Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1420004

1.3 Site name

KARLA – MAVROVOUNI – KEFALOVRYSO VELESTINOU – NEOCHORI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:22.831051
Latitude:35.277035

2.2 Area [ha]

46991.1500

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia
GR14Thessalia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1110  info      0.00   
1120  info  X     0.00   
1170  info      0.00   
3140  info      320.573  0.00       
6110  info  X     1938.09  0.00 
6220  info  X     58.1593  0.00 
8330  info      0.00   
91M0  info      13326.6  0.00 
9260  info      1694.85  0.00 
9280  info      1219.9  0.00 
92C0  info      200.221  0.00 
92D0  info      1.95291  0.00       
9320  info      1325.15  0.00 
9340  info      1183.19  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1103Alosa fallax           
F5256Barbus sperchiensis              Α 
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
F5307Cobitis stephanidisi             
F5309Cobitis vardarensis             
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
A402Accipiter brevipes               
A402Accipiter brevipes               
A402Accipiter brevipes               
Alburnus thessalicus                   
Alburnus thessalicus                   
Allium heldreichii      20  grids1x1           
Alyssum heldreichii      30  grids1x1           
A091Aquila chrysaetos               
A091Aquila chrysaetos               
A091Aquila chrysaetos               
A089Aquila pomarina               
A089Aquila pomarina               
A215Bubo bubo                 
A215Bubo bubo                 
A403Buteo rufinus               
A403Buteo rufinus               
A403Buteo rufinus               
Campanula incurva      10  grids1x1           
Carduus thessalus      50  grids1x1           
Cephalanthera rubra               
Cephalanthera rubra               
Cephalanthera rubra               
5605Chondrostoma vardarense                   
5605Chondrostoma vardarense                   
A030Ciconia nigra                 
A030Ciconia nigra                 
A030Ciconia nigra                 
A080Circaetus gallicus               
A080Circaetus gallicus               
A080Circaetus gallicus               
Digitalis laevigata               
A698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    130           
A698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)    130           
A697Egretta garzetta garzetta    800           
A697Egretta garzetta garzetta    800           
A101Falco biarmicus                 
A101Falco biarmicus                 
A101Falco biarmicus                 
A095Falco naumanni    100  250             
A095Falco naumanni    100  250             
A095Falco naumanni    100  250             
A709Falco peregrinus brookei                 
A709Falco peregrinus brookei                 
A092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)               
A092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)               
Knipowitschia thessala                   
Knipowitschia thessala                   
Lilium candidum               
Lilium candidum               
Limodorum abortivum               
Ophrys cornuta      10  grids1x1           
Ophrys cornuta      10  grids1x1           
Ophrys ferrum-equinum      30  grids1x1           
Ophrys ferrum-equinum      30  grids1x1           
Pachychilon macedonicum                   
Pachychilon macedonicum                   
A020Pelecanus crispus      810           
A020Pelecanus crispus      810           
A020Pelecanus crispus      810           
A019Pelecanus onocrotalus      310           
A019Pelecanus onocrotalus      310           
A019Pelecanus onocrotalus      310           
A072Pernis apivorus               
A072Pernis apivorus               
A072Pernis apivorus               
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1849Ruscus aculeatus      30  grids1x1           
Spiranthes spiralis               
Spiranthes spiralis               
Spiranthes spiralis               
5945Squalius vardarensis                   
5945Squalius vardarensis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N017.37
N050.01
N061.12
N0827.13
N094.09
N1515.00
N1639.45
N185.32
N230.51

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The region includes Mavrovouni, two water reservoirs in the former Lake Karla and source Kefalovrysso in Velestino. Mavrovouni (~ 39,000 hectares, maximum altitude 1.054 m) extends between Ossa and Pelion and is divided in Larissa and Magnesia Prefectures. It consists mainly of shales and to a lesser extent, of limestone. Roughly, the marine area covers 2% of the area, the land area covers 96%, the reservoirs cover 2%. NE side ends in cliffs of the Aegean Sea. In the higher zone covered mostly by forests of oak (Quercus particularly conferta) and in lower parts by beech and chestnut forests. Maquis covers the lower zone. In the eastern part of the mountain is very dense and dominated by holm oak (Quercus ilex). The rest of the maquis dominated by wild olive yew, the state of which has deteriorated due to intense grazing. This area is used for grazing due to the large number of livestock. Mavrovouni also includes canyons, rock formations, grasslands, bushes and farmland. In the abandoned mountain farms shows the priority habitat 6220. A significant number of currents running through the mountain, most of which dry out in summer. On the banks of the streams there are trees, alders, poplars and willows. The two reservoirs, one includes the reconstituted Carla lake ( 3800 hectares ) which incorporated the oldest reservoir ( 400 ha ) and the other near Kalamaki (200 hectares ) for the restoration of the Natural Environment and for irrigation in the former area of Lake Karla. NOTES : 1. The reed (Phragmites australis), observed in both reservoirs and not included in Annex I, could provide an additional habitat type . 2. Projects of reconstitution of Karla Lake have created reservoir about 38000 acres incorporating the old reservoir of 4000 acres. In this sense it requires again the demarcation of the area so as to integrate the whole area of the new reservoir. The region includes Mavrovouni, two water reservoirs in the former Lake Karla and spring Kefalovrysso in Velestino. Mavrovouni (~ 39,000 hectares, maximum altitude 1.054 m) extends between Ossa and Pelion and divided in Larissa and Magnesia Prefectures. It consists mainly of schists and to a lesser extent, of limestone. Roughly, the marine area covers 2% of the area, the land area covers 96% and reservoirs cover 2%. NE side ends in cliffs of the Aegean Sea. The higher zone is covered mostly by forests of oak (Quercus particularly conferta) and lower parts of beech and chestnut forests. Maquis covers the lower zone. In the eastern part of the mountain is very dense and dominated by holm oak (Quercus ilex). The rest of the maquis dominated by wild olive, a degradation as a result of intense grazing. This area is used for grazing due to the large number of livestock. Mavrovouni also includes canyons, rock formations, grasslands, bushes and farmland. In the abandoned mountain farms the priority habitat 6220 is found. A significant number of currents running through the mountain, most of which are seasonal and dry out in summer. On the banks of the streams there are trees, alders, poplars and willows. The two reservoirs, each comprising reconstituted Carla lake (3800 hectares) which incorporated the oldest reservoir (400 ha) and the other near Kalamaki (200 hectares) for the restoration of the natural environment and for irrigation in the former region lake Karla. The reservoir Karla individuals of the genus Cobitis sp. are identified and which underwent genetic identification confirming the existence of Cobitis stephanidisi (Critically Endangered), a very rare fish thought extinct. The water flows into the reservoirs from the river Pinios using 2T ditch or watercourse from Asmaki stream. However, industrial and agricultural waste still flowing now in reservoirs. The waters are eutrophic suggesting the rapid growth of reed. The source Kefalovrysso has suffered the impact of human activities. The stream has dried up completely and directly necessary management measures for the reduction are needed. NOTES: 1. The reed (Phragmites australis), observed in both reservoirs and not included in Annex I, could represent an additional habitat type. 2. Projects reconstitution of Karla Lake have created reservoir 38000str incorporating the old reservoir of 4000str. In this sense requires the re-demarcation of the area so as to integrate the whole area of ​​the new reservoir.

4.2 Quality and importance

The following elements indicate the ecological importance of the site:(1) It has a varied morphology, including a mountain, two water reservoirs-wetlands and a spring and a great variety of habitat types(2) It shelters an interesting fauna of reptiles, amphibians, and mammals, most of them species protected at national and international level and of Community interest. There are also several species of fish. (3) The extended, well-conserved deciduous forests(4) The rich variety of birds, especially raptors observed in Mavrovouni(5) The reservoirs have partially replaced Lake Karla and a great variety of wintering and migrating waterbirds and raptors use them. Many species have already been reestablished in the wetland. Important habitats such as 6110 and 6220 require particular attention relating with the applicable management measures and therefore thorough study. The region is characterized by great diversity of birds, especially predators, at Mavrovouni, which they show increasing trends in populations and diversity of anything species is mainly due to the large number of migratory and wintering and breeding birds, waterfowl, waders that visit the new reservoir. It has finally considerable diversity of reptiles, amphibians, mammals and fish. The species Lepomis gibbosus and Gambusia holbrooki which are recorded in 3.3 with the justification "D" for alien species. The ecological value of the area is shown by multiple elements. It features a variety of geomorphological formations, as it includes a mountain, two reservoirs, as well as great variety of habitats. There extensively and effectively preserved deciduous broadleaf species. Important habitats such as the 6110 and 6220 require particular attention as to the applicable management measures and therefore thorough study. The region is characterized by great diversity of birds, especially predators at Mavrovouni, which they show increasing trends in populations and diversity of species and is mainly due to the large number of migratory and wintering and breeding birds, waterfowl, waders that visit the new reservoir . It has finally considerable diversity of reptiles, amphibians, mammals and fish. The species Lepomis gibbosus and Gambusia holbrooki recorded in 3.3 with the justification "D" is for alien species.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA02i
LA02b
HA02o
MA04i
MA07b
HA07o
MA07i
MA08b
MA08i
HA08o
MA09o
LA09i
MA10.01b
MA10.01i
LB01.02i
MB02.04i
MD01.02I
LD04.02i
MD04.02o
LE03.02i
MF03.01o
LF03.01i
MF03.02.03I
HH01i
HH01Xi
MI01i
MI03.01b
LI03.01i
MIO1i
MJ01o
HJ02.03o
MJ02.03i
HJ02.05o
MJ02.05b
MJ02.12.02i
MK01.01i
HK01.03o
MK03.06i
ML09b
LL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR959.33

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Dasos Iera Moni Flampouriou (Keramidiou)*0.97
GR95Dasia Platania (Skitis-Amygdalis-Potamias)*0.49
GR95Dasoktima Polydendriou*7.86

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Dasos Iera Moni Flampouriou (Keramidiou)*0.97
Dasia Platania (Skitis-Amygdalis-Potamias)*0.49
Dasoktima Polydendriou*7.86

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY