Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1430001

1.3 Site name

OROS PILIO KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI- SPILAIA MALAKI KAI SKEPONI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.076584
Latitude:35.053917

2.2 Area [ha]

31477.9600

2.3 Marine area [%]

7.1300

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1170  info      0.00   
1210  info      20.0273  0.00 
1240  info      44.9477  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
5210  info      54.5677  0.00 
9110  info      13379  0.00 
91M0  info      686.581  0.00 
9260  info      3646.3  0.00 
9270  info      328.482  0.00 
9280  info      20.182  0.00 
92C0  info      170.831  0.00 
9340  info      2062.58  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
I1088Cerambyx cerdo           
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
I4046Cordulegaster heros           
R1293Elaphe situla           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
I1083Lucanus cervus           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii      1500  2500     
M1307Myotis blythii      900  1500     
M1321Myotis emarginatus             
M1306Rhinolophus blasii             
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum             
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Alkanna pelia                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Bolanthus thessalus                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
Campanula incurva                   
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
Centaurea attica ssp. drakiensis                   
Centaurea pelia                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Cordulegaster bidentata                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
Dianthus haematocalyx ssp. pruinosus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Lilium chalcedonicum                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
1341Muscardinus avellanarius                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
1028Pinna nobilis                   
Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Scolitantides orion                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Silene fabaria                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia                   
Siphonostegia syriaca                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Viola rausii                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N017.11
N050.01
N060.01
N0817.61
N154.15
N1660.48
N186.91
N233.72

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

Mount Pilion (1627 m, Pourianos Stavros) is situated at eastern Thessaly. Its spine runs among Pagasitikos gulf in the south and the Agean all along the north-east. The site is delimited by the contour of 400 to 500 m in the south over the town of Volos and Pagasitikos gulf, down to Platanorema stream, and by the contour of 500 m further north, up to the borders with mount Mavrovouni; in the north-east, the mount falls to the Aegean. The marine area covers about 6% of the site. The mountain has a sharp relief, also characterized by its bordering the Aegean Sea. The climate is Mediterranean, having few or no days of frost and three to four dry months annualy. The southern slopes are drier (504 mm annual rainfall at Volos station) and the north eastern slopes and summits are more humid (920 mm annual rainfall, at Pouri station), a fact reflected on the vegetation. The rocks of the greater part of the site (around 70%) are schists (phyllite and gneiss) with serpentines in the south east and there are also three calcareous areas (around 30% of the site). Regarding the vegetation zones, Fagion moesiacae (Fagetalia) ranges from 1600 m to 1000 m, in the south and to 600 m in the east; Quercion frainetto (para-mediterranean zone) down to 400 m (south) and 300 m (east); Quercion ilicis (eu-mediterranean zone) down to 250 m (south) and sea level (east), while at the borders with Mavrovouni (southern Mavrovouni) Q. ilicis is replaced by Ostryo-Carpinion orientalis, from 500 m down to sea level, in the east.Fagus moesiaca forms a thick forest with excellent structure, the prevalent vegetation at higher altitudes along the centre of the mountain. The beech forest, with charecteristic species Luzula sylvatica, Festuca drymeia, Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia, Solidago virgaurea, Orthilia secunda, Calaminthe grandiflora and Euphorbia heldreichii, is represented in 3.1. by the code 9110 (although the later corresponds to CORINE 91 code 41.11, i.e. Luzulu-Fagenion with Fagus sylvatica).Quercus frainetto woods are formed in the north (described by 9280 in section 3.3.; it is a pure Q. frainetto forest, Corine 91 code 41.75), and Castanea sativa woods (sweet chestnut) mainly on the eastern flank and in the south, under the Fagus forest.In the east, over the Aegean, and to the south Quercus ilex maquis (Adrachno-Quercetum ilicis, Corine 32.313) flank the forests with Erica arborea (formations of taller shrubs, with Arbutus unedo, Pyrus amygdaliformis, Phillyrea latifolia, Quercus coccifera, etc) and E. manipuliflora (formations of lower shrubs), reaching to the rocky coasts or just above the olive orchards. In few undisturbed areas, Quercus ilex forest is formed above the maquis, but in most areas the formation of a forest is prevented by the use of the land for hay and by burning.In the west and on the southern slopes over Volos, where there also are grazed areas, there is Quercus coccifera and Juniperus oxycedrus pseudomaquis (CORINE 32.7).Garrigues with E. manipuliflora, Cistus salvifolius, and Sarcopoterium spinosum are formed at lower altitudes of the southern part of the mountain.Platanus orientalis formations and Alnus glutinosa (greek alder, CORINE 91 code 44.514) riparian galleries are found at the several intermitent rivers and streams at both sides of the mountain.There are also Populus tremula formations (CORINE 91 41D3 41D4) and Salix caprea.The coastline over the Aegean is indended, with cliffs and rocks and small sandy beaches formed at the bays, while partly submerged caves are formed at places.The human presence is evident all over the site, except from the central mountainous area, at high altitudes and from the steep, rocky Aegean coasts, but it is more intense at the southern part which is more accessible.There are picturesque villages, cultivations and a road network. Extended cultivated areas exist at the southern slopes mainly over Pagasitikos and, smaller ones, at the central part of the site mainly on the slopes over the sea. Most characreristic are the orchards, mainly with apple trees (that constitute a main source of income), but also with walnut, almond, cherry, peach and pear trees. There are also vineyards and olive orchards. Land use is mainly done in traditional ways, even when more intensive and assisted by modern means, due to the rugged relief of most of the site. NOTES9340 is used to describe both Quercus ilex maquis and forest.NOTE ON FAGUS1. Strid A. 1986. Mountain Flora of Greece, 1:51. In Greece there is Fagus sylvatica ssp. sylvatica (above 1000 m in Greek mainland southwards to Oxia and Pilion). F. sylvatica ssp. orientalis is a closely related subspecies and intermediate froms (often called F. moesiaca) occur where the two subspecies meet (e.g., Balkan peninsula). Typical F. sylvatica ssp. sylvatica is found in western and central districts above 1000 m, while intermediate forms resembling F. sylvatica ssp. orientalis occur below 1000 m.2. Med-Checklist 3:225. Three subspecies of Fagus sylvatica are recognized, ssp. sylvatica, ssp. moesiaca and ssp. orientalis, all occuring in Greece (Gr).3. Flora Europaea, 1:72. Two subsepcies of Fagus sylvatica are recognized, ssp. sylvatica and ssp. orientalis, both occuring in Greece. Fagus moesiaca is considered an intermediate form between the two subspecies.

4.2 Quality and importance

Ecological, economic, historical, cultural and aesthetic parameters constitute the quality and importance of Mount Pelion.Its ecological value lies on the variety of well structured and well conserved biotopes which support species rich communities. It is a site that combines heavy afforestation -decidous and wet forests- and well developed Mediterranean maquis with the coastal and marine habitats of the Aegean. The area sustains a flora rich in common species (a fact acknowledged since antiquity, particularly regarding herbs) and also includes rare and endemic species. The economic value of the site lies on two wealth producing resourses: cultivation, including mainly olives and apples but also other Rosaceae and flowers; and tourism. These two activities support and the villages and local communities of the area, providing an attraction to young people.Mount Pelion and the surrounding area have been continuously inhabited since ancient years and have a long history and culture, its traces found in greek mythology. The picturesque villages maintain the local traditional architecture, being in harmony with the environment. This fact and the combination of the thriving green mountainous landscape with the blue Aegean seashores constitute the rare aesthetic value of the site.In conclusion, Pelion is a place which maintains a well conserved natural environment and at the same time supports a significant number of inhabitants; it is a most appropriate candidate for the application of the sustainable development ideal. Global and nature-conservation sensitive planning and management of the whole area, regarding, however, the human presence as part of the environment, is needed so that Pelion will go on thriving. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION Dplants: The following endemic species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Siphonostegia syriaca is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as rare in Greece and its World status is unknown. Crocus veluchensis, is a species with distribution Balkan peninsula, Sicily, Italy and rather rare with scattered localities in Greece. Lilium chalcedonicum (= Lilium heldreichii) is endemic to Greece and S. Albania with decreasing mountainous populations. Silene fabaria is a species of Central Greece and of the Aegean occurring only in Anatolia out of Greece. Sideritis scardica is endemic to NC, NE Greece and S former Jugoslavia. Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica is a Balkan endemic (it currently includes the species A. panachaica and A. meteorica which are included in the IUCN list of threatened plants as rare and are protected by the Greek Law -Presidential decree 67/81). Malaki Cave: The cave hosts parent colony of about 3200 individuals of Myotis blythii species, Miniopterus schreibersii and Myotis emarginatus. Also individuals of Rhinolophus blasii species and Rhinolophus ferrumequinum have been recorded in the cave and at the wider regionindividuals of Pipistrellus kuhlii species. Skeponi: In this abandoned settlement presence of species Myotis emarginatus and Rhinolophus ferrumequinum has been recorded (at least 150 individuals).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA02i
MA04i
MA04.02i
HA07i
HA08i
MA10.01b
MBi
LB01.02i
LB02.04i
MC01.04.01i
LD01.01i
MD01.02I
MD02.02i
HD05o
MD05i
ME01.03i
ME03.01i
LE04.01i
MF02.03i
MF03.01I
HF03.01o
LF03.01i
LF03.02.01i
HF03.02.03I
MF03.02.03i
HF06i
MG01.04.02i
MG01.04.03i
HG02o
MG02.02i
LG02.08i
MG05.04i
LH05i
HH05.01i
MI03.01I
LJ01i
HJ02.06i
MJ03.01.01I
HK03.06I
LUb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
LD01.01i
ME01.03i
LE04.01i
MF02.03i
LF03.01i
LF03.02.01i
LG02.08i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9511.32

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Sarakinos, Kaliakouda, Panagias, Pournari, Elatorema Koinotita Makrinitsas*3.44
GR95Agios Dimitrios - Itamos ton Dimon Mileton, Afeton, Mouresiou*2.80
GR95Dasos Iera Moni Flampouriou (Keramidiou)*5.09

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Sarakinos, Kaliakouda, Panagias, Pournari, Elatorema Koinotita Makrinitsas*3.44
Agios Dimitrios - Itamos ton Dimon Mileton, Afeton, Mouresiou*2.80
Dasos Iera Moni Flampouriou (Keramidiou)*5.09

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY