Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2120003

1.3 Site name

LIMNI LIMNOPOULA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.450556
Latitude:39.478889

2.2 Area [ha]

564.9400

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
92D0  info      2.70287  0.00 
9340  info      188.434  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
I4045Coenagrion ornatum           
F5279Pelasgus thesproticus           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus               
1352Canis lupus                 
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1358Mustela putorius                   
1358Mustela putorius                   
1358Mustela putorius                     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0616.08
N0822.01
N1534.78
N160.14
N1826.93
N230.06

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Lake Limnopoula (Limni Limnopoula) or Limnoula, is temporary (winter) freshwater lake situated 0.7 km south-west of Krystallopigi and Kefalovryso villages near Paramythia town, Ipeiros, and covers an area of around 133 ha. In 1988, a drainage ditch was constructed in one part of the lake. The lake is flooded with water in winter, reaching a maximum depth of 10 m. Furthermore, the lake is naturally drained by three swallow-holes located in the southern side of the lake. During the summer, wet meadows fed by springs develop and about half of the exposed lake-bed is cultivated and half grazed. An important part of the lake is covered with hydrophilous vegetation with Phragmites communis and Scirpus bolboschoenus. The initial hydrophilous communities have been intensely degraded because of grazing and they are now no longer pure. The rapid change of the ecosystem from lake to land has, as a consequence, the entrance of land plant species. Some characteristic hydrophilous species occur in the area such as: Alisma plantago-aquatica, Sparganium erectum, Typha latifolia, Cyperus longus, Butomus umbellatus (scattered or along a drainage channel), Polygonum hydropiper, Oenanthe fistulosa, Eleocharus palustrus, Salix cinerea, etc. At the southern side of the lake Vitex agnuscastus forms a peripheral zone of well-developed thickets. On the same side, near the swallow-holes, we can find dried Chara sp. The hills to the west and south of the lake are densely covered with characteristic species of the Quercion ilicis alliance and especially of the Androchno-Quercetum ilicis suballiance mixed with sclerophyllous vegetation. The most important are: Quercus ilex, Q. coccifera, Cotinus cogygria, Arbutus unedo, Arbutus andrachne, Erica arborea, Erica manipuliflora, Fraxinus excelsior, Fraxinus angustifolia, Ostrya carpinifolia, Phillyrea latifolia, Cornus mas, Colutea arborescens, Laurus nobilis, Clematis vitalba, Clematis flammula, etc. Juniperus oxycedrus forms stands in the limit of this suballiance.

4.2 Quality and importance

The very important ecosystem of Limni Limnopoula constitutes a characteristic wetland, which provides water to the surrounding area and wet meadows for grazing during the summer. Its hydrophilous vegetation habitats for a remarkable fauna. The Andrachno-Quercetum ilicis association is in very good ecological condition. The zoological importance of this lake is focused on the occurrence of Greek endemic fish taxa and dense populations of amphibians and terrapins. A remarkable avifauna is also present at this site including rare elements.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
MA04i
MA04.02i
MA05.02i
MD01.02b
LE01.03i
LE03b
ME04i
MF03.01i
HF03.02.03b
MG05.11o
HI01i
MI03.01b
LJ02.05.02i
HJ02.06i
MJ02.06.01b
HJ03.02o
MJ03.02.01i
HK03.06b
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LE01.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR00100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY