Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1260005

1.3 Site name

KORYFES OROUS ORVILOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.610278
Latitude:41.368056

2.2 Area [ha]

4885.3700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR11Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4060  info      21.8598  0.00 
5210  info      333.434  0.00 
62A0  info      1124.39  0.00 
8210  info      8.77456  0.00 
9150  info      268.5  0.00 
91CA  info      31.9466  0.00 
9530  info  X     667.661  0.00 
9540  info      0.00         
95A0  info      387.245  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1193Bombina variegata           
P4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii                     
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
P4096Gladiolus palustris    grids5x5     
M1355Lutra lutra           
R1219Testudo graeca           
P1590Viola delphinantha                     
M2635Vormela peregusna                       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Androsace villosa                   
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Arenaria filicaulis ssp. graeca                   
Asperula aristata ssp. nestia                   
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
Centaurea parilica                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Colchicum doerfleri                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
Corallorhiza trifida                   
Cytisus agnipilus                   
Dianthus gracilis ssp. drenowskianus                   
Dianthus noeanus                   
Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus                   
Dianthus simulans                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Erysimum drenowskii                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Festuca pirinica                   
1846Fritillaria drenovskii                   
Genista subcapitata                   
Haplophyllum balcanicum                   
Himantoglossum hircinum                   
Hypericum rochelii                   
Inula ensifolia                   
Iris reichenbachii                   
1263Lacerta viridis    1001  10000           
1263Lacerta viridis    1001  10000           
1263Lacerta viridis    1001  10000           
Laserpitium siler ssp. laeve                   
Lilium martagon                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
1357Martes martes                     
1357Martes martes                     
1357Martes martes                       
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1358Mustela putorius                     
1358Mustela putorius                     
1358Mustela putorius                       
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Nigritella nigra                   
Orchis morio                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Orchis ustulata                   
Paronychia macedonica                   
Paronychia rechingeri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Poa thessala                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1248Podarcis taurica    1001  10000           
1248Podarcis taurica    1001  10000           
1248Podarcis taurica    1001  10000           
Potentilla apennina ssp. stoianovii                   
2351Salamandra salamandra    1001  10000           
2351Salamandra salamandra    1001  10000           
Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi                   
Saxifraga stribrnyi                   
Sempervivum kindingeri                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Silene balcanica                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Stachys recta ssp. recta                   
Thymus thracicus                   
Viola perinensis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0810.64
N0928.02
N151.33
N1642.96
N1716.05
N220.60
N230.40

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Mount Orvilos is located in N. Greece. It is connected, through Mt. Vrontous (to the South) with mountains of NE Greece. From a geological point of view, Orvilos belongs to the Rodopi crystalline massif. The climate is the same as the inland areas of N. Greece.It is an intermediate climate type between those of the Mediterranean and the continent. The high altitudes (above 1400m) belong to the very humid zone, with erosion in winter, while the lower altitudes belong to the humid or sub humid zones with rough or mild winter climate.

4.2 Quality and importance

Area with high peaks and extended alpine and subalpine grasslands. There are also forests with coniferous (Abies borisii regis, Pinus leucodermis, Pinus sylvastris and deciduous trees (Fagus sp., Quercus sp., Fraxinus angustifolius, Ostrya carpinifolia). Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurence of the invertebrate Agriades pyrenaicus, which is the southern edge of extension. Concerning the wild plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. Haplophyllum balcanicum, Inula ensifolia, Sempervivum kindingeri, Viola perinensis (motivation D) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list. Androsace villosa, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Cephalanthera damasonium, Corallorhiza trifida, Dianthus gracilis ssp. drenowskianus, Dianthus petraeus, Himantoglossum hircinum, Lilium martagon, Nigritella nigra, Orchis ustulata, Paronychia rechingeri, Platanthera bifolia, Platanthera chlorantha, Poa thessala, Saxifraga ferdinandi-coburgi (motivation D) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981). Centaurea parilica, Cytisus agnipilus, Dianthus noeanus, Festuca pirinica, Genista subcapitata, Hypericum rochelii, Potentilla apeninna ssp. stoianovii, Saxifraga stribrnyi, Stachys recta ssp. Recta (motivation D) are rare in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece. Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica, Arenaria filicaulis ssp graeca, Asperula aristata ssp. nestia, Colchicum doerfleri, Erysimum drenowskii, Iris reichenbachii, Laserpitium siler ssp. laeve, Paronychia macedonica, Sideritis scardica, Silene balcanica, Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa (motivation D) are Balkan endemics. Saxifraga sempervivum Thymus thracicus (motivation D) find their main distribution area in the Balkan Peninsula extending also to Turkey or Italy. The presence of the butterfly species is known from bibliographical records only, though their habitats are quite adequate. They have also been recorded seven reptile species and two amphibian species of Annex IV.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA04i
LA04.01.01i
LA04.02i
LA04.03I
MA10.01b
MB02.02i
HD01.01i
LD01.01b
LD01.02b
MD02.02i
LE01o
LE04.01o
LF03.01i
HF03.02i
MF03.02.03b
LG05.11b
MJ03.01.01I
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.03b
MK03.06b
ML09b
MXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA04.02I
HBi
HB01i
HB01.02i
HD02.02i
LE01o
LE04.01o
HG04.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF SIDIROKASTRO
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY