Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1310003

1.3 Site name

ETHNIKOS DRYMOS PINDOU (VALIA KALNTA) - EVRΥTERI PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-12

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.121111
Latitude:39.901111

2.2 Area [ha]

6724.6900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR13Dytiki Makedonia
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      845.139  0.00   
62A0  info      140.28  0.00   
9130  info      1139.45  0.00   
9530  info  X     2099.84  0.00   
95A0  info      2462.76  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5261Barbus balcanicus           
F5095Barbus prespensis           
A1193Bombina variegata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1361Lynx lynx           
M1307Myotis blythii           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1298Vipera ursinii           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A619Accipiter gentilis gentilis                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A633Accipiter nisus                   
A223Aegolius funereus                   
A223Aegolius funereus                   
A223Aegolius funereus                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
A247Alauda arvensis                   
A247Alauda arvensis                   
2500Alburnoides bipunctatus                   
2500Alburnoides bipunctatus                   
2500Alburnoides bipunctatus                   
Anguis fragilis                   
Anguis fragilis                   
A255Anthus campestris                   
A255Anthus campestris                   
A256Anthus trivialis                   
A256Anthus trivialis                   
A091Aquila chrysaetos                   
A091Aquila chrysaetos                   
A091Aquila chrysaetos                   
A404Aquila heliaca                   
A404Aquila heliaca                   
A404Aquila heliaca                   
A089Aquila pomarina                   
A089Aquila pomarina                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Bornmuellera baldaccii ssp. rechingeri                   
Bornmuellera tymphaea                   
A215Bubo bubo                   
A215Bubo bubo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
A087Buteo buteo                   
A087Buteo buteo                   
A087Buteo buteo                   
2644Capreolus capreolus                   
2644Capreolus capreolus                   
A224Caprimulgus europaeus                   
A224Caprimulgus europaeus                   
Centaurea vlachorum                   
Cerastium vourinense                   
A030Ciconia nigra                   
A030Ciconia nigra                   
A030Ciconia nigra                   
A080Circaetus gallicus                   
A080Circaetus gallicus                   
A080Circaetus gallicus                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
A373Coccothraustes coccothraustes                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
A738Delichon urbicum (urbica)                   
A738Delichon urbicum (urbica)                   
A239Dendrocopos leucotos                   
A239Dendrocopos leucotos                   
A238Dendrocopos medius                   
A238Dendrocopos medius                   
A429Dendrocopos syriacus                   
A429Dendrocopos syriacus                   
A236Dryocopus martius                   
A236Dryocopus martius                   
A447Emberiza caesia                   
A447Emberiza caesia                   
A447Emberiza caesia                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A376Emberiza citrinella                   
A379Emberiza hortulana                   
A379Emberiza hortulana                   
A269Erithacus rubecula                   
A269Erithacus rubecula                   
A269Erithacus rubecula                   
A101Falco biarmicus                   
A101Falco biarmicus                   
A101Falco biarmicus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
A657Fringilla coelebs                   
A657Fringilla coelebs                   
A657Fringilla coelebs                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
A360Fringilla montifringilla                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
A252Hirundo daurica                   
A252Hirundo daurica                   
A251Hirundo rustica                   
A251Hirundo rustica                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
A233Jynx torquilla                   
A233Jynx torquilla                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
A338Lanius collurio                   
A338Lanius collurio                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
A655Lanius excubitor meridionalis                   
Leptoplax emarginata                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
A246Lullula arborea                   
A246Lullula arborea                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
A280Monticola saxatilis                   
A280Monticola saxatilis                   
A280Monticola saxatilis                   
A262Motacilla alba                   
A262Motacilla alba                   
A262Motacilla alba                   
A261Motacilla cinerea                   
A261Motacilla cinerea                   
A319Muscicapa striata                   
A319Muscicapa striata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
A277Oenanthe oenanthe                   
A277Oenanthe oenanthe                   
A277Oenanthe oenanthe                   
A214Otus scops                   
A214Otus scops                   
A214Otus scops                   
A072Pernis apivorus                   
A072Pernis apivorus                   
A072Pernis apivorus                   
Peucedanum stridii                   
A273Phoenicurus ochruros                   
A273Phoenicurus ochruros                   
A273Phoenicurus ochruros                   
A274Phoenicurus phoenicurus                   
A274Phoenicurus phoenicurus                   
A274Phoenicurus phoenicurus                   
A315Phylloscopus collybita                   
A315Phylloscopus collybita                   
A241Picoides tridactylus                   
A241Picoides tridactylus                   
A234Picus canus                   
A234Picus canus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Podospermum roseum subsp. peristericum                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
A266Prunella modularis                   
A346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax                   
A346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax                   
A346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
A317Regulus regulus                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Silene haussknechtii                   
Silene parnassica subsp. pindicola                   
Silene parnassica subsp. pindicola                   
A210Streptopelia turtur                   
A210Streptopelia turtur                   
A770Sylvia cantillans                   
A770Sylvia cantillans                   
A309Sylvia communis                   
A309Sylvia communis                   
A308Sylvia curruca                   
A308Sylvia curruca                   
Talpa caeca                   
Talpa caeca                   
Thlaspi epirotum                   
Thlaspi epirotum                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
A333Tichodroma muraria                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
A285Turdus philomelos                   
A285Turdus philomelos                   
A282Turdus torquatus                   
A282Turdus torquatus                   
A282Turdus torquatus                   
Verbascum epixanthinum                   
Viola albanica                   
Viola dukadjinica                   
Viola epirota                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.17
N0813.13
N092.59
N1610.81
N1773.29
N220.01

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

Ethnikos Drymos Pindou (Pindos National Park) is a representative part of the Pindos mountain range and one of the greatest and most significant parks in Greece, situated on an isolated mountainous area of SW Macedonia in the northeastern part of the Pindos mountain range. It was established in 1966 and is characterized by dense forests of Pinus nigra and Fagus sylvatica, rocky ridges, high peaks (c. 2000 m), permanent, rapid streams, many springs and mountain lakes. The core zone includes the greatest part of the Valia Kalda valley and the slopes of the surrounding peaks. These peaks form a horseshoe round Valia Kalda leaving an opening westwards. Two small mountain streams, those of Salatoura and Zesto Rema, begin from the valley joining a larger stream called Arkoudorema, which is a tributary of the River Aoos. Also, several other small mountain streams, from the southern slopes of the valley, flow in Arkoudorema. Furthermore, three small mountain lakes exist in the area. The first one, named Lakkos, is situated at an altitude of 1750 m, on the west of the pass Diaselo Stavros and two others north of the Flega peak at an altitude of about 1930 m. The Pinus nigra forest is the dominant vegetation type in the area, beginning from Arkoudorema at 1300 m and reaching up to 1700 m. The Fagus sylvatica forest covers the northern slopes up to 1800 m. Very remarkable is the presence of Pinus heldreichii growing from 1500 m to the peaks, usually present in solitary individuals. The dry places and the lower parts of the valley are characterized by the domination of Buxus sempervirens. Among the trees of Pinus nigra and Fagus sylvatica some individuals of Abies borisii-regis are scattered.

4.2 Quality and importance

The area is a refuge for many plant and animal species. The most important places for the gathering of rare plants are the northern slopes of the peaks of Aftia, Flega and Kapetan Kleidi. Equally important are the western slopes of the peak Kakoplevri and especially the locality "Koufala" which is out of the core. All the above places are very steep and difficult for grazing animals. Therefore in the area the natural regeneration of the forest is progressing normally and many rare plants are conserved. The serpentine soil, which is dominant in the area of the Pindos National Park, favours the growing of rare Pindos endemic plant taxa (listed in section 3.3 with motivation B) such as Bornmuellera baldacii subsp. Rechingeri, B. Tymphaea, Silene pindicola. Other species occurring here and being endemic to Greece are listed in section 3.3 with motivation B. Of them, Allyssum heldreichii, Cerastium vourinense, Silene pindicola and Thlaspi epirotum are listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 as well as in the WCMC Plants Database under the category "Rare"; Fritillaria and Scorzonera purpurea subsp. Peristerica are listed in the WCMC Plant Database as "Rare". Silene haussknechtii is included in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981, and in the WCMC Plants Database as "Vulnerable". Many interesting plants endemic to the Balkan peninsula (listed in section 3.3 with motivation D) also occur in the area. These are: Abies borisiiregis, Aesculus hippocastanum (the individuals of which must be protected), Alyssum smolikanum and Gymnadenia frivaldii (two very rare species), Campanula hawkinsiana, Dianthus deltoides subsp. Degenii, Dianthus haematocalyx subsp. Pindicola, Lilium carniolicum subsp. Albanicum (=L. albanicum), Anthemis arvensis subsp. Cyllenea, Thymus stojanovii, Dianthus cruentus, Euphorbia glabriflora, Pinus heldreichii, Helleborus cyclophyllus, Herniaria parnassica subsp. Parnassica, Festuca koritnicensis, Linum hologynum, Thymus teucrioides subsp. Alpinus, Soldanella pindicola, Stachys scardica, Trifolium pilzii (only locality in Greece), Viola albanica, and Viola dukadjinica (the southernmost site of this species in the Balkan peninsula), Viola epirota and Onosma stellulata (recently discovered in Greece). Myosotis alpestris subsp. Suaveolens, Plantago media subsp. Pindica, Helictotrichon aetolicum, Hieracium waldsteinii, Allium phtioticum, Polygala alpestris subsp. Croatica, Arenaria conferta subsp. Serpentinii, Campanula tymphaea, Saxifraga rotundifolia subsp. Taygeta, Crepis viscidula subsp. Geracioides, Dianthus integer subsp. Minutiflorus, Viola aetolica, Aubrieta scardica, Scorzonera purpurea subsp. Rosea, Silene schwarzenbergeri, Thlaspi typmphaeum (which has a disjunct distribution in Greece and S. Albania), Trifolium pignantii, Trinia glauca subsp. Pindica, Carum graecum subsp. Serpentinicum and Galium oreophilum. Aesculus hippocastanum, Alyssum smolikanum, Lilium carniolicum subsp. Albanicum (=L. albanicum) and Campanula hawkinsiana additionaly receive the motivation D since they are protected by the Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Also, additionally receiving the same motivation are Silene schwarzenbergeri and Scorzonera doriae since they are listed in the WCMC Plants Database as "Rare". Pinguicula crystallina subsp. Hirtiflora (=P.hirtiflora), which is included in the Bern Convention, is listed in section 3.3 with motivation C. Also, Aesculus hippocastanum, Alyssum smolikanum, Lilium carniolicum subsp. Albanicum (=L. albanicum) and Campanula hawsinsiana additionally receive motivation D as they are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.The presence of Pinus heldreichii in the area, as well as the presence of some small stands of Pinus sylvestris at the locality "Kokkina Pefka" (place Zioga of Valia Kalda) is also very important (section 3.3 with motivation D). Each stand of P. sylvestris consists of some individuals scattered among the trees of Pinus nigra. This locality is the southernmost distribution site for the species in Europe and the single site on the Pindos range. We should also mention the occurrence of a) Geum coccineum, growing on the mountains of the Balkan peninsula and N. Anatolia, the presence of which in Greece is the southernmost site of this species in the Balkans; b) Atropa belladona, listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981, c) Potentilla geoides which has a widely disjunct distribution in Greece and Crimea, d) Jovibarba heuffelii, occurring in the eastern Carpathians and the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula. All the above taxa are listed in section 3.3 with motivation D. Furthermore, we must note the sporadic presence of Taxus baccata, Ilex aquifolium, Quercus pedunculiflora, Q.cerris, Fraxinus ornus, Ostrya carpinifolia, Populus alba and Platanus orientalis. The zoological significance of this site is clear because of the occurrence of species listed in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Among them the brown bear, Ursus arctos, is a priority species of the Directive. The extensive, dense coniferous and beech forests of this park are one of the most important habitats of the brown bear in Greece. As it was also mentioned for the brown bear in the Vikos-Aoos National Park, the Pindos bear population is the southernmost in Europe, separated from all European conspecific ones. The occurrence of Lynx lynx in the area is another strong indication of the importance of this site, since Lynx lynx is a very rare, cryptic species characterized by a patchy distribution in all southeastern Europe. The Chamois Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica, a Balkan endemic, occupies the northern slopes of the peaks of Aftia, Flega and Kapetan Kleidi and the western slopes of the peak Kakopleuri, which are very steep and rocky; it also lives in areas with beech forests. The population density fluctuates between 3-5 and even 20 individuals/100 ha. Depending on the habitat productivity. The three small rivers crossing the area of the park have very clear water and are the well conserved habitat of the otter Lutra lutra. Among the 25 non-bird vertebrate taxa characterized as Other Important Species (section 3.3), six are threatened in Greece and are included in the Greek Red Data Book under the categories "Endangered" (the bat species Nyctalus noctula, P. pipistrellus, P. savii), "Vulnerable" (the wolf Canis lupus and the Roe Deer C. capreolus) and "Insufficiently Known" (the mole Talpa caeca). All taxa of sections 3.3 except the mole Talpa caeca, are mentioned in the Bern Convention's list and are therefore given motivation C. Additionally, the same motivation is given to the Wildcat Felis silvestris and the wolf Canis lupus, since they are included in the animals of the CITES Convention. Most of them are also protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (the exceptions concern the taxa Rana temporaria, Vipera ammodytes, Lepus europaeus, Martes foina, M. meles, Felis silvestris, Sus scrofa, C. capreolus and Canis lupus). Moreover, the taxa Coronella austriaca, Natrix tessellata, Nyctalus noctula, Pipistrellus savii, Felis silvestris and Canis lupus, are already evaluated by the CORINEBiotopes Project. Canis lupus is also mentioned in the 1988 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals and in the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants (UNEP). The Edible Dormouse Glis g. pindicus is a Balkan endemic, the frog Rana temporaria has the southernmost end of its European distribution in this site, and the hare Lepus europaeus and the wildcat Felis silvestris are generally rare animals in Greece. For all the above-mentioned reasons, the relevant taxa are allocated the D motivation. Finally, the occurrence of a very diverse and abundant avifauna justifies the listing of this site among the EC Important Bird Areas. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica is protected by the national legislation with PD 67/81 and included in Annex IV of the 92/43/EC and Annex I of the international Berne Convention. The species is also included in the Greek Red Data Book of endangered animals.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
LA04.03I
LA05.02i
MA10.01b
MBi
MD01.02o
MD01.02b
HD01.05i
LF02.01.01i
LF02.01.02i
LF02.03i
LF03.01i
MF03.01o
HF03.02.03o
MF03.02.03b
LF03.02.03i
LF03.02.05i
MF04.02b
HF05.04b
HF05.04I
LG02.02b
MG05.11o
MJ02i
MJ03.01.01b
MJ03.02o
HK03.06b
ML09b
LUb
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.02o
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0546.12
GR0869.06
GR1144.61
GR9528.10
GR96100.00
IN0146.12

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR05Pindos+46.12
GR08Zones Ia, Ib kai Ic Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*69.06
GR96Ethniko Parko Pindou-100.00
GR95Metsovo-Chrysovitsa-Grevenitio*4.29
GR95Flampourario-Vovousa*17.99
GR95Kyra Kali-Trypimeni (Monastiriou-Kranias)*5.81
GR11Pindos*44.61

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Pindos+46.12
Zones Ia, Ib kai Ic Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*69.06
Ethniko Parko Pindou-100.00
Metsovo-Chrysovitsa-Grevenitio*4.29
Flampourario-Vovousa*17.99
Kyra Kali-Trypimeni (Monastiriou-Kranias)*5.81
Pindos*44.61

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF GREVENA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKO PARKO VOREIAS PINDOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY