Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2130004

1.3 Site name

KENTRIKO TMIMA ZAGORIOU

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-04

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:20.866111
Latitude:39.859444

2.2 Area [ha]

32941.6700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
3280  info      88.939  0.00 
3290  info      14.8838  0.00   
4090  info      1725.45  0.00   
5210  info      136.625  0.00   
8210  info      117.595  0.00   
9130  info      1613.74  0.00   
91M0  info      13143.5  0.00 
9270  info      1001.34  0.00   
92C0  info      34.2366  0.00   
9530  info  X     13082  0.00   
9560  info  X     135.134  0.00   
95A0  info      369.28  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5094Barbus peloponnesius           
F5095Barbus prespensis           
A1193Bombina variegata           
R1279Elaphe quatuorlineata           
R1293Elaphe situla           
M1355Lutra lutra    16  16  grids5×5   
F5334Telestes pleurobipunctatus           
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1218Testudo marginata           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Agabus bipustulatus                   
Aurinia gionae                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
2361Bufo bufo                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
1201Bufo viridis                   
2644Capreolus capreolus                   
2644Capreolus capreolus                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Eresus cinnaberinus                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
1203Hyla arborea                   
5180Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5180Luciobarbus albanicus                   
Pieris ergane                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
Sciurus vulgaris                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
1295Vipera ammodytes                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.56
N086.17
N151.23
N1656.56
N1734.39
N220.73
N230.36

Total Habitat Cover

100.00000000000001

Other Site Characteristics

The area of Zagori consists of 46 villages (Zagoria or Zagorochoria) scattered on the mountain to the north-east of the town of Ioannina. The area can be divided into western, central, and eastern Zagori. The central Zagori area (Kentriko Tmima Zagoriou) includes Quercus-forested hills, streams, pastures and traditional villages and bridges. Extensive broad-leaved forests cover this area. The predominant species is Quercus frainetto growing in unmixed stands or mixed stands with either other Quercus species (Q.cerris, Q. pubescens, etc.) or Carpinus orientalis, Ostrya carpinifolia, Fraxinus ornus, Castanea sativa, Acer species, etc. Partially forested or degraded areas covered with Q. coccifera, or even bare ground exist in the forest area. Juniperus communis participates in the dry calcareous grassland formations. In the upper altitudes, Abies borisii-regis forms unmixed stands or mixed stands together with Pinus nigra, Quercus sp. and Fagus sylvatica. The Abies formation is expanding rapidly at the expense of the other ones, especially that of the Pinus nigra which it tends to replace. The Aoos river tributary Voidomatis, flows through the central Zagori area and its banks are covered with extensive riparian forests with Salix, Alnus and Populus species, as well as with some individual trees of Platanus. Some scattered individuals of Taxus baccata grow in wet localities of the communal forest of Tsepelovo village whereas in the public forest of Manassi village plants of Pinus sylvestris occur.

4.2 Quality and importance

Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica is protected by the national legislation with PD 67/81 and included in Annex IV of the 92/43/EC and Annex I of the international Berne Convention. The species is also included in the Greek Red Data Book of endangered animals. Like its neighbouring region the Vikos-Aoos National Park, Central Zagori area is very important for both its flora and fauna as well as its magnificent landscape with traditional small villages together with old bridges, churches and monasteries. This area, as well as the whole Zagori region, is considered as one of the most attractive places for visitors in Greece. Within its extensive forests we can find every kind of Greek tree species. Our knowledge of the herbal flora of the area is insufficient and the detailed study could give much interesting information. Of the taxa listed in section 3.3 with motivation D, Achillea abrotanoides is Balkan endemics. In the mixed woodland zone we must mention the presence of the following species (listed also in section 3.3with motivation D): Corylus colurna and Ilex aquifolium in the forested area of Dipotamo village and Atropa belladona in the area of Manassi village. Corylus colurna and Atropa belledona are protected by Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981), thus receiving the motivation D. Important is also the presence in the riparian forests, of Alnus glutinosa, the populations of which in Greece must be protected.The importance of the fauna of this site is mainly evident from the occurrence of non-bird vertebrate species listed in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Among them the Brown Bear, Ursus arctos, is a priority species of this Directive. Its distribution area in Europe is greatly broken up, so that the largest part of the continent is uninhabited by the bear (the only continuous distribution area of the species is in northern Scandinavia and NW Russia). The Greek bear population living in the central and northern Pindos mountain range is the southernmost in Europe. This species and the Otter Lutra lutra are threatened taxa of the Greek fauna placed in the threat categories "Endangered" and "Vulnerable" respectively, according to the Greek Red Data Book. All these Directive species are also mentioned in the Bern Convention lists; moreover, the bear is protected by the Presidential Decree 86/1969. Some Other Important Species have been reported from this area. These are some anuran amphibians, one lizard (Podarcis erhardii), snakes and a small mammal (Sciurus vulgaris) (see section 3.3). All of them are protected by the Bern Convention (motivation C) and the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (motivation D), except the Nose-horned Viper (Vipera ammodytes), which is not mentioned in the latter document. Erhard's Wall Lizard, Podarcis erhardii, is endemic to the Balkans (the subspecies P. e. riveti being distributed in the mainland only). Additionally, Bufo viridis, Hyla arborea and Coronella austriaca are marked with D since they are recorded by the CORINE-Biotopes Project. A diverse avifauna also lives in the area including some birds of prey and other rare taxa, e.g. Pernis apivorus, Neophron percnopterus, Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter nisus, Buteo buteo, Aquila chrysaetos, Ciconia nigra, etc. According to the Greek Red Data Book, the Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) is "Endangered" while the Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) and the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) are "Vulnerable" species. The Honey Buzzard (Pernis apivorus) is very rare in the wider area of NW Greece.The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Pieris krueperi is also included in the list of "Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA04i
LA04.03I
LA05.02i
MA10.01b
LBi
MD01.02I
HD01.02b
LE01i
LE01.03i
LE03i
LF02.01.01i
LF02.01.02i
MF03.01b
MF03.01i
MF03.01I
MF03.02.03b
LF03.02.03i
HF03.02.03I
MF04.02b
HF05i
MF05.04b
MF05.04I
LG02.02b
MG05i
MI03.01b
MJ03.01.01I
MK03.06I
ML09i
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
MA04.02I
MB02.01i
LE01.03i
MG05i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR922.53
GR950.02
GR9697.47

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Iliochoriou - Vrysochoriou Dimou Tymfis*0.02
GR92Perifereiakes zones P1, P2, P3 kai P4 Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*2.53
GR96Ethniko Parko Pindou*97.47

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Iliochoriou - Vrysochoriou Dimou Tymfis*0.02
Perifereiakes zones P1, P2, P3 kai P4 Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*2.53
Ethniko Parko Pindou*97.47

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:1. FOREST DIRECTORATE OF IOANNINA, 2. MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKO PARKO VOREIAS PINDOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY