Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

ES0000505

1.3 Site name

Espacio marino de la Isla de Alborán

1.4 First Compilation date

2014-03

1.5 Update date

2015-03

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Dirección General de Sostenibilidad de la Costa y del Mar - Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
Address:               
Email:bzn-biomarina@magrama.es

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2014-07
National legal reference of SPA designationOrden AAA/1260/2014, de 9 de julio, por la que se declaran Zonas de Especial Protección para las Aves en aguas marinas españolas.

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-2.923100
Latitude:35.973800

2.2 Area [ha]

66111.4700

2.3 Marine area [%]

100.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA010Calonectris diomedea                 
BA181Larus audouinii    526  526     
BA604Larus michahellis    200  200           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N01100.00

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

La isla de Alborán se sitúa en el centro del mar de Alborán, a unos 90 km al sur de la costa Almeriense y a 50 km de la costa norteafricana. La isla constituye una plataforma prácticamente plana, con una altura máxima de 16 m sobre el nivel del mar, 642 m de longitud y 265 m de anchura máxima. Cerca de la isla se encuentra el islote de La Nube. Su naturaleza es volcánica y se trata de la parte emergida de una dorsal submarina paralela al sistema Bético y al Rif, que forma una pequeña plataforma. El Espacio marino de la Isla de Alborán ocupa la práctica totalidad de esta plataforma y buena parte del talud continental, hasta más allá de los 1.000 m de profundidad. Es un área de elevada productividad, debido a su situación en el centro del mar de Alborán, justo en la zona de contacto de los dos giros anticiclónicos que caracterizan la oceanografía de esta cuenca, así como a su abrupta topografía submarina. Esta combinación de factores convierte a la zona en un lugar de especial valor ecológico, con una elevada biodiversidad de organismos bentónicos y demersales, así como pelágicos.

4.2 Quality and importance

Espacio marino declarado para la protección de la colonia reproductora de gaviota de Audouin (Larus audouinii) de la isla de Alborán. Ésta representa el quinto enclave en importancia numérica para la reproducción de esta especie a nivel mundial.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HD03b
MF02o
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
U-

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Arcos, J.M., J. Bécares, B. Rodríguez y A. Ruiz. 2009. Áreas Importantes para la Conservación de las Aves marinas en España. LIFE04NAT/ES/000049-Sociedad Española de Ornitología (SEO/BirdLife). Madrid Bertolero, A., M. Genovart, A. Martínez-Abraín, B. Molina, J. Mouriño, D. Oro y G. Tavecchia. 2009. Gaviota cabecinegra, picofina, de Audouin, tridáctila y gavión atlántico en España. Población en 2007 y método de censo. SEO/BirdLife. Madrid. Molina, B. (Ed) 2009.Gaviotas reidora, sombría y patiamarilla en España. Población en 2007-2009 y método de censo. SEO/BirdLife. Madrid.

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
ES1338.45
ES99100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
ES13Alborán*38.45
ES99Reserva Marina de la Isla de Alborán+2.49
ES99Reserva de Pesca de la Isla de Alborán-100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Alborán*38.45
Reserva Marina de la Isla de Alborán+2.49
Reserva de Pesca de la Isla de Alborán-100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Dirección General de Sostenibilidad de la Costa y del Mar - Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
Address:
Email:bzn-biomarina@magrama.es

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY