Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2110002

1.3 Site name

ORI ATHAMANON (NERAIDA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.189444
Latitude:39.464444

2.2 Area [ha]

18912.7600

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia
GR21Ipeiros
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3280  info      84.629  0.00 
4090  info      2465.62  0.00 
5210  info      1937.64  0.00 
6230  info  X     67.5365  0.00 
8140  info      1271.77  0.00 
8210  info      6773.5  0.00 
9110  info      212.637  0.00 
91M0  info      303.603  0.00 
9270  info      3653.69  0.00 
92C0  info      38.2008  0.00 
9530  info  X     69.3247  0.00 
9560  info  X     134.323  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5094Barbus peloponnesius             
A1193Bombina variegata           
M1355Lutra lutra           
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
M1304Rhinolophus ferrumequinum               
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros               
P1671Solenanthus albanicus           
F5334Telestes pleurobipunctatus             
M1354Ursus arctos     
R1298Vipera ursinii    101  250   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
Aurinia gionae                   
2361Bufo bufo                 
2361Bufo bufo                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
1352Canis lupus             
1352Canis lupus             
1352Canis lupus               
Coluber gemonensis                   
Coluber gemonensis                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Corydalis parnassica                   
Dianthus biflorus                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
Icthyosaura alpestris                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
5180Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5180Luciobarbus albanicus                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1057Parnassius apollo                 
1057Parnassius apollo                 
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                 
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                 
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
2016Pipistrellus kuhlii                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Pyrgus alveus                   
1208Rana graeca                 
1208Rana graeca                 
1208Rana graeca                 
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                   
Seseli parnassicum                   
Trifolium parnassii                   
Viola chelmea                   
Viola orphanidis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.99
N0862.36
N090.40
N157.44
N1622.81
N170.44
N225.11
N230.45

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The examined area mainly lies in the northeastern part of the Prefecture of Arta and is the natural boundary between Ipeiros and Thessalia regions. It is one of the longest and most remote parts of the southern Pindos mountain range. From a geological point of view, Ori Athamanon mountains belong to the Olonos-Pindos zone and their main substrate is limestone with sporadic appearance of flysch. They consist of a continuous ridge with a NW-SE direction, and the highest peak is that of Katafidi at 2393 m altitude. The mountain slopes are crossed by many springs and small streams. The main stream is known as "Rema tis Kranias" and under the name of Melissourgiotikos, flows into the river Kallaritikos which is one of the Arachtos river tributaries. Two attractive waterfalls also occur in the area, one near Katarraktis village and the other near the village of Theodoriana. Two grassy plateaux, are also on the eastern side of Mt. Tzoumerka, named Epano Kostelata and Kato Kostelata, are used by the locals as pastures. In the past the Ori Athamanon mountains were densely forested, however, in recent years they have suffered from irrational deforestation due to excessive wood-cutting, tree-felling and grazing. For this reason extensive bare places occur in the area. Despite this, however, we can still find well-forested slopes with coniferous forests (where Taxus baccata exists in small stands or as isolated trees) and broad-leaved deciduous forests.

4.2 Quality and importance

The remote area of the Tzoumerka mountains has a very rich and interesting flora, which comprises rare and characteristic species of the mountain and alpine vegetation zones. A significant number of endemic taxa is present in the area, listed in section 3.3 with motivation D, some of which are local endemics and others are considered threatened. The plant taxa listed in section 3.3 with motivation D belong to the categories outlined below: a) The "Balkan Peninsula and Anatolia" element, represented by Thymus thracicus; b) Taxa with interesting distribution areas: Barbarea sicula, occurring in Greece, Italy and Sicily. Peucedanum longifolium occurring in the Balkan peninsula and C. Romania; c) Balkan endemics: all the remaining taxa, constituting a large element in the area. Of them, Campanula hawkinsiana, Centaurea epirota in Greece occur only on Pindhos mountain range. Aesculus hippocastanum, Campanula hawkinsiana and additionally receive motivation D since they are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. The last is also listed in the WCMC Plants Database as "Rare"; d) We must also mention five taxa which are rare and scattered in Greece: Ophioglossum vulgatum, Sedum atratum, Aster alpinus. One amphibian and one reptilian species recorded in this site are named in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC (section 3.2). Some more vertebrates other than birds are known from this site as Other Important taxa (section 3.3).

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
HA04i
MA04.01b
LA04.01I
LA04.01.01I
LA04.01.02I
MA04.02.01b
MA04.02.02b
LA04.03o
HA04.03b
HA05.02i
MA10.01b
HBi
LB02.01i
MB02.02b
MB02.04b
HC03.03b
MD01.01i
HD01.02I
HD01.02b
LE01i
LE01.03i
ME03i
LF02.01.02b
MF03.01I
MF03.01b
HF03.02.03b
HF03.02.03b
HF05b
LF05.04I
HF05.04b
LG02.02b
LH01i
MI01o
MJ02.05.02b
HJ02.05.05b
HJ03.01.01b
LJ03.02.01o
HK03.06b
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.02b
LA04.02.02i
LB02.01i
LE01.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR0812.12
GR957.92
GR9699.91
GR9954.69

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Anatolika Tzoumerka Koinotitas Theodorianon Dimou Athamanias*7.75
GR95Athamaniou - Theodorianon*0.17
GR99Periochi diatirisis topiou, oikotopon kai eidon Tzoumerkon Kakarditsas (Zoni IIA) Ethnikou Parkou Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou*54.69
GR96Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou (Zoni III)*99.91
GR08Eth. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-charadras Arachthou - Periochi prostasias tis fysis Pachtouriou-Athamanias (Zoni IC)*8.91
GR08E. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-ch.Arachthou-Periochi prostasias tis fysis charadras ano tmimatos Kallarytikou (Zoni IB)*3.21

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Anatolika Tzoumerka Koinotitas Theodorianon Dimou Athamanias*7.75
Athamaniou - Theodorianon*0.17
Periochi diatirisis topiou, oikotopon kai eidon Tzoumerkon Kakarditsas (Zoni IIA) Ethnikou Parkou Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou*54.69
Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou (Zoni III)*99.91
Eth. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-charadras Arachthou - Periochi prostasias tis fysis Pachtouriou-Athamanias (Zoni IC)*8.91
E. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-ch.Arachthou-Periochi prostasias tis fysis charadras ano tmimatos Kallarytikou (Zoni IB)*3.21

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY