Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2120004

1.3 Site name

STENA KALAMA

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-03

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.473889
Latitude:39.628333

2.2 Area [ha]

1834.1900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3280  info      22.2006  0.00 
8210  info      92.0764  0.00 
91M0  info      204.127  0.00 
9250  info      107.719  0.00       
92C0  info      58.8916  0.00 
9340  info      77.4113  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
M1355Lutra lutra           
F5279Pelasgus thesproticus           
F5334Telestes pleurobipunctatus           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
M1354Ursus arctos     
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
1276Ablepharus kitaibelii                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1352Canis lupus             
1352Canis lupus             
1352Canis lupus             
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
5669Hierophis gemonensis                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5280Luciobarbus albanicus                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
5363Pelophylax kurtmuelleri                   
1739Ramonda serbica    80                 
1739Ramonda serbica    80                 
1739Ramonda serbica    80                 
1739Ramonda serbica                     
1739Ramonda serbica                     
1739Ramonda serbica                     
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N064.30
N0822.85
N155.38
N1610.74
N1852.44
N223.94
N230.35

Total Habitat Cover

99.99999999999998

Other Site Characteristics

The site comprises the magnificent gorge of the Kalamas River, the slopes of which are densely covered with mixed broad-leaved deciduous and schlerophylous vegetation with Carpinus orientalis, Fraxinus ornus, Ulmus campestris, Celtis australis, Colutea arborescens, Ceratonia siliqua, Pistacia lentiscus, Cotinus cogygria, Quercus pubescens, Q. frainetto, Q. ilex, Q. coccifera, Acer monspessulanum, Phillyrea latifolia, Hedera helix, Clematis flammula, Cornus mas, etc. Within the site, a riparian forest dominated by Platanus orientalis with Salix alba, S. cinerea and Alnus glutinosa occurs. Thickets of Scirpus holoschoenus and Carex sp. grow along the river in the vicinity of the water.

4.2 Quality and importance

The vegetation of the slopes of the Kalamas gorge is in very good ecological condition. The deciduous woodland comprises various tree species and the composition of the maquis vegetation is representative of the habitat types, which occur at these altitudes. Our knowledge of the herbal flora of the area is insufficient and a detailed study could provide much interesting information. Listed in section 3.3 (with motivation D) are Alnus glutinosa, the Greek populations of which are very degraded and must be protected. Moreover, the Platanus orientalis stands are moderately to highly threatened by the introduction of the pathogen Ceratocystis fimbriata f.sp. platani, which has infected a large number of individuals. The relatively common occurrence of the otter in this site is an indicator of the good environmental conditions prevailing in the area. This animal is mentioned in the Greek Red Data Book as "Vulnerable", whereas the fish taxon has been classified under the threat category Endangered" (P. s. thesproticus). Some other non-bird vertebrates known to occur in this site are considered as Other or Greek Important Species, since they fall under at least one of the motivation categories used in section 3.3. Specific taxa receive motivation D for the following reasons: a) The frog Rana graeca, the lizards Algyroides nigropunctatus and Lacerta trilineata are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981; b) the lizard Algyroides nigropunctatus is additionally a Balkan endemic taxon. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D is protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
MA01i
LA04i
LA04.03I
MA10.01b
MB02.02b
MD01.02b
MF03.01o
LF03.01i
HF03.02.03b
LG05.01b
MK01.01b
MK02b
HK03.06b
HK04.03b
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR9569.97

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Raveni-Malounio-Pente Ekklisies*69.97
GR07Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis Stenon kai Ekvolon Acheronta kai Kalama kai Elous Kalodikiou kai Perifereiaki Zoni*100.00

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Raveni-Malounio-Pente Ekklisies*69.97
Perioches Prostasias tis Fysis Stenon kai Ekvolon Acheronta kai Kalama kai Elous Kalodikiou kai Perifereiaki Zoni*100.00

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “STENA KAI EKVOLES POTAMON ACHERONTA KAI KALAMA”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY