Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1260004

1.3 Site name

KORYFES OROUS MENOIKION – OROS KOUSKOURAS - YPSOMA -SPILAIO PELADE

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.783585
Latitude:37.681392

2.2 Area [ha]

23585.9000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR11Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
6170  info      5014.75  0.00 
62A0  info      4540.76  0.00 
6430  info      18.1558  0.00 
9110  info      1307.48  0.00 
9130  info      15.6326  0.00 
9150  info      85.0776  0.00 
9180  info  X     10.1308  0.00 
91M0  info      4388.67  0.00 
9260  info      149.734  0.00 
9280  info      1556.75  0.00 
92C0  info      23.9584  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1193Bombina variegata           
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
P4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii                     
R1293Elaphe situla           
P2327Himantoglossum caprinum    380  380   
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii      500  1000     
M1307Myotis blythii      100  200     
M1316Myotis capaccinii      20  100     
M1324Myotis myotis      50     
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii      100  200     
M1305Rhinolophus euryale      100  200     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum      50  100     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros      10  50     
M1302Rhinolophus mehelyi      10   
R1219Testudo graeca           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Achillea chrysocoma                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. hispidissima                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Asperula aristata ssp. nestia                   
Aster alpinus                   
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
Coeloglossum viride                   
Corallorhiza trifida                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Cytisus agnipilus                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Epipactis atrorubens                   
Epipactis atrorubens                   
Epipactis atrorubens                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erysimum drenowskii                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1846Fritillaria drenovskii                   
Gentiana cruciata                   
Haplophyllum balcanicum                   
Himantoglossum hircinum                   
Inula ensifolia                   
Iris reichenbachii                   
1263Lacerta viridis    1001  10000             
1263Lacerta viridis    1001  10000             
1263Lacerta viridis    1001  10000             
Lilium martagon                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Orchis simia                   
Orchis simia                   
Paronychia rechingeri                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
Potentilla cinerea                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                   
1212Rana ridibunda                     
Rosa arvensis                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Satureja pilosa                   
Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi                   
Saxifraga stribrnyi                   
Sempervivum kindingeri                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Stachys officinalis                   
Thesium alpinum                   
Thymus leucotrichus                   
Thymus thracicus                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0817.29
N0921.77
N1120.17
N152.43
N1638.21
N230.13

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mount Menoikio lies in a NW-SE direction. From a geological point of view Menoikio belongs to the Rodopi crystalline massif. According to Emberger climatic diagramm the mountain lower altitudes belong to the humid or sub humid zones with cold or mild winter climate. The soil is sandy and is derived from metamorphic rocks (mainly limestones and gneisses). As one moves inland, away from the foot of the mountain, most Mediterranean species disappear. Hellenic beech forests with Abies borisii regis, Quercus frainetto and chestnut stands become more common.

4.2 Quality and importance

A mountain with rich forests of decidyoys and coniferous trees. It has grasslands with rich flora. There are many rare species and species with districted distribution in the Balkan peninsula. There is a monastery in mountain Kouskouras (Timios Prodromos). Although most commercial forests are publicity owned, they are have harvested by private associations under arrangements with Greek Forest Service. A lot of poor people work in logging and wood using industries, so the local unemployment decrease remarkable. Concerning the wild growing plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. Haplophyllum balcanicum, Inula ensifolia, Rosa arvensis, Sempervivum kindingeri, Sempervivum marmoreum (motivation D) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list. Aster alpinus, Coeloglossum viride, Corallorhiza trifida, Dactylorhiza sambucina, Dianthus gracilis ssp. gracilis, Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus, Gentiana cruciata, Himantoglossum hircinum , Lilium martagon, Paronychia rechingeri, Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi (motivation D) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981). Cytisus agnipilus, Potentilla cinerea, Satureja pilosa, Saxifraga stribrnyi, Stachys officinalis, Thesium alpinum (motivation D) are rare in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece. Achillea chrysocoma, Anthyllis aurea, Asperula aristata ssp. nestia, Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, Erysimum drenowskii, Iris reichenbachii, Scrophularia laciniata, Sideritis scardica, Thymus degenii, Veronica barrelieri) are Balkan endemics and 6 taxa (Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. Hispidissima, Saxifraga sempervivum, Stachys thirkei, Thymus leucotrichus, Thymus thracicus (motivation D) find their main distribution area in the Balkan Peninsula extending also to Turkey. The presence of the Annex II butterfly species is known only from bibliographical records. The site includes habitats in quite good conservation status for the two of them but the habitats of Lycaena dispar have been degrated due to agricultural activity. There have also been recorded eight reptile species and two amphibian species of Annex IV. Cave Pelade: In the cave a total of nine bat species of Annex II of the Directive 92/43 have been found (500 Miniopterus schreibersii, 100 Rhinolophus blasii, 100 Rhinolophus euryale, 100 Myotis blythii, 50 Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, 20 Myotis capaccinii, 10 Rhinolophus hipposideros, Myotis myotis , Rhinolophus mehelyi) and is one of 25 major bat colonies in Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
LA01i
HA04i
LA04o
HA04.01.01i
HA04.02i
HA07o
HA08o
HA09o
MA10.01b
LB02.02i
HC01i
MD01.01i
LD01.02o
LD02.01i
ME01o
LE01i
LE01.03i
LE04.01o
MF03.01i
MF03.01b
MF03.02.01i
HF03.02.03b
MG01i
MG01.04.02I
MG01.04.03i
MG05.04i
MG05.07I
LG05.11o
HK03.06b
ML09b
MXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
LA01i
LA04o
HA08o
HA09o
LB01.02i
MD01.01i
LE01i
ME01o
LE01.03i
LE04.01o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR956.48

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Agriani - Anastasia Dimou Neas Zichnis*6.42
GR95Charitomeni, Kali Vrysi*0.07

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Agriani - Anastasia Dimou Neas Zichnis*6.42
Charitomeni, Kali Vrysi*0.07

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY