Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

DE1332301

1.3 Site name

Fehmarnbelt

1.4 First Compilation date

2004-04

1.5 Update date

2015-06

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:FG Meeres- und Küstennaturschutz
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:2004-05
Date site confirmed as SCI:2007-11
Date site designated as SAC: No data
National legal reference of SAC designation: No data

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:11.070800
Latitude:54.605000

2.2 Area [ha]

27992.0000

2.3 Marine area [%]

100.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Continental (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      446  0.00 
1170  info      5701  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA064Clangula hyemalis    11  50     
BA689Gavia arctica    11  50     
BA001Gavia stellata    11  50     
BA177Larus minutus     
M1365Phoca vitulina     
M1351Phocoena phocoena    100  100     
BA665Podiceps grisegena       
BA063Somateria mollissima    101  250     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acanthodoris pilosa               
Amauropsis islandica               
Amphithoe rubricata               
Apherusa bispinosa               
Arctica islandica               
Aricidia minuta               
Aricidia spec.               
Astarte borealis               
Astarte elliptica               
Astarte montagui               
Bathyporeia pilosa               
Bittium reticulatum               
Buccinum undatum               
Caprella linearis               
Caprella septentrionalis               
Carcinus maenas               
Cerastoderma edule               
Chaetozone setosa               
Cheirocratus sundevalli               
Ciona intestinalis               
Clava multicornis               
Corophium crassicorne               
Delesseria sanguinea               
Dendrodoa grossularia               
Dexamine spinosa               
Eulalia bilineata               
Eumida sanguinea               
Facelina bostoniensis               
Gammarellus homari               
Gammarus locusta               
Halichondria panicea               
Halitholus yoldia-arcticae               
Harmothoe impar               
Hiatella arctica               
Idotea baltica               
Idotea granulosa               
Lacuna pallidula               
Lamellidoris muricata               
Laminaria saccharina               
Lepidonotus squamatus               
Macoma calcarea               
Metridium senile               
Microdeutopus gryllotalpa               
Musculus discors               
Musculus marmoratus               
Musculus niger               
Mya truncata               
Mysella bidentata               
Nassarius reticulatus               
Neptunea antiqua               
Nereimyra punctata               
Nereis pelagica               
Odostomia rissoides               
Onoba semicostata               
Ophelia rathkei               
Pectinaria koreni               
Phoxocephalus holboelli               
Phthisica marina               
Phyllodoce maculata               
Pontoporeia femorata                 
Praunus inermis               
Retusa truncatula               
Rissoa membranacea               
Scalibregma inflatum               
Sertularia cupressina               
Streptosyllis websteri               
Travisia forbesii               
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N01100.00
N01100.00
N01100.00

Total Habitat Cover

300

Other Site Characteristics

Im Fehmarnbelt sind die Lebensraumtypen Sandbank und Riff präsent. Verbreitungsschwerpunkt der westl. Ostseepopulation des Schweinswal. Eines von zwei Gebieten mit Megarippelfeldern in der dt. Ostsee, welche das Ergebniss starker Strömungen sind.

4.2 Quality and importance

Der Fehmarnbelt hat eine herausragende Bedeutung für den Vogelzug und hat ferner eine besonders wichtige kohärente Funktion für Wasseraustausch, Larventransport und als Wanderroute für den Schweinswal, den Seehund und diverse Fischarten. Höchste Anzahl RL- Arten der deutschen Ostsee-AWZ. Durch die tiefe Rinne im Fehmarnbelt erfolgt 75 % des Wasseraustausches zwischen Nord- und Ostsee.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD02i
HD03.02i
ME02.03o
LF02.01.01i
HF02.01.02i
HF02.02.01i
MF02.02.02i
HF02.02.03i
LF02.03.02i
MG01.01i
MG04.01i
MG05i
MH03o
MH04o
MH06.01o
HH06.01i
LD02i
HD03.02i
ME02.03o
LF02.01.01i
HF02.01.02i
HF02.02.01i
MF02.02.02i
HF02.02.03i
LF02.03.02i
MG01.01i
MG04.01i
MG05i
MH03o
MH04o
MH06.01o
HH06.01i
LD02i
HD03.02i
ME02.03o
LF02.01.01i
HF02.01.02i
HF02.02.01i
MF02.02.02i
HF02.02.03i
LF02.03.02i
MG01.01i
MG04.01i
MG05i
MH03o
MH04o
MH06.01o
HH06.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.4 Ownership (optional)

Type[%]
PublicNational/Federal0
State/Province0
Local/Municipal0
Any Public300
Joint or Co-Ownership0
Private0
Unknown0
sum300

4.5 Documentation

Benke, H., C. Honnef, U. Verfuß, A. Kilian & I. Baresel (2002), Erfassung von Schweinswalen in der deutschen AWZ der Ostsee mittels Porpoise Detektoren, Zwischenbericht. Studie im Auftrage des BfN, 1-21 Fricke, R., Verbreitung des Schnäpels Coregonus oxyrinchus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Deutschland. Manuskript Ronald Fricke, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart. (UNPUBL.) Fricke, R. (2000), Auswahl und Management mariner NATURA-2000-Gebiete für Fischarten im Anhang II der FFH-Richtlinie, Schriftenreihe für Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz, Heft 68, 103-123 Gilles, A., Risch, D. Scheidat, M. und U. Siebert (2006), F+E Vorhaben 'Erfassung von Meeressäugetieren und Seevögeln in der deutschen AWZ von Ost- und Nordsee (EMSON) - Teilvorhaben: Erfassung von Meeressäugetieren', Endbericht. Studie im Auftrag des BfN Hammond, P.S., H. Benke, P. Berggren & D.L. Borchers et al. (1995), Distribution and abundance of the harbour porpoise and other small cetaceans in the North Sea and adjacent waters. Final Report: Life 92-2/UK/027, 1-240 Huggenberger, S., H. Benke & C.C. Kinze (2002), Geographical variation in harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) skulls: support for a seperate non-migratory population in the Baltic Proper, Ophelia 56, 1, 1-12 Kock, M. (2001), Untersuchungen d. Makrozoobenthos im Fehmarnbelt, Ostsee. Dissertation z. Erlangung d. Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakult,t., Dissertation zur Erlangung d. Doktorgrades., Christian-Albrechts-Uni.Kiel Köster, R. & W. Lemke (1996), Morphologie und Bodenbedeckung. In: RHEINHEIMER, G. [HRSG.] (1996), Meereskunde der Ostsee, 34-41, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York Merck, T. & H. von Nordheim (1996), Rote Listen und Artenlisten der Tiere und Pflanzen des deutschen Meeres- und Küstenbereichs der Ostsee. (BfN), Schriftenreihe für Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz., 48, 1-108 Riecken, U., U. Ries & A. Ssymank (1994), Rote Liste der gefährdeten Biotoptypen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (BfN), Schr.-Reihe f. Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz, Heft 41, 1-184, Kilda-Verlag F. Pölking, Greven, Bonn - Bad Godesberg Scheidat, M., K.-H. Kock & U. Siebert (2003), Summer distribution of harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in the German North Sea and Baltic, ASCOBANS 10, Bonn Skov, H. et al. (2000), Inventory of coastal and marine Important Bird Areas in the Baltic Sea, 287, BirdLife International, Cambridge Sonntag, R., H. Benke & F. Collijn (1996), EG-weite und gemeinsame Flugzählungen in der Ostsee zur Bestandserfassung und Verteilung von Kleinwalen im Rahmen des EG-Projektes SCANS, Endbericht des BMU-Forschungsvorhabens, 808 05, FTZ Büsum Trafikministeriet - Bundesministerium für Verkehr (1999), Fehmarn Belt Feasibility Study, Coast-to-Coast Investigations, Phase 2 Report, 1-202 Werner, F. (2000), New aspects of sand waves (Fehmarn Belt, Western Baltic) by using high-resolving sonography, Baltica, 13, 85-87 Werner, F. & W.E. Arntz (1974), Sedimentologie und Ökologie eines ruhenden Riesenrippelfeldes. (Tauchergruppe Kiel), Meyniana, 26, 39-62

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:
Address:
Email:
Organisation:
Address:
Email:
Organisation:Bundesamt für Naturschutz FG Meeres- und Küstennaturschutz
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

X
Yes Name: Berücksichtigung der Bedrohungen aus Feld 4.3.
Link:
No, but in preparation
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Gewährleistung eines günstigen Erhaltungszustandes der Sandbänke und der Riffe, ihrer charakteristischen Lebensgemeinschaften und der gefährdeten Arten,

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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INSPIRE ID:
Map delivered as PDF in electronic format (optional)
Yes
No

SITE DISPLAY