Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1270002

1.3 Site name

OROS ITAMOS - SITHONIA

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-11

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.835556
Latitude:40.142778

2.2 Area [ha]

18053.5800

2.3 Marine area [%]

5.4300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.00   
1120  info  X     0.00   
1160  info      980.704  0.00 
1170  info      0.00   
1240  info      23.0029  0.00 
1410  info      4.69472  0.00 
1420  info      0.307915  0.00 
2110  info      8.45339  0.00 
91E0  info  X     14.2373  0.00 
92C0  info      36.501  0.00 
9340  info      539.873  0.00 
9530  info  X     2871.67  0.00 
9540  info      12208.5  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1193Bombina variegata           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
I1083Lucanus cervus           
R1219Testudo graeca           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
M1349Tursiops truncatus                 
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula lavrensis                   
1353Canis aureus                   
1353Canis aureus                     
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
Celtis tournefortii                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1281Elaphe longissima                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1277Eryx jaculus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Genista tinctoria                   
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Malcolmia macrocalyx                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
Neotinea maculata                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus    10  500             
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus    10  500             
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus    10  500             
1256Podarcis muralis      10000             
1256Podarcis muralis      10000             
1256Podarcis muralis      10000             
1248Podarcis taurica      10000             
1248Podarcis taurica      10000             
1248Podarcis taurica      10000             
Posidonia oceanica                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N015.17
N040.05
N050.13
N157.04
N160.28
N1782.12
N184.33
N230.88

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The site is located on the north-east part of the Sithonia peninsula. The littoral zone is covered with calcareous and schistolithic plates. Beaches are not exposed to winds and particular flora develops. The sea bed declines smoothly and the Posidonia beds reach 15 m and cover a quite large area. On the rocky sea bed zones of Cystoseira (C. crinita, C. discors) grow and the sciophilus species dominate. In 1-2 m depth, populations of Cymodocea nodosa are found, where the substrate is sandy and muddy. Four important pines characterize the forest of Sithonia Peninsula. Pinus halepensis and Pinus nigra var. palassiana are the most common. There are also two less significant pines (Pinus pinea and Pinus maritima). The hardwoods are very scarce. Forest of Platanus orientalis, Alnus glutinosa, Salix sp. and Populus sp. is located primarily along the river systems. Smaller isolated units are found along swamps and streams throughout the mountainous area. At somewhat high elevations, in black pine belt, a few trees of Taxus baccata appear. The older of them has a diameter of 1,2 m and it is estimated to be 2000 years old.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site combines sea and mountain. The mountain is covered by coniferous forests, and it possesses impressive landscape features including steep slopes, rock formations, streams and unique species of flora and fauna. This is an important area for breeding birds of prey. The bay of Vourvourou is an area of great habitat variety. Cystoseira communities form zones in the sublittoral zone (typical vegetation-zonation of Mediterranean). Skiophilous species of Rhodophyceae dominate the area. Posidonia beds do not reveal particular degradation and present a high density population forming an important congregation with rich flora and fauna. The gum that flows from wounded pines is used in naval stores production to make resin and turpentine. Formerly the raw gum was burned to make the pitch and tar used in shipbuilding (and thus it is called naval stored). Today the principal products are turpentine, which comes from distillation of the crud gum and resin which is the residue. The area is very popular. The rock formations on the south and west part of peninsula are perceptible component of the forest scene by creating favourable habitats for birds and small animals at roadside parks, rest areas, and picnic sites and for larger species in glades, marshes or forest openings visible for the road.Concerning the wild growning plants the quality of the site is indicated by the occurrence of other important taxa. There have also been recorded ten reptile species and two amphibians of Annex IV.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA01o
HA04o
MA04i
MA08o
LA08i
LA09i
MA09o
MD01.01i
MD01.02I
LD02.01i
LD03.02o
LD03.02i
LE01I
LE01.03i
ME03.01i
LE03.01i
LE06.01I
LE06.02I
HF01.01i
MF02b
LF02.03i
MF02.03.03b
HF03.01I
HF03.02.03I
MG01.01o
HG02.08o
HG05.07b
LG05.07I
MH01i
MH01.03i
LH01.05b
MH03.01b
HH03.03b
LI01b
MI02b
MI03.01I
MJ01i
HJ01o
HJ03.01b
MJ03.01.01I
HK03.06I
ML09i
HM01.01b
HM02.01b
MXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
LA01i
LA08i
MA08o
MA09o
LA09i
MD01.01i
LD03.02o
LE03.01i
MJ01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9548.07

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dragoudeliou kai Karra Dimon Sithonias kai Toronis*48.07

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dragoudeliou kai Karra Dimon Sithonias kai Toronis*48.07

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:FOREST SERVICE OF POLYGYROS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY