiacus           
BA275Saxicola rubetra           
BA276Saxicola torquata           
BA311Sylvia atricapilla           
BA310Sylvia borin           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA306Sylvia hortensis           
BA468Sylvia melanothorax           
BA307Sylvia nisoria           
BA440Sylvia rueppelli           
BA286Turdus iliacus           
BA283Turdus merula           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA284Turdus pilaris           
BA287Turdus viscivorus           
BA213Tyto alba                       
BA232Upupa epops           
BA232Upupa epops           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A411Alectoris chukar                   
Anacamptis pyramidalis                   
A218Athene noctua                   
Barlia robertiana                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
A288Cettia cetti                   
Charaxes jasius                   
A289Cisticola juncidis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1285Coluber nummifer                   
A206Columba livia                   
A208Columba palumbus                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
2439Eumeces schneideri                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A244Galerida cristata                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
2362Hyla savignyi                   
2441Mabuya vittata                   
2466Malpolon monspessulanus                   
Orchis laxiflora                   
Orchis sancta                   
Orthetrum chrysostigma                   
A330Parus major                   
A250Ptyonoprogne rupestris                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
A361Serinus serinus                   
2444Typhlops vermicularis                   
2010Vipera lebetina                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.00
N071.00
N0847.00
N0912.00
N1521.00
N1614.00
N175.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is part of the watershed of river Ezousa, one of the main running water bodies of Cyprus.The climate of the site is dry temperate with a rainfall of 400-600 mm and mean minimum temperature of the coldest month 3-6 °C.The geologocal subsrate varies from alluviums and colluviums to Pachna, Mamonia and Lefkara formations.Vegetation:Hydrophilous riparian vegetation flanks the river all along. The main habitat types are oriental plane forests with Platanus orientalis and Alnus orientalis (92C0), galleries of Salix alba (92A0), Nerium oleander and Tamarix smyrnensis galleries (92D0) and reed beds (CY02). The vegetation of intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers (3290) is composed by Lythrum junceum, Inula viscosa, Veronica anagallis-aquatica etc. A significant part of the area is covered by pine forest (Pinus brutia, 9540). A larger part is covered by sclerophyllous Quercus coccifera scrub used for grazing (CY01). Pistacia terebinthus, Crataegus azarolus, Styrax officinalis and also Ptilostemon chamaepeuce also participate in this habitat. The phryganic vegetation (5420) that develops in the area is characterised by the species Sarcopoterium spinosum, Thymus capitatus etc.Several open sites are covered by xerophytic grasses and annuals (6220), mainly Hyparrhenia hirta with other Gramineae and a few orchids.The vegetation of the cliff of Episkopi (8210) in the village, is characterised by the species Bosea cypria, Verbascum levanticum, Capparis spinosa, Umbilicus rupestris at the steep slopes while at places with some soil there are several bulbs such as Scilla cilicica, Narcissus tazetta, Gagea juliae etc.Finally, part of the area is occupied by vineyards and citrus orchards.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site of Episkopi Morou Nerou consists a rare in Cyprus riverine landscape which combines a variety of riparian and fresh water aquatic habitats and plays an important role in the conservation of the flora and fauna of the island. A large number of birds live in the area and the site is an important habitat for the birds of prey.Other Important Species with Motivation D: Allium willeanum is threatened (threat category: Indeterminate) according to the IUCN-WCMC threatened plant database.Columba palumbus is a game species whose populations are apparently decreasing and its hunting is under periodic ban (during breeding season)Rhesus serricolis is a rare taxon (isolated and local to restricted geographic areas or biotopes). Thersamonia thersamon, Freyeria trochylus are threatened taxa according to Heath (1981). Acmaeodera guillebeaui, Helladia millefolii alziari are subendemic taxa (endemic to Cyprus and neighbouring countries). Libelloides macaronius is an important (Koomen & van Helsdinger, 1996) threatened taxon listed on the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants and on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals (1988). Charaxes jasius is a rare taxon (isolated and local to restricted geographic areas or biotopes). Zizeeria karsandra is a threatened taxonaccording to Heath (1981) and in Cyprus it is at the margins of its area of distribution. Sphodromantis viridis, Pelopidas thrax, Broscus nobilis, Bubas bubaloides, Julodis ehrenbergi, Acmaeodera quadrizonata, Trachyderma philistina are taxa at the margins of their area of distribution. Orthetrum chrysostigma is a threatened taxon according to Van Tol & Verdonk (1988) and in Cyprus it is at the margins of its area of distribution. Empusa fasciata is an important (Koomen & van Helsdinger, 1996) threatened taxon listed on the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants. Stenosis sulcata is a subendemic taxon (endemic to Cyprus and neighbouring countries).Notes: The snake Macrovipera lebetina lebetina is included in section 3.3 as Vipera lebetina.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01a
MA01i
MA04i
MA05.01i
LA08i
LA08a
HA10a
LD01.01i
LD02.01i
HF03.01a
HF03.01i
HF03.02a
HF03.02i
LF03.02.01i
MF03.02.02i
HF03.02.03i
HG01.03i
LG02.06i
HG05i
LG05.01i
LH06.01i
HJ02.05.02a
MK01.01i
HL09a
HL09i
ML10i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01a
MA04i
MA05.01i
LA08a
HA10a
LD01.01i
HF03.01a
LG02.06i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Anonymous. 2001. Http:bornova.ege.edutr/-bgocmen/herptiles.cyprus [Herpetofauna: 3.3, 3.4]Antoniou A. & Konstantinidis R. 1996. Oi savres tis Kyprou (The lizards of Cyprus). Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Environment Service. p. 8. [3.2.d, 3.3]Bannerman D.A. & Bannerman W.M. 1958. Birds of Cyprus. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. pp. I-lxix + 1-384. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Bergmans W. 1994. Taxonomy & Biogeography of African Fruit Bats (Mammalia, Megachiroptera). The Genus Rousettus Gray, 1821. Beaufortia 44: 79-126. [3.2.e]Blosat B., Hadjisterkotis E. & Papamichael K. 1996. Endemic snakes of Cyprus. Game Fund, Ministry of Interior. p. 6. [3.2.d]Boehme W. & Wiedl H. 1994. Status and zoogeography of the herpetofauna of Cyprus with taxonomic and natural history notes on selected species (Genera: Rana, Coluber, Natrix, Vipera). Amphibia & Reptilia. Zool. Middle East 10: 31-52. [3.3, 3.4]CORINE Biotopes Manual. 1991. p. 299. [3, 4.1, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1997. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1997. Birds of Cyprus Checklist 1997. Table of monthly sightings & yearly occurrences 1991-1996. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Kypriakos Ornithologikos Syndesmos). 1998. Annual Report. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Syndesmos Kyprou). 1971. First Bird Report 1970. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 111. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Syndesmos Kyprou). 1972. Second Bird Report 1971. Nicosia, Cyprus. pp. i-xvi + 1-147. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Syndesmos Kyprou). 1973. Third Bird Report 1972. Nicosia, Cyprus. pp. i-xviii + 1-84. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Syndesmos Kyprou). 1974. Fourth Bird Report 1973. Nicosia, Cyprus. pp. i-xviii + 1-86. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Cyprus Ornithological Society (Ptinologikos Syndesmos Kyprou). 1976. Fifth Bird Report 1974. Nicosia, Cyprus. pp. i-xv + 1-66. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Iezekiel S., Makris C., Antoniou A., (2004), Important Bird Areas of European Union Importance in Cyprus, published by BirdLife Cyprus, 2004.Economic Commision for Europe. 1991. European red list of globally threatened animals and plants. United Nations, New York. p. 150.Flint P.F. & Stewart P.F. 1992. The Birds of Cyprus - an annotated check-list. B.O.U. Check-list No 6 (2nd Edition). British Ornithologists’ Union. p. 234. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Geological Survey Department. 1995. Geological Map of Cyprus. Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Lefkosia. [4.1]Georgiou G.P. 2000. Personal communication on the insects. Lemessos. [3.3, 3.4]Gramp S. 1994. Handbook of the Birds of Europe the Middle East and North Africa. Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vols I-VIII. Oxford University Press Inc., New York. Hadjikyriakou G. 1997. I chlorida tis Kyprou mesa apo katalogous kai pinakes (The Flora of Cyprus through catalogues and tables). Limassol, Cyprus. p. 232. [3.2g, 3.3, 4.1, 4.2]Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 23. p. 157. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Holmboe J. 1914. Studies on the vegetation of Cyprus. Bergen. p. 344. [3.2g, 3.3, 4.1, 4.2]Iezekiel S. 1998-2001. Unpublished data: PhD Thesis: Ecology of the Bonelli’s Eagle in Cyprus. [3.2a, 4.2]Iezekiel S. 2001. Unpublished data from the Griffon Vulture project. [3.2a, 4.2]Iezekiel S. 2001. Unpublished data on the ornithology of Cyprus. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4, 4.2] Iezekiel S. 2001. Unpublished data on the status of Buteo rufinus, Falco peregrinus in Cyprus. [3.3, 4.2]Iezekiil S. 2001. [3.2.a, 3.2.b, 3.2.c, 3.2.d, 3.2.f, 3.3].IUCN -WCMC. 1988. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN. p. 154.Konstantinou G., Panagidis I., Xenofontos K., Afrodisis S., Michailidis P. & Kramvis S. 1997. I Geologia tis Kyprou (The Geology of Cyprus). Bulletin no. 10. Ministry of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, Geological Survey Department. pp. i-vi + 1-142. [4.1]Koomen P. & van Helsdinger P.J. 1996. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 77. p. 74. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Kourtellarides L. 1998. Breeding Birds of Cyprus with check-list of the birds of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group and Cyprus Ornithological Society. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 299. [3.2.a, 3.2.b. 3.3, 4.2]Kourtellarides L. 1998. Breeding Birds of Cyprus with check-list of the birds of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group and Cyprus Ornithological Society. Nicosia, Cyprus. p. 299. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3.4]Makris Ch. 2001. Unpublished data on insects. Lemessos. [3.3, 3.4]Meikle R.D. 1977, 1985. Flora of Cyprus. Vols 1 & 2. The Bentham-Moxon Trust, Royal Botanic Gardens, Êew. p. 1969. [3.2g, 3.3, 4.2]Meteorological Service. 1973. Statistics of Temperatures and Relative Humidity. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. [4.1].Meteorological Service. 1985. Statistics of Precipitation 1951 – 1980. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. [4.1].Pantelas V. & Iezekiel S. 1995. The status of Griffon vultures in Cyprus. Sanctuary, The Ministry of Defence Conservation magazine 24: xx [3.2a, 4.2]Pantelas V., Papachristophorou T. & Christodoulou P. 1993. Cyprus Flora in Colour, the Endemics. p. 104. ISBN 9963 – 7931 – 0 – X. [3.2g, 3.3, 4.2]Richarz K. & Limbrunner A. 1993. The World of Bats. The flying goblins of the night. TFH Publications Inc. p. 192. [3.2.e]The River Valleys project, Cyprus (LIFE99 TCY/CY/111)Tsintides T. & Kourtellarides L. 1998. The Endemic Plants of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus & Cyprus Association of Professional Foresters. Nicosia. p. 123. ISBN 9963-42-067-2. [3.2g, 3.3, 4.2]Tucker G. & Heath M. 1994. Birds in Europe. Their Conservation Status. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 3. BirdLife International. p. 600. [3.2a,b 3.3, 3,4, 4.2]Van Tol J. & Verdonk M.J. 1988. The protection of dragonflies (Odonata) and their biotopes. Council of Europe, Nature and Environment, no 38. p. 181. [Insects: 3.3, 3.4, 4.2]Χρυσοπολίτου Β. και Η. Ηλιάδης (συντονιστές έκδοσης). 2017. Τελική Έκθεση του Έργου «Επικαιροποίηση και Χαρτογράφηση των Τυποποιημένων Έντυπων Δεδομένων, και τη συμπλήρωση πρωτοκόλλων παρακολούθησης οικοτόπων των 17 Ειδικών Ζωνών Διατήρησης (ΕΖΔ) και δύο Προτεινόμενων Τόπων Κοινοτικής Σημασίας (πΤΚΣ) του Δικτύου Natura 2000». Ελληνικό Κέντρο Βιοτόπων Υγροτόπων και ATLANTIS Συμβουλευτική Κύπρου LTD. 27 σελ. + 5 Παραρτήματα
http://www.moi.gov.cy/moi/wildlife/wildlife_new.nsf/index_gr/index_gr?opendocument

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
CY0589.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
CY05A/A 5687, A/A 6196*89.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other A/A 5687, A/A 6196*89.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Department of Environment
Address:
Email:director@environment.moa.gov.cy

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Δ.Σ. Περιοχής Natura 2000 ‘Episkopi Morou Nerou’
Link: http://www.moa.gov.cy/moa/environment/environmentnew.nsf/All/523C67F6DE748DDCC22580840032C35A?OpenDocument

No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management proposals have been made by a Life-Third Countries Project: "The River Valley Project, Cyprus (LIFE99 TCY/CY111)" .

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY