Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1140002

1.3 Site name

RODOPI (SIMYDA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.143889
Latitude:41.497778

2.2 Area [ha]

6934.5100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR11Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
62A0  info      258.699  0.00 
6430  info      4.34634  0.00 
8220  info      38.9178  0.00 
9110  info      64.8708  0.00 
91CA  info      3003  0.00 
91E0  info  X     33.6588  0.00 
91M0  info      890.044  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus           
F5263Barbus strumicae           
A1193Bombina variegata             
F5299Cobitis strumicae             
M1355Lutra lutra           
I1060Lycaena dispar           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii           
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
F5339Rhodeus amarus           
M1354Ursus arctos     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Apatura iris                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1352Canis lupus                 
1352Canis lupus                 
1352Canis lupus                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Carcharodus flocciferus                   
Carterocephalus palaemon                   
2645Cervus elaphus                   
Coenonympha glycerion                   
Erebia aethiops                   
Erebia ligea                   
1363Felis silvestris                 
1363Felis silvestris                 
1363Felis silvestris                 
2616Glis glis                   
2616Glis glis                   
1261Lacerta agilis                   
1261Lacerta agilis                   
1261Lacerta agilis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Limenitis camilla                   
Limenitis populi                   
Maculinea alcon                   
Minois dryas                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius    64  64  grids1x1             
1341Muscardinus avellanarius    64  64  grids1x1             
1341Muscardinus avellanarius    64  64  grids1x1             
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela nivalis                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
Plebejus pylaon                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Pontia chloridice                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
1213Rana temporaria                     
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Squalius orpheus                   
Squalius orpheus                   
Strymonidia pruni                   
Sus scrofa                   
Sus scrofa                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Thecla betulae                   
1332Vespertilio murinus                   
1332Vespertilio murinus                   
1332Vespertilio murinus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0916.18
N1649.06
N1734.30
N220.46

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The geological substratum consists of acid igneous rocks (granites, granodiorites, monzonites). It is a mountainous site covered by acidophilous forests consisting of Betula pendula, Pinus sylvestris and Picea abies. Birch and Scots pine are the dominant species. Other tree species are: Fagus sp., Quercus sp., Alnus glutinosa, Corylus avellana and Populus sp. All these species form pure and mixed stands and, as result, a number of 24 different stand types occur in this site, according to the site quality and competition among the tree species.

4.2 Quality and importance

In the area, there is the unique birch forest (Betula pendula) in Greece. Western Greek Rodopi is the southern limit of horizontal distribution of Picea abies while, Northern Greece is the southern limit of horizontal distribution of Pinus sylvestris and Betula pendula in Europe. Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of the invertebrate Pontia chloridice, the invertebrate Erebia ligea, and the invertebrate Apatura iris which are referred to the Presidential Decree 67/1981. The invertebrate Carterocephalus palaemon, the invertebrate Minois dryas which are the southern edge of extension, Thecla betulae which are referred to Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe, the invertebrate Plebejus pylaon which is referred to Koomen P., van Helsdingen P.J. 1993. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe and the invertebrate Maculinea alcon which is referred to IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of threatened Animals.Concerning the wild growning plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. Among them, 3 taxa are greek endemics, 1 taxa (Viola stojanowii) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list, 4 taxa (Gentiana cruciata, Lilium martagon, Picea abies ssp. abies, Sambucus racemosa) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981) and 2 taxa are Balkan endemics. There have also been recorded 4 species of reptiles and 3 amphibian species not listed in Annex II.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
HA04o
LA04.03I
MA04.03i
MA10.01b
MF03.01b
MF03.01i
MF03.01o
LF03.02.01i
MF03.02.03b
LF04o
LF04i
LG01.08o
LG01.08i
MJ03.01.01I
MJ03.02o
LK03.06b
MK04.01o
LK04.01i
LL09i
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.02b
HBo
HBi
LF04i
LF04o
LG01.08i
LG01.08o
LK04.01i
MK04.01o

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR96Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis*98.94
GR99Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perioches Aiforikis Chrisis & Anaptyxis C6A*15.33
GR99Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perioches Eidikis Diachirisis C1, C2, C5*83.61

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis*98.94
Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perioches Aiforikis Chrisis & Anaptyxis C6A*15.33
Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perioches Eidikis Diachirisis C1, C2, C5*83.61

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF NEVROKOPI, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “OROSEIRA RODOPIS”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Forest Management Plan of Forest Complex of Western Nestos. Forest Directorate of Drama. (ref. no 3848/4-10-1999). Management of grazing. Management of tree felling

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY