Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1260007

1.3 Site name

ORI VRONTOUS - LAILIAS – ERIMIKES SPILAIA ZESTA NERA KAI KATARRAKTON

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-11

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.564184
Latitude:37.551579

2.2 Area [ha]

7757.5600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
62A0  info      4.19827  0.00 
6430  info      1.25741  0.00 
8220  info      12.8255  0.00 
9110  info      3766.72  0.00 
9130  info      174.569  0.00 
91CA  info      1175.17  0.00 
91E0  info  X     15.3275  0.00 
91M0  info      284.363  0.00 
9280  info      970.148  0.00 
9530  info  X     34.5415  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1308Barbastella barbastellus                 
A1193Bombina variegata    1001  10000   
P4080Centaurea immanuelis-loewii    grids5x5     
P4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii                     
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata                 
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii      2050       
M1307Myotis blythii      20           
M1316Myotis capaccinii      10           
M1324Myotis myotis      270       
M1305Rhinolophus euryale      25           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum               
R1219Testudo graeca    1001  10000   
A1171Triturus karelinii    101  250   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies borisii-regis                   
Acer heldreichii                   
Achillea chrysocoma                   
Allium melanantherum                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Asperula aristata ssp. nestia                   
Atropa bella-donna                   
Bruckenthalia spiculifolia                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1352Canis lupus    10             
1352Canis lupus    10             
1352Canis lupus    10               
Cerastium rectum                   
Cirsium appendiculatum                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
Dactylorhiza sambucina                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Epilobium collinum                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1263Lacerta viridis    10000             
1263Lacerta viridis    10000             
1263Lacerta viridis    10000             
Lilium martagon                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri    10000             
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri    10000             
Picea abies ssp. abies                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1326Plecotus auritus                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis    10000             
1256Podarcis muralis    10000             
1256Podarcis muralis    10000             
1209Rana dalmatina    1001  10000           
1209Rana dalmatina    1001  10000           
1209Rana dalmatina    1001  10000           
Ranunculus fontanus                   
Ranunculus incomparabilis                   
Rhinanthus pindicus                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Sideritis scardica                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Trifolium spadiceum                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N090.01
N100.18
N151.18
N161.32
N171.44
N2020.22
N2375.65

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The hardwood forests extend their dominance in the most part of area. Two important species characterize the forests of Mt. Vrontou and Lailias (Quercus frainetto and Fagus sp.). There are also Pinus nigra var. palassiana forests, Pinus sylvestris is a less significant pine in a few stands. From a geological point of view the mountain belongs to the Mass of Rodope. The climate is an intermediate climate type those of the Mediterranean and the continent. The high altitudes belong to the humid zone, while the lower areas belong to the dry zones.

4.2 Quality and importance

Area with rich forest of deciduous trees (especially beech forest) and coniferous trees (Pinus nigra). It has many rare species (like the ampibian Triturus karelinii) and species with restricted distribution in the Balkan peninsula. The forest resources of Lailias provide a variety of recreational offerings: hunting, picnicking and camping; walking, hiking and mountain climbing; driving vehicles in forest settling; winter sport and skiing; photography, painting and nature study. Although most commercial forests are publicity owned, they are have harvested by private associations under arrangements with the Greek Forest Service. A lot of poor people work in logging and wood using industries, so the local unemployment decrease remarkable. Concerning the wild growning plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. Rhinanthus pindicus, Sempervivum marmoreum (motivation D) are included in the WCMC and/or European Red Data list. Acer heldreichii, Atropa bella - donna, Dactylorhiza sambucina, Lilium martagon, Picea abies ssp. abies (motivation D) are protected by the Greek Presidental Decree (67/1981). Epilobium collinum, Ranunculus incomparabilis, Trifolium spadiceum (motivation D) in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece. Abies borisii-regis, Achillea chrysocoma, Allium melanantherum, Asperula aristata ssp. nestia, Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, Cerastium rectum, Cirsium appendiculatum, Sideritis scardica, Stachys plumose (motivation D) are Balkan endemics. The site includes streams and humid areas that can sustain Lycaena dispar, and adequate habitats for Polyommatus eroides. Both species are known to occur from bibliographical records. A new addition to the site is Parnassius mnemosyne found in two locations. They have also been recorded ten species of reptiles and one amphibian species of Annex IV. Zesta Nera Cave: The cave is home to at least four species of bat of Annex II to Directive 92/43 (2000 Miniopterus schreibersii, 20 Myotis blythii, 20 Myotis myotis, 10 Myotis capaccinii) and is one of 10 major bat colonies in Greece. Cave Katarrakton: In the cave have identified at least four species of bat of Annex II of Directive 92/43 (250 Myotis myotis, 50 Miniopterus schreibersii, 25 Rhinolophus euryale, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
HA01o
MA04i
HA07i
MA10.01b
LD01.01i
MD01.02o
LD02i
LE01i
ME01o
LE01.03i
LF03.01i
MF03.01b
HF03.02i
MF03.02.01i
HF03.02.03b
MG01.04.02i
MG01.04.03i
MG02i
LG02.02i
MG05.04i
MG05.07i
LI01o
LJ01i
MJ03.01.01b
MJ03.02o
HK03.06b
ML09b
LUb
MXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01o
LA01i
LD01.01i
LD05i
LG02.02i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR2384.86

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR23Serres*84.86

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Serres*84.86

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY