Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1430003

1.3 Site name

SKIATHOS: KOUKOUNARIES KAI EVRYTERI THALASSIA PERIOCHI

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.403889
Latitude:39.147778

2.2 Area [ha]

85.7100

2.3 Marine area [%]

58.1900

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1130  info      1.20494  0.00         
1410  info      1.18517  0.00 
1420  info      0.782674  0.00 
2110  info      1.68634  0.00 
2260  info      0.00         
2270  info  X     10.1041  0.00 
5420  info      0.00         
6420  info      11.5573  0.00 
92C0  info      0.344525  0.00 
92D0  info      0.161562  0.00 
9340  info      0.00         
9540  info      1.32546  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Fumaria flabellata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
1251Lacerta trilineata      10000             
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
Serapias cordigera                   
Serapias cordigera                   
Serapias lingua                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0156.35
N028.51
N031.37
N049.27
N067.60
N080.09
N1010.30
N160.06
N171.10
N181.23
N234.12

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Skiathos is the westernmost island of the group of Northern Sporades which is located to the north-east of Evvoia island and comprises the eastern part of the prefecture of Magnisia. The total surface of the island is 47 Km2 and the predominate climate is temperate mediterranean with an annual rainfall of about 600 mm. The whole island is being protected as an aesthetic forest since 1977. The site of Koukounaries is located in the southern part of Skiathos and includess mainly a mixed forest with Pinus halepensis, P. pinea and an understorey of sclerophyllous shrubs which extends up to the coastline, the lake Strofilia with a surface of 9.5 ha to its north, and a marine zone which covers half of the site's area. The site is delimited on the north, east and west by a road while in the sea it reaches up to depth curve of 20 m. Strofilia communicates with the sea through a natural, narrow and often drained canal situated on the east side of the forest. The overall area is almost at the same level as the sea, with a maximum altitude of 1.50 m. The soil of the site is sandy, derived from gneusius while hydromorphic, half-hydromorphic and bog soils of small depth are observed in Strofilia. The pine forest has developed through a secondary succession process having replaced a vegetation dominated by Quercus ilex.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site has been declared a Controlled Housing Zone, is considered a wetland core and characterised as an"area of total protection of nature". No building activities or interventions are allowed apart from the already existing golf terrain, the conduct of some scientific research studies and the potential construction of small touristic units which will be in limited numbers, in accordance to the environment and outside the forest boundaries. In addition, Skiathos island is protected by the Barcelona Convention.The forest covers an area of 500-600 m in length and 200-250 m in width, being bounded on its east side by a natural yet artificially broadened canal. The rich understorey of broadleaved evergreens, the accumulation of dried material (litter), the lack of light, together with human activities -e.g. burying of garbage, trampling- worsen the water conditions for the growth of P. pinea and make its natural regeneration almost impossible. If this situation continues it will result in the drying out of the pine trees due to ageing and their replacement by the evergreens, something already quite obvious in small openings where there are no pines. It must be noted that in Greece Pinus pinea has considerable populations only in Strofylia of Peloponnisos and Kaiafa, whereas isolated populations of small numbers exist in some scattered locations -Skiathos included. It suffers greatly from tourism, as it is preferred due to its attractive morphology.An essential factor for the stability of the site-system is the hydrodynamic equilibrium between the sea and the lake. Strofilia is a small yet typical lake, and not only has an interesting flora but it is also vital for species of migratory birds, which stop and breed. The beach is open, characterised by high hydrodynamic movements and has low inclination. The sediment has been found to consist of sand. The benthic fauna is rich in terms of species and individuals, showing also high diversity. Site biotopes with high degradation status are the embryonic shifting dunes (2110). A few individual trees, residuals of alluvial forests, are still present. Some thickets of Phragmites communis and Tamarix hampeana are observed around Strofilia. Also, on the lake borders there is an artificial meadow with introduced flora, derived from former cultivations which were abandoned and later covered by excavated material from the bottom of the lake due to an effort to deepen it.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LB02.03i
LD01.01i
LD01.02o
LD03.02i
MD05i
LE01.03o
ME03.01i
LE03.04i
LF03.01i
MF04i
MG01.01i
HG02i
HG02.01i
LG02.08i
MG05.01i
LH06.01i
MI03.02i
MJ02i
LJ02.01.03i
LJ02.03i
LL09i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR1242.17
GR9543.47
IN0442.17

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Koukounaries Dimou Skiathou*43.47
GR12Dasi nisou Skiathou Magnisias*42.17

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Koukounaries Dimou Skiathou*43.47
Dasi nisou Skiathou Magnisias*42.17

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND FOOD, MINISTRY OF TOURISM DEVELOPMENT, PREFECTURE OF MAGNISIA, MUNICIPALITY OF SKIATHOS
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY