Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2120001

1.3 Site name

EKVOLES (DELTA) KALAMA

1.4 First Compilation date

1994-11

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1996-08
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.192778
Latitude:39.570278

2.2 Area [ha]

8631.7000

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
1150  info  X     1699.04  0.00 
1210  info      2.73656  0.00 
1310  info      90.2529  0.00 
1410  info      506.483  0.00 
1420  info      429.975  0.00 
2110  info      16.7758  0.00 
3280  info      0.00         
5330  info      0.521604  0.00 
5420  info      1260.29  0.00 
6420  info      0.331272  0.00 
92A0  info      139.57  0.00 
92D0  info      210.637  0.00 
9350  info      183.31  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F1152Aphanius fasciatus           
R1227Chelonia mydas                   
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1220Emys orbicularis           
M1355Lutra lutra           
R2373Mauremys rivulata           
F5279Pelasgus thesproticus           
F5334Telestes pleurobipunctatus           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1352Canis lupus             
1352Canis lupus             
1352Canis lupus               
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1278Coluber caspius                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
1286Coluber najadum                   
Crocidura suaveolens                   
Crocidura suaveolens                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
Hemidactylus turcicus                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Meles meles                   
Meles meles                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela nivalis                   
1358Mustela putorius                   
1358Mustela putorius                   
1358Mustela putorius                     
Myocastor coypus                   
Myocastor coypus                   
Natrix natrix                   
Natrix natrix                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
Neomys anomalus                   
Neomys anomalus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
1269Ophisaurus apodus                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
1209Rana dalmatina                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
Syngnathus abaster                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0118.10
N0215.56
N039.35
N040.16
N050.26
N061.09
N0814.34
N100.01
N1536.18
N163.88
N180.83
N230.24

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The aquatic vegetation of the water basins and the ditches is composed of the plant communities assigned to the classes Lemnetea minoris, Ceratophylletea demersi and Potamogetonetea pectinati. The reed thickets of the associations Phragmitetum australis and Scirpo-Phragmitetum present high diversity and belong to the class Phragmitetea. The zonal development of halophytic communities and wet meadows with Juncus sp. is very characteristic in some areas of the Kalamas Delta. The riverine vegetation with Salix alba is worth mentioning since it is of high conservation value with representative structure and functions.

4.2 Quality and importance

The riparian forest stands have an important ecological role together with high historical and aesthetic value. The surrounding hills play a special ecological role in the structure and function of the conservation of the Kalamas wetland while the thickets of reed and tamarisk and the halophytic plant communities have special ecological characteristics. Taxa with motivation D are: The Quercus ithaburensis ssp. macrolepis constitutes remnant stands with special ecological value, which must be restored. The delta and the valley of Kalamas river is one of the most important areas in Greece from a zoological point of view. The otter Lutra lutra is rather locally frequent, indicating still, unpolluted waters. With the exception of Caretta caretta, whose presence in the broader area of sea water, around the mouth of the river is sporadic, the other reptile species of the site are present in dense populations. According to Economidis (pers. Com.), the fish taxa valid for Greece.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA01i
MA02b
MA04i
MA04.01b
MA04.01.05b
MA05.01i
HA05.01o
LA08b
MA08i
LA09b
MA09i
MD01b
MD01.02b
ME01b
LE01.01i
ME04b
ME04.01b
LF01i
MF03.01b
HF03.01i
HF03.01o
HF03.02.03b
MG02.08b
MG05.05b
LG05.11b
LH05i
MI03.01b
HJ01i
LJ02.15b
HJ03.01.01I
HK01.01o
LK02.03i
HK03.06b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA04.02b
LE01.01i
LF01i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9511.25

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Vatatsa - Divari - Ormos Valtou - Drepano Dimou Igoumenitsas*11.25
GR07Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis Stenon kai Ekvolon Acheronta kai Kalama kai Elous Kalodikiou kai Perifereiaki Zoni*87.31

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Vatatsa - Divari - Ormos Valtou - Drepano Dimou Igoumenitsas*11.25
Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis Stenon kai Ekvolon Acheronta kai Kalama kai Elous Kalodikiou kai Perifereiaki Zoni*87.31

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “STENA KAI EKVOLES POTAMON ACHERONTA KAI KALAMA”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY