Database release:

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)



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1.1 Type


1.2 Site code


1.3 Site name


1.4 First Compilation date


1.5 Update date


1.6 Respondent:

Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)


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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:


2.2 Area [ha]


2.3 Marine area [%]


2.4 Sitelength [km]:


2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR24Sterea Ellada

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)


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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      0.00   
5210  info      0.00   
6170  info      0.00   
8210  info      0.00   
9270  info      0.00   
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
A1193Bombina variegata           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
A1167Triturus carnifex           
M1354Ursus arctos       
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)


Population in the site


Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Acantholimon echinus ssp. lycaonicum                   
Allium phthioticum                   
Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica                   
Asperula oetaea                   
Bornmuellera baldaccii ssp. rechingeri                   
Capreolus capreolus                   
Cirsium heldreichii                   
Dactylorhiza baumanniana                   
Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus                   
Erysimum cephalonicum                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Geranium humbertii                   
Helianthemum hymettium                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1328Nyctalus lasiopterus                   
1057Parnassius apollo                   
Poa thessala                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Pyrgus alveus                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1213Rana temporaria                   
Rosa arvensis                   
Salamandra salamandra                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Scorzonera purpurea ssp. peristerica                   
Sedum apoleipon                   
Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa                   
Trifolium parnassi                   
Veronica thymifolia                   
Viola chelmea                   
Viola eximia                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons


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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover

Total Habitat Cover


Other Site Characteristics

The site of Agrafa is situated at the region of Southern Pindos. The spine of the site is formed by two steep sided mountain summits, Voutsikaki and Avgo, reaching up to 2154 and 2163 m, respectively. The northern half of the site belongs to the prefecture of Karditsa and the southern to the prefecture of Evrytania. The site is divided into two parts each half belongs to the on of the two later perfectures. The mountain range of Pindos consists mainly of flyschs and plaques of limestone. Most of the habitat types within the site are typical of the central greek mountainous area. Coniferous woodlands are widely distributed on the high and cold mountains of Pindos. In Agrafa, the dominant coniferous species forming pure forests is Abies borisii regis (described by habitat type 9270), which is an hybrid of Abies alba and Abies cephalonica, very well adapted to the cold climatic conditions. The rest of the habitat types in section 3.1 correspond to: endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths of the lower alpine zone -Eryngio-Bromion, with Marrubium thessalum and Festuca varia- and of the upper alpine zone -Astragalo-Seslerion, with Astragalus angustofolius- (4090); Juniperus oxycedrus arborescent matorral (5211); greek stripped grasslands of the alpine and subalpine levels of calcareous mountains (6173); and calcareous cliffs of Pindus, with the alliance Gallion degenii, association Achillea pindicola ssp. pindicola (Achillea clavenae) and Minuartia stellata var. epirota (Quezel 1967) (8219).

4.2 Quality and importance

The site's character is typical of the mountainous zone of Greece with representative habitats and species of the subalpine and alpine zone. A main element of its quality and importance is the plentitude of balkan endemic, greek endemic and local endemic plants (for example, species endemic to the range of Pindus, such as Asperula oetea, Viola chelmea and Achillea pindicola ssp. pindicola). This high degree of endemism derives from the geomorphology of the site and from the relative isolation and height (often above the tree-line), which lead to an interesting and often unique mountain flora. The alpine and subalpine zone biotopes of the site constitute the habitats of rare species and their protection is necessary for the conservation of the valuable mountain flora. Remarkable components of the mountainous landscape are the plateaus and the dry calcareous rocks and screes; the latter are typical habitats of endemic chasmophytes. It must be mentioned, as well, that snow covers the summits until April or early May, and snow patches remain often until July. The formations of Abies borisii-regis are at a very good conservation status.Moreover the presence of mammals, which are in need of protection like wolves and bears or the birds of prey gives to the particular site of Agrafa an additional worth for the protection of wild fauna on the greek mountains.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DPlants: The endemic species Asperula oetea and Scorzonera rhodantha have a very limited natural distribution at world level. They are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993), characterised as rare and protected by the Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/1981). In addition, Rosa arvensis is included in IUCN Red Data List (1993) as an endangered species, at the World level. Balkan endemicThe endemic species Thymus dolopicus, Sesleria vaginalis, Veronica thymifolia, Isoetes heldreichi and Helianthemum hymettium are protected by the Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/1981). In addition the local endemic species Isoetes heldreichi is included in European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants as an indeterminate species. Scutellaria rupestris ssp. adenotricha is a species almost confined to Greece (just extending to S Albania).Acantholimon echinus ssp. lycaonicum is a species with distribution in Greece Albania and Turkey. Linum punctatum ssp. pycnophyllum occurs in two disjunct areas, SE Turkey and Greece.The folowing species are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Allium phthioticum (rare), Linum aroanium (rare), Sideritis perfoliata ssp. perfoliata (rare). These species are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Geranium humbertii, Scabiosa taygetea ssp. taygetea are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Viola eximia, Festuca koritnicensis are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as rare.Note: The IUCN characterizations given concern the plant’s status in Greece.Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica, Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus, Erysimum cephalonicum (E. pusillum ssp. cephalonicum, Poa thessala, Silene radicosa ssp. radicosa, Alchemilla heterotricha, Anthemis arvensis ssp. cyllenea, Arenaria conferta ssp. serpentini, Astragalus creticus ssp. rumelicus, Campanula spatulata ssp. spatulata, Cerastium decalvans, Geocaryum pindicolum, Helleborus cyclophyllus, Sideritis raeseri ssp. raeseri, Silene caesia, Viola aetolica, Hieracium parnassi, Lilium albanicum, Dianthus viscidus, Erysimum pusillum ssp. microstylum, Carum graecum ssp. graecum, Sesleria tenerrima, Nepeta spruneri, Ornithogalum oligophyllum are balkan endemics.Valantia aprica and Viola tricolor ssp. macedonica are balkan endemic (Greece, Albania)Amphibians: Hyla arborea is included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC and CORINE-Checklist and it is strictly protected by II Bern Convention. Rana graeca is also included in the above Annex. Salamandra salamandra and Triturus alpestris ssp. veluchiensis are included in Annex III of the Bern convention. All these amphibians are protected by the Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/1981).Mammals: Sciurus vulgaris is included in Annex III of Bern Convention; Nyctalus lasiopterus is included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC and in the CORINE-Checklist of threatened species, while it is characterised as an endangered and strictly protected species (Annex II of the Bern Convention). Both of them are protected by the Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/1981).Reptiles: Podarcis muralis is included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC; it is strictly protected (Annex II of the Bern Convention) and is also protected by the Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Vipera ammodytes is listed in Annex IV of the EEC Directive 92/43 and is strictly protected by the Bern Convention (Annex II).Invertebrates: The species Pyrgus alveus is a threatened and rare species in Europe (Heath J, 1981 and J.S. Dabrowski). The species Parnassius apollo is: strictly protected (Annex II of the Bern Convention), characterized as an important (Koomen P. and P.J. van Helsdingen), rare (IUCN, 1988) and threatened (CORINE-Checklist, Heath J., 1981 and J.S. Dabrowski) species in Europe and included in CITES. Both Parnassius apollo and Anthocharis gruneri are protected by the Greek law (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Spialia phlomidis is an important species (R. F. Bretherton, 1970).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

4.5 Documentation

1) Archives of the Hellenic Zoological Society. (3.2.c, 3.3.) 2) Bretherton R.F. 1970. Butterflies in central Greece. Ent. Rec. 82 (2):277-285. (3.2.d) 3) Chondropoulos B. 1989. A checklist of Greek Reptiles. II. The snakes, Herpetozoa 2 (1/2) : 3-36. 4) Clark R. J. 1989. Some notes on reptiles and amphibians from the NW Pindos Mountain, Greece. Herpetol. 14(3):99-104. 5) CORINE Information System, European Environment Agency, CORINE Biotopes, 1991. (3.2.b) 6) Goutsis G. 1972. List of Grecian butterflies: additional records (1967-1971). Entomologists Rec. J. Var. 84:145-151. (3.3) 7) Cruccitti P. Tringali L. 1986. Alcune caratteristiche dell’ erpetofauna ellenica (Amphibia-Reptilia). Conv. Zool. Ellen. Roma, pp. 4-19. (3.3) 8) Cruccitti P. Tringali L. 1986. Ecologia di Bombina variegata scabra nel Pindo (Grecia Centro-settentrionale) (Anura. Discoglossidae) Conv. Zool. Eilen. Roma p.55. (3.3) 9) Koomen P. van Helsdingen P.J. 1993. Listing of Biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates. Council of Europe T-PV (93) 43, 74 pp. (3.3) 10) Koutsaftikis A. 1974. Recent butterfly records from Greece. Entomologists Rec. J. Var. 86:15-18. (3.3, 3.4) 11) Life. 1994. Periochi Limnis Plastira. Mia pilotiki aeiforiki touristiki paremvasi. 1st Annual Report. (Region of Plastira’s Lake. A pilot everlasting touristic interposition.) 12) Ondrias S.C. 1964. Statut taxinomique actuel de rongeurs de Grece, Mammalia 25(1):22-28. 13) Pollunin O. 1987. Flowers of Greece and the Balkans. A field guide. Oxford University Press p. 592. 14) Proedriko Diatagma 67/81 (Greek Presidential decree 67/81). 15) Quezel P. 1967. La vegetation des hants sommets du Pinde et l’ Olympe de Thessalie. Vegetatio Acta-Geobotanica Vol. X IV p. 127-228. (3.1) 16) Societas Europaea. Herpetological-Mapping Committee. Atlas of European Reptiles and Amphibians. 5th Provisional Cartography. January 1992. In press. (3.2.d) 17) Strid A. & Kit Tan. 1991. Mountain Flora of Greece. Vol. 2. Edinburgh University Press. p. 974. (3.3) 18) Strid A. 1986. Mountain Flora of Greece. Vol. 1. Edinburgh University Press. p. 822. (3.3) 19) Tutin T. G. 1964-1978. Flora Europea. Cambridge University Press. (3.3) 20) Van Laar V. & Daan S. 1964. On some chiroptera from Greece. Beaufortia 10 (120):158-166. (3.4) 21) Werner F. 1938. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Griechenlands. Zoologica 35:1-117. (3.4) 22) Wettstein O.v. 1941. Die Saugermett der Agais, nebst einer Revision der Rassenkreises von Erinaceus europaeus. Annls. Naturh. Mus. Wien., 52: 245-278. (3.3) 23) Georghiou K. 1995. Checklist of Endemic, Rare and Threatened Plants of Greece. Draft. University of Athens. (3.3, 3.4, 4.2)


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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Tsouka Sakka-Asprorema+15.82

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Tsouka Sakka-Asprorema+15.82


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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:Management plans for the forests of Agrafa, Vraggianoi, Trovatou, Tridendri, Epinianoi. Management study for forest complex of Agrafa. Management of grazing.

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

No, but in preparation

6.3 Conservation measures (optional)

Management plans for the forests of Agrafa, Vraggianoi, Trovatou, Tridendri, Epinianoi. Management study for forest complex of Agrafa. Management of grazing.



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