Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1140004

1.3 Site name

KORYFES OROUS FALAKRO

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.088889
Latitude:41.288056

2.2 Area [ha]

9956.5100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR11Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4060  info      97.2493  0.00 
5210  info      60.5967  0.00 
62A0  info      4661.7  0.00 
8210  info      231.163  0.00 
9150  info      2027.5  0.00 
9280  info      139.442  0.00 
9530  info  X     825.479  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4096Gladiolus palustris    grids5x5     
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    140  140   
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1324Myotis myotis                 
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
P1590Viola delphinantha                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Androsace villosa                   
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Asperula aristata ssp. nestia                   
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
Centaurea parilica                   
Coeloglossum viride                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Epipactis atrorubens                   
Epipactis atrorubens                   
Epipactis atrorubens                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1846Fritillaria drenovskii                   
Gentiana cruciata                   
Gentianella bulgarica                   
Haberlea rhodopensis                   
Haberlea rhodopensis                   
Haplophyllum balcanicum                   
Hypericum rochelii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
Inula ensifolia                   
Laserpitium siler ssp. laeve                   
Minuartia doerfleri                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1358Mustela putorius                     
1358Mustela putorius                     
1358Mustela putorius                       
Nigritella nigra                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Orchis tridentata                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Paronychia rechingeri                   
Pedicularis orthantha                   
Peucedanum officinale                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
Poa thessala                   
Potentilla cinerea                   
Rosa arvensis                   
Satureja pilosa                   
Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi                   
Saxifraga stribrnyi                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Silene balcanica                   
Silene fabarioides                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Thesium alpinum                   
Thymus thracicus                   
Valeriana montana                   
Valeriana officinalis ssp. collina                   
Viola perinensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N082.17
N0951.93
N1635.96
N176.09
N223.85

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site consists mainly of crystalline-schist bed rock with igneous rocks (granites). This bed rock consists of metamorphic (crystalline) limestones of the marble series. The soil texture is sand-clay with adequate depth and fertility. In contrast, in the shrublands derived from degraded forests, the soil is poor. On the rocky limestone areas the forest cover is sparse and soil occurs only in crevices.

4.2 Quality and importance

This mountain has a concentration of many rare plants for Greece with restricted distribution. The rare plant communities on the cliffs of the peaks of Mount Falakro and the grasslands of the area are of great importance. They also form a wide multi-colour garden during May and June. There are rich forests of coniferous and broad leaved species on the lower altitudes. Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of the invertebrate Maculinea alcon which is refered to IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals, the invertebrate Neptis sappho which is refered to Koomen P., van Helsdingen P.J. 1993. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe, the invertebrates Agrodiaetus nephohiptamenos, Everes decoloratus which are refered to Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe, the invertebrates Agrodiaetus admetus, Leptidea duponcheli, Agrodiaetus ripartii which are refered to the Presidential Decree 67/1981 and the invertebrate Pseudochazara orestes which is the southern edge of extension.Concerning the wild growning plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. Among them, 2 taxa are greek endemics, one taxon is protected by the EC Environment Legislation (1992), 12 taxa (Androsace villosa, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Dactylorhiza sambucina, Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus, Epipactis atrorubens, Gentiana cruciata, Haberlea rhodopensis, Nigritella nigra, Orchis ustulata, Paronychia rechingeri, Poa thessala, Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981), 8 taxa (Hypericum rochelii, Minuartia doerfleri, Peucedanum officinale, Satureja pilosa, Saxifraga stribrnyi, Thesium alpinum, Valeriana montana, Valeriana officinalis ssp. collina) are rare in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece, 28 taxa are Balkan endemics (Asperula aristata ssp. nestia, Laserpitium siler ssp. laeve, Pedicularis orthantha, Sideritis scardica, Silene balcanica, Silene fabarioides, Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa) and 2 taxa (Saxifraga sempervivum, Thymus thracicus) find their main distribution area in the Balkan Peninsula extending also to Turkey.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
LA04.01I
LA04.01.01I
HA04.01.01i
LA04.02i
MA04.03b
MA10.01b
MBo
MBi
MBo
LC01.01i
LD01.01b
LD01.02b
MF03.01b
MF03.01o
MF03.01i
HF03.02i
HF03.02.03b
LF04i
MF05.04I
MG02.02I
HG02.02i
LG05.11b
LJ01i
MJ03.01.01b
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.03b
LK01.01i
HK03.06b
ML09b
LUb
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.02b
MBi
MBo
MD01.01i
MF03.01o
HG02.02i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR99Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perioches Eidikis Diachirisis C3, C4*19.74
GR92Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perifereiaki Ektasi*19.74

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perioches Eidikis Diachirisis C3, C4*19.74
Ethniko Parko Oroseiras Rodopis, Perifereiaki Ektasi*19.74

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF DRAMA, 2. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF SERRES, 3. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “OROSEIRA RODOPIS”.
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plan of forest complex of Volakas - Pyrgos - Petrousa - Prosotsani - Kokkinogeia - Panorama, 2002-2011.

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY