Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR1240008

1.3 Site name

OROS VORAS

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.554167
Latitude:40.416111

2.2 Area [ha]

79178.4100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia
GR13Dytiki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes       
BA079Aegypius monachus                   
BA247Alauda arvensis    60  70  i/sq.km     
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca    i/sq.km     
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea                 
BA215Bubo bubo                 
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus         
BA087Buteo buteo    13  13     
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla                 
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA030Ciconia nigra           
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus       
BA083Circus macrourus       
BA084Circus pygargus       
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)    200  300  i/sq.km     
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus           
BA236Dryocopus martius    10       
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni    60  80     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA442Ficedula semitorquata           
BA076Gypaetus barbatus       
BA078Gyps fulvus       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)       
BA251Hirundo rustica    15  20  i/sq.km     
BA338Lanius collurio    10  i/sq.km     
BA339Lanius minor           
BA246Lullula arborea    10  i/sq.km     
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA230Merops apiaster    10     
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA077Neophron percnopterus           
BA077Neophron percnopterus       
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis    50  60     
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA234Picus canus           
BA249Riparia riparia    50           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA104Tetrastes (Bonasia) bonasia           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Achillea chrysocoma                   
Achillea clusiana                   
Alchemilla bulgarica                   
Alchemilla gorcensis                   
Alchemilla indivisa                   
Alchemilla serbica                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Aster alpinus                   
Atropa bella-donna                   
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia                   
Campanula formanekiana                   
Campanula hawkinsiana                   
Carex lasiocarpa                   
Centaurea grbavacensis                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cerastium rectum                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
Cirsium appendiculatum                   
Coeloglossum viride                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    140  160  i/sq.km             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    140  160  i/sq.km             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Crocus cvijicii                   
Crocus pelistericus                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus                   
Dianthus myrtinervius ssp. caespitosus                   
Dianthus myrtinervius ssp. myrtinervius                   
Epilobium collinum                   
Epilobium vernonicum                   
Festuca horvatiana                   
1845Fritillaria gussichiae                   
Genista tinctoria                   
Gentiana asclepiadea                   
Gentiana cruciata                   
Gentiana punctata                   
Gentianella bulgarica                   
Geum coccineum                   
Geum montanum                   
Jovibarba heuffelii                   
Juncus trifidus                   
Knautia magnifica                   
Ligusticum mutellina                   
Lilium martagon                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Listera ovata                   
Minuartia garckeana                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Nigritella nigra                   
Ophrys scolopax ssp. cornuta                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis morio                   
Orchis pallens                   
Orchis pallens                   
Orchis simia                   
Orchis simia                   
Paronychia macedonica                   
Pedicularis leucodon ssp. leucodon                   
Pedicularis olympica                   
Pedicularis orthantha                   
A644Perdix perdix                   
A644Perdix perdix                   
A644Perdix perdix                   
Peucedanum lavrentiadis                   
Peucedanum oligophyllum                   
Pimpinella saxifraga                   
Pinus peuce                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Poa thessala                   
Ramonda nathaliae                   
1739Ramonda serbica                   
1739Ramonda serbica                   
1739Ramonda serbica                   
Ranunculus fontanus                   
Rhinanthus minor                   
Saxifraga pedemontana ssp. cymosa                   
Saxifraga stellaris ssp. alpigena                   
Senecio abrotanifolius ssp. carpathicus                   
Senecio subalpinus                   
Sesleria coerulans                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Silene balcanica                   
Silene waldsteinii                   
Soldanella pindicola                   
Stellaria uliginosa                   
Veronica bellidioides                   
Viola brachyphylla                   
Viola doerfleri                   
Viola eximia                   
Viola frondosa                   
Viola orphanidis                   
Viola palustris                   
Viola voliotisii                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N040.45
N060.06
N070.32
N0820.60
N0910.35
N110.47
N124.25
N1641.43
N171.05
N193.51
N2116.96
N230.54

Total Habitat Cover

99.99

Other Site Characteristics

t. Voras is the third highest mountain in Greece. However the landscape is predominated by gentle slopes, with the exception of the rugged gorges in Loutraki area. The area is characterized by great variability of geological substrate comprising of gneiss, schist, limestones, ophioliths, from west to east. It is fairly large and secluded mountainous and densely forested area which together with the neighbouring sites Tzena -Pinovo and Paiko form a continuous mountainous curve around the plain of Aridea. The site holds a significant timber production, especially in beech wood, but also, according to official numbers the last years there is a slight increase of nomadic stock raising. One remarkable feature on the site are several ruined as well as abandoned cultivations of aged chestnut woods, cherry, apple and cereal which are scattered in the forest and form today a beautiful landscape and an important habitat for wildlife. Quercus trojana is found mainly on the west part of the site and on the west slopes in Florina prefecture where forms more extensive woods.

4.2 Quality and importance

An extensive area of continuous forests, deep valleys and pastures characterized by great variety of unfragmented habitats. The area is undisturbed by human habitation and only recently a road network has been constructed. The area has relicts of a Pinus peuce forest as well as areas with Q. trojana woods, two habitats with very limited distribution in Greece. A unique feature is the active bog of Kali Pediada, which is the largest of its kind in Greece and hosts a variety of rare plants as well as a number of birds of prey which use the bog as feeding grounds. The beech forests of Blatsa and Black Forest are of great age, with structure and development close to climax with a great number of decaying, dying and dead trees. All the above mentioned features contribute to the great ornithological importance of the area, especially for birds of prey. More specifically, Egyptian vultures still nest, while the other three vultures (Lammergeier, Griffon and Black Vulture) visit the area regularly. There's also a good population of Golden Eagles, as well as Black Kites, Lanner Falcons, Peregrine Falcons, etc. Furthermore it is one of the very few places in Greece that hold populations of the Hazel Grouse, while woodpecker populations are also very high with species like the Grey, Black and Middle Spotted Woodpecker. Other noteworthy species are the Semi-collared Flycatcher, the Red-backed Shrike and the Tawny Pipit. It is also worth noting the existence of 14 caves, which are of great importance to paleoecological research as well as to bat populations.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
MA04.01i
MA04.03i
MA05.03i
LA06.01.01o
MA07b
MA10i
MA10.01o
HB01i
MB02.04i
MC01.04.01i
HC03.03b
HD01.02i
ME01.03o
ME02i
ME03i
HE03.04o
ME04.01o
MF03.01i
MF03.02.03i
LG01.06i
MG02.02i
LG05i
LI02i
MJ01o
MK01.01i
MK03.04i
ML09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA02o
MA04i
LA10i
ME01.03o
ME04.01o
LG05i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR060.11
GR9512.80
IN010.08
IN0659.12

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Limni Agra Dimou Edessis*0.04
GR95Sotiras*1.01
GR95Skopos*6.61
GR95Dimotiko Dasos Ano Koryfis-Dragos-Ormas*5.13
GR06To mikto dasos Promachon-Lycostomou Aridaias+0.08

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Limni Agra Dimou Edessis*0.04
Sotiras*1.01
Skopos*6.61
Dimotiko Dasos Ano Koryfis-Dragos-Ormas*5.13
To mikto dasos Promachon-Lycostomou Aridaias+0.08

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF ARIDAIA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY