Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR1310002

1.3 Site name

VALIA KALNTA KAI TECHNITI LIMNI AOOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1987-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.342222
Latitude:39.169444

2.2 Area [ha]

14459.9000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR13Dytiki Makedonia
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA223Aegolius funereus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA256Anthus trivialis           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
BA404Aquila heliaca                   
BA089Aquila pomarina                   
BA215Bubo bubo                   
BA087Buteo buteo    18  22   
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA030Ciconia nigra     
BA080Circaetus gallicus             
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos           
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus           
BA236Dryocopus martius    32  37   
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA101Falco biarmicus                   
BA100Falco eleonorae                   
BA657Fringilla coelebs           
BA252Hirundo daurica           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA246Lullula arborea    70  90     
BA280Monticola saxatilis           
BA262Motacilla alba           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
BA319Muscicapa striata           
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA214Otus scops           
BA072Pernis apivorus                   
BA273Phoenicurus ochruros           
BA274Phoenicurus phoenicurus           
BA315Phylloscopus collybita           
BA241Picoides tridactylus           
BA234Picus canus           
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA770Sylvia cantillans           
BA309Sylvia communis           
BA308Sylvia curruca           
BA285Turdus philomelos           
BA282Turdus torquatus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
1193Bombina variegata                   
1193Bombina variegata                   
1193Bombina variegata                   
1193Bombina variegata                   
Bornmuellera baldaccii ssp. rechingeri                   
Bornmuellera tymphaea                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Centaurea vlachorum                   
Cerastium vourinense                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
1293Elaphe situla                   
1293Elaphe situla                   
1293Elaphe situla                   
1293Elaphe situla                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
A096Falco tinnunculus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
Leptoplax emarginata                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
1355Lutra lutra    grids5x5           
1355Lutra lutra    grids5x5           
1355Lutra lutra    grids5x5           
1355Lutra lutra    grids5x5           
1361Lynx lynx                   
1361Lynx lynx                   
1361Lynx lynx                   
1361Lynx lynx                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
1307Myotis blythii                   
1307Myotis blythii                   
1307Myotis blythii                   
1307Myotis blythii                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
Peucedanum stridii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1311Pipistrellus savii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Podospermum roseum subsp. peristericum                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
1213Rana temporaria                     
A317Regulus regulus                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Silene haussknechtii                   
Silene parnassica subsp. pindicola                   
Silene parnassica subsp. pindicola                   
Talpa caeca                   
Talpa caeca                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
1217Testudo hermanni                   
Thlaspi epirotum                   
Thlaspi epirotum                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Viola albanica                   
Viola dukadjinica                   
Viola epirota                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1298Vipera ursinii                   
1298Vipera ursinii                   
1298Vipera ursinii                   
1298Vipera ursinii                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N065.46
N0832.12
N0923.80
N1612.45
N1719.03
N197.14
N210.01

Total Habitat Cover

100.00999999999997

Other Site Characteristics

Ethnikos Drymos Pindou (Pindos National Park) is a representative part of the Pindos mountain range and one of the greatest and most significant parks in Greece, situated on an isolated mountainous area of SW Macedonia in the northeastern part of the Pindos mountain range. It was established in 1966 and is characterized by dense forests of Pinus nigra and Fagus sylvatica, rocky ridges, high peaks (c. 2000 m), permanent, rapid streams, many springs and mountain lakes. The site's area includes the core zone of the park which covers the greatest part of the Valia Kalda valley and the slopes of the surrounding peaks. These peaks form a horseshoe round Valia Kalda leaving an opening westwards. Two small mountain streams, those of Salatoura and Zesto Rema, begin from the valley joining a larger stream called Arkoudorema, which is a tributary of the River Aoos. Also, several other small mountain streams, from the southern slopes of the valley, flow in Arkoudorema. Furthermore, three small mountain lakes exist in the area. The first one, named Lakkos, is situated at an altitude of 1750 m, on the west of the pass Diaselo Stavros and two others north of the Flega peak at an altitude of about 1930 m. The Pinus nigra forest is the dominant vegetation type in the area, beginning from Arkoudorema at 1300 m and reaching up to 1700 m. The Fagus sylvatica forest covers the northern slopes up to 1800 m. Very remarkable is the presence of Pinus heldreichii growing from 1500 m to the peaks, usually present in solitary individuals. The dry places and the lower parts of the valley are characterized by the domination of Buxus sempervirens. Among the trees of Pinus nigra and Fagus sylvatica some individuals of Abies borisii-regis are scattered.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area is a refuge for many plant and animal species. Regarding birds, there are significant populations of woodpecker species such as the Black, Grey and White-backed Woodpecker, as well as Black Storks, Golden Eagles and Woodlarks. The most important places for the gathering of rare plants are the northern slopes of the peaks of Aftia, Flega and Kapetan Kleidi. All the above places are very steep and difficult for grazing animals. Therefore in the area the natural regeneration of the forest is progressing normally and many rare plants are conserved. The serpentine soil, which is dominant in the area of the Pindos National Park favours the growing of rare Pindos endemic plant species (listed in section 3.3 with motivation B) such as Bornmuellera baldacii subsp. rechingeri, B. tymphaea, Silene pindicola and Centaurea vlachorum. Other species occurring here and being endemic to Greece are listed in sections 3.3 and 3.4 with motivation B. Many interesting plants endemic to the Balkan peninsula (listed in sections 3.3 and 3.4 with motivation D) also occur in the area. These are: Abies borisii-regis, Aesculus hippocastanum (the individuals of which must be protected), Alyssum smolikanum, Campanula hawkinsiana, Dianthus deltoides subsp. degenii, Thymus stojanovii, Pinus heldreichii, Soldanella pindicola, Trifolium pilzii (only locality in Greece), Viola albanica, and Viola dukadjinica (the southernmost site of this species in the Balkan peninsula), Onosma stellulata (recently discovered in Greece) (motivation D). Hieracium waldsteinii, Allium phtioticum, Dianthus integer subsp. minutiflorus. Aesculus hippocastanum, Campanula hawkinsiana (motivation D) since they are protected by the Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Also, additionally receiving the same motivation are. Pinus heldreichii in the area (section 3.3 with motivation D). This locality is the southernmost distribution site for the species in Europe and the single site on the Pindos range. We should also mention the occurrence of a) Geum coccineum, growing on the mountains of the Balkan peninsula and N. Anatolia, the presence of which in Greece is the southernmost site of this species in the Balkans (motivation D) b) Atropa belladona, listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (motivation D), c) Potentilla geoides which has a distribution in Greece and Crimea (motivation D) d) Jovibarba heuffelii, occurring in the eastern Carpathiansand the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula (motivation D). The extensive, dense coniferous and beech forests of this park are one of the most important habitats of the brown bear in Greece. As it was also mentioned for the brown bear in the Vikos-Aoos National Park, the Pindos bear population is the southernmost in Europe, separated from all European conspecific ones.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
LA05.02i
MBi
HD01.05i
LF02.03i
LF03.01i
MF03.02.03b
MF04.02b
MJ02.12i
MJ03.01.01b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0545.29
GR9535.02
GR96173.45
IN0121.51
IN0650.64

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR05Pindos+21.51
GR08Zones Ia, Ib kai Ic Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*33.10
GR92Perifereiakes zones P1, P2, P3 kai P4 Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*5.74
GR96Ethniko Parko Pindou*94.18
GR95Metsovo-Chrysovitsa-Grevenitio*20.75
GR95Flampourario-Vovousa+9.03
GR95Kyra Kali-Trypimeni (Monastiriou-Kranias)*5.24
GR11Pindos*23.78

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pindos+21.51
Zones Ia, Ib kai Ic Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*33.10
Perifereiakes zones P1, P2, P3 kai P4 Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*5.74
Ethniko Parko Pindou*94.18
Metsovo-Chrysovitsa-Grevenitio*20.75
Flampourario-Vovousa+9.03
Kyra Kali-Trypimeni (Monastiriou-Kranias)*5.24
Pindos*23.78

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF GREVENA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKO PARKO VOREIAS PINDOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY