Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1270001

1.3 Site name

OROS CHOLOMONTAS

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.524444
Latitude:40.440556

2.2 Area [ha]

15651.1400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
5210  info      2.01019  0.00 
91M0  info      8646.39  0.00 
9260  info      72.5216  0.00 
9280  info      1548.48  0.00 
92C0  info      75.2242  0.00 
9340  info      57.8089  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5263Barbus strumicae           
A1193Bombina variegata           
P4080Centaurea immanuelis-loewii    grids5x5   
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1355Lutra lutra           
I1089Morimus funereus           
M1307Myotis blythii                 
M1306Rhinolophus blasii                 
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum                 
R1219Testudo graeca           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
A1171Triturus karelinii                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies borisii-regis                   
Achillea chrysocoma                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Arabis bryoides                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Corydalis integra                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis helleborine                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
Epipactis microphylla                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Himantoglossum hircinum                   
1263Lacerta viridis    10000               
1263Lacerta viridis    10000               
1263Lacerta viridis    10000               
Lilium martagon                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Listera ovata                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
1328Nyctalus lasiopterus                   
1328Nyctalus lasiopterus                   
1328Nyctalus lasiopterus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
Ophrys scolopax ssp. cornuta                   
Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis mascula                   
Orchis papilionacea                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
Orchis quadripunctata                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
1256Podarcis muralis    10000               
1256Podarcis muralis    10000               
1256Podarcis muralis    10000               
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1248Podarcis taurica                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
Rosa arvensis                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
Triturus vulgaris                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0821.56
N1511.68
N1650.25
N180.98
N2014.69
N230.84

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

In this region there is the forest of Aristotelian Univ. of Thessaloniki (Department of Forestry and Natural Environment). Cholomontas consists of forested hills and open forest structure and maquis. There aren't any rivers or lakes. From a geological point of view Cholomontas belongs to the Serbo-Macedonian mass and Peri-rodope zone. The climate is the same as the inland areas of N. Greece. It is an intermediate climate type between those of the Mediterranean and the continent. The high altitudes (above 900 m) belong to the very humid zone, in winter, while the lower altitudes belong to the dry zone with mild winter climate. The biotope of Fagion hellenicum is without Abies borisii regis. A common hardwood type in NE Chalkidiki is a mixture of beech with oak and more rare with chestnut. These species because of their durability and strength is used for many items, ranging from boxes and coffins and materials for building construction. However, the most common use is for the mines of this region. Much more of a dozen of different hardwoods are found here and include Carpinus duinensis, Ostrya carpinifolia, Tilia tomentosa, Acer campestre, Acer pseudoplatanus, Rhus coriaria etc. On Cholomontas mountain there are plantations with fir sold as Christmas trees.

4.2 Quality and importance

Cholomontas is a picturesque mountain close to Thessaloniki with beautiful landscapes and breath-taking views. A lot of people visit the region for the recreation (mainly fans of alternative tourism and agrotourism), thus becoming an important attraction. It hosts a large number of animals and native wildlife can be made a perceptible component of the forest scene by creating favourable habitats for birds and other small animals at roadside parks, rest areas and picnic sites. For larger species habitats should be created in glades, marshes or forest openings visible from the road. Although some Christmas trees can be obtained from thinning operations on private or public woodlands, most trees are carefully raised on Christmas tree plantations that are in many places of Cholomon. Picea abies, Abies sp. And Pinus sp. Are the evergeen coniferous that are most often cultivated for this purposes. Concerning the fauna the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of the invertebrate Syrichthus tessellum which is contained to the Presidential Decree 67/1981, the invertebrate Eppalage fatima which is refered to Heath J. 1981. Threatened Rhopalocera(butterflies) of Europe. Council of Europe, the invertebrate Maculinea alcon which is refered to IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988. 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. The protection of drangonflies (Odonata) and their biotopes. Council of Europe and the invertebrate Brenthis hecate, which is refered to Koomen P. van Helsdingen P.J. 1993. Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe. Maculinea arion, an endagered species according to the IUCN European Red List of Butterfly was found in one location. Available habitats for the species are located within the Natura 2000 area. With regards to the Odonata species occurring in the site.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA01i
LA04i
LA04o
MA04i
MA04.02o
LA04.03I
MA07i
MA07o
MA08o
MA08i
MA10.01b
MB02.02i
HC01.04o
HC01.04b
MC01.04.01o
ME01o
LE03.01i
LE03.01o
LE03.03o
MF03.01i
MF03.01b
MF03.02.03b
MJ02.06i
HJ03.01.01b
MK03.01b
MK03.06b
ML06I
ML09b
MXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA07o
MA08o
HBo
HBi
LB01i
LB02.02i
MF03.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9211.21
GR9520.15

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Polygyros Dimou Polygyrou*10.91
GR95Cholomontas Dimou Arnaias*6.45
GR95Chavria Dimou Arnaias & Panagias*2.79
GR92Perifereiaki zoni C Ethnikou Parkou ygrotopon ton limnon Koroneias - Volvis kai ton Makedonikon Tempon*11.02

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Polygyros Dimou Polygyrou*10.91
Cholomontas Dimou Arnaias*6.45
Chavria Dimou Arnaias & Panagias*2.79
Perifereiaki zoni C Ethnikou Parkou ygrotopon ton limnon Koroneias - Volvis kai ton Makedonikon Tempon*11.02

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. ARISTOTLE UNIVERSITY OF THESSALONIKI - FACULTY OF FORESTRY AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT, 2. FOREST SERVICE OF ARNAIA, 3. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKO PARKO LIMNON KORONEIAS-VOLVIS KAI MAKEDONIKON TEMPON” (~11% OF THE SITE)
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY