Database release:
SDF
NATURA 2000 - STANDARD DATA FORM

For Special Protection Areas (SPA),
Proposed Sites for Community Importance (pSCI),
Sites of Community Importance (SCI) and
for Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. SITE IDENTIFICATION

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1.1 Type

C

1.2 Site code

GR2130007

1.3 Site name

OROS LAKMOS (PERISTERI)

1.4 First Compilation date

1995-01

1.5 Update date

2016-12

1.6 Respondent:

Name/Organisation:Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος και Ενέργειας
Address:               
Email:

1.7 Site indication and designation / classification dates

Date site classified as SPA:2002-10
National legal reference of SPA designationJMD HP 37338/1807/E103/6-9-2010 (OJ 1495 B)
Date site proposed as SCI:1997-04
Date site confirmed as SCI:2006-09
Date site designated as SAC:2011-03
National legal reference of SAC designation:Law 3937/29-3-11 (OJ 60 A)

2. SITE LOCATION

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2.1 Site-centre location [decimal degrees]:

Longitude:21.127222
Latitude:39.655000

2.2 Area [ha]

20344.9900

2.3 Marine area [%]

0.0000

2.4 Sitelength [km]:

0.00

2.5 Administrative region code and name

NUTS level 2 code Region Name
GR14Thessalia
GR21Ipeiros

2.6 Biogeographical Region(s)

Mediterranean (0.00 %)

3. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

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3.1 Habitat types present on the site and assessment for them

Annex I Habitat types Site assessment
Code PF NP Cover [ha] Cave [number] Data quality A|B|C|D A|B|C
      RepresentativityRelative SurfaceConservationGlobal
4090  info      6393.01  0.00 
5210  info      3863.15  0.00 
6230  info  X     99.0305  0.00 
8140  info      1506.97  0.00 
8210  info      3668.81  0.00 
91M0  info      184.111  0.00 
9270  info      1820.48  0.00 
9530  info  X     195.07  0.00 
  • PF: for the habitat types that can have a non-priority as well as a priority form (6210, 7130, 9430) enter "X" in the column PF to indicate the priority form.
  • NP: in case that a habitat type no longer exists in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Cover: decimal values can be entered
  • Caves: for habitat types 8310, 8330 (caves) enter the number of caves if estimated surface is not available.
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation)

3.2 Species referred to in Article 4 of Directive 2009/147/EC and listed in Annex II of Directive 92/43/EEC and site evaluation for them

Species Population in the site Site assessment
G Code Scientific Name S NP T Size Unit Cat. D.qual. A|B|C|D A|B|C
      MinMax  Pop.Con.Iso.Glo.
BA255Anthus campestris    650  880   
BA228Apus (Tachymarptis) melba           
BA091Aquila chrysaetos     
F5094Barbus peloponnesius             
A1193Bombina variegata    90  100   
BA087Buteo buteo           
BA080Circaetus gallicus    10   
BA238Dendrocopos medius    57  96   
BA236Dryocopus martius    27  45   
BA379Emberiza hortulana    55  80   
BA269Erithacus rubecula           
BA095Falco naumanni           
BA709Falco peregrinus brookei     
BA099Falco subbuteo           
BA078Gyps fulvus           
BA251Hirundo rustica           
BA338Lanius collurio    1000  1100   
BA246Lullula arborea    92  130   
M1355Lutra lutra           
BA280Monticola saxatilis           
BA261Motacilla cinerea           
M1307Myotis blythii             
M1324Myotis myotis               
BA277Oenanthe oenanthe           
BA214Otus scops           
I4053Paracaloptenus caloptenoides           
BA072Pernis apivorus     
M1303Rhinolophus hipposideros               
F5334Telestes pleurobipunctatus             
R1217Testudo hermanni    51  100   
M1354Ursus arctos     
R1298Vipera ursinii    101  250   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, I = Invertebrates, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Type: p = permanent, r = reproducing, c = concentration, w = wintering (for plant and non-migratory species use permanent)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the Standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting (see reference portal)
  • Abundance categories (Cat.): C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present - to fill if data are deficient (DD) or in addition to population size information
  • Data quality: G = 'Good' (e.g. based on surveys); M = 'Moderate' (e.g. based on partial data with some extrapolation); P = 'Poor' (e.g. rough estimation); VP = 'Very poor' (use this category only, if not even a rough estimation of the population size can be made, in this case the fields for population size can remain empty, but the field "Abundance categories" has to be filled in)

3.3 Other important species of flora and fauna (optional)

Species

Population in the site

Motivation

Group CODE Scientific Name S NP Size Unit Cat. Species Annex Other categories
     MinMax C|R|V|PIVVABCD
Abies cephalonica                   
Agabus bipustulatus                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Asperula aristata ssp. thessala                   
Aurinia gionae                   
2361Bufo bufo                 
2361Bufo bufo                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
1201Bufo viridis                 
1352Canis lupus    10           
1352Canis lupus    10           
1352Canis lupus    10             
Carabus intricatus                   
Carum heldreichii                   
Colias alfacariensis                 
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
A687Columba palumbus palumbus                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
1283Coronella austriaca                   
Corydalis parnassica                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1327Eptesicus serotinus                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
1363Felis silvestris                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
A737Hirundo (Ptyonoprogne) rupestris                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
5365Hypsugo savii                   
Icthyosaura alpestris                   
1261Lacerta agilis                   
1261Lacerta agilis                   
1261Lacerta agilis                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1251Lacerta trilineata                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
1263Lacerta viridis                   
Lepus europaeus                   
Lepus europaeus                   
5180Luciobarbus albanicus                   
5180Luciobarbus albanicus                   
Malpolon monspessulanus                   
Malpolon monspessulanus                   
Martes foina                   
Martes foina                   
Mustela nivalis                   
Mustela nivalis                   
5003Myotis alcathoe                   
5003Myotis alcathoe                   
5003Myotis alcathoe                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
5004Myotis aurascens                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1322Myotis nattereri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1331Nyctalus leisleri                   
1054Papilio alexanor                 
1054Papilio alexanor                 
1057Parnassius apollo                 
1057Parnassius apollo                 
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                 
1056Parnassius mnemosyne                 
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
1309Pipistrellus pipistrellus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5009Pipistrellus pygmaeus                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5011Plecotus kolombatovici                   
5012Plecotus macrobullaris                   
5012Plecotus macrobullaris                   
5012Plecotus macrobullaris                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1238Podarcis erhardii                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
1256Podarcis muralis                   
Podospermum roseum subsp. peristericum                   
1209Rana dalmatina                 
1209Rana dalmatina                 
1209Rana dalmatina                 
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
1208Rana graeca                   
2351Salamandra salamandra                 
2351Salamandra salamandra                 
Saturnia pyri                 
Sedum apoleipon                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
1289Telescopus fallax                   
Trifolium parnassi                   
Viola orphanidis                   
  • Group: A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = Reptiles
  • CODE: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific name
  • S: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yes
  • NP: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)
  • Unit: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see reference portal)
  • Cat.: Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = present
  • Motivation categories: IV, V: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), A: National Red List data; B: Endemics; C: International Conventions; D: other reasons

4. SITE DESCRIPTION

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4.1 General site character

Habitat class % Cover
N0877.14
N090.27
N153.10
N1611.58
N170.99
N226.52
N230.40

Total Habitat Cover

100

Other Site Characteristics

Lakmos is a large mountain situated south of Metsovo village at the boundaries of the Ioannina and Trikala prefectures, belonging to S Pindos mountain range. Its highest peak is Peristeri with an altitude of 2295 m. The main rock in the area's substrate is limestone, in some places mixed with flysch. Lakmos is a bare mountain, characterized by alpine and subalpine pastures, rocky and stony slopes, cliffs, mountain streams and springs. Acheloos River as well as the Arachtos river tributaries Kallaritikos and Metsovitikos rise in the area. The mountain shows strong erosion because of intense deforestation. The forest zone is very restricted and occurs mainly in the form of stands, as in the case of Abies borisii-regis which forms extensive stands in the north-northeastern part of the mountain. On the eastern slopes, at lower altitudes the Abies borisii-regis forest is mixed with scattered individuals of Quercus and other deciduous trees and is also interrupted by pastures. Limited reforestation with Pinus nigra has been made on the western and northern slopes between 600-800 m altitude. Lakmos area is also known for its traditional extensive sheep raising.

4.2 Quality and importance

The site is important for species associated with alpine grassland, cliffs and scree. The area is also important due to its characteristic vegetation communities above the timber line in which many Greek endemics as well as rare and threatened plant taxa exist. Also very significant is the presence of many Balkan endemic taxa. Of the Greek endemics (section 3.3, motivation B) Abies cephalonica and Scorzonera purpurea subsp. peristerica are included in the WCMC Plants Database as "Rare". The plant taxa listed in section 3.3 with motivation D belong to the categories outlined below according to their distributions: a) Taxa occurring in the Balkan Peninsula and Anatolia:T. thracicus. We must also mention the presence of which occurs in Greece and Anatolia, as well as Dianthus cruentus and Dianthus viscidus, distributed in the Balkan Peninsula and as far as NW Turkey; Carum heldreichii. Also, Thesium parnassi, distributed in the Balkans, Italy and Sicily, and Barbarea sicula, occurring in Greece, Italy and Sicily. Barbarea sicula additionally receive motivation D since it is included in the WCMC Plants Database as "Vulnerable"; c) Balkan endemics: all the remaining taxa. Allium phthioticum additionally receive motivation D since it is listed in the WCMC Plants Database under the category "Rare". Scutellaria rupestris is also included in the UNEP as "Rare". An endemic subspecies of the very interesting viper Vipera ursinii graeca is known to live on Mt. Lakmos; its population status is critical making the taking of urgent and effective additional protective measures absolutely necessary. The lizards Lacerta agilis and Podarcis erhardii, the hare Lepus europaeus and the wildcat Felis silvestris are marked with motivation D since the former shows the southernmost edge of its Greek distribution in this site, the second is endemic to the Balkans, and the two mammalian taxa are considered very rare in Greece. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.

4.3 Threats, pressures and activities with impacts on the site

The most important impacts and activities with high effect on the site

Negative Impacts
RankThreats and pressures [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
HA04i
MA04.01b
LA04.01I
LA04.01.01I
LA04.01.02I
MA04.02.01b
MA04.02.02b
HA04.03b
HA05.02i
MA10.01b
MBi
LB02.01i
MB02.02b
MB02.04b
HC03.03b
LD01.01b
MD01.01i
LD01.02b
HD01.02b
LE01i
LE01.03i
ME03i
LF02.01.02b
MF03.01I
MF03.01b
HF03.02.03b
HF03.02.03b
HF05b
LF05.04b
HF05.04b
HF05.04I
LG02.02b
LG05.11b
LH01i
MI01o
LI03.01b
MJ02.05.02b
HJ02.05.05b
HJ03.01.01b
MJ03.01.01b
MJ03.02b
LJ03.02.01o
LJ03.02.03b
HK03.06b
ML09b
LXb
Positive Impacts
RankActivities, management [code]Pollution (optional) [code]inside/outside [i|o|b]
LA04.02.02i
LB02.01i
LE01.03i

Rank: H = high, M = medium, L = low
Pollution: N = Nitrogen input, P = Phosphor/Phosphate input, A = Acid input/acidification,
T = toxic inorganic chemicals, O = toxic organic chemicals, X = Mixed pollutions
i = inside, o = outside, b = both

5. SITE PROTECTION STATUS

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5.1 Designation types at national and regional level:

Code Cover [%]
GR088.57
GR923.09
GR955.10
GR9695.92
GR9953.66

5.2 Relation of the described site with other sites:

Designated at national or regional level:

Type code Site name Type Cover [%]
GR95Koutsouro (Tzakouta-Mnimata-Katafytou-Anthousas)*5.10
GR99Periochi diatirisis topiou, oikotopon kai eidon Peristeriou (Zoni IIB) Ethnikou Parkou Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou*53.66
GR96Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou (Zoni III)*95.92
GR92Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou - Periochi perifereiakis zonis Peristeriou (Zoni IVC)*3.09
GR08Eth. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-charadras Arachthou-Periochi prostasias tis fysis Tsouma Plastari Koutsouro (Zoni ID)*6.47
GR08E. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-ch.Arachthou-Periochi prostasias tis fysis charadras ano tmimatos Kallarytikou (Zoni IB)*2.09

Designated at international level:

Type Site name Type Cover [%]
Other Koutsouro (Tzakouta-Mnimata-Katafytou-Anthousas)*5.10
Periochi diatirisis topiou, oikotopon kai eidon Peristeriou (Zoni IIB) Ethnikou Parkou Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou*53.66
Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou (Zoni III)*95.92
Ethniko Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou kai charadras Arachthou - Periochi perifereiakis zonis Peristeriou (Zoni IVC)*3.09
Eth. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-charadras Arachthou-Periochi prostasias tis fysis Tsouma Plastari Koutsouro (Zoni ID)*6.47
E. Parko Tzoumerkon-Peristeriou-ch.Arachthou-Periochi prostasias tis fysis charadras ano tmimatos Kallarytikou (Zoni IB)*2.09

6. SITE MANAGEMENT

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6.2 Management Plan(s):

An actual management plan does exist:

Yes
No, but in preparation
X
No

 

7. MAP OF THE SITE

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SITE DISPLAY