Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

B

1.2 Site code

GR2130006

1.3 Site name

PERIOCHI METSOVOU (ANILIO - KATARA)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-02

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.208611
Latitude:39.786944

2.2 Area [ha]

7256.3700

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      1269.9  0.00   
5210  info      623.491  0.00   
62A0  info      256.9  0.00   
9130  info      1578.62  0.00 
9270  info      154.01  0.00   
92C0  info      6.1348  0.00 
9530  info  X     1430.24  0.00   
95A0  info      1273.9  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
F5095Barbus prespensis           
A1193Bombina variegata           
P4103Dactylorhiza kalopissii                     
M1355Lutra lutra    grids5x5   
R1217Testudo hermanni           
R1298Vipera ursinii           
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Agabus bipustulatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
1243Algyroides nigropunctatus                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Bornmuellera tymphaea                   
Colias alfacariensis                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
Dianthus deltoides ssp. degenii                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
1342Dryomys nitedula                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
Fritillaria epirotica                   
Leptoplax emarginata                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1292Natrix tessellata                   
1057Parnassius apollo                   
1057Parnassius apollo                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                   
Peucedanum stridii                   
Pieris ergane                   
Poa ophiolithica                   
Pyrgus alveus                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
Silene haussknechtii                   
Silene melzheineri                   
Silene parnassica subsp. pindicola                   
Silene parnassica subsp. pindicola                   
Sorex minutus                   
Sorex minutus                   
Thlaspi epirotum                   
Thlaspi epirotum                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Typhlops vermicularis                   
Viola epirota                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N060.10
N0836.82
N092.57
N152.39
N1622.25
N1734.93
N230.94

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

The main geomorphological characteristic of the site is that it is the natural border between the N and S Pindos mountain ranges and also the main pass from Ipeiros to Thessalia. Apart from the areas of Metsovo and Anilio, the site includes two summits Voulgaris (1821 m) and Thanasakis (1820 m) of Mt. Zygos (north-east of Metsovo) and part of the drainage basin of the Aoos River (at an average of 1300 m). We must note that although Voulgaris and Thanasakis have been treated by many researchers as different mountains (the former as Aspra Litharia and the latter as part of Mt. Zygos), they actually both belong to the Zygos mountain range. The ravine lines of Anilio and Malakasi seem to delimit the borders between S and N Pindos. The early botanists and also the local residents support this last case. Geologically, the site consists mainly of flysch and also of serpentines (peridotites) and there are many freshwater sources in the area. A dam has been constructed by the National Electricity Company at the NW limits of the site, using the water flow of Piges Aoou, probably changing some of the site's characteristics. In order to face the problems caused by the snowfall during winter along the road of the Katara Pass, a tunnel is under construction below Mt. Zygos from the ravine north-east of Anilio to the ravine west of Malakasi. The Ski Centre above Metsovo is not very big and mainly covers the needs of Ipeiros for winter sports.

4.2 Quality and importance

Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica is protected by the national legislation with PD 67/81 and included in Annex IV of the 92/43/EC and Annex I of the international Berne Convention. The species is also included in the Greek Red Data Book of endangered animals. (FISH) Population structure and dynamics suffer from overfishing (illegal fishing) and localized habitat alterations and pollution in the Arachthos Basin (Metsovitikos stream) The region of Metsovo-Anilio-Katara Pass-Piges Aoou shows floristic and phytogeographical connections to both south and north Pindos. The plant taxa listed in section 3.3 are more or less endemic to the wider area of the Pindos mountain range, S Albania included. Only a few of them have been listed in the Hellenic Presidential Decree 67/1981 (motivation D) but they should all be considered as "Rare" and deserves the appropriate protection as they are definite phylogenetic and phytogeographical elements of the Hellenic flora. The plant species included in the "Other Important Species of Flora and Fauna", (section 3.3) have been marked with motivation D for the following reasons: Balkan endemics: Orobanche rechingeri occurs in C and SW Greece and SW Anatolia, and is the only known serpentine endemic among the parasitic flowering plants of Europe, which is also listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Among the important species of the site is the dormouse Dryomys nitedula (both motivation A taxa) is mentioned in the Red Data Book under the threat "Rare", respectively. Some taxa are Balkan endemics (i.e., the lacertid lizard Algyroides nigropunctatus and Dryomys nitedula wingei) and this is one of the reasons why these taxa are marked with motivation D. All taxa recorded with motivation C are included in the Bern Convention. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA01i
LA01i
HA04i
HA04i
LA04.01b
LA04.01I
LA05.01i
LA05.01i
MA10.01b
LB02.02i
LB02.02i
LD01.01b
MD01.02b
LD01.02i
LD01.02i
MD01.02b
LD01.06i
LD01.06i
LD02.01i
LD02.01i
LD02.01i
HF02b
LF02.01.01i
LF02.01.02i
MF03.01b
MF03.01b
LF03.01i
LF03.02.03b
HF03.02.03b
LF03.02.05i
LF04i
LF04i
MF04.02b
MF05.04b
MF05.04I
LG02.02i
LG02.02i
LG02.02b
LG02.08i
LG02.08i
LG02.08i
LG05.11b
MH01Xi
LI03.01b
LJ01i
LJ01i
LJ02.11o
LJ02.11o
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.03b
HK03.06b
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LB02.02i
LB02.02i
LD01.06i
LD01.06i
LD02.01i
LD02.01i
LG02.02i
LG02.08i
LG02.08i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR924.37
GR9632.17

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR92Perifereiakes zones P1, P2, P3 kai P4 Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*4.37
GR96Ethniko Parko Pindou*31.71
GR96Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou (Zoni III)*0.46

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Perifereiakes zones P1, P2, P3 kai P4 Ethnikou Parkou Pindou*4.37
Ethniko Parko Pindou*31.71
Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou (Zoni III)*0.46

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.1 Body(ies) responsible for the site management:

Organisation:MANAGEMENT BODY OF “ETHNIKO PARKO VOREIAS PINDOU”
Address:
Email:

6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY