Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR1430008

1.3 Site name

OROS PILIO

1.4 First Compilation date

2009-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2010-03
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:23.082778
Latitude:39.435000

2.2 Area [ha]

35711.1400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca           
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA090Aquila clanga       
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA635Ardeola ralloides ralloides           
BA215Bubo bubo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA403Buteo rufinus           
BA145Calidris minuta           
BA010Calonectris diomedea           
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA080Circaetus gallicus       
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA036Cygnus olor                 
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos           
BA238Dendrocopos medius           
BA236Dryocopus martius       
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana           
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae           
BA095Falco naumanni    10  20     
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA442Ficedula semitorquata    10       
BA078Gyps fulvus       
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)       
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)           
BA131Himantopus himantopus           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA617Ixobrychus minutus minutus           
BA338Lanius collurio           
BA433Lanius nubicus           
BA181Larus audouinii           
BA180Larus genei           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans             
BA260Motacilla flava                 
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA072Pernis apivorus    10       
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA392Phalacrocorax aristotelis desmarestii           
BA464Puffinus yelkouan           
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA191Sterna (Thalasseus) sandvicensis           
BA193Sterna hirundo           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA162Tringa totanus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Alkanna pelia                   
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
Bolanthus thessalus                   
Campanula incurva                   
Centaurea attica ssp. drakiensis                   
Centaurea pelia                   
Cerastium candidissimum                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
Crocus veluchensis                   
Dianthus haematocalyx ssp. pruinosus                   
Lilium chalcedonicum                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
A435Oenanthe isabellina                   
Sideritis scardica                   
Silene fabaria                   
Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia                   
Siphonostegia syriaca                   
Viola rausii                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N010.29
N0828.72
N090.98
N110.09
N1643.38
N171.51
N194.82
N2118.86
N231.36

Total Habitat Cover

100.01000000000002

Other Site Characteristics

Mount Pilion (1627 m, Pourianos Stavros) is situated at eastern Thessaly. Its spine runs among Pagasitikos gulf in the south and the Agean all along the north-east. The site is delimited by the contour of 400 to 500 m in the south over the town of Volos and Pagasitikos gulf, down to Platanorema stream, and by the contour of 500 m further north, up to the borders with mount Mavrovouni; in the north-east, the mount falls to the Aegean. The marine area covers about 6% of the site. The mountain has a sharp relief, also characterized by its bordering the Aegean Sea. The climate is Mediterranean, having few or no days of frost and three to four dry months annualy. The southern slopes are drier (504 mm annual rainfall at Volos station) and the north eastern slopes and summits are more humid (920 mm annual rainfall, at Pouri station), a fact reflected on the vegetation. The rocks of the greater part of the site (around 70%) are schists (phyllite and gneiss) with serpentines in the south east and there are also three calcareous areas (around 30% of the site). Regarding the vegetation zones, Fagion moesiacae (Fagetalia) ranges from 1600 m to 1000 m, in the south and to 600 m in the east; Quercion frainetto (para-mediterranean zone) down to 400 m (south) and 300 m (east); Quercion ilicis (eu-mediterranean zone) down to 250 m (south) and sea level (east), while at the borders with Mavrovouni (southern Mavrovouni) Q. ilicis is replaced by Ostryo-Carpinion orientalis, from 500 m down to sea level, in the east.Fagus moesiaca forms a thick forest with excellent structure, the prevalent vegetation at higher altitudes along the centre of the mountain. The beech forest, with charecteristic species Luzula sylvatica, Festuca drymeia, Silene multicaulis ssp. genistifolia, Solidago virgaurea, Orthilia secunda, Calaminthe grandiflora and Euphorbia heldreichii, is represented in 3.1. by the code 9110 (although the later corresponds to CORINE 91 code 41.11, i.e. Luzulu-Fagenion with Fagus sylvatica).Quercus frainetto woods are formed in the north (described by 9280 in section 3.3.; it is a pure Q. frainetto forest, Corine 91 code 41.75), and Castanea sativa woods (sweet chestnut) mainly on the eastern flank and in the south, under the Fagus forest.In the east, over the Aegean, and to the south Quercus ilex maquis (Adrachno-Quercetum ilicis, Corine 32.313) flank the forests with Erica arborea (formations of taller shrubs, with Arbutus unedo, Pyrus amygdaliformis, Phillyrea latifolia, Quercus coccifera, etc) and E. manipuliflora (formations of lower shrubs), reaching to the rocky coasts or just above the olive orchards. In few undisturbed areas, Quercus ilex forest is formed above the maquis, but in most areas the formation of a forest is prevented by the use of the land for hay and by burning.In the west and on the southern slopes over Volos, where there also are grazed areas, there is Quercus coccifera and Juniperus oxycedrus pseudomaquis (CORINE 32.7).Garrigues with E. manipuliflora, Cistus salvifolius, and Sarcopoterium spinosum are formed at lower altitudes of the southern part of the mountain.Platanus orientalis formations and Alnus glutinosa (greek alder, CORINE 91 code 44.514) riparian galleries are found at the several intermitent rivers and streams at both sides of the mountain.There are also Populus tremula formations (CORINE 91 41D3 41D4) and Salix caprea.The coastline over the Aegean is indended, with cliffs and rocks and small sandy beaches formed at the bays, while partly submerged caves are formed at places.The human presence is evident all over the site, except from the central mountainous area, at high altitudes and from the steep, rocky Aegean coasts, but it is more intense at the southern part which is more accessible.There are picturesque villages, cultivations and a road network. Extended cultivated areas exist at the southern slopes mainly over Pagasitikos and, smaller ones, at the central part of the site mainly on the slopes over the sea. Most characreristic are the orchards, mainly with apple trees (that constitute a main source of income), but also with walnut, almond, cherry, peach and pear trees. There are also vineyards and olive orchards. Land use is mainly done in traditional ways, even when more intensive and assisted by modern means, due to the rugged relief of most of the site. NOTES9340 is used to describe both Quercus ilex maquis and forest.NOTE ON FAGUS1. Strid A. 1986. Mountain Flora of Greece, 1:51. In Greece there is Fagus sylvatica ssp. sylvatica (above 1000 m in Greek mainland southwards to Oxia and Pilion). F. sylvatica ssp. orientalis is a closely related subspecies and intermediate froms (often called F. moesiaca) occur where the two subspecies meet (e.g., Balkan peninsula). Typical F. sylvatica ssp. sylvatica is found in western and central districts above 1000 m, while intermediate forms resembling F. sylvatica ssp. orientalis occur below 1000 m.2. Med-Checklist 3:225. Three subspecies of Fagus sylvatica are recognized, ssp. sylvatica, ssp. moesiaca and ssp. orientalis, all occuring in Greece (Gr).3. Flora Europaea, 1:72. Two subsepcies of Fagus sylvatica are recognized, ssp. sylvatica and ssp. orientalis, both occuring in Greece. Fagus moesiaca is considered an intermediate form between the two subspecies.

4.2 Quality and importance

Mt Pilion, despite the numerous human interventions, is still home to many rare birds of prey, like the Bonelli's Eagle and the Lanner Falcon. Short-toed Eagles and Honey Buzzards are very common, while a significant number of Black Storks is also found nesting. Very important is also the presence of two passerines: the Semi-collared Flycatcher (F.semitorquata) whose breeding range is restricted to central and northern Greece and the Barred Warbler (Sylvia nisoria) that so far was recorded only in northern Greece during breeding period.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA02i
MA04i
MA04.01i
MA04.03i
LA05.03i
HA06.01.01b
HA07i
MA10.01i
MB01i
LB02.04i
MC01.04.01i
HC03.03b
MD01o
LD01.01i
MD01.02i
HD05b
ME01.02i
ME01.03i
ME03.01i
LE04.01i
HF03.01b
MF03.02.03i
HF06i
HG02o
MG02.02i
LG02.08i
LJ01i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04i
LD01.01i
ME01.03i
LE04.01i
LG02.08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9513.87
IN0679.41

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Sarakinos, Kaliakouda, Panagias, Pournari, Elatorema Koinotita Makrinitsas*6.90
GR95Agios Dimitrios - Itamos ton Dimon Mileton, Afeton, Mouresiou*2.40
GR95Dasos Iera Moni Flampouriou (Keramidiou)*4.57

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Sarakinos, Kaliakouda, Panagias, Pournari, Elatorema Koinotita Makrinitsas*6.90
Agios Dimitrios - Itamos ton Dimon Mileton, Afeton, Mouresiou*2.40
Dasos Iera Moni Flampouriou (Keramidiou)*4.57

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY