Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1270003

1.3 Site name

CHERSONISOS ATHOS

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1999-10
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:24.196667
Latitude:40.278333

2.2 Area [ha]

33426.4300

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR12Kentriki Makedonia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1210  info      34.2674  0.00 
1410  info      14.0422  0.00 
5210  info      0.00         
5230  info  X     0.00         
5420  info      1269.43  0.00 
6170  info      6.28176  0.00 
8140  info      80.5703  0.00 
8210  info      475.03  0.00 
9110  info      61.3625  0.00 
9180  info  X     0.00         
91E0  info  X     42.065  0.00 
9260  info      7010.59  0.00 
9270  info      679.563  0.00 
9280  info      3515.47  0.00 
92D0  info      0.00         
9310  info      0.00         
9340  info      1362.23  0.00 
9350  info      0.00         
9530  info  X     1.98722  0.00 
9540  info      7441.45  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
P4080Centaurea immanuelis-loewii    grids5x5     
P1799Centaurea peucedanifolia    400  600   
I1084Osmoderma eremita           
P1463Silene orphanidis    60  100   
P1590Viola delphinantha                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Aethionema orbiculatum                   
Aethionema orbiculatum                   
Allium chamaespathum                   
Anthemis sibthorpii                   
Arabis bryoides                   
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi                   
Asperula aristata ssp. nestia                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Astragalus thracicus ssp. monochorum                   
Atropa bella-donna                   
Aubrieta erubescens                   
Aubrieta erubescens                   
Beta nana                   
Campanula lavrensis                   
1353Canis aureus    12    Family group           
1353Canis aureus    12    Family group             
Centaurea pannosa                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera damasonium                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Cephalanthera longifolia                   
Colchicum doerfleri                   
Convallaria majalis                   
Corydalis integra                   
Cyclamen persicum                   
Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus                   
Digitalis leucophaea                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Erysimum drenowskii                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Fritillaria euboeica                   
Fritillaria euboeica                   
Fritillaria euboeica                   
Fritillaria graeca                   
1771Helichrysum sibthorpii                   
1771Helichrysum sibthorpii                   
1771Helichrysum sibthorpii                   
Heracleum humile                   
Hypericum athoum                   
Isatis tinctoria ssp. athoa                   
Limodorum abortivum                   
Linum leucanthum                   
Linum olympicum ssp. athoum                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
Neotinea maculata                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Neottia nidus-avis                   
Ophioglossum vulgatum                   
Osmunda regalis                   
Oxytropis purpurea                   
Platanthera bifolia                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Platanthera chlorantha                   
Poa thessala                   
Polygonum icaricum                   
Saxifraga juniperifolia ssp. sancta                   
Silene echinosperma                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia                   
Sorbus chamaemespilus                   
Stachys leucoglossa                   
Thymus thracicus                   
Valeriana alliariifolia                   
1588Viola athois                   
1588Viola athois                   
1588Viola athois                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0829.70
N112.08
N1624.38
N1710.03
N1820.42
N216.25
N224.76
N232.38

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Athos peninsula is located on the south-east part of Chalkidiki. It is an area self –governed by the Holy Community and access has been under control since the 9th century AD, because of the monasteries. The peninsula is a large area of forest, mostly broadleaved (mainly Castanea sativa, Quercus sp., Fagus sp.), but some coniferous forests also exist (Pinus halepensis, P. nigra and Abies pseudocilicica), along with mixed forests, maquis and alluvial forests along streams. The top of the mountain is with many bare and rocky ridges and peaks. The quality of chestnut wood has made it a favourite species to the monastic community for over a thousand years. Maquis extends its dominance over a wide area on the northern part of the peninsula providing habitat for species. It includes at least a dozen of evergreen sclerophyllous shrubs with varying degrees of dominance and importance, which may occur in many combinations but which invariably form low, dense thickets. The most important and prevailing species are Erica manipuliflora and Quercus coccifera.

4.2 Quality and importance

Athos peninsula contains well preserved forests, home to one the most ancient monastic communities of the world, which carefully manages the forest by implementing all rules of sustainable forestry and management of natural resources. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi, Atropa bella - donna, Cephalanthera damasonium, Convallaria majalis, Dianthus petraeus ssp. orbelicus, Platanthera bifolia, Platanthera chlorantha, Poa thessala, Sorbus chamaemespilus (motivation D) are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree (67/1981). Heracleum humile, Saxifraga juniperifolia ssp. sancta, Ophioglossum vulgatum (motivation D) are rare in Greece and/or reach their extreme distribution limits in Northern Greece. Thymus thracicus finds its main distribution area in the Balkan Peninsula extending also to Turkey. The host plant of Zerynthia polyxena (new addition) is mainly found in southwestern part of the site, but further investigation is needed in the northern part of Athos Peninsula. Its presence is recorded on the basis of bibliography.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04.02i
MA10.01b
LBi
LB01.02b
LE01.03i
LE03.01i
ML09i
ML09b
MXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LBi
LB01.02b
LD01.01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
IN05100.00

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR07Perioches prostasias tis fysis ZPFP1 kai ZPFP2 Dimou Stageirou Akanthou*0.05

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Perioches prostasias tis fysis ZPFP1 kai ZPFP2 Dimou Stageirou Akanthou*0.05

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF CHALKIDIKI, 2. THE HOLY COMMUNITY OF MOUNT ATHOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY