Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1150005

1.3 Site name

GR1150005 KORYFES OROUS PANGAIO – PIGAIA NERA KEFALARIOU FILIPPON- SPILAIO ARKOUDOSPILIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.088186
Latitude:40.786449

2.2 Area [ha]

11869.7100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR11Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5210  info      0.00         
6170  info      2866.27  0.00 
62A0  info      72.215  0.00 
62D0  info      1.77901  0.00 
8210  info      8.46544  0.00 
9110  info      2577.42  0.00 
9130  info      0.00         
9150  info      1491.27  0.00 
9180  info  X     37.6556  0.00 
91M0  info      226.153  0.00 
9260  info      533.488  0.00 
9270  info      0.00         
9280  info      434.29  0.00 
92C0  info      13.1586  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5263Barbus strumicae             
A1193Bombina variegata           
F5306Cobitis punctilineata             
F5299Cobitis strumicae             
F2483Eudontomyzon hellenicus             
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    80  80   
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii      1000       
M1323Myotis bechsteinii                 
M1307Myotis blythii                 
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1306Rhinolophus blasii      300           
M1305Rhinolophus euryale      50           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum      100           
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros      10           
F5339Rhodeus amarus             
R1219Testudo graeca           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
P1590Viola delphinantha                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies borisii-regis                   
Achillea chrysocoma                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Arabis bryoides                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Arenaria filicaulis ssp. teddii                   
Asperula aristata ssp. nestia                   
Astragalus hellenicus                   
Atropa bella-donna                   
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia                   
1201Bufo viridis      10000             
1201Bufo viridis      10000             
1201Bufo viridis      10000             
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
Centaurea pangaea                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Coeloglossum viride                   
Convallaria majalis                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dianthus gracilis ssp. drenowskianus                   
Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erysimum drenowskii                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1846Fritillaria drenovskii                   
Gentiana asclepiadea                   
Gentiana cruciata                   
Gentianella bulgarica                   
Haberlea rhodopensis                   
Haberlea rhodopensis                   
Hypericum athoum                   
Inula ensifolia                   
Jovibarba heuffelii                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Laserpitium siler ssp. laeve                   
Lilium martagon                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Paronychia rechingeri                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                     
Rosa arvensis                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Satureja pilosa                   
Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi                   
Saxifraga juniperifolia ssp. sancta                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Silene balcanica                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Silene waldsteinii                   
Stachys recta ssp. recta                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
Thymus leucotrichus                   
Thymus thracicus                   
Valeriana officinalis ssp. collina                   
Valeriana tripteris                   
1332Vespertilio murinus                   
1332Vespertilio murinus                   
1332Vespertilio murinus                   
Viola grisebachiana                   
Viola perinensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0818.63
N090.38
N1126.88
N150.40
N1650.40
N181.73
N200.99
N220.59

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The site has a Mediterranean - middle European climate. Forests mainly consist of mixed stands of Fagus sp., Abies borisii-regis, Quercus sp. and Castanea sativa. There are also stands of Betula betula (Pangaio is the southern limit of this species in Balkan Peninsula).

4.2 Quality and importance

It is a large mountainous area with extensive beech and chestnut forests and pastures at higher altitude. In the rocky parts of the mountain there are cliffs with rare endemic plants or plants with restricted distribution in the Balkan peninsula. Concerning the wild growning plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. Among them, 12 taxa are greek endemics (between them 3 are local endemics), two taxa are protected by the EC Environment Legislation (1992).Inula ensifolia, Rosa arvensis, Viola perinensis have motivation D since they are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Atropa bella - donna, Cephalanthera damasonium, Coeloglossum viride, Convallaria majalis, Dactylorhiza sambucina, Dianthus gracilis ssp. drenowskianus, Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus, Gentiana asclepiadea, Gentiana cruciata, Lilium martagon, Orchis ustulata, Paronychia rechingeri, Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi have motivation D since they are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981), Satureja pilosa, Saxifraga juniperifolia ssp. sancta, Stachys recta ssp.recta, Valeriana officinalis ssp. collina, Valeriana tripteris have motivation D since they are rare in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece. Abies borisii-regis, Achillea chrysocoma, Arabis bryoides, Asperula aristata ssp nestia, Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, Crocus veluchensis, Erysimum drenowskii, Gentianella bulgarica, Laserpitium siler ssp. laeve, Sideritis scardica, Silene balcanica, Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa, Silene waldsteinii, Viola grisebachiana have motivation D since they are are Balkan endemics and 2 taxa Thymus leucotrichus, Thymus thracicus have motivation D since they find their main distribution area in the Balkan Peninsula extending also to Turkey. There have also been recorded 5 species of reptiles and 2 amphibians of Annex IV. Arkoudospilia Cave: This cave is home to at least six bat species of Annex II of the Directive 92/43 (1000 Miniopterus schreibersii, 1000 Myotis sp., 300 Rhinolophus blasii, 100 Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, 50 Rhinolophus euryale, 10 Rhinolophus hipposideros) and is one of the five most important bat colonies in Greece. Fish fauna: Extremely important distribution area of ​​rare species Caspiomyzon hellenicus (falling in Eudontomyzon sp.) (Geiger et al. 2014). Important area due to the presence of ideal living habitats of juveniles of the species. At the same time, the canals of ponds Philippi host a relatively rich fish fauna - here has been identified and the equally rare endemic species Cobitis punctilineata. The area is also found and an extremely important and isolated population of the endemic Phoxinus strymonicus.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
LA01i
MA04i
LA04.03I
MA10.01b
HC02o
LD01.01b
LD01.02b
LD02i
LD05i
LE01i
LE01.03i
MF03.01b
MF03.01i
MF03.02.01i
MF03.02.03b
HG01.04.02I
MG01.04.02i
HG01.04.03I
MG01.04.03i
MG05.04I
HG05.07I
MG05.07i
LG05.09I
LG05.11b
LJ01i
MJ03.01.01b
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.03b
MK03.06b
ML09b
LL09i
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
LA01i
MA04.02I
HC02o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9552.21

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Pangaio oros Dimon Pangaiou - Eleftheroupolis - Piereon - Orfanou*51.93
GR95Petra Kormitsas Iliokomis (Iera Moni Eikosifoinissis)*0.28

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pangaio oros Dimon Pangaiou - Eleftheroupolis - Piereon - Orfanou*51.93
Petra Kormitsas Iliokomis (Iera Moni Eikosifoinissis)*0.28

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY