Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

A

1.2 Site code

GR1440005

1.3 Site name

ANTICHASIA ORI KAI METEORA

1.4 First Compilation date

1997-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:1997-02
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.562222
Latitude:40.605556

2.2 Area [ha]

71859.5400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia
GR14Thessalia

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA402Accipiter brevipes             
BA402Accipiter brevipes    14  30     
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA168Actitis hypoleucos           
BA223Aegolius funereus           
BA079Aegypius monachus           
BA247Alauda arvensis           
BA247Alauda arvensis    81  81  i/sq.km     
BA229Alcedo atthis           
BA465Alectoris graeca graeca           
BA056Anas clypeata                 
BA255Anthus campestris           
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA226Apus apus           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos       
BA091Aquila chrysaetos                 
BA404Aquila heliaca           
BA404Aquila heliaca                 
BA089Aquila pomarina       
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA699Ardea cinerea cinerea           
BA215Bubo bubo       
BA133Burhinus oedicnemus    10     
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA087Buteo buteo    11  11     
BA403Buteo rufinus       
BA243Calandrella brachydactyla           
BA145Calidris minuta             
BA146Calidris temminckii             
BA224Caprimulgus europaeus           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia           
BA667Ciconia ciconia ciconia             
BA030Ciconia nigra       
BA080Circaetus gallicus    10     
BA081Circus aeruginosus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA082Circus cyaneus           
BA083Circus macrourus           
BA084Circus pygargus           
BA231Coracias garrulus    15  20     
BA113Coturnix coturnix           
BA738Delichon urbicum (urbica)           
BA239Dendrocopos leucotos    20     
BA238Dendrocopos medius    50  100     
BA429Dendrocopos syriacus    30  50         
BA236Dryocopus martius    12     
BA698Egretta alba (Casmerodius albus albus)           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta           
BA697Egretta garzetta garzetta    20  50     
BA447Emberiza caesia           
BA379Emberiza hortulana    50  100     
BA101Falco biarmicus       
BA100Falco eleonorae       
BA095Falco naumanni               
BA095Falco naumanni             
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei       
BA097Falco vespertinus           
BA321Ficedula albicollis           
BA320Ficedula parva           
BA442Ficedula semitorquata       
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA707Hieraaetus fasciatus (Aquila fasciata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)           
BA092Hieraaetus pennatus (Aquila pennata)       
BA439Hippolais olivetorum           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA233Jynx torquilla           
BA338Lanius collurio    100  300     
BA339Lanius minor           
BA246Lullula arborea           
BA242Melanocorypha calandra           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA230Merops apiaster           
BA073Milvus migrans       
BA260Motacilla flava           
BA077Neophron percnopterus           
BA610Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax           
BA337Oriolus oriolus           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA771Passer hispaniolensis           
BA072Pernis apivorus           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis           
BA391Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis           
BA234Picus canus           
BA346Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax    10     
BA249Riparia riparia           
BA210Streptopelia turtur           
BA166Tringa glareola           
BA164Tringa nebularia           
BA165Tringa ochropus           
BA163Tringa stagnatilis           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A726Charadrius dubius curonicus                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A207Columba oenas                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    225  225             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus    225  225             
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
A690Tachybaptus ruficollis ruficollis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N041.02
N0835.27
N0921.74
N110.23
N129.90
N150.23
N1622.31
N170.08
N190.00
N218.14
N231.07

Total Habitat Cover

99.99

Other Site Characteristics

The site includes the mountain complex Antichasia and the area of Kalambaka in the south and has forested hills and a river valley, formed at the rivers Lithaios and Mourgkas. The parent material of the rocks mainly consists of limestones and flyschs. The area is characterized by a mosaic morphology; the forests and arborescent matorrals and shrubs are situated in forest plots, each under a different ownership status. Regarding the vegetation, there are dry siliceous grasslands, broadleaved deciduous woodlands and alluvial and very wet riparian forests with Platanus orientalis, Salix alba and Alnus glutinosa, and brush. The dominant tree species in the deciduous forest is Quercus frainetto, mixing occasionaly with Q. cerris (code 41.762, Corine 91) or with Q. pubescens (code 41.733, Corine 91) and Q. cessiliflora also occur. It must be noted that in a large part of the site that used to be covered by oak forests in the past the vegetation is now degraded and the area is covered by herbaceous vegetation, while at places the parent rock material is revealed. The agricultural land, with cereals and vineyards, is extensive. The characteristic feature of the area of Kalambaka is the spectacular formation of the steep, bare rocks of Meteora.NOTE ON BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION: Antichasia mountains (Meterizia 1382 m; Oxia 1416 m), characterized Quercion cerris and Fagetalia, could be considered part of the sub-continental and continental biogeographic region.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is characterized of the presence of a variety of fairly well conserved arborescent and woody ecotypes. An exceptional feature of the area is its biodiversity; it is of great botanical and zoological value due to the presence of a large number of endemic and threatened species, legally protected at national and international level. More specifically the area has been characterized a one of the Important Bird Areas (IBA). More specifically, large numbers of birds of prey are found here, including the rare and endangered Egyptian Vulture and Black Kite. Other species include the Lesser Spotted Eagle, Booted Eagle, Short-toed Eagle, Lanner Falcon, Peregrine Falcon and Long-legged Buzzard. Furthermore, Black Storks and Rollers are quite common, while the numbers of Woodpecker species (Black, White-spotted, Middle Spotted) are at high levels. Finally there's a breeding colony of Little Egrets. Regarding the other animal species, the populations of the mammalians are high and there are many species of reptiles. The presence of important invertebrates has also been observed. The flora has not been extensively studied yet. However, the presence of two stenoendemic species, Centaurea kalambakensis (at very small populations, at Meteora olny) and C. lactiflora (also small population. restricted at the area Koniskos village, N.E. of Kalambaka), as well as the geomorphology (e.g., Meteora) and the vegetation structure of the area, make the investigation of the flora very promising. In addition to its ecological value, the site has a great aesthetic and cultural value. The singular rock formations of Meteora have been disignated as a World Heritage Site (UNESCO). The historical importance of the site, closely related to the monasteries that are built on their tops (church tradition, byzantine art, agiography) should also be noted, since Meteora have been an important religious centre. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D: Plants: Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica (Anthemis meteorica) is included in the he IUCN Red List of threatened species (1993), characterized as "Rare" and is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01b
MA04b
MA04.01i
LA04.03i
MA05.01b
HA05.03i
HA06.01.01b
MA09o
MA10.01i
HB02.02b
HC03.03b
MD01b
MD01.02b
ME01.02b
HE03i
ME05b
LF01i
MF03.01b
HF03.02.03i
LG01i
MG02.06b
MG02.08b
MG05b
LH06.01i
LH06.02i
LI02i
LK03.04i
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01b
MA05.01i
MB01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR235.23
GR956.25
IN050.54
IN0677.76

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Orfanos Dimou Oichalias*0.33
GR95Svoros-Petromagoula ("Ellinokastrou"-Lioprasou)*1.62
GR95Arkoudorema-Plastiras (Spathadon)*0.82
GR95Kanalaki (Kastrakiou-Vlachavas)*0.92
GR95Kotroni Gerakariou*2.57
GR23Koziakas Trikalon*5.23

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Orfanos Dimou Oichalias*0.33
Svoros-Petromagoula ("Ellinokastrou"-Lioprasou)*1.62
Arkoudorema-Plastiras (Spathadon)*0.82
Kanalaki (Kastrakiou-Vlachavas)*0.92
Kotroni Gerakariou*2.57
Koziakas Trikalon*5.23

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST SERVICE OF TRIKALA, 2. FOREST SERVICE OF KALAMPAKA
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY