Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR1220010

1.3 Site name

DELTA AXIOU - LOUDIA - ALIAKMONA - ALYKI KITROUS

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1988-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.702222
Latitude:40.517500

2.2 Area [ha]

28855.1800

2.3 Marine area [%]

25.6700

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia
GR12Kentriki Makedonia
GR12Kentriki Makedonia
GR12Kentriki Makedonia
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA229Alcedo atthis             
BA704Anas crecca crecca    400  7138           
BA050Anas penelope    347  2346           
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    40  40           
BA705Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos    300  1000           
BA055Anas querquedula                   
BA703Anas strepera strepera                   
BA703Anas strepera strepera    82  93           
BA394Anser albifrons albifrons    150  150           
BA255Anthus campestris                   
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    14           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea    17  69           
BA634Ardea purpurea purpurea    15           
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides    94           
BA169Arenaria interpres             
BA222Asio flammeus                   
BA060Aythya nyroca    10  10           
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    35           
BA403Buteo rufinus             
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla                   
BA145Calidris minuta    10  70           
BA682Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus    30  30           
BA137Charadrius hiaticula             
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia    97  128           
BA081Circus aeruginosus    14           
BA231Coracias garrulus                   
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)                   
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)             
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    41           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    200  483           
BA098Falco columbarius             
BA095Falco naumanni                   
BA723Fulica atra atra    20  20           
BA723Fulica atra atra    350  2018           
BA689Gavia arctica arctica    26           
BA625Glareola pratincola pratincola    50  50           
BA130Haematopus ostralegus    10  30           
BA131Himantopus himantopus    150  200           
BA251Hirundo rustica                   
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus                   
BA339Lanius minor    20  20           
BA177Larus (Hydrocoloeus) minutus    17  17           
BA180Larus genei    100  119           
BA176Larus melanocephalus    400  872           
BA157Limosa lapponica                   
BA614Limosa limosa limosa    22  323           
BA242Melanocorypha calandra    30  30           
BA069Mergus serrator    20  51           
BA230Merops apiaster    20  20           
BA073Milvus migrans                     
BA260Motacilla flava                   
BA159Numenius tenuirostris                       
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax    100  358           
BA129Otis tarda                   
BA771Passer hispaniolensis                   
BA020Pelecanus crispus    98           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii    10  30           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis    270  367           
BA393Phalacrocorax pygmaeus    26  113           
BA151Philomachus pugnax    70           
BA151Philomachus pugnax    35           
BA663Phoenicopterus roseus    38  575           
BA607Platalea leucorodia leucorodia    17  61           
BA700Plegadis falcinellus falcinellus    50  101           
BA140Pluvialis apricaria    478           
BA141Pluvialis squatarola    53  66           
BA691Podiceps cristatus cristatus    151  263           
BA692Podiceps nigricollis nigricollis    18  639           
BA719Porzana parva                   
BA132Recurvirostra avosetta    38  60           
BA249Riparia riparia    300  300           
BA731Sterna (Gelochelidon) nilotica nilotica    200  220           
BA631Sterna (Sternula) albifrons albifrons    20  80           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis    300  400           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis    150           
BA193Sterna hirundo    900  1052           
BA397Tadorna ferruginea           
BA048Tadorna tadorna    40  100           
BA048Tadorna tadorna    100  682           
BA161Tringa erythropus               
BA164Tringa nebularia    10           
BA165Tringa ochropus    10  10             
BA162Tringa totanus    20  67           
BA728Vanellus (Hoplopterus) spinosus             
BA142Vanellus vanellus             
BA142Vanellus vanellus    730           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
5540Alburnus macedonicus                   
A062Aythya marila                   
A062Aythya marila                   
A062Aythya marila                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
A143Calidris canutus                   
A143Calidris canutus                   
A143Calidris canutus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
A211Clamator glandarius                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1280Coluber jugularis                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1228Cyrtopodion kotschyi                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
5655Gasterosteus aculeatus                   
5655Gasterosteus aculeatus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A641Larus fuscus intermedius                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
A152Lymnocryptes minimus                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1200Pelobates syriacus                   
1200Pelobates syriacus                   
1200Pelobates syriacus                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
1317Pipistrellus nathusii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
Squalius vardarensis                   
Squalius vardarensis                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    30  110             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    30  110             
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis    30  110             
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0123.00

Total Habitat Cover

23

Other Site Characteristics

Very important for the wetland, especially for the avifauna, are the reed beds with Phragmites australis, Bolboschoenus maritimus and Typha latifolia occupying stagnant or slowly flowing waters of fluctuating depths and fringing lagoons and artificial ditches. Reed beds also grow along the banks of Loudias river. In canals, rice fields and fresh water bodies of natural origin or man-made a particularly important for the wetland rooted, submerged aquatic vegetation (Potamogeton spp., Myriophyllum spicatum, Ceratophyllum spp. etc.) is growing. Rich communities of mussel beds colonize seawaters of depth 1-10 m. Alyki kitrous is a small but significant wetland with extensive salt marshes and a small shallow lagoon with well developed dune system atthe east side.Sandy heathland with Artemisia campestris and/or Spartium junceum is incorporated within the dune system. Reed bed formations, ofthen dominated by one species (Scirpus maritimus,Phragmites australis,Typha latifolia),occupy artificial ditches and canals.

4.2 Quality and importance

This a very important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, other passage migrants and an important corridor for migratory species. The habitat diversity is one of the main characteristics of the delta formed by the rivers Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas. Though of reduced significance now, it still supports a diverse bird population including endangered and rare species. Important for migratory birds as a wintering and resting station. Also, a breeding site for a significant number of bird species. Parts of the delta and the rivers, as well as sea water of depth less than 6 m serve as spawning ground for fish populations of Thermaikos gulf and N. Aegean Sea. The abundance of nutrients and small depths of waters favor shell aquacultures. Alyki Kitrous is considered to be a very important area for birds. A large number of protected and strictly protected species use the site (including the salt works) for breeding, feeding and resting. The largest in Greece population of Larus melanocephalus nested in the past in small islets in the lagoon. Also, Alyki Kitrous supports a rare herpetofauna. In Alyki Kitrous, Pancratium maritimum is growing wild; this plant species is seriously endangered by the human activities on the coast.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA01i
MA04o
MA04i
LA07i
MA07o
MA08o
LA08i
MC01.05i
C03.03
LE03.01o
MF01i
MF03.01o
MF03.01i
LG02.04o
HHo
MHi
MK05.01o
MK05.01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA09i
MA09o
MF01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9535.15
IN0039.24

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Alyki Kitrous (Pydnas)*4.37
GR95Stergios-Aliakmonas (Aiginiou)*3.92
GR95Delta Aliakmona (Kleidiou)*4.05
GR95Delta Axiou (Chalastras)*17.29
GR95Eidomeni (Altsakiou)*1.31
GR95Palmitsi-Kampos (Evzonon & Mikrou Dasous)*4.22
GR02Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches Apolytis Prostasias tis Fysis AP1, AP2, AP3, AP4*11.83
GR08Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7*8.03
GR08Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis PD1, PD2, PD3, PD4*31.56
GR08Ethniko Parko Axiou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis PA*3.60
GR99Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches georgikon kalliergeion C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6*2.10
GR99Ethniko Parko Axiou - Periochi D elenchomenis oikistikis anaptyxis Alykon Kitrous*0.38
GR96Ethniko Parko Gallikou, Axiou, Loudia, Aliakmona, Alykis Kitrous, Limnothalassas Kalochoriou*57.52

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Alyki Kitrous (Pydnas)*4.37
Stergios-Aliakmonas (Aiginiou)*3.92
Delta Aliakmona (Kleidiou)*4.05
Delta Axiou (Chalastras)*17.29
Eidomeni (Altsakiou)*1.31
Palmitsi-Kampos (Evzonon & Mikrou Dasous)*4.22
Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches Apolytis Prostasias tis Fysis AP1, AP2, AP3, AP4*11.83
Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7*8.03
Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis PD1, PD2, PD3, PD4*31.56
Ethniko Parko Axiou - Periochi Prostasias tis Fysis PA*3.60
Ethniko Parko Axiou - Perioches georgikon kalliergeion C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6*2.10
Ethniko Parko Axiou - Periochi D elenchomenis oikistikis anaptyxis Alykon Kitrous*0.38
Ethniko Parko Gallikou, Axiou, Loudia, Aliakmona, Alykis Kitrous, Limnothalassas Kalochoriou*57.52

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “DELTA AXIOU-LOUDIA-ALIAKMONA”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY