Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR1240009

1.3 Site name

OROS PAIKO, STENA APSALOU KAI MOGLENITSAS

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-10

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.290000
Latitude:40.969167

2.2 Area [ha]

90953.5100

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos                 
BA168Actitis hypoleucos                   
BA247Alauda arvensis    i/sq.km     
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba               
BA226Apus apus    24  24  i/sq.km     
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    10       
BA087Buteo buteo       
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia               
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA231Coracias garrulus       
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA238Dendrocopos medius                 
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus                 
BA236Dryocopus martius                 
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae                   
BA095Falco naumanni                 
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA442Ficedula semitorquata                 
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)       
BA439Hippolais olivetorum                 
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA339Lanius minor                 
BA433Lanius nubicus                 
BA246Lullula arborea    22  22  i/sq.km     
BA230Merops apiaster         
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA260Motacilla flava                 
BA077Neophron percnopterus                 
BA337Oriolus oriolus                 
BA771Passer hispaniolensis    25  25  i/sq.km     
BA072Pernis apivorus       
BA234Picus canus                 
BA210Streptopelia turtur    12  12  i/sq.km     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A211Clamator glandarius               
A211Clamator glandarius               
Coeloglossum viride                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    13  13  i/sq.km             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    13  13  i/sq.km             
4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii                   
4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii                   
4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Lilium martagon                   
Rosa arvensis                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N040.08
N060.25
N070.03
N0817.50
N099.37
N110.36
N127.19
N1638.10
N170.63
N195.68
N2119.92
N230.90

Total Habitat Cover

100.01

Other Site Characteristics

Paiko Mt is considered to be an extension of Voras mountain range, in fact geologically it belongs to the same massif as Tzena and Pinovo. It mainly consists of limestones and ophiolites. Its SE part is predominantly sedimentary rocks and is characterized by a multitude of medium height peaks ranging from 1219 to 1650 m. The forests of Paiko have been heavily exploited in the past by the inhabitants of nearby villages (coppice mainly). The intensive grazing has also resulted in degradation of the natural environment which only recently (during the last few decades) has started to show signs of recovery. Paiko is rich in flowing waters as well as internal draining waters especially in the subalpine meadows where streams flow internally and come out as springs in the foothills of the mountain.

4.2 Quality and importance

Agricultural activities in Paiko Mt., belong to the past and as a result today, a great variety of habitats exists. The afforestation of many abandoned pastures and of small pieces of formerly agricultural land is now creating a rich vegetation mosaic. Thus, the diversity of habitats that are created is one of the most valuable features of the area. Vegetation structure diversity and the neighbouring of Paiko with Tzena Mt and Axios river valley create a suitable habitat for the roe deer and hare as well as for several raptors, most important being the Golden Eagle, Long-legged Buzzard and Lanner Falcon. Additionally, the gentle slopes of the subalpine meadows and small upland wetlands form an interesting landscape. Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurence of the invertebrate Erebia ligea, which is contained to the Presidential Decree 67/1981, the invertebrate Lycaeides argyrognomon, which is refered to Koomen P., van Helsdingen P.J. 1993. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe, Economic Commission for Europe (1991) European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants, Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe. Concerning the wild growning plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. Among them, one taxon is greek endemic, 3 taxa (Dactylorhiza kalopissii, Rosa arvensis, Sempervivum marmoreum) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list. Coeloglossum viride, Dactylorhiza sambucina, Lilium martagon (motivation D) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981). Sideritis scardica, Silene radicosa ssp. Radicosa (motivation D) are Balkan endemics.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA02.03i
MA04i
LA04.01i
MA04.03i
HA06.01.01b
HA07b
HA10o
HB01b
LB02.02i
HC03.03b
MD01i
ME01.02o
LF02.03i
MF03.01i
MF03.02.03i
LG05i
MH06.02o
MI02o
MK01.01i
MK03.04o
ML09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04b
LF02.03i
LG05i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR954.55
IN067.35

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Tzena - Pinovo Dimou Exaplatanou*0.00
GR95Kromni Dimou Kyrrou*1.64
GR95Sotiras*0.00
GR95Gripas (Fanou)*2.86
GR95Eidomeni (Altsakiou)*0.05

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Tzena - Pinovo Dimou Exaplatanou*0.00
Kromni Dimou Kyrrou*1.64
Sotiras*0.00
Gripas (Fanou)*2.86
Eidomeni (Altsakiou)*0.05

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF ARIDAIA, 2. FOREST SERVICE OF GOUMENISSA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY