Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

ES6110010

1.3 Site name

Fondos Marinos Levante Almeriense

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-12

1.5 Update date

2016-10

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Dirección General de Sostenibilidad de la Costa y del Mar - Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
Address:               
Email:bzn-biomarina@magrama.es
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-12
Date site confirmed as SCI: No data
Date site designated as SAC:2016-08
National legal reference of SAC designation:Orden AAA/1366/2016, de 4 de agosto, por la que se declaran zonas especiales de conservación de lugares de importancia comunitaria de la Región Marina Mediterránea de la Red Natura 2000, se aprueban sus correspondientes medidas de conservación y se propone la ampliación de los límites geográficos de dos lugares de importancia comunitaria

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:-1.775100
Latitude:37.217300

2.2 Area [ha]

10692.2240

2.3 Marine area [%]

100.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %) Marine Mediterranean (100.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      1016.46  0.00 
1120  info      1930.67  0.00 
1170  info      0.00   
8330  info      0.1  0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Asterina pancerii                     
1008Centrostephanus longispinus                     
Charonia lampas                     
Dendropoma petraeum                     
Erosaria spurca                     
Hacelia attenuata                   
1027Lithophaga lithophaga                     
Luria lurida                     
Ophidiaster ophidianus                     
1028Pinna nobilis                     
Pinna rudis                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N01100.00
N01100.00

Total Habitat Cover

200

Other Site Characteristics

El espacio marino protegido denominado Fondos Marinos Levante Almeriense, se encuentra situado frente a las costas de los municipios de Pulpí, Cuevas del Almanzora, Vera, Garrucha, Mojácar y el extremo septentrional de Carboneras. Incluye las aguas comprendidas fundamentalmente en una franja marina de alrededor de 2 km de amplitud. El sector meridional del espacio protegido presenta mayor profundidad, llegando a alcanzar una profundidad máxima de alrededor de 240 m. Se encuadra dentro de la unidad estructural conocida como zona Bética. Las masas de agua que bañan las costas del levante almeriense forman parte del mar de Alborán. Dentro de este marco, el espacio marino protegido se localiza en un área netamente mediterránea, donde la dirección predominante de las corrientes es E.

4.2 Quality and importance

Las praderas de Posidonia situadas entre Villaricos y Terreros son las más extensas y mejor conservadas del litoral español; ocupan una amplia franja, que en algunos puntos supera los 3 km. de anchura, y se extienden desde la misma linea de costa hasta unos 30 m. de profundidad. Destacan el excelente estado de conservación de la pradera y fondos rocosos que rodean la isla de Terreros, y el pequeño arrecife de barrera de Posidonia situado frente a El Calón. La presencia de estas formaciones enriquecen de forma cualitativa y cuantitativa la comunidad íctica del área, encontrando en ella especies catalogadas como Amenazadas dentro del Mediterráneo.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LD03.03i
ME01i
HE02i
LE03.04.01i
LF02.01.01i
LF02.01.02i
LF02.02i
MF02.02.01i
MF02.03I
MF02.03i
MF05i
MG01.07i
MG05.03i
LG05.05i
HH03i
HI01i
LM01i
LM02i
LD03.03i
ME01i
HE02i
LE03.04.01i
LF02.01.01i
LF02.01.02i
LF02.02i
MF02.02.01i
MF02.03I
MF02.03i
MF05i
MG01.07i
MG05.03i
LG05.05i
HH03i
HI01i
LM01i
LM02i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
U-
U-

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

Luque del Villar, A.A., 1996. Inventario, Evaluación y programa de mantenimiento- conservación de hábitats de interés prioritario del litoral de Almería: Praderas de Posidonia oceanica. Consejeria de Medio Ambiente. Los tipos de Hábitat de Interés Comunitario en España, Guía Básica. Autores: Bartolomé, Carmen; Álvarez Jiménez, Julio; Vaquero, Jesús; Costa, Margarita; Casermeiro, Miguel Ángel; Giraldo, Jesús; Zamora, Julián. Edita Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Dirección General para la Biodiversidad (2005)

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
ES00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
ES19Isla de Terreros e Isla Negra/0.00
ES94Cuatro Calas/0.00
ES10Cabo de Gata-Níjar/0.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Isla de Terreros e Isla Negra/0.00
Cuatro Calas/0.00
Cabo de Gata-Níjar/0.00

5.3 Site designation (optional)

No posee figura de protección nacional y/o regional

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Dirección General de Sostenibilidad de la Costa y del Mar - Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente
Address:
Email:bzn-biomarina@magrama.es

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes Name: Orden AAA/1366/2016, de 4 de agosto, por la que se declaran zonas especiales de conservación de lugares de importancia comunitaria de la Región Marina Mediterránea de la Red Natura 2000, se aprueban sus correspondientes medidas de conservación y se propone la ampliación de los límites geográficos de dos lugares de importancia comunitaria
Link: https://www.boe.es/diario_boe/txt.php?id=BOE-A-2016-7738

No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY