Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR1440003

1.3 Site name

ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA - SPILAIO MELISSOTRYPA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.735048
Latitude:41.593313

2.2 Area [ha]

61837.0500

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia
GR14Thessalia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3280  info      36.4794  0.00 
3290  info      0.00         
6220  info  X     4357.06  0.00 
9110  info      282.379  0.00 
91M0  info      33612  0.00 
9280  info      1365.02  0.00 
92C0  info      773.603  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5256Barbus sperchiensis           
I1078Callimorpha quadripunctaria           
P1776Centaurea kalambakensis    600  2500   
P1778Centaurea lactiflora    25000  4000   
F5309Cobitis vardarensis           
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1355Lutra lutra           
M1310Miniopterus schreibersii      2300  6000     
M1307Myotis blythii                 
M1321Myotis emarginatus                 
M1324Myotis myotis                 
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
M1306Rhinolophus blasii      300  1000     
M1305Rhinolophus euryale      300  1000     
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum      50  100     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros      50     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros                 
F5197Sabanejewia balcanica           
R1217Testudo hermanni    1000     
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
5093Barbus macedonicus                   
5093Barbus macedonicus                   
5093Barbus macedonicus                     
1352Canis lupus    15             
1352Canis lupus    15             
1352Canis lupus    15               
5605Chondrostoma vardarense                   
5605Chondrostoma vardarense                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
1251Lacerta trilineata    5000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    5000             
1251Lacerta trilineata    5000             
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1358Mustela putorius                   
1358Mustela putorius                   
1358Mustela putorius                     
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
1312Nyctalus noctula                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
1256Podarcis muralis    10000             
1256Podarcis muralis    10000             
1256Podarcis muralis    10000             
5945Squalius vardarensis                   
5945Squalius vardarensis                   
1040Stylurus flavipes                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
1333Tadarida teniotis                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
2353Triturus alpestris                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.10
N0812.19
N0916.02
N1530.67
N1640.84
N200.18

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the mountain complex Antichasia and the area of Kalambaka in the south and has forested hills and a river valley, formed at the rivers Lithaios and Mourgkas. The parent material of the rocks mainly consists of limestones and flyschs. The area is characterized by a mosaic morphology; the forests and arborescent matorrals and shrubs are situated in forest plots, each under a different ownership status. Regarding the vegetation, there are dry siliceous grasslands, broadleaved deciduous woodlands and alluvial and very wet riparian forests with Platanus orientalis, Salix alba and Alnus glutinosa, and brush. The dominant tree species in the deciduous forest is Quercus frainetto, mixing occasionaly with Q. cerris (code 41.762, Corine 91) or with Q. pubescens (code 41.733, Corine 91) and Q. cessiliflora also occur. It must be noted that in a large part of the site that used to be covered by oak forests in the past the vegetation is now degraded and the area is covered by herbaceous vegetation, while at places the parent rock material is revealed. The agricultural land, with cereals and vineyards, is extensive. The characteristic feature of the area of Kalambaka is the spectacular formation of the steep, bare rocks of Meteora. NOTE ON BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION: Antichasia mountains (Meterizia 1382 m; Oxia 1416 m), characterized Quercion cerris and Fagetalia, could be considered part of the sub-continental and continental biogeographic region.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is characterized of the presence of a variety of fairly well conserved arborescent and woody ecotypes. An exceptional feature of the area is its biodiversity; it is of great botanical and zoological value due to the presence of a large number of endemic and threatened species, legally protected at national and international level. More specifically the area has been characterized a one of the Important Bird Areas (IBA). In addition to the largest population of the species Neophron percnopteus in Greece, large populations of birds of prey also have been observed. The populations of eagles and owls are high. Regarding the other animal species, the populations of the mammalians are high and there are many species of reptiles. The presence of important invertebrates has also been observed. The flora has not been extensively studied yet. However, the presence of two stenoendemic species, Centaurea kalambakensis (at very small populations, at Meteora olny) and C. lactiflora (also small population. restricted at the area Koniskos village, N.E. of Kalambaka), as well as the geomorphology (e.g., Meteora) and the vegetation structure of the area, make the investigation of the flora very promising.In addition to its ecological value, the site has a great aesthetic and cultural value. The singular rock formations of Meteora have been disignated as a World Heritage Site (UNESCO). The historical importance of the site, closely related to the monasteries that are built on their tops (church tradition, byzantine art, agiography) should also be noted, since Meteora have been an important religious centre. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D:Plants: Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica (Anthemis meteorica) is included in the he IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993), characterized as "Rare" and is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Melissotrypa Cave: In the cave at least six bat species of Annex II of the Directive 92/43 have been recorded (3400 Myotis sp., 2300 Miniopterus schreibersii, 300 Rhinolophus blasii, 300 Rhinolophus euryale, 50 Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Rhinolophus hipposideros). The cave is the largest known bat colony in Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA01o
MA03.02i
MA04i
MA04o
HA04.01.01i
HA04.02i
MA05.01i
MA05.01o
LA08i
MA10.01b
LC01.07i
LD01.01b
MD01.02o
MD01.02b
MD01.02i
ME01.01o
ME01.02i
ME01.02o
ME04i
ME05i
ME05o
MF03.01I
MF03.01o
HF03.02.03I
LG01i
MG01.04.02i
MG02.06i
MG02.06o
MG02.08o
MG02.08i
MG05i
MG05o
MG05.07i
MG05.09I
LG05.11b
MI03.01b
HJ02.06i
MJ03.01i
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.03b
HK03.06I
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01o
MA01i
MA05.01i
MBi
MD01.01i
LUb

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR230.84
GR955.27
IN050.64

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Svoros-Petromagoula ("Ellinokastrou"-Lioprasou)*0.08
GR95Arkoudorema-Plastiras (Spathadon)*0.98
GR95Kanalaki (Kastrakiou-Vlachavas)*1.09
GR95Kotroni Gerakariou*3.12
GR23Koziakas Trikalon*0.84

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Svoros-Petromagoula ("Ellinokastrou"-Lioprasou)*0.08
Arkoudorema-Plastiras (Spathadon)*0.98
Kanalaki (Kastrakiou-Vlachavas)*1.09
Kotroni Gerakariou*3.12
Koziakas Trikalon*0.84

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY